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Intangible Heritage in Republic of Moldova

Presented during the VIVA EAST Thematic Seminar on Intangible Heritage, Cahul, Republic of Molvova, Sept. 2012

Author: Ghenadie Ivascenco

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Intangible Heritage in Republic of Moldova

  1. 1. ICH:Context of Moldova
  2. 2. TOWARDS RECOGNIZING ICH• 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention• 1989 UNESCO Recommendation on Safeguarding Traditional Culture & Folclore• 1998 Stockholm Recommenation• 2002 Istanbul Declaration• 2003 UNESCO ICH Convention
  3. 3. 2003 ICH CONVENTION• Adopted in Oct-2003 in Paris• Entered into force in Apr-2006• 144 countries ratified as at Aug-2012
  4. 4. UNESCO ICH LIST• 27 elements – Need Urgent Safeguarding +• 215 elements – Representative List as at August 2012
  5. 5. Moldova Context: RURALITY• MD = most rural country in Europe• Official Ruralization Trend (% rural population ↑ from 52.3% (1989) to 61% (2004)• De-factor urbanisation = approx 30%• >80% of population are living in settlements <10,000 inhabit.• >50% of urban population are born in rural area
  6. 6. Moldova Context: MULTICULTURALISM • 75% of Moldovans/Romanians • Bilingualism • 20% ‘Russian speakers’ vs 5% of ethinic Russians • Important minority groups (compactly living) – Gagauzians & Bulgarians
  7. 7. Moldova Context: ROMANIAN Origin• Common history/culture with Romania• Share the same ICH• Controversial (political identity) RO vs MD
  8. 8. Moldova Context: Legal Context• Ratified UNESCO ICH Convention (2006)• Special Law on ICH (March 2012)• Law on Craftsmanship (2003)• Law on Museums (2002)• Law on Culture (1999)• Law on Archive (1992)
  9. 9. ICH Law: GoalTo ensure a national legal framework for definition, identification, protection, transmission, promotion, revitalization and exploration of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
  10. 10. ICH Law: DefinitionThe totality of elements of traditional authentic heritage, valuable from cultural and historical perspective, transmitted oral from generation to generation, expressed in literal, musical or choreographic form, practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills, as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces associated therewith – that communities and groups recognize as part of the heritage.
  11. 11. ICH Law: Domains Covered• Oral expressions• Music• Social practices (ritual, festive events, customs)• Cosmology and spiritual beliefs• Traditional craftsmanship• Gastronomy• Traditional cultural institutions (’claca’, ‘sezatoarea’, etc.)• Material meaning of ICH transmission
  12. 12. ICH Law: Tools• Scientific Research• National ICH Registry• Honorific Title ‘Treasure Carrier Alive’• Safeguarding & Revitalization measures• Financing mechanisms
  13. 13. National ICH Registry• Document in preparation (expeced in 2012)• 2 Volumes: - Vol 1: ICH related to Moldovans/Romanians (approximately 400 ellements) - Vol 2: ICH related to minorities
  14. 14. Work in Progress• National Strategy on Safeguarding ICH
  15. 15. MD in UNESCO ICH List• First element in preparation (‘colindatul in ceata barateasca’) jointly with Romania• 2 proper elements already introduced at the innitiative of Romania (‘Doina’ & ‘Dansul calutului’)
  16. 16. Thank you for attention!