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Dublinked Open Data Summit
Data Opens Doors
Open Data Nation Session
Chartered Accountants Ireland, 47 Pearse Street, Dubl...
1. Introduction
The Programmable City
• A European Research Council (ERC) and
Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI) funding
• SH3: Environme...
MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014
Aim of the ERC
project is to build off
and extend a decade
of work that
culminated in
Code/Space ...
Objectives
How is the city translated into software and data?
How do software and data reshape the city?
Translation:
City...
2. Data
Government Institutions
1. Agriculture, Food and the Marine
2. Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht
3. Children and Youth Affa...
Data Collection
• Meet constitutional commitments & ensure
adherence to regulation, treaties, directives
• Administer gove...
Epistemic groups
Research Data
GovData
GeoData
Physical
Sciences
AdminData
Public Sector Data
Access to Data Open Data
Soc...
Socio-Technological Systems
PuneetKishor,http://punkish.org/Taxonomy-of-Sensors
3. Infrastructure
Record Management
http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/curation-lifecycle-model
Within institutions
Outcomes
•Economic
•Environmental
•Societal
Decision Making
Analyzed/visualize
Integrated
Discovered/A...
Within & Between Institutions
Institutional
Framework
Administration
Policy
Law
Skills
Finance
Technical
Standards
Data in...
Infrastructural Platform
• Comprehensive collection &
sharing of authoritative data
• Search, discovery, access, &
visuali...
Infrastructure Principles
1.Open:
enables better decision making, the CGDI is
based on open, barrier-free data sharing and...
Attributes Infrastructure
Administrative responsibility
Organizational viability
Financial sustainability
Technological an...
Kitchin’s Data Assemblage
Attributes Elements
Systems of
thought
Modes of thinking, philosophies, theories, models,
ideolo...
6. Final Remarks
Data Infrastructure
• Open data is an apéritif, stimulating the e-government
community to manage and share its data assets...
Q & A
Tracey P. Lauriault
Programmable City Project
http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity/
Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie
@T...
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Data, Infrastructures and Public Policy

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Dublinked Open Data Summit
Opens Doors
Open Data Nation Session
Chartered Accountants Ireland, 47 Pearse Street, Dublin City, 7 May 2015

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Data, Infrastructures and Public Policy

  1. 1. Dublinked Open Data Summit Data Opens Doors Open Data Nation Session Chartered Accountants Ireland, 47 Pearse Street, Dublin City, 7 May 2015 Tracey P. Lauriault Programmable City Project Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie @TraceyLauriault Data, Infrastructures and Public Policy
  2. 2. 1. Introduction
  3. 3. The Programmable City • A European Research Council (ERC) and Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI) funding • SH3: Environment and Society • Led by Dr Rob Kitchin, the Primary Investigator • Based at the National Institute for Regional and Spatial Analysis (NIRSA) • At the National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUIM)
  4. 4. MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014 Aim of the ERC project is to build off and extend a decade of work that culminated in Code/Space book (MIT Press) with a set of detailed empirical studies Aim
  5. 5. Objectives How is the city translated into software and data? How do software and data reshape the city? Translation: City into Code Transduction: Code Reshapes City THE CITYSOFTWARE Discourses, Practices, Knowledge, Models Mediation, Augmentation, Facilitation, Regulation
  6. 6. 2. Data
  7. 7. Government Institutions 1. Agriculture, Food and the Marine 2. Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht 3. Children and Youth Affairs 4. Communications, Energy and Natural Resources 5. Defence 6. Education and Skills 7. Environment, Community and Local Government 8. Finance 9. Foreign Affairs and Trade 10.Health 11.Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation 12.Justice and Equality 13.Public Expenditure and Reform 14.Social Protection 15.Taoiseach 16. Transport, Tourism and Sport • 130 Non Commercial State Sponsored Bodies (EPA, Marine Institute, SFI, RIA, Rail, OSI, Universities, Roads, etc.) • 100+ State-sponsored bodies (Utilities, Irish Rail, IDA, Petroleum Corporation) • 31 local authorities (3 are Dublin, 2 are City and Council) • CSO, Archives, etc. • Data Protection Commissioner, Ombunds person, Information Commissioner,
  8. 8. Data Collection • Meet constitutional commitments & ensure adherence to regulation, treaties, directives • Administer government institutions (budgets, performance indicators, audits, taxes, procurement) • Output of program & service delivery (licences, PPS, registration, fees, ) • Census, maps, surveys, inventories, • Investigation, research, development
  9. 9. Epistemic groups Research Data GovData GeoData Physical Sciences AdminData Public Sector Data Access to Data Open Data Social Sciences 2005 VGI Crowdsource Citizen Science Scientists, Cultural Institutions E-Government, CTOs
  10. 10. Socio-Technological Systems PuneetKishor,http://punkish.org/Taxonomy-of-Sensors
  11. 11. 3. Infrastructure
  12. 12. Record Management http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/curation-lifecycle-model
  13. 13. Within institutions Outcomes •Economic •Environmental •Societal Decision Making Analyzed/visualize Integrated Discovered/Accessed
  14. 14. Within & Between Institutions Institutional Framework Administration Policy Law Skills Finance Technical Standards Data integration Interoperability Preservation Transfer Framework Data Geodetic Base maps Access Network Web services Catalogs Metadata Atlas Infrastructure
  15. 15. Infrastructural Platform • Comprehensive collection & sharing of authoritative data • Search, discovery, access, & visualization tools built once & reused many times, search once and find everything • Common web-based environment enabling data integration, analysis, & visualization to support informed decision-making • Shared governance & management of geospatial assets and capabilities, through operational standards & policies 2014-… http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/earth-sciences/geomatics/canadas-spatial-data- infrastructure/geospatial-communities/federal
  16. 16. Infrastructure Principles 1.Open: enables better decision making, the CGDI is based on open, barrier-free data sharing and standards that allow users to exchange data. 1. Accessible: allows users to access data and services seamlessly, despite any complexities of the underlying technology. 3. Evolving: the network of organizations participating in the CGDI will continue to address new requirements and business applications for information and service delivery to their respective users. 4. Timely: the CGDI is based on technologies and services that support timely or real-time access to information. 5. Sustainable: is sustained by the contributions of the participating organizations and broad user community and through the infrastructure’s relevance to these groups. 6.Self-organizing the CGDI enables various organizations to contribute geospatial information, services and applications, and guide the infrastructure’s development. 6. User and community driven emphasizes the nurturing of and service to a broad user community. These users, including Canadians in general, will drive the CGDI’s development based on user requirements. 6. Closest to source maximizes efficiency and quality by encouraging organizations closest to source to provide data and services. Thereby eliminating duplication and overlap. 6. Trustworthy is continually enhanced to protect sensitive and proprietary data. The CGDI offers this protection through policies and mechanisms that enable data to be assessed for quality and trusted by users.Source: : 2012, Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure Vision, Mission and Roadmap - The Way Forward
  17. 17. Attributes Infrastructure Administrative responsibility Organizational viability Financial sustainability Technological and procedural suitability System security Procedural accountability http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/activities/trustedrep/repositories.pdf
  18. 18. Kitchin’s Data Assemblage Attributes Elements Systems of thought Modes of thinking, philosophies, theories, models, ideologies, rationalities, etc. Forms of knowledge Research texts, manuals, magazines, websites, experience, word of mouth, chat forums, etc. Finance Business models, investment, venture capital, grants, philanthropy, profit, etc. Political economy Policy, tax regimes, public and political opinion, ethical considerations, etc. Govern- mentalities / Legalities Data standards, file formats, system requirements, protocols, regulations, laws, licensing, intellectual property regimes, etc. Materialities & infrastructures Paper/pens, computers, digital devices, sensors, scanners, databases, networks, servers, etc. Practices Techniques, ways of doing, learned behaviours, scientific conventions, etc. Organisations & institutions Archives, corporations, consultants, manufacturers, retailers, government agencies, universities, conferences, clubs and societies, committees and boards, communities of practice, etc. Subjectivities & communities Of data producers, curators, managers, analysts, scientists, politicians, users, citizens, etc. Places Labs, offices, field sites, data centres, server farms, business parks, etc, and their agglomerations Marketplace For data, its derivatives (e.g., text, tables, graphs, maps), analysts, analytic software, interpretations, etc. Systemsofthought Formsofknowledge Governmentalities-legalities Political economy Finance Materialities-infrastructures Practices Organisations-institutions Subjectivities-com m unities The m arketplace Places
  19. 19. 6. Final Remarks
  20. 20. Data Infrastructure • Open data is an apéritif, stimulating the e-government community to manage and share its data assets/resources • We are at the amuse-bouche stage, at the level of datasets within the public sector • The conversation is getting good with e-government and administrators mingling with science, geomatics, statistics, becoming multi-sectoral, arguably missing some civil society spice and business pragmatism although innovation is the aim • We are getting ready to have dinner together, but we still need the determine preferences, find and mix ingredients, get the chefs together in the kitchen, need a place to sit and enable the skilled staff to deliver and manage, need a convener or host, and we need to figure out how to pay • Eventually we will share many meals, selected from any number of fine establishments, which will be underpinned by an invisible but robust, sustainable, fair, secure and well functioning global food system.
  21. 21. Q & A Tracey P. Lauriault Programmable City Project http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity/ Tracey.Lauriault@NUIM.ie @TraceyLauriault

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