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Brian Rosenblum: Roles for Academic Libraries in Supporting Open Scholarship


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Brian Rosenblum: Roles for Academic Libraries in Supporting Open Scholarship

  1. 1. Roles for Academic Libraries in Supporting Open Scholarship Brian Rosenblum Charles University, October 26 2009
  2. 2. Open Access Digital, online, free of charge and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions (Peter Suber) Eliminates technical, economic and legal barriers to access and use Goal is to maximize usage, impact, value and progress of research OA has an ethical rationale, plus technical, economic, research, and other rationales.
  3. 3. “To what extent should the institutions that support the creation of scholarship and research take responsibility for its dissemination as well?” -Karla Hahn Association of Research Libraries
  4. 4. New Roles for Academic Libraries Providing stewardship over locally produced scholarship and ensuring that it is accessible to an external, worldwide audience Working directly with faculty and research units before and during the creation and pre- publication stage of research. Incorporating scholarly communication issues into information literacy programs for faculty and students
  5. 5. Scholarly Communication Initiatives at KU Institutional Repository (KU ScholarWorks) Digital Publishing Services Education, Outreach, Advocacy *New*: Open Access Policy - June 2009
  6. 6. Lawrence, Kansas
  7. 7. University of Kansas Undergraduate Students: 23,000 Graduate Students: 6,000 Faculty Members: 2,300 Research Centers: 8 on Lawrence campus Federal Grants: over $200 million Libraries: 4 million volumes 5 library buildings, one central
  8. 8. Open Access Repositories Authors self-archive Discipline or institutionally-based Metadata harvested by search engines and indexing services  Registry of Open Access Repositories:  http://roar.eprints.org/
  9. 9. KU ScholarWorks http://www.ku.edu/~scholar
  10. 10. Open Access Journals Peer reviewed Various funding models Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org 4382 journals
  11. 11. Libraries as Publishers “Rapidly becoming the norm…” (ARL) Production support for local journals new electronic journals & conversion of print back issues Emphasis on access and visibility, local control, preservation  provide low-cost services by supporting open access models and leveraging library and campus IT resources
  12. 12. Library-based publishing initiatives Scholarly Publishing Office (Michigan)  http://spo.umdl.umich.edu Center for Innovative Publishing (Cornell)  http://cip.cornell.edu eScholarship (California)  http://www.cdlib.org/programs/escholarship.html University of Kansas Digital Publishing Services  http://kudiglib.ku.edu/epublishing.shtml
  13. 13. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/d/did
  14. 14. KU Digital Publishing Services https://journals.ku.edu
  15. 15. Some Journals at KU
  16. 16. Software Platforms •Journals@KU (OJS) • http://journals.ku.edu •KU ScholarWorks (D-Space) • http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu •eXtensible Text Framework (XTF)  Supports indexing, querying, display of XML documents (TEI and EAD)  http://etext.ku.edu
  17. 17. Open Journal Systems http://pkp.sfu.ca/
  18. 18. JOURNALS AND SERIAL PUBLICATIONS  American Studies*  Biodiversity Informatics*  Center for East Asian Studies Publication Series  Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism*  Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics  Latin American Theatre Review*  Slovene Linguistic Studies  Social Thought and Research  KU Paleontological Contributions *=OJS journal MONOGRAPHS  Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists  Cartobibliography of Maps in 18th Century British and American Geographical Works  Greetings from the Teklimakan: A Handbook of Modern Uyghur  Pontificalia: A Repertory of Latin Manuscript Pontificals and Benedictionals  Niccolò Perotti's Rudimenta Grammatices  Jesuatti Book of Remedies
  19. 19. Some statistics Title # of Articles Downloads (September 2009) American Studies 1111 14,521 Latin American Theater Review 1614 37,217 Biodiversity Informatics 26 1,631 Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism 612 7180 Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (monograph in KU ScholarWorks) 11,307 (Since Aug 2006)
  20. 20. Some next steps… Establishing workflows and policies, organizational funding to sustain program Improve OJS training Statistics (usage, submissions, citations) Editorial advisory board meeting Host an “editors’ forum” in October Expand website with more resources on publishing issues Seek to participate in info literacy and educational opportunities on campus.
  21. 21. Roles for Libraries in Education, Outreach, Advocacy Advise faculty in their roles as instructors, authors, editors, publishers Shape campus discussions of NIH and other funding agency policies Maintain scholarly communication websites Organize workshops on copyright issues and digital scholarship Advocate through university governance and administrative channels Pay attention and be engaged Educate and train other librarians and students
  22. 22. OPEN ACCESS POLICY FOR UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SCHOLARSHIP Faculty members grant permission to the university to make a copy of their scholarly journal articles available in the open access repository, KU ScholarWorks.” PURPOSE: Provide the broadest possible access to the journal literature authored by KU faculty. Approved May 2009  https://documents.ku.edu/policies/governance/OpenAccess.ht m
  23. 23. Other Policies in U.S National Institutes of Health  $28 Billion in biomedical research funding  Peer-reviewed research must be deposited in PubMed Central Harvard University (Faculty of Arts and Sciences)  Faculty grant university permission to distribute scholarly articles, including deposit in OA repository Stanford, MIT, University of Oregon
  24. 24. UNIVERSITY PUBLISHING University Publishing In A Digital Age  http://www.ithaka.org/strategic-services/university-publishing Talk About Talking About New Models of Scholarly Communication  http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3336451.0011.108 ARL: A Bimonthly Report: Special Double Issue on University Publishing  http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br252-253.shtml
  25. 25. OTHER RESOURCES  SPARC  http://www.arl.org/sparc/  OAISIS  http://www.openoasis.org/  European Open Scholar  http://www.openscholarship.org  SHERPA/RoMEO database  http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php  OA Advocacy Checklist for Research Libraries (PDF)  http://www.tilburguniversity.nl/services/lis/ticer/09carte/public at/17Swan_paper.pdf
  26. 26. Libraries have growing scholarly communication programs which are becoming core activities…. Librarians have a unique set of skills which puts us at the center of campus teaching and learning… ….how do we continue to build skills, expertise, organizational and funding models to sustain these programs?
  27. 27. Brian Rosenblum Scholarly Digital Initiatives Librarian University of Kansas brianlee@ku.edu

Notes de l'éditeur

  • The first way that libraries and institutions can support open access and new publishing models is through supporting open access policies.
    These generally work on a self-archiving model where authors themselves upload their published articles, working papers, presentations, or other files themselves. The metadata is harvested by search engines and allow users to search across the content without having to know where the content resides. There are currently about 1500 open access repositories listed in the Registry of Open Access Repositories (how many in CR and CE?).
  • At KU we launched our institutional repository in 2003. This is a repository for the scholarly work created by the faculty and staff at the University of Kansas. We use D-Space to run our repository. It currently holds about 4500 items.
    Our University IT department is responsible for the technical infrastructure and run software, and the library promotes the use of the repository to faculty and researchers, and helps develop policies and services.
    Libraries can lead in developing and supporting an institutional repository, but in order for the repository to work it needs to be part of a campus-wide effort, with support from administrative and departmental leaders.
  • For those interested in exploring this further here are a few links to some major library-based publishing initiatives at the University of Michigan, Cornell University and the U of California. A link to our much smaller program at KU is also listed here at the bottom.
  • We currently offer three publishing platforms:
    D-Space _ our institutional repository - which I’ve already mentioned and which serves as an ideal place to archive scanned back issues of journal articles.
    And XTF, an application developed at the University fo California that is designed to display documents marked up in XML, such as EAD archival finding aids, or TEI-based text monographs.
    And OJS…
  • Open Journal Systems or OJS - which is an open source journal management application developed at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver Canada that is designed to support the entire online publication of journals
    From author submission to peer review to copy editing to publication all in one integrated online environment.