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  1. Personality Type What code are you?
  2. Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I) • These are two different attitudes to the world around us. • When you are in the extraverted attitude, you relate more easily to the world of people and things outside of you. • When you are in the introverted attitude, you relate more easily to the ideas and concepts in your mind
  3. Sensing (S) or Intuition (N) • These are 2 different ways of gathering information. • When you are perceiving with your sensing process, you are interested in your 5 senses show you (what exists in the present) • When you are perceiving with your intuition, you are using your imagination to see new possibilities and insights hidden from the eye.
  4. Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) • These reflect 2 kinds of decision making. • When you make judgments with your thinking, you base your decisions on impersonal analysis and logic. • When you make judgments with your feeling, you base your decisions on your values.
  5. Judging (J) or Perceiving (P) • These are 2 ways of living in the world around us. • When you are living by your judgment, you like to have things decided; your life is likely to be planned and orderly. • When you are living by your perception, you don’t want to miss anything; your way of life is likely to be spontaneous and flexible.
  6. Extraversion • Likes variety and action • Enjoys talking out loud about ideas • Demonstrates energy and enthusiasm • Is stimulated by, and responsive to, people and actions in the environment • May be easily distracted • Expresses thoughts and feelings openly • Is energized by being with others • Acts before thinking • Is friendly and talkative • May be Impatient with long, slow projects • Values friends and relationships
  7. Extraversion • Gregarious - drawn to large number and variety of relationships. • Enthusiastic - being energetically with the “action” and at the center of things. • Initiator - social facilitator, assertively outgoing, build bridges among people. • Expressive - easy to know, approachable, warm, readily show feelings. • Auditory - learn through listening, active dialogue, and involvement with others.
  8. Introversion • Enjoys individual or one-on-one activities • Is energized by ideas • Thinks before acting • Likes to concentrate on a few select tasks at a time • Carefully considers an idea before discussing or making a decision about it • Usually waits for others to make the first move • May not communicate thoughts and feelings • Needs privacy • Can make him or herself inconspicuous • Tends to sit back, observe, and reflect • Dislikes interruptions • Must understand an idea or project before attempting it • Pauses before answering and may be uncomfortable with spontaneous questioning • Can ignore distractions
  9. Introversion • Intimate - most comfortable in small groups and with one-on-one relationships. • Quiet - present themselves modestly, drawn to the calm away from the center of action. • Receptor - content to let others initiate social amenities-even to the point of being overlooked. • Contained - well controlled, calm exterior, often difficult for others to “read.”. • Visual - learn through observation, reflection, reading, and more solitary means.
  10. Sensing • Likes precise directions • Enjoys films and other audiovisual presentations • Prefers using skills already learned • Focuses on the present • Works steadily with a realistic idea of how long the task will take • Prefers things that are definite and measurable • Wants material presented step-by-step • Relies on experience rather than theory • Is interested in whatever appeals to the senses • Is likely to recall details well • May be comfortable with routine exercises that develop skills • Draws on proven methods to solve current problems • Enjoys tradition and custom • Can learn abstract concepts buy may become stressed by the task • Wants the facts when discussing an issue and mistrusts vague ideas
  11. Sensing • Concrete - depend on verifiable, factual information and direct perceptions. literal, mistrust fuzzy information. • Realistic - value being practical, cost-effective, and exercising common sense. • Pragmatic - highly values the usefulness or applications of an idea -more interesting than idea itself. • Experiential - heavily grounded by first hand, past experience. Reluctant to generalize beyond direct experience. • Traditional - trust what is familiar, support established groups and methods, honor precedents.
  12. Intuition • Needs opportunities to be creative and original • Likes tasks that require imagination • Enjoys learning new skills more than mastering familiar ones • Dislikes routine • Works in bursts of energy with slow periods in between • Dislikes taking time for precision • Focuses on the future • May skip over facts or get them wrong • Spends so much time designing an original project that the finished product may not meet expectations • Needs variety • Has a seemingly sporadic approach rather than an ordered, step-by-step approach • Is idealistic
  13. Intuition • Abstract - comfortable with and inferring meaning from ambiguous and non-literal information. Perceptive. • Imaginative - enjoy being ingenious, clever and novel . . . for its own sake. • Intellectual - learning, acquiring knowledge, mental challenges are valued as an end in itself. • Theoretical - conceptual, automatically search for patterns in observed facts, comfortable with theories and inventing new ones. Resourceful. • Original - values initiative and enterprising, inventive, and novel solutions. Often mistrusts conventional wisdom.
  14. Thinking • Values individual achievement over group cooperation • Needs to know why things are done • May enjoy talking with teachers more than peers • Dislikes small talk • Enjoys library research projects • Enjoys debates • Often finds ideas or things more interesting than people • Needs opportunities to demonstrate competence • Is concerned with truth and justice based on principles • Can be devastated by failure • Prefers information to be presented briefly and concisely • Spontaneously analyzes the flaws in ideas, things, or people • Is task oriented • Needs to know the criteria for grades and evaluations
  15. Thinking • Critical - comfortable making distinctions, categorizing, making win/lose choices, being in adversarial situations. • Tough Minded - results oriented, ends justify the means, stick on task. Firm • Questioning - intellectually independent, resistant to influence, self confident. • Logical - values and trusts detached, objective, and logical analysis. • Reasonable - is clear-thinking, objective, reasoned, and logical in everyday decision- making.
  16. Feeling • Enjoys sharing information in small groups • Is loyal • Tries to help others feel secure and comfortable • Needs praise • Avoids confrontation and conflict • Is skilled in understanding other people • Is sympathetic • Spontaneously appreciates the good in people and things • View things from a personal perspective • Is concerned about relationships and harmony • Enjoys pleasing people, even in seemingly unimportant matters • Enjoys subjects that concern people; needs to know how the topic affects people • Has difficulty accepting criticism;; sarcasm and ridicule can be devastating
  17. Feeling • Accepting - tolerant towards human failings, see positive side of others, instinctually seeks win/win resolutions of problems. • Tender Hearted - use gentle persuasion to influence, reluctant to force compliance. • Accommodating - seeks consensus, deferential, conflict avoiding, seeks harmony. • Affective - trusts emotions and feelings, values human considerations, in touch with feelings. • Compassionate - makes decisions on overall impressions, patterns, and feelings (including emotional likes and dislikes).
  18. Judging • Prefers expectations for assignments to be clearly defined • Likes to get things settled and finished • Prefers completing one project before beginning another; too many unfinished projects can cause stress • Doesn’t usually appreciate surprises • Needs structure and predictability; frequent changes can be upsetting • Gets assignments in on time • Lives by schedules that are not easily altered • Wants to do things the ‘right’ way and tries to make things happen the way they are ‘supposed’ to • Works best when work can be planned and the plan is followed • Is orderly, organized, and systematic • Generally has good study habits
  19. Judging • Early Starter - focused. Structure activities to work on one thing at a time, allowing adequate time for proper completion. • Systematic - prefers orderly, structured and programmed responses. Likes formal contingency planning. • Scheduled - creates and easily follows standardized and familiar routines. • Planful - likes to schedule future commitments far in advance, uses dates and deadlines to organize their energies. • Methodical - implements projects in a planned, organized, and step-by-step manner. Self programming.
  20. Perceiving • Is curious • May begin working on a task before the directions are completed • Acts spontaneously • Likes freedom to move and finds too much desk work to be boring • Is cheerful and brings fun and laughter to the classroom • Enjoys the activity itself more than the result • Enjoys tasks presented as games • Enjoys dramatizations and may like to perform • Copes well with unplanned and unexpected changes and enjoys changes in procedures • May start too many projects and have difficulty finishing them all • Lets work accumulate and then accomplishes a lot with a last-minute flurry of activity • May turn in assignments late as a result of poor planning or time management
  21. Perceiving • Pressure Prompted - prefers variety and multi-tasking. Most effectively energized when working close to deadlines. • Casual - comfortable making adjustments as situation requires. Prefers informal guidelines vs. structured rules. Adaptable. • Spontaneous - dislikes repeatedly following the same routines. Seeks variety and change. • Open-ended - strongly values preserving flexibility and freedom, dislikes being tied down by long range plans. Makes flexible plans. • Emergent - ad hoc planner. Moves quickly into action without detailed plans, plans on the go. Risk taking.
  22. Characteristics of Each Type
  23. Website to visit: • personality-type/mbti-basics/