Interoperability of the ArSol (Archives du Sol) database
with the CIDOC-CRM ontology
E. Le Goff, O. Marlet
X. Rodier, S. C...
• Objectives of ArSol: data management, processing and analysis
▪ ArSol = Archives du Sol (DBMS : 4e
Dimension)
▪ data man...
CIDOC-CRM ontology: between abstraction and reality
▪ Spatio-temporal definition of archaeological entities
- archaeologic...
Mapping the FAIT and MOBILIER tables
in the ArSol database
▪ Selection of basic archaeological information
- information c...
▪ Mapping the ArSol fields on the CIDOC-CRM entities → correspondance
CAA2014
PARIS
05/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Mapping the ArSol fields
on the CIDOC-CRM
entities → RDF triples
CAA2014
PARIS
06/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Abstract model of data: FAIT’s particularities
CAA2014
PARIS
07/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Abstract model of data: FAIT’s particularities
CAA2014
PARIS
07/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Abstract model of data: MOBILIER’s particularities
CAA2014
PARIS
09/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Abstract model of data: MOBILIER’s particularities
CAA2014
PARIS
09/15
II.STEPSOFMAPPING
▪ Problems encountered
- archive vs resources:
divergent concepts
- the semantics specific
to archaeology
- how control th...
III.INTEROPERABILITY
Meeting the needs of interoperability
• A script to check the
efficiency of the mapping
CAA2014
PARIS...
DBMS
(ArSol server)
Reasoner
Protégé
-ontop-
Query application
SPARQL Endpoint
Mapping
OBDA model
Ontology
CIDOC-CRM
(OWL/...
CAA2014
PARIS
14/15
• Accessibility
of the
database
III.INTEROPERABILITY
• Specific mapping for the ArSol database
• Methodology can be shared
• Semantic homogeneization
- CIDOC-CRM to structure ...
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CAA2014 L'ontologie du CIDOC CRM pour interroger une base de données d'Archéologie

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CAA2014 L'ontologie du CIDOC CRM pour interroger une base de données d'Archéologie

  1. 1. Interoperability of the ArSol (Archives du Sol) database with the CIDOC-CRM ontology E. Le Goff, O. Marlet X. Rodier, S. Curet, Ph. Husi Laboratoire Archéologie et Territoires UMR7324 CITERES With the collaboration of: P. Le Bœuf Bibliothèque Nationale de France CAA2014 PARIS 01/15
  2. 2. • Objectives of ArSol: data management, processing and analysis ▪ ArSol = Archives du Sol (DBMS : 4e Dimension) ▪ data management and research • Background to the interoperability of digitized resources ▪ context of the MASA Consortium (MASA = Mémoire des Archéologues et des Sites Archéologiques) ▪ funded by the TGIR HumaNum (Humanités Numériques) ▪ international standard CIDOC-CRM (ISO 21127:2006) • Implications for ArSol and committed procedures ▪ bringing ArSol on line ▪ mapping: matches between CIDOC-CRM classes and properties, and database fields in ArSol CAA2014 PARIS 02/15 INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. CIDOC-CRM ontology: between abstraction and reality ▪ Spatio-temporal definition of archaeological entities - archaeological entities → recording → research archive - interpretation with features and artefacts ▪ The need to appropriate the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model I.UNDERSTANDINGONTOLOGY CAA2014 PARIS 03/15
  4. 4. Mapping the FAIT and MOBILIER tables in the ArSol database ▪ Selection of basic archaeological information - information common to all excavations: features and artefacts - retain only the data characterizing the feature or object CAA2014 PARIS 04/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  5. 5. ▪ Mapping the ArSol fields on the CIDOC-CRM entities → correspondance CAA2014 PARIS 05/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  6. 6. ▪ Mapping the ArSol fields on the CIDOC-CRM entities → RDF triples CAA2014 PARIS 06/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  7. 7. ▪ Abstract model of data: FAIT’s particularities CAA2014 PARIS 07/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  8. 8. ▪ Abstract model of data: FAIT’s particularities CAA2014 PARIS 07/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  9. 9. ▪ Abstract model of data: MOBILIER’s particularities CAA2014 PARIS 09/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  10. 10. ▪ Abstract model of data: MOBILIER’s particularities CAA2014 PARIS 09/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  11. 11. ▪ Problems encountered - archive vs resources: divergent concepts - the semantics specific to archaeology - how control the conformity of the mapping? CAA2014 PARIS 11/15 II.STEPSOFMAPPING
  12. 12. III.INTEROPERABILITY Meeting the needs of interoperability • A script to check the efficiency of the mapping CAA2014 PARIS 12/15
  13. 13. DBMS (ArSol server) Reasoner Protégé -ontop- Query application SPARQL Endpoint Mapping OBDA model Ontology CIDOC-CRM (OWL/RDF) SparQL Query rewriting Local client Remote client (VPN) Web client (Browser) Web server (ArSol web) Source • Bring ArSol to the semantic web - Web access - External interrogation with OBDA system - Database kept in its current form Web client (Web service) CAA2014 PARIS 13/15 III.INTEROPERABILITY
  14. 14. CAA2014 PARIS 14/15 • Accessibility of the database III.INTEROPERABILITY
  15. 15. • Specific mapping for the ArSol database • Methodology can be shared • Semantic homogeneization - CIDOC-CRM to structure information - PACTOLS to standardize vocabulary • Web-semantic framework → Toward a RDF version with the SKOS format Acknowledgments ▪ P. Le Bœuf (BNF, Paris), for his invaluable and tireless help in the mapping phase. ▪ A.-V. Szabados (CNRS, ArScan, Paris), R. Letricot (LARHRA, Lyon) and A. d’Andrea (Centro Interdipartimentale di Servizi di Archeo- logia, Italy) for sharing their experience of using the CIDOC CRM. ▪ B. Bouchou Markhoff (Université Fr. Rabelais, Laboratoire d’Informatique, Tours) for recommending the use of ODBA and -ontop-, and for her commitment to the development of this project. 15/15Émeline Le Goff, Olivier Marlet – Laboratoire Archéologie et Territoires, UMR 7324CITERES / Tours CAA2014 PARIS CONCLUSION

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