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History of missions lesson 16 modern missionaries, conclusions

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History of missions lesson 16 modern missionaries, conclusions

  1. 1. Missions History of Missions Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America
  2. 2. Kenneth Strachan & Latin American Mission  He changed the direction after the death of both parents, allowing intermarriage with Latins, Latins in leadership, and all business in Spanish.  He became more ecumenical toward WCC & the Roman Catholics while fighting communism. .
  3. 3. Kenneth Strachan  He pushed Evangelism in Depth, working on mobilizing the local church to reach out.  It persisted after his death from Hodgkins – and also the use of national leadership
  4. 4. Orlando Costas 1942-1987  Born in Puerto Rico, saved in Billy Graham crusade, trained and eventually returned to Puerto Rico.  Served with LAM in Costa Rico. Turmoil came where he taught; liberation theology was part of the turmoil. He went to school in Holland, then taught in England. He returned to Latin America , then taught missions in the USA  He believed the USA needed the simple gospel
  5. 5. Donald McGavran  Born of missionary parents in India; went to Butler University, influenced by the SVM and went to India as missionary.  He taught there for 20 years, and became especially interested in church growth and mass movements.  He started the Institute of Church Growth
  6. 6. Donald McGavran  He felt that the mission compound fractured Christians into isolated groups who had minimal effect on their families  He wanted people movements, which were resisted by Western missionary emphasis on individual decisions. However many disagreed with his homogonous people groups
  7. 7. Donald McGavran
  8. 8. Ralph and Roberta Winter  Born in 1924, went to Cal Tech, got PhD and theology degree, and went to Guatemala as a missionary.  He taught at Fuller for 10 years, and then started US Center for World Mission with only $100 to rally people to see how to reach 17,000 people groups and establish churches there
  9. 9. Dr. Ralph Winter
  10. 10. Lesslie Newbigin  Born 1909 in England, converted and involved in open air evangelism first there and then in India. He became the first bishop of United Church of South India.  He agreed with nationals reaching others but not in homogenous units
  11. 11. Lesslie Newbigin  Age 70 he started a church in Birmingham reaching the Asians in a rough neighborhood. He preached a gospel against the materialistic culture of England.  Election – focus on God’s goal and responsibility, not the reason for God’s choice
  12. 12. Lesslie Newbigin
  13. 13. Bob Pierce and World Vision  He had a very stormy early work and marriage history, neglecting his wife and daughters.  Finally on a trip for youth in China he saw the needs of orphans and started a humanitarian outreach.  He was extremely effective raising money for hospitals, orphanages, etc.
  14. 14. Bob Pierce and World Vision  His family life was a shambles, and he resigned from World Vision in a rage. He later founded Samaritan’s purse, and he eventually died of leukemia.  Stanley Mooneyham took over, and organized the relief organization properly and it is still effective.  They want to combine help with self-help and Christian evangelism
  15. 15. World Vision  Now the one of the largest relief organizations in the world – total budget is $2.6 billion dollars
  16. 16. World Vision USA headquarters
  17. 17. Bruce Olson  Left home age 19 to evangelize a tribe in Columbia.  He succeeded and translated much of the Bible, helped with health and agriculture, etc. 70% of the tribe is now Christian, reaching 18 other tribes  He was held by guerillas but released after a 9 month captivity
  18. 18. Brother Andrew - Open Doors.  He originally survived the Nazis in Holland, and then was a commando in Indonesia - foolishly brave. He survived being wounded, started reading his Bible, and joined WEC after learning English. While visiting East Europe, he found the lack of Bibles and vowed to bring Bibles there.  He made many trips for 15 years, but after his book was published, no further trips
  19. 19. Bruce Olson – Motilone indians
  20. 20. Brother Andrew - Open Doors.  He continued risky smuggling with God’s help to communist countries  The largest smuggling was 200 tons of Bibles in China to be distributed by 20,000 Christians. The majority were properly distributed though many Christians were arrested.  He continues to speak in his 80s. Open Doors ministers to the persecuted Christians
  21. 21. Brother Andrew
  22. 22. Mother Teresa  Born in Albania 1910 as the youngest of 3, poverty after the death of her father, she went to India as a nun age 19. She taught geography and was eventually headmistress  She had a vision to help the poor, and after 2 years, left the mission with three others.
  23. 23. Mother Teresa  The sisters mixed with the people – not hiding behind doors. Grew to 100 over 3 decades – Missionaries of charity  She did not request funds directly but said people could do something good for God. Soon thousands of sisters and places springing up  She received the Nobel Peace Prize
  24. 24. Mother Teresa and Sisters of Charity
  25. 25. Dr. Helen Roseveare  Born 1925 in England, wealthy family, well educated and received an MD from Cambridge. She became an evangelical, joined WEC, and went to Congo in 1953.  In two years, she established a nursing school at Ibambi. She was moved to another location; set up another school
  26. 26. Dr. Helen Roseveare  Had problems with role in terms of relationships with other missionaries. The mission put Dr. Harris over her to hold her down and he took over “her” hospital.  She wanted to get married, went back to England after 5 years.  She returned to Congo in 1960 and insisted on staying during evacuations.
  27. 27. Dr. Helen Roseveare  She was captured and brutally raped by Simba soldiers in 1964 and held captive for 5 months.  She returned on 1966-1973, but nationalism created many problems for her. She had no authority as a teacher and clashed with students who resented her high standards.  She ended up being a much sought Christian statesman with great humility and spirituality
  28. 28. Dr. Helen Roseveare
  29. 29. Jackie Pullinger  Worked with poor in Hong Kong. She left England and worked with a mission group in the worst part of the city – teaching English, music. She attributes success to speaking in tongues  Eventually the walled city was destroyed and a park placed there, but the ministry spread elsewhere
  30. 30. Jackie Pullinger
  31. 31. Don Richardson  Don Richardson - he wrote Peace Child and Lords of the Earth. He has promoted the Redemptive Analogy. Trained in Prairie Bible Institute. Worked with his wife under Regions Beyond Missionary Union. He worked with the Sawi, headhunters and cannibals who idealized treachery.
  32. 32. Don Richardson  Language learning was a great challenge.  He finally saw peace come between 3 villages when they exchanged children
  33. 33. Richardson’s books
  34. 34. Don Richardson
  35. 35. Nationalism since WWII  Hastened the indigenous church movement  The missionary becomes a coworker and/or servant of the church  Exposed the tension between national workers and the missionary  The genuineness of the national churches was tested  The image of Christianity was de-westernized
  36. 36. Communism  Communists took over eastern Europe, China, much of southeastern asia  Communists have generally tried to destroy the church. But actually the church may have done better under Communist repression in the east than governmental support in the west  In China, the communists released the Chinese from the bonds of ancestor worship, which may have actually made them more receptive to the gospel
  37. 37. Resurgence of ancient religions  Shinto sects are pushing back  Muslims are aggressive  Also some Hindu and Buddhists are active and aggressive, persecuting Christians
  38. 38. Transitions in Protestantism  The liberals and neo-evangelicals have highjacked the missions movement to become the social gospel  Many are leaving missions, but infected the churches overseas with liberalism  The number has dropped to 10,000 missionaries, and now under 2000
  39. 39. Catholicism has been fragmented  First they violently opposed the protestant churches  Now they are infected with evolution & liberalism, which has developed into Liberation theology - violent overthrow of the government, especially in Latin America
  40. 40. Pentecostal and charismatic explosion  Charismatics are overflow of Pentecostalism into mainline denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic church, which may be the largest group  .They are aggressive in evangelism  .They meet the practical need where it is  Fastest growing group in Latin and South America
  41. 41. Missionary trends  Postwar surge has occurred, including now 6700 missionaries in Europe  .There are a large number of short-termers as well, with stable or slowly dropping number of full time missionaries  Evangelical missionaries have grown to 48,000, while ecumenical ones have shrunk to less than 2000
  42. 42. Missionary trends  Missionary attitudes  Allowing nationals to do more, and trusting the Holy Spirit in the nationals to develop them  There is a divided attitude about Pentecostals  .2/3 world missionaries - 10x as many as 1960, now 60,000, esp. Korea, India & Nigeria
  43. 43. Missionary trends  “2/3 world missionaries”  10x as many as 1960, now 60,000,  Korea, India & Nigeria are leading the way  We anticipate that they will overtake the west in sending out missionaries

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