ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- Learning

Trinity Dwarka
Trinity DwarkaTrinity Dwarka
TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES
Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75
Affiliated Institution of G.G.S.IP.U, Delhi
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Topic: Learning
By:
Sakshi Goel (Management dept)
TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES
Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75
LEARNING- Introduction
Learning is a process by which new behaviors are
acquired. It is generally agreed that learning involves
changes in behavior, practicing new behaviors and
establishing permanency in the change.
Learning is any permanent change in behavior of a person
that occurs as result of experience.
Learning has taken place if an individual behaves, reacts,
respondents as a result of experience in a manner
different from the way he formerly behaved.
Nature Of Learning
 Learning involves a change in behavior, though this change is not necessarily an
improvement over previous behavior. It has the connotation of improved, but bad
habits, prejudices , stereotypes and work restrictions are also learned.
 The behavioral change must be relatively permanent. Any temporary change due to
fatigue or nay reason is not a part of learning.
 The behavioral change must be based on some form of practice or experience. Thus,
any behavioral change because of physical maturation is not learning.
 The practice or experience must be reinforced in order for learning to occur. If
reinforcement does not accompany the practice or experience , the behavior will
disappear.
Components Of Learning
There are various components of learning:
•Drive
•Cue stimuli
•Generalization
•Discrimination
•Responses
•Reinforcement
•Retention
•Extinction
•Spontaneous Recovery
Factors Affecting Learning
There are various factors affecting individual’s
learning:
1. Motivation
2. Mental set
3. Nature of learning materials
4. Practice
5. Environment
Learning Theories
There are four theories to
learning:
•Classical conditioning
•Operant conditioning
•Cognitive learning theory
•Social learning theory
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING THEORY
Classical conditioning: acquiring a new response (the
conditioned response) to a previously neutral stimulus (the
conditioned stimulus) that reliably signals the arrival of an
unconditioned stimulus.
Ivan Pavlov: Russian physiologist who initially was studying
digestion; first identified mechanisms of classical
conditioning
Also known as Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning
Process of Classical Conditioning Theory
TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES
Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75
Components of
Classical Conditioning
• Unconditioned stimulus: a stimulus that elicits a response without
training
• Conditioned stimulus: A stimulus that elicits a response because it
has been repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus
• Unconditioned response: An innate response elicited by an
unconditioned stimulus; usually either a reflex or an emotional
response
• Conditioned response: Term used to refer to a reflex response after
learning has occurred to elicit the response by a conditioned
stimulus
TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES
Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75
OPERANT CONDITIONING
(INSTRUMENTAL LEARNING)
• Operant conditioning investigates the
influence of consequences on subsequent
behavior.
• Operant conditioning investigates the
learning of voluntary responses.
• It is the consequence that follows the
response that influences whether the response
is likely or unlikely to occur again.
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- Learning
COGNITIVE LEARNING THEORY
This theory expresses the belief that learning involves gaining
knowledge and understanding it by absorbing information in
the form of principles, concepts and facts and then
internalizing it. The knowledge and understanding of learners
can be enriched and internalized by exposing them to learning
materials e.g. Case studies , projects, problem solving activities
can also be used for this purpose. Self – directed learning,
personal development, planning activities and discovery
learning process with the help of facilitator and mentors are
underpinned by cognitive learning theory.
TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES
Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- Learning
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- Learning
1 sur 16

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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR- Learning

  • 1. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 Affiliated Institution of G.G.S.IP.U, Delhi ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR Topic: Learning By: Sakshi Goel (Management dept)
  • 2. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 LEARNING- Introduction Learning is a process by which new behaviors are acquired. It is generally agreed that learning involves changes in behavior, practicing new behaviors and establishing permanency in the change. Learning is any permanent change in behavior of a person that occurs as result of experience. Learning has taken place if an individual behaves, reacts, respondents as a result of experience in a manner different from the way he formerly behaved.
  • 3. Nature Of Learning  Learning involves a change in behavior, though this change is not necessarily an improvement over previous behavior. It has the connotation of improved, but bad habits, prejudices , stereotypes and work restrictions are also learned.  The behavioral change must be relatively permanent. Any temporary change due to fatigue or nay reason is not a part of learning.  The behavioral change must be based on some form of practice or experience. Thus, any behavioral change because of physical maturation is not learning.  The practice or experience must be reinforced in order for learning to occur. If reinforcement does not accompany the practice or experience , the behavior will disappear.
  • 4. Components Of Learning There are various components of learning: •Drive •Cue stimuli •Generalization •Discrimination •Responses •Reinforcement •Retention •Extinction •Spontaneous Recovery
  • 5. Factors Affecting Learning There are various factors affecting individual’s learning: 1. Motivation 2. Mental set 3. Nature of learning materials 4. Practice 5. Environment
  • 6. Learning Theories There are four theories to learning: •Classical conditioning •Operant conditioning •Cognitive learning theory •Social learning theory
  • 7. CLASSICAL CONDITIONING THEORY Classical conditioning: acquiring a new response (the conditioned response) to a previously neutral stimulus (the conditioned stimulus) that reliably signals the arrival of an unconditioned stimulus. Ivan Pavlov: Russian physiologist who initially was studying digestion; first identified mechanisms of classical conditioning Also known as Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning
  • 8. Process of Classical Conditioning Theory
  • 9. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 Components of Classical Conditioning • Unconditioned stimulus: a stimulus that elicits a response without training • Conditioned stimulus: A stimulus that elicits a response because it has been repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus • Unconditioned response: An innate response elicited by an unconditioned stimulus; usually either a reflex or an emotional response • Conditioned response: Term used to refer to a reflex response after learning has occurred to elicit the response by a conditioned stimulus
  • 10. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 OPERANT CONDITIONING (INSTRUMENTAL LEARNING) • Operant conditioning investigates the influence of consequences on subsequent behavior. • Operant conditioning investigates the learning of voluntary responses. • It is the consequence that follows the response that influences whether the response is likely or unlikely to occur again.
  • 13. This theory expresses the belief that learning involves gaining knowledge and understanding it by absorbing information in the form of principles, concepts and facts and then internalizing it. The knowledge and understanding of learners can be enriched and internalized by exposing them to learning materials e.g. Case studies , projects, problem solving activities can also be used for this purpose. Self – directed learning, personal development, planning activities and discovery learning process with the help of facilitator and mentors are underpinned by cognitive learning theory.
  • 14. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY