Subrat-Robot (1).pptx

TALCHER AUTONOMOUS COLLEGE, TALCHER
PRESENTED BY: SUBRAT KUMAR SAHOO
ROLL NO: 2002APHYS186
GUIDED BY: SARBANANDA SENAPATI
ROBOTICS
The term "robot" was first used in 1920 in a play
called "R.U.R." Or "Rossum's universal robots" by
the Czech writer Karel Capek.
The word “Robot”comes from the word
“Robota”,meaning,in
Czech”,forced labour,drudgery.
Robot - Mechanical device that performs human tasks, either
automatically or by remote control.
Robotics - Study and application of robot technology.
Telerobotics - Robot that is operated remotely.
What is the Definition of a Robot?
A reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator
designed to move material, parts, tools or
specialized devices through various programmed
motions for the performance of a variety of Tasks.
.
 Asimov proposed three “Laws of Robotics”
 Law 1: A robot may not injure a human being or through inaction,
allow a human being to come to harm.
 Law 2: A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except
where such orders would conflict with the first law.
 Law 3: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such
protection does not conflict with the first law.
Artificial intelligence is the intelligence exhibited by machines or
software, and the branch of computer science that develops machines
and software with intelligence. Major AI researchers and textbooks
define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents",[where
an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and
takes actions that maximize its chances of success. John MacCarthy
who coined the term in 1955,defines it as "the science and
engineering of making intelligent machines.
Artificial Intelligence
A robot is any moving machine that can be programmed
to perform tasks and gather information from its
surroundings. Robots work from a central microprocessor
that controls their movements, they also have sensors for
examining the environment and power sources.
Industrial Robots –
–materials handling
–welding
–inspection
–improving productivity
–Laboratory applications
Mobile Robots-
–Robots that move around on legs,
tracks or wheels.
Eg-
In 1979 a nuclear accident in
the USA caused a leak of
radioactive material which led to
Production of special robot –which
Can handle the radioactive materials.
Educational Robots – Robotic kits
Are used extensively in education.
Eg-Robolab , Lego and
RoboCupe Soccer
Domestic Robots–2 types–those
designed to perform household tasks
and modern toys which are
programmed to do things like talking,
walking and dancing , etc.
1. Manipulator or Rover: Main body of robot (Links,
Joints, other structural element of the robot)
2. End Effecter: The part that is connected to the last joint
hand) of a manipulator.
3. Actuators: Muscles of the manipulators (servomotor,
stepper motor, pneumatic and hydraulic cylinder).
4. Sensors: To collect information about the internal state of the
robot or To communicate with the outside environment.
5. Controller: Similar to cerebellum. It controls and
coordinates the motion of the actuators.
6. Processor: The brain of the robot. It calculates the
motions and the velocity of the robot’s joints, etc.
7. Software: Operating system, robotic software
and the collection of routines.
 EXPLORATION-
– Space Missions
– Robots in the Antarctic
– Exploring Volcanoes
– Underwater Exploration
 MEDICAL SCIENCE
– Surgical assistant
 ASSEMBLY- factories Parts-
- handling
- Assembly
- Painting
- Surveillance
- Security (bomb disposal , etc)
- Home help (grass cutting, nursing) 13
Going to far away planets.
Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans
would be crushed
Giving us information that humans can't get
Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't
get bored
They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more
consistently and accurately
Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves
without any human interference.
 People can lose jobs in factories
 It needs a supply of power
It needs maintenance to keep it running .
It costs money to make or buy a robot
• Scientists say that it is possible that a robot brain will exist by 2019 .
• Vernor Vinge has suggested that a moment may come when
computers and robots are smarter than humans.
• In 2009, some robots acquired various forms of semi-autonomy,
including being able to find power sources on their own.
• The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
has researched on this problem.
24
25
THANK YOU
1 sur 17

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Subrat-Robot (1).pptx

  • 1. TALCHER AUTONOMOUS COLLEGE, TALCHER PRESENTED BY: SUBRAT KUMAR SAHOO ROLL NO: 2002APHYS186 GUIDED BY: SARBANANDA SENAPATI ROBOTICS
  • 2. The term "robot" was first used in 1920 in a play called "R.U.R." Or "Rossum's universal robots" by the Czech writer Karel Capek. The word “Robot”comes from the word “Robota”,meaning,in Czech”,forced labour,drudgery.
  • 3. Robot - Mechanical device that performs human tasks, either automatically or by remote control. Robotics - Study and application of robot technology. Telerobotics - Robot that is operated remotely.
  • 4. What is the Definition of a Robot? A reprogrammable multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of Tasks. .
  • 5.  Asimov proposed three “Laws of Robotics”  Law 1: A robot may not injure a human being or through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.  Law 2: A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the first law.  Law 3: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the first law.
  • 6. Artificial intelligence is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software, and the branch of computer science that develops machines and software with intelligence. Major AI researchers and textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents",[where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success. John MacCarthy who coined the term in 1955,defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines. Artificial Intelligence
  • 7. A robot is any moving machine that can be programmed to perform tasks and gather information from its surroundings. Robots work from a central microprocessor that controls their movements, they also have sensors for examining the environment and power sources.
  • 8. Industrial Robots – –materials handling –welding –inspection –improving productivity –Laboratory applications
  • 9. Mobile Robots- –Robots that move around on legs, tracks or wheels. Eg- In 1979 a nuclear accident in the USA caused a leak of radioactive material which led to Production of special robot –which Can handle the radioactive materials.
  • 10. Educational Robots – Robotic kits Are used extensively in education. Eg-Robolab , Lego and RoboCupe Soccer Domestic Robots–2 types–those designed to perform household tasks and modern toys which are programmed to do things like talking, walking and dancing , etc.
  • 11. 1. Manipulator or Rover: Main body of robot (Links, Joints, other structural element of the robot) 2. End Effecter: The part that is connected to the last joint hand) of a manipulator. 3. Actuators: Muscles of the manipulators (servomotor, stepper motor, pneumatic and hydraulic cylinder). 4. Sensors: To collect information about the internal state of the robot or To communicate with the outside environment.
  • 12. 5. Controller: Similar to cerebellum. It controls and coordinates the motion of the actuators. 6. Processor: The brain of the robot. It calculates the motions and the velocity of the robot’s joints, etc. 7. Software: Operating system, robotic software and the collection of routines.
  • 13.  EXPLORATION- – Space Missions – Robots in the Antarctic – Exploring Volcanoes – Underwater Exploration  MEDICAL SCIENCE – Surgical assistant  ASSEMBLY- factories Parts- - handling - Assembly - Painting - Surveillance - Security (bomb disposal , etc) - Home help (grass cutting, nursing) 13
  • 14. Going to far away planets. Going far down into the unknown waters and mines where humans would be crushed Giving us information that humans can't get Working at places 24/7 without any salary and food. Plus they don't get bored They can perform tasks faster than humans and much more consistently and accurately Most of them are automatic so they can go around by themselves without any human interference.
  • 15.  People can lose jobs in factories  It needs a supply of power It needs maintenance to keep it running . It costs money to make or buy a robot
  • 16. • Scientists say that it is possible that a robot brain will exist by 2019 . • Vernor Vinge has suggested that a moment may come when computers and robots are smarter than humans. • In 2009, some robots acquired various forms of semi-autonomy, including being able to find power sources on their own. • The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence has researched on this problem. 24