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Printing Process

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Printing Process Assignment

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Printing Process

  1. 1. Assignment on Printing Process Submitted by: Md. Tariqul Islam Id: 081121029 Batch: 28th 12th Semester Submitted to: Mahbub Hasan Khan Associate Professor Faculty of Fine Arts UODA
  2. 2. m~PxcÎ 1| fzwgKv (Introduction)��������������������������������������������������������������1 2| wWRvBb ev bKkv (Design)������������������������������������������������������2 3| wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm wK ? (What is Printing Process ?)������������������3 4| KvMR (Paper)����������������������������������������������������������������������������4 5| dg©v (Forma)����������������������������������������������������������������������������6 6| †iwR‡÷ªkb gvK© (Registration Mark) ������������������������������������7 7| KvwUs gvK© (Cutting Mark)������������������������������������������������������7 8| wµwRs gvK© (Creasing Mark)��������������������������������������������������8 9| wMÖcvi gvK© (Gripper Mark)����������������������������������������������������8 10| gy`ªY ev Qvcv (Printing)����������������������������������������������������������9 11| †jwg‡bkb (Lemination)������������������������������������������������������11 12| Dcmsnvi (Conclusion)������������������������������������������������������12
  3. 3. fzwgKv (Introduction)t wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm †Kvm© 12 Zg †mwg÷v‡ii GKwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y© †Kvm© †hLv‡b Avgviv GKwU wWRvBb ˆZwi Kivi ci Zv †cÖm ev gy`ªY h‡š¿i gva¨‡g gy`ªY K‡i _vwK| GB †Kv‡m©i gva¨‡g Avgiv wcÖw›Us Gi wewfbœ ch©v‡qi KvR m‡iRwg‡b ch©‡e¶Y Kivi gva¨‡g wcÖw›Us ev gy`ªY c×wZ m¤c‡K© ev¯Íem¤§Z Ávb jvf K‡i _vwK| m¤c~Y© wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm‡K ms‡¶‡c Avgiv wbb¥³fv‡e cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvwit wb‡b¥ wcÖw›Us cÖ‡m‡mi wewfbœ avc m¤c‡K© Av‡jvPbv Kiv nj| 1IntroductionPrinting Process Design Pre-Press Press Sketch Layout Design Color Selection Type Selection Image Processing Proof Reading Alignment Test Print...etc Paper size selection Forma setting Registration Mark CMYK Mark Cutting Mark GripperMark Die cutting mark Creasing mark...etc Color Separation Negative Aluminium Plate Printing Cutting/ Trimming Lamination Die Cutting Creasing/ Folding Binding...etc
  4. 4. wWRvBb ev bKkv (Design)t †h‡Kv‡bv wWRvBb wcÖ›U Kivi Rb¨ me©cÖ_g wWRvBb Ki‡Z nq| Avgiv wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm †Kv‡m©i Rb¨ 4Bw x 10.5Bw gv‡ci KvMR wba©viY Kwi| GB gv‡ci KvM‡Ri Dfq cv‡k Avgiv wWRvBb Ki‡Z cvi‡ev Ges WvB KvwUs Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| wWRvB‡bi Ask wn‡m‡e Avgiv cÖ_‡g mv`v KvM‡R †jAvDU Kwi| Zvici Zv Kw¤cDUv‡i †f±i †cÖvMÖv‡gi (Adobe Illustrator) gva¨‡g wWRvBb Kwi| Zvici cÖ‡qvRbxq MÖvwdK/Qwe ewm‡q †U÷ wcÖ›U w`B| †U÷ wcÖ›U †`Iqvi gva¨‡g wWRvB‡bi wewfbœ fzj ÎæwU wk¶‡Ki mv‡_ civgk© K‡i mgvavb Kwi| mewKQz wVK _vK‡j wWRvBbwU wcÖ-‡cÖm Gi Rb¨ h‡_vchy³ nq| wb‡b¥ Avgvi wWRvBbwU Zz‡j aiv njt 2DesignPrinting Process Front Side Back Side
  5. 5. wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm wK? (What is Printing Process?)t GKwU †gwk‡bi gva¨‡g KvM‡Ri Dci i‡Oi wewfbœ ¯Í‡ii cÖ‡jc‡bi Øviv Aÿi I Qwe ¯’vbvšÍ‡ii Dcvq‡K ejv nq gy`ªb c×wZ| †Kvb wKQz wcÖ›U ev Qvc †`Iqvi Rb¨ wewfbœ ai‡bi cÖhyw³ e¨envi Kiv nq †hgbt • Ad‡mU wcÖw›Us (Offset Lithography) • wWwRUvj wcÖw›Us (Inkjet Photocopy) • w¯Œb wcÖw›Us (Screen Printing) BZ¨vw`| Avgiv wcÖw›Us cÖ‡mm †Kv‡m© Ad‡mU wcÖw›Us cÖhyw³i gva¨‡g AvU© †ccv‡i gy`ªY cÖwµqv m¤cv`b Kwi| Ad‡mU wj‡_vMÖvwd gy`ªY RM‡Zi me‡P‡q cÖPwjZ I eûj e¨eüZ c×wZ| GB c×wZ‡Z †h QvcwU (Impression) Qvcv n‡e Zv G¨vjygywbqv‡gi †cø‡U miv‡bv nq| hLb GB †cøUwU‡Z Kvwj jvMv‡bv nq ZLb ïaygvÎ Qvc _vKv As‡k Kvwj jv‡M| GB Kvwj Zvici ivev‡ii †ivjv‡i miv‡bv (Offset) nq Ges GB †ivjvi KvM‡R Pvc w`‡q Qwe Qv‡c ev gy`ªY K‡i| 3What is Printing Process ?Printing Process wPÎt Ad‡mU wcÖw›Us cÖhyw³
  6. 6. KvMR(Paper)t evRv‡i wewfbœ cÖKvi KvMR cvIqv hvq| wewfbœ cÖKvi KvM‡Ri bvg: 1)Ad‡mU KvMR Ñ wcM‡gw›Us Ad‡mU KvMR, d¨vwÝ Ad‡mU KvMR| 2)weªmUj KvMR Ñ Bm‡W¯‹ weªmUj, wcÖw›Us weªmUj, †cv÷vj weªmUj, wgj weªmUj Avgv‡`i Dcgnv‡`‡k cÖ¯‘ZK…Z wewfbœ KvMR I †ev‡W©i aiY: gy`ªY KvMR Ad‡mU ev wj‡_v KvMR KvwU©R KvMR Wzc‡j‡KwUs KvMR mv`v KvMR iwOb KvMR wewfbœ cÖKvi †evW© Wzc‡j¯‹ †evW© ‡µvg †evW© gvBKv †evW© wUªc‡j¯‹ †evW© ‡MÖ †evW© AvU© †evW© ‡Kªvg‡j¯‹ †evW© 4PaperPrinting Process
  7. 7. KvM‡Ri gvct AvKvi cwiwPwZ Bw Bg‡cwiqvj mvBR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20×30 †cvóvi mvBR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20×30 dzj †¯‹c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20×25 wWgvB mvBR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18×23 Wvej wWgvB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23×36 AvU© KvW©. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22×28 i‡qj mvBR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20×25 4A0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66.2×93.6 2A0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46.8×66.2 A0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33.1×46.8 A1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23.4×33.1 A2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.5×23.4 A3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.7×16.5 A4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3×11.7 A5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.8×8.3 A6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1×5.8 A7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9×4.1 A8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.0×2.9 A9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5× 2.0 A10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0×1.5 5Different Size of PaperPrinting Process
  8. 8. dg©v (Forma)t gy`ª‡bi Rb¨ dg©v †mwUs LyeB ¸iƒZ¡cyY©| eB ˆZwi‡Z dg©vi †ÿ‡Î GKwU †cBR‡K Nwoi KvUvi gZ µgvbyhvqx Wvb w`‡K Nyiv‡Z n‡e Ges fvR w`‡Z n‡e| Zvici µgvbyhvqx b¤^i wjL‡Z n‡e| †mB †cBRwU‡K †Lvjvi ci b¤^i Abyhvqx †cB‡R c„_K c„_Kfv‡e KvR emv‡Z n‡e| dg©v (Front to Back) I (Back to Back) c×wZ‡Z †cBR mvRv‡bv nq| g~j KvR †cBR Gi mvg‡b Ges g~j Kv‡Ri wcQ‡bi Ask †cBR Gi wcQ‡b mvRv‡bv‡K Front to Back I g~j KvR Ges Zvi wcQ‡bi Ask †cBR Gi GK cv‡k GKmv‡_ mvRv‡bv‡K Back to Back ejv nq| Avgv‡`i wcÖw›Us Kv‡R Avgiv Back to Back c×wZ‡Z KvR mvRvB| GKwU c„ôvq 8wU wWRvBb emvB Ges Aci cv‡k wWRvB‡bi Aci cvm emvB| 6FormaPrinting Process Front 9 8 116 5 12 134 Back 11 6 314152 7 10 wPÎt dg©v †mwUs
  9. 9. †iwR‡÷ªkb gvK© (Registration Mark)t †iwR‡óªkb gvK© Qvcvi Rb¨ A‡bK ¸iæZ¡c~Y© f~wgKv cvjb K‡i| CMYK Gi wPýMZ iƒc nj †iwR‡óªkb gvK©| ch©vqµ‡g Kvjvi cÖ‡mwms Gi myweav‡_© †iwR‡óªkb gvK© e¨envi Kiv nq| ‡iwR‡óªkb gvK© Qvov †Kvb wWRvBb gy`ªb c×wZ‡Z Qvcv m¤¢e bq| KvwUs gvK© (Cutting Mark)t wcÖ›U nevi ci †h †h cv‡k KvUv n‡e †mLv‡b KvwUs gvK© w`‡Z n‡e| G Kvi‡b g~j KvRwUi e¨vKMÖvDÛ g~j gvc n‡Z 2 wgwjwgUvi evwo‡q w`‡Z nq| d‡j KvUvi d‡j Kv‡R †Kvb mv`v Ask _v‡K bv| g~j KvR n‡Z GKUz evwo‡q †`Iqv‡K weø­wWs e‡j| weø­wWs As‡ki †fZi KvwUs gvK© _v‡K| `yBUv Kv‡Ri g‡a¨ Aek¨B 4 wgwjwgUvi weø­wWs ev AwZwi³ Ask _vK‡Z n‡e| Gi d‡j KvwUs wbLyuZ nq| 7Registration Mark Cutting MarkPrinting Process wPÎt ‡iwR‡óªkb gvK© CMYK wPÎt ‡iwR‡óªkb gvK© CMYK Black wPÎt KvwUs gvK© I weø­wWs C M Y K
  10. 10. wMÖcvi gvK© (Gripper Mark)t m¤c~Y© KvM‡Ri †h †Kvb GKcv‡k GKwU gvK© _v‡K Ges Aci cv‡k GKB iKg gvK© _v‡K| GB gvK© †K wMÖcvi gvK© e‡j| GK cvk wcÖ›U nevi ci hLb KvM‡Ri Aci cvk wcÖ›U Kiv nq ZLb †m Abyhvqx wMÖcvi gvK© †gjv‡Z nq| WvB KvwUs I wµwRs gvK© (Die Cutting Creasing Mark)t wWRvB‡bi †kc Abyhvqx GKwU WvBm ˆZwi K‡i †mB WvBm Gi wWRvBb Abyhvqx KvwUs Kiv n‡q _v‡K| WvB KvwUs Kivi c‡i wµwRs gvK© Abyhvqx wµR Kiv n‡q _v‡K|Qvcv m¤úbœ nevi ci wµwRs gvK© Abyhvqx KvM‡R fvR †`qv nq| cÖavb Kv‡Ri †h mKj ¯’v‡b fvR n‡e †mB mKj ¯’v‡b µgvbyhvqx WU WU wPý e¨envi Kiv nq 8Gripper Mark, Die Cutting, Creasing MarkPrinting Process wPÎt WvB KvwUs I wµwRs gvK© wPÎt wMÖcvi gvK© GP
  11. 11. gy`ªY ev Qvcv (Printing)t G ch©v‡q wWRvBb Gi c‡RwUf ˆZwi K‡i †cø­U evbv‡Z nq| GB †cø­U Abyhvqx KvM‡R wcÖw›Us g¨vwm‡bi mvnv‡h¨ wcÖ›U Kiv nq| wb‡b¥ wcÖw›Us Gi wewfbœ avc Av‡jvPbv Kiv nj| c‡RwUf ˆZwi Kivt wWRvBb PzovšÍ ch©v‡q m¤úv`b nevi ci Ges †cøU ˆZwii c~‡e© †h KvRwU m¤úv`b Ki‡Z n‡e Zv nj cwRwUf ˆZwi Kiv| wWRvBb m¤úbœ Kivi ci Zv‡Z wµ‡qU AvDUjvBb K‡i B wc Gm di‡g‡U †mBf K‡i c‡RwUf nvD‡R cvVv‡Z nq| †mLvb †_‡K †KvqvK© G·‡cÖm mdUIq¨vi †_‡K B‡gR †mUvi †gwkb Øviv c‡RwUf †ei K‡i wb‡Z nq| 4 Kvjvi n‡j 4 wU c‡RwUf GK‡Î wgwj‡q wWRvB‡b †Kvb cªKvi fzj Av‡Q wKbv Zv †PK K‡i wb‡Z nq| 9PrintingPrinting Process wPÎt 4 Kvjvi c‡RwUf
  12. 12. †cøU ˆZwi Kivt Qvcv †gwk‡b KvR Qvcv‡bvi Rb¨ G¨vjywgwbqv‡gi †cø‡Ui Dci B‡gR m„wó K‡i GKwU Gjy¨wgwbqv‡gi †cøU ˆZwi Ki‡Z nq| GB †cøU Øviv 5000 msL¨K Kwc ch©šÍ gy`ªb Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Qvcv m¤úv`b Kivt Qvcv m¤úv`b Kivi †ÿ‡Î †hme wel‡q †Lqvj ivL‡Z n‡e- • †gwk‡bi wdwWs BDwb‡U KvMR ¯’vcb KiY • †gwk‡b †cøU ¯’vcb KiY • Kv‡Ri Kvjvi Abyhvqx Kvwj wVKgZ mieivn n‡”Q wKbv • †iwR‡óªkb wgj‡Q wKbv 10PrintingPrinting Process wPÎt 4 Kvjvi †cøU
  13. 13. ‡jwg‡bkbt gy`ªY KvR m¤úv`b Kivi ci mvaviYZ †jwg‡bkb Kiv n‡q _v‡K| †jwg‡bkb mvaviYZ wZb ai‡bi nq| †hgb: • ¯úU †jwg‡bkb • g¨vU †jwg‡bkb • ‡Møvwm †jwg‡bkb evuavB KiYt Qvcv KvR m¤úbœ nIqvi ci gy`ªYK…Z KvR‡K evuavB Ki‡Z nq| 11Lemination BindingPrinting Process
  14. 14. 12ConclusionPrinting Process Dcmsnvit wcÖw›Us cÖwµqv GKwU RwUj cÖwµqv Ges G Kv‡R A‡bK †jv‡Ki †gav I kªg RwoZ _v‡K| Avgiv GB †Kv‡m©i gva¨‡g wcÖw›Us cÖwKqvi wewfbœ welq m¤c‡K© cwi¯‹vi avibv jvf Kwi| G †¶‡Î Avgv‡`i m¤§vwbZ wk¶K Rbve gvneye nvmvb Lvb m¨vi memgq Avgv‡`i mwVK w`Kwb‡`©kbv I civgk© w`‡q‡Qb| GB wk¶v Avgv‡`i fwel¨r Kg©Rxe‡b ¸iæZ¡c~Y© fzwgKv cvjb Ki‡e|

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