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Many of us tend to say that we can always distinguish what is truth and false.Although everyone would come up with same answer for matter such as, “1+1=2”,“5×6=30” since there is only one answer for mathematics, we might come up withdifferent decision of what is right and wrong about what they see, experience and solutionto the Issues. These phenomena could be explained by relativism theory. Relativismstates that there is no such thing as absolute truth that exists in an objective wayindependent of what anyone happens to believe is true. According to Roger Ebert, there isno absolute distinction between truth and falsity because truths are subjective and basedon human interpretation and perception so anything could be accepted as truth. Plato would disagree and would argue that absolute truth exists and beliefs arenot truths if they cannot be proven according to James-Lange Theory. Plato would usethree aspects of this theory; truth is public, truth is independent and truth is eternal.Absolute truth exists because truth is for everyone so it aspect P is true, it is true foreverybody and it aspect P is false, it is false for everyone. Second aspect of James-LangeTheory says that aspect p may be false even if everyone think it’s true and p may be trueeven if everyone thinks it’s false. Third aspect argues that a true statement is true, wastrue and always will be true. For example, let’s put those three aspects into mathematicproblem, “5×6+2”. The real answer is 32, but some or everyone who solved this problemmight say the answer is 40. The answer is 32 even if everyone solved this came up withdifferent answer and it would never change even if they tried hundreds of time and camewith same answer because truth is absolute. Those three aspects conclude that the truth isabsolute. On the other hand, relativism supports the thesis statement that there are noabsolute distinctions of what is right and wrong due to the difference in our perceptions.Let’s say a few people who believe in different religions are hanging out on weekend.They see a person eating beef in a restaurant and one of them screams and says that it iswrong to eat beef because cow is a holy animal in Hinduism. However, the other two donot consider beef as forbidden meal to eat because one of them believes in Christianityand the other in Buddhism. Later on, they talk about the existence of the god. Two whobelieves in Hinduism, and one believes in Christianity believe that the god exists sinceboth religions have god, but the one who believes in Buddhism does not because theydon’t have any god in their religion. As this example shows, people have their owndistinction of what is right and wrong based on their beliefs such as religion.
The distinction of what is right and wrong also has to do with ethical decision.Moral relativism states that our values are determined by the society we grown in andthere are no universal values. Moral values are simply customs or conventions that varyfrom culture to culture (de Lagemaat). The diversity argument states that the sheer varietyof moral practices suggests that there are no objective moral values. For example, it isshocking that although killing, stealing and discriminations are considered wrong actionand this sounds like a universal fact, anthropologists argued that there are or have beencultures, which have permitted such things as slaves, female genital mutilation, killingadulterers and unproductive members of society (de Lagemaat). Therefore, in somecultures stealing may not be considered wrong. The morality, the sense of what is rightand wrong depends on the eye of the beholder. Many would answer yes when they are asked whether absolute distinction ofwhat is right and wrong. However, this is because almost all of us live in the societywhere people have the same cultural values. Those who live in foreign countries woulddefinitely say no because they are living in different society where people share differentcultural and moral values from them. There seems to be absolute truth because killing andstealing are prohibited by laws in most of the countries, but when we take closer looks atother culture, we can find many aspects that are different from our own values. Therefore,there is no absolute distinction of what is right and wrong since our moral values thatjudge what is right and wrong are determined by the society we grow up and thus peoplein the world do not share universal values.