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Uganda - Addressing agricultural resilience in long term climate planning instruments

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The landscape of climate planning instruments available to countries under the UNFCCC process includes National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Long Term Strategies (LTS). These instruments have emerged at different milestones such as the Cancun Adaptation Framework and the Paris Agreement and have specific characteristics and objectives which can contribute to and reinforce each other if leveraged effectively. Despite their very distinctive nature, these national instruments can be harnessed to scale up climate change adaptation by fostering linkages depending upon country context.

Addressing climate resilience in sectors and across sectors is a vital part of climate planning. Adaptation in agriculture is a crucial component of building resilient economies and societies and is national priority for a significant number of countries. It is well established that agricultural sectors are amongst the most climate sensitive. Over 90 percent of developing countries’ NDCs refer to agriculture as a major priority.

The juxtaposition of the range of climate planning instruments on one hand, and the sensitivity of agriculture on the other requires that all instruments be linked, sequenced and aligned appropriately by countries to best fit their national circumstances.

The webinar will draw upon country-level experiences from NAP-Ag partner countries to highlight entry points for alignment and strategies to trigger this conversation.

Webinar highlights

Unpacking the characteristics of NAPs, NDCs and LTS.
Exploring steps being taken by ministries of agriculture, ministries of environment, water and finance to leverage these instruments to scale up climate adaptation in agriculture.
Identifying what linkages are already being fostered between NAPs, NDCs and LTS and the key considerations in advancing climate change adaptation in agriculture.

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Uganda - Addressing agricultural resilience in long term climate planning instruments

  2. 2. OUTLINE • Uganda Agriculture sector • The NDC Partnership Plan • How the structures, studies, and capacities built under the NAP process will support NDC implementation plans • Structures, their mandates and capacities • Studies carried out under NAP-Ag • How the NAP-Ag Framework fit into NDC implementation plans • Entry points in the agricultural sectors for implementing NAPs and NDCs in a coordinated way
  3. 3. Agriculture sector in Uganda • Central to Uganda’s economic growth, food security and livelihoods • Accounts for about 24% of GDP • Directly provides employment to over 68 % of total labor force, most of whom are women and youth • However, climate change effects and impacts have had significant impact on agriculture production and productivity • Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) with assistance from FAO and UNDP, facilitated a process of developing a NAP-Ag to address climate change challenges • Through a multi-consultative process at national and local government levels the NAP-Ag framework was developed • The NAP-Ag identifies medium and long-term adaptation needs and adaptation options to address the needs • NAP-Ag program had an active role in the Uganda NDC Partnership Plan
  4. 4. The Uganda NDC Partnership Plan • Uganda has approved NDC Partnership Plan with 5 priority outcomes with strong emphasis on adaptation 1) Strengthened operational and gender-responsive policy and institutional frameworks for the effective governance of climate change; 2) Increased climate financing for planning and budgeting on the national and local levels; 3) Effective and institutionalized measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems to monitor greenhouse gas emissions and gender-responsive adaptation measures; 4) Strengthened capacity of government officials, civil society, the private sector and academia to effectively integrate NDC and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) commitments with a gender lens into existing and future programs; and 5) Accelerated project financing for NDC implementation. • On 26th June 2018 Uganda launched the NDC Partnership Plan • During the high-level event, development partners read a statement outlining institutional commitment to relevant sections of the NDC Partnership Plan
  5. 5. Structures, built under NAP process that support NDC implementation plans and their capacities NAP-Ag process developed and strengthened capacities of existing structures: • Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) Climate change task force - responsible for overall implementation of the NAP-Ag process, and some NDC Partnership Plan interventions; • Local Government Technical Teams in agriculture, environment, water, community development and planning sectors –develop annual plans and budgets and District Development Plans. Crucial teams that directly work with farmers to promote different climate actions; • MAAIF and other central government actors – responsible for synthesis of annual work plans and budgets to national sector plans and budgets and development of policies for approval by Parliament. • Parliamentarians – mandated to approve policies and budgets generated by different sectors and government agencies. • Non-state actors – supplement and support government interventions and work with farmers. • Farmers and Farmer Groups – implement adaptation options and actions • Research and Academia - Develop and disseminate technologies for facilitating implementation of climate change adaptation options. • Private sector – Facilitate the process of technology transfer from the factories and producers to farmers.
  6. 6. Studies carried out under NAP-Ag The Uganda NAP-Ag component carried out studies, whose results will be useful for implementation of the framework and NDC Partnership Plan: • Synthesis of the Uganda vulnerability assessment to guide appraisal and prioritization of adaptation options; • Review of climate change impacts in the agriculture sector and proposed adaptation options in different agro-ecological zones; • Training Needs Assessment of gender responsive climate change adaptation which guided capacity development for: • Training for Parliamentarians, Local Government staff, Central Government staff and Non-state actors on gender responsive policy making, planning and budgeting; • Training for Local Government staff, Central Government staff and Non-state actors on gender responsive climate change adaptation mainstreaming, policy making, planning and budgeting and use of relevant tools such as GALs, CRiSTAL, CBA and IE for implementation of NAP-Ag; • Review of NAPA pilot projects; • Review of lessons learnt and experiences from the NAP-Ag; • Analysis of climate change in fisheries
  7. 7. How NAP-Ag Framework fit into NDC implementation plans • The Uganda NAP-Ag framework presents a suite of 21 priority adaptation options in the 8 key areas of: • Crop Production; • Livestock Production; • Fisheries Management; • Forestry, Land and Natural Resources Management; • Climate Information; • Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems; • Research, and Knowledge Management; • Gendered climate response. • The NAP-Ag will be launched on 28 November 2018 as Uganda’s planning framework • The NAP-Ag support is a sole output 1.9 “National Adaptation Plan process and implementation of NDC adaptation component supported” which is to deliver on key performance indicators on: • Uganda’s approach to CCA, in NDC Partnership Plan, is gender-responsive • Through coaching, NAP-Ag program has trained Parliamentarians, Government staff and none state actors to enhance their capacity for gendered approaches to mainstream policies, plans and budgets with adaptation interventions in agriculture. • This will provide complementary benefits to implementation of the NDC.
  8. 8. Entry points in the agricultural sectors for implementing NAPs and NDCs in a coordinated way The NAP-Ag has created a strong entry point for mainstreaming climate change adaptation within current development planning and budgeting processes. • Tools were developed for use by different stakeholders including: • Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Framework; • Lessons from NAPA pilot projects started in 2007; • Technology Adaptation Plan for options in the fisheries sub-sector; • Vulnerability assessment and case studies in the fisheries sub-sector. • The same tools will be used during implementation of the NDCs • Capacity developed for gender responsive climate change adaptation mainstreaming, policy making, planning and budgeting • Use of relevant tools such as GALs, CRiSTAL, CBA and IE will help during implementation of the NDCs. • The different teams of stakeholders who developed the NAP-Ag framework will be used to mobilise support for implementation of the NAPs and NDC in a coordinated way. • Within the NDC Partnership Plan, interventions under the NAP-Ag are appreciated to contribute to the agriculture sector and provide crosscutting benefits in other sectors, including food, water, wetlands, infrastructure, tourism, agriculture. ` • UNDP and FAO climate NAP-Ag teams have been active in NDC processes and UNDP • UNDP and FAO take leadership in implementing 15 of the 49 NDC Partnership outputs. • This will provide an opportunity of use of knowledge products generated from the NAP-Ag process. • Most NDC outputs still have a bearing on NAPs