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Niharika Jain ,One Year Residential Design Diploma Portfolio

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Student of Dezyne E'cole College ,the student is updating his industry required skills of Interior Design through the Diploma Programme.This is a work showcase of of student after one year of her study of Residential Design Programme www.dezyneecole.com

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Niharika Jain ,One Year Residential Design Diploma Portfolio

  1. 1. Submitted by Niharika Jain 1st year Residential Design Dezyne e’ Cole collage Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com
  2. 2. Acknowledgement This project “ Residential space planning” has enlighten me about various aspect of planning a residential building. I give my sincere thanks to Dezyne e’ Cole collage and to my mentors. Who gave me the opportunity to know about the various aspect residential space planning and help me in preparing the project. Last I am deeply grateful to all those guidance has been of tremendous value and enable me to complete this project successfully . I thank Mrs. Jyoti phulwani for guiding me on the various design with due regards and for making my confidence batter. NIHARIKA JAIN
  3. 3. Project report Project report on Residential space planning At Dezyne e’ cole collage Aajmer Submitted to Dezyne e’ cole collage towards The partial fulfillment of the One year residential Design In interior designingIn interior designing By Niharika jain Dezyne e’ cole collage 106/10 civil lines Ajmer Tel- 0145 2624679 www.dezyneecole.com
  4. 4. Grade sheet Dezyne e’ cole collage 106/10 civil lines Ajmer 305001 Rajasthan Tel- 01450 2624679 Fax + 911452624679 This project report of Ms. Niharika jain of Interior Design student of first year Residential design diploma has been graded as………… Student of first year Residential design diploma Thanking you
  5. 5. synopsis Planning of my project is done according to the various byelaws, Louis Kahn's principle and the concept of green building , orientation and daylight etc. where the planning begins from the entrance on northern side then parking area. The whole area is surrounded with landscaping.in my plan there are two living room one is guest on ground floor and other for family members on first floor. Where living room is connected with kitchen and dining as per grouping principle and living room act as watcher and leader. Secondary living which is on ground floor having entertainment facilities with a beautiful view. On the upper floor two rooms and one living room. One for children with a facilities of closet and bath room. And also with same facilities in master bed room. Master bedroom is attached with balcony with sitting area and a beautiful view.
  6. 6. NIHARIKA JAIN INTERIOR DESIGNER Email: dezyneecole@gmail.com Web: www.dezyneecole.com Phone: 9829024839 0145-2629679 PROFILE SKILLS • Drafting • Anthropometric • Good Aesthetic Sense • Google Sketch up EDUCATION • One year Residential Design Diploma – Dezyne E’cole College, Ajmer – [2015-2016] I Am A Hardworking Person , punctual • Google Sketch up • Material INTERESTS • Learning new things • Reading books • Creativity • Music LANGUAGE • English • Hindi EXPERIENCE • Design Development Project • Portfolio Project Handling • Group activity [2015-2016] • Bachelor of Commerce, Govt College, Kekri • [2015-2016] • High School MLD school 2012-2013
  7. 7. Student pictures
  8. 8. Content  INTERIOR DESIGN  RESIDENTIAL DESIGN  CASE STUDY  SITE CONSIDERATION  ORIENTATION  ENTRANCES  APPROACHES  BIO CLIMATIC DESIGN  GREEN BUILDING  UNIVERSAL DESIGN  DAYLIGHTING  VENTILATION  WALL PLANES  OPENINGS – DOORS AND WINDOWS  ANTHROPOMETRICS  ERGONOMICS  ARCHITECTURAL LAYOUTS ARCHITECTURAL LAYOUTS  ELEMENTS OF DESIGN  PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN  DESIGN PROCESS
  9. 9. Introduction of Interior Design Interior design is all about how we experience spaces , it is a powerful important part of our daily lives and affects how we live, home, play and even heal comfortable homes functional work places beautiful public space that’s interior design at work. The best interior designer make it look easy crafting space that anticipate our needs and appeal to our emotions but in reality a board set of skill and technical is required. Good interior design adds a new dimension to a space but each space has it’s own personality . It can increase our efficiency in the way we go about our daily lives and it adds depth, understanding and meaning to the built environment. Today interior designer work with contractor, architects, engineers, craftsmen furniture dealer and business and home owner to become a successful Interior designer. Interior design is creation inside the building according to the principal of environment sustainability. It must to follow regular requirement. Interior design is the art and science of understanding peoples behaviorInterior design is the art and science of understanding peoples behavior to create functional spaces within a building decoration is the furnishing or adorning of a space with fashionable or beautiful thing for a comfort. In short interior designer may decorate but decorator do not design. Interior designers apply creative and technical solution within and beneficial to the occupants quality of life and culture. Design are created in response to and coordinate with the building shell and social context of the project. Definition of Interior Design- Interior design is a multifaceted profession in which creative and technical solution are applied within a structure to achieve a built Interior environment. These solution are functional enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants and are aesthetically attractive. Interior is the art or job of planning how the rooms of a building should be furnished and decorated. Interior space are defined by the use of architectural elements ; wall floors and ceilings . These elements also give a shape to interior spaces.
  10. 10. These major elements of interior space are developed, modified and enhanced depending on the type of an activity and user wishes said elements make interior space habitable as wall , floor ceiling are the major elements of architectural design of a space . The usage of furnishing are the important products for interior space . Furnishing are part of interior spaces and main architectural elements creating a background for their usages. Furnishing are important part and products for the design of interior design. They make Interiors habitable by providing comfort and adjusting in type of an activity . After all these, it’s easy to understand that, interior of a house is too much important for them person who lives in, Interior made for comfort and easy to work. Interior means the inside of a building but interior design means the art of planning the decoration of the inside of a building.
  11. 11. Residential design
  12. 12. commercial Design
  13. 13. Introduction of Residential Design Residential means a building for living purpose . Residential design is the art of planning and the designing of the inside or outside of a building. “A good surrounding make a person love life and live better” They becomes more concentrated and his efficiency increase as the space makes all this difference. Residential area is necessary to living for human being because it gives them safety , privacy , facilities and personal spaces. For a comfortable and easy to work zone. A living space is designed for human being called a residential design. A successfully designed residential space is one which adjust itself according to the people living in it , not the person using the space should adjust according to the residence. A residential space must be more functional than to decorative with maximum utilization of space and at the same time it should not be overdone. According to a famous designer le- Corbusier, there is a great saying “ LESS IS MORE” that means the design should be simple and not over crowded the space we need to remember our space which we design should appear large and special. A residential design focuses on showing the personality of the person forA residential design focuses on showing the personality of the person for whom the space is design. “ THE HOME REFLECTS – WHO YOU ARE. Every human being have a different personality which has many different characteristic in them. Their personality react differently in different environment . Residential design includes seven main elements that are – leading , grouping , loner , servant , watcher , outreaching and worker. While doing residential design light is an important criteria to be taken in which both natural and artificial light is to be consider. Which can completely change the outlook of a space . Other than that color , furniture , and objects are also to be consider. Residential design depends on the needs of a person . It should be such that a person living in .It should feel the space and enjoy it. A famous designer le Corbusier - ( Designed the city of Chandigarh) Work on the principle “ MACHINE FOR LIVING” This designer work on anthropometrics and ergonomics and design spaces which work adjustable and functional according to the human needs.
  14. 14. Residential design
  15. 15. Case study We have to devise a plan of a house the land area 50’ * 60’ for a small family of four members a husband, wife, two children one is girl and one is boy. We also have to focus on the planning of a house as per the anthropometrics and ergonomics details. According to the family’s life style and requirement certain facilities are considered while planning of their house 1. Family Needs Two Bedroom 2. Family Living Room 3. Open kitchen with dining area . 4. Walk In Closet and washroom attached With Bed Rooms 5. Backside Garden Water Body etc.
  16. 16. Case study Form a previous case study I have taken a part for the design development i.e. living room
  17. 17. Site consideration Before Starting Any Site Planning Consider The Following Points Like Topography Of The Site , Its Orientation , Daylight , Window Placement, Water Bodies , These All Can Be Determined With The Help Of Compass Placed In The Center Of The Site Consider:- • Street • Main Road • Landmarks • Facilities Nearby – Hospital , School , Transportation , Bus Stand Etc. Without Site Consideration Planning Is Not Possible That’s Why Site Consideration Plays A Important Role In Planning .Site Consideration Is A Base Of Planning. Savitri college Savitri college Road R.T.D.C SITE Ajmer hospital Residential zone R.T.D.C AJMER HOSPITAL SITE RESIDENTIAL ZONE
  18. 18. Map of India Various Points Have To Be Considered While Deciding Any Site Location Like Its Longitude And Latitude , Orientation , Climatology . Longitude Of India Is 78 .8718 O E And Latitude Of India Is 21.76o N. Orientation Of India IS Southern Side Which Amounts To 180o Rotation Of The Map From The Standard Convention. Climatology Of India Is Warm And Humid Climate .Construction Should Be Done According To The Temperature , Climate , Wind Pressure Etc.
  19. 19. Map of Rajasthan Before Deciding Or Planning Designer Should Consider Various Points Or Things That Are Its Longitude And Latitude , Orientation , Climatology. Without Considering This Planning Can’t Be Possible .L Longitude And Latitude Of Rajasthan Is 27.023o N & 74.21o E. Orientation Of Rajasthan In India's Map Is On Northern West Of India .Climatology Of Rajasthan Is That It Has Tropical Desert Climate Extremely Cold From October To Feb. & Extremely Hot From March To September {Site Location Is In Ajmer } Where Longitude And Latitude Is 24.45o N & 74.94o E Ajmer Is Located At Center Of Rajasthan.
  20. 20. Map of Ajmer Ajmer weather is a typical desert type. In the summer time the climate of Ajmer is very hot and in winter it is quite cool. Both in summer as well as winter. There is a wide difference in the day and night temperature. In summer – 25o c to 45 o c In winter - - 4 o c (minimum) to 18 o c (maximum)
  21. 21. Site Map Savitri college R.T.D.C AJMER HOSPITAL SITE The distance from the major landmark : • Shopping center : 1.2 km • Railway station :2.5 km • Bus stand : 1 km • Hospital : 350 m • Dimension of site : 50’X60’ • Area of site 3000 sq. ft. Savitri college Road R.T.D.C SITE Ajmer hospital Residential zone RESIDENTIAL ZONE
  22. 22. Orientation The axis of my building is north east west. The building is south- west north- east . East Ajmer lies on hot and arid zone. Orientation of building in the zone require exclusion of summer sun during day time minimum exposure to sun during winter and enough control of air change and comfort ventilation during monsoon. Most heated part of my building is east to west. The study of direction – east, west, north and south is orientation. Best direction of building orientation- 1) Using compass before starting planning process of this site and we get the diversion E, W, N, S. 2) Creak the sunlight on that plot. 3) Locate the activities between east south and west direction which are required for energy and happiness. 4) East to west orientation is not that effected while devicing any plan. 5) When facing of building is north than building orientation is east to west. 6) East is best direction for entrance . North east orientation is also good. 7) Residential orientation should be north to south because this orientation allows more sunlight into the house. 8) Low - e – emissivity glass used for south facing window. 9) South side is the activity zone. North direction is relaxing zone. East side is cheerful side so feeling good and fresh.cheerful side so feeling good and fresh. 10) The zone which require less sunlight needs to be positioned towards the north direction.
  23. 23. Day lighting People like day lighting. We like interior space to have plenty of day light. Being a interior designer we should try to use less amount of electricity and more use of day lighting to live all the day cheerfully. From this people feels energetic and active . Day lighting keeps us away from various types of disease . The variety and range of light and color that we experience in a forest grove of engage all our senses. If people like something, it stands to reason they will consider it valuable and that when they have it. They will be more satisfied and productive when they don’t have it . Day lighting can be employed to conserve energy and can enhance visibility . The principle values of day lighting are more intangible. So we should use more day lighting. Factor involved in day lighting design – 1) Aesthetics 2) Psychological response 3) Health 4) energy / cost Benefits from day lighting – A number of physiological benefits derive from lighting to humans , animals , and plants. Some types of growth , orientation , migration patterns , egg production , and other attributes are dependent on light content , duration and intensity it prevents rickets help keep the skin in a healthy condition is responsible for the production of vitamin D in the body and it destroys germs. Psychological – Day lighting provides us sunshine, views, and brightness gradients and color constancy
  24. 24. Macro climate Macro climate is the climate of a larger area such as a region or a country . The macro climate around a building can not be affected by any design changes, however the building design can be developed by a knowledge of the macro climate in which the building is located. Macro climate can’t be controlled because it is outside the boundary wall . General climatic data give an idea of the local climatic severity. • Seasonal collected temperature difference are a measure of the outside air temperature though do not account for available solar. • Typical wind speed and direction.
  25. 25. Micro climate The variation in localized climate around a building . The climate of a very small or restricted area, especially when this differs from the climate of the surrounding area. Micro climate is within the boundary wall of a building which can be controlled by us . Building themselves create further micro climates by shading the ground changing wind flow patterns. We can control the temperature of micro climate because it has small scale. By using cavity wall create inner temperature cool in summer and also hot in winter and sound insulation from it. In micro climate we can make water body and garden area . It observe heat and flows cool air.
  26. 26. ventilation Ventilation May Be Defined As Supply Of Fresh Air Into An Enclosed Space Or The Removal Of Inside Air From The Enclosed Space. In Other Word Ventilation Is The Removal Of All Vitiated Air From A Building And Its Replacement With Fresh Air, Ventilation May Be Achieved Either By Natural Or By Artificial Means . We Should Use Ventilation Mostly In Planning Residential Design Because It Exchange The Air . Ventilation Removes The Smoke, Smell And Foul Smell. Ventilation Controls Moisture , Humidity , Earth Temperature , Daily And Seasonal Wind And Breeze Direction. Ventilation Is Necessary For The Following Reason ( Requirement Of Ventilation) – 1) Prevention Of Unnecessary Collection Of Carbon Dioxide. 2) Prevention Of Aggregation Of Dust And Bacteria Carrying Particles. 3) Creation Of Air Movement. 4) Prevention Of Flammable Concentration Of Gas Vapour. 5) Prevention Of Smell Caused By Decomposition Of Building Material. 6) Removal Of Smoke, Smell And Foul Smell Generated By The Occupants. 7) Removal Of Body Heat Generated By The Occupants. Functional Requirements Of Ventilation System- 1) Air changes and rate of supply of fresh air1) Air changes and rate of supply of fresh air 2) Humidity 3) Quality of air 4) Effective temperature There are two system of ventilation – 1) Natural ventilation 2) Mechanical ventilation Natural ventilation – In this system, ventilation is effected by doors, windows, ventilations, skylight and other opening in the enclosed space. Ventilation depends on two effects-
  27. 27. 1) Wind effect- In this the rate of ventilation depends upon the direction and velocity of wind outside and size and position of opening such an effect is known as ventilation due to wind action when wind blows at right angle to one face of a building . Pressure difference are created position pressure is produced on windward face and negative pressure is produced on the lee ward face 2) Stack effect – In this the rate of ventilation is affected by the convection effects arising from temperature or vapor pressure difference between inside and outside of the room and the difference in the height between the outlet and inlet openings. Ventilation due to stack effect is illustrated Mechanical ventilation – In this system ventilation is effected by fan , AC etc. and other electrical things in the enclosed space.
  28. 28. Bio-climatic design Bio climate design is based on the natural flows of energy in an around the building created by the interaction sun, wind, rainfall, vegetation, temperature and humidity in the air and the ground . It approach to architecture offers a way to design for long term and sustainable use of environment and material resource. It is linked to the biological, physiological and psychological need for health and comfort. It is an effort to create relaxable situation in a building by understanding the micro climate used with natural ventilation, day lighting and passive heating and cooling. Bioclimatic design strategies – bio climate design is resist to goes out heat and to promote gain of solar heat from the building envelope in winter season. These object are opposite in summer season it is resist to heat to come inside the building and to promotes loss of heat from the building . 1) In the direction of south the plants and trees should be grown . 2) The use of water body in the direction of southern side and deciduous tree for2) The use of water body in the direction of southern side and deciduous tree for wind break . 3) The side of window is always in south and west because of building direction is windward. 4) Not to use concrete more on the landscape try using ground cover (grass) on the landscape area. 5) In the rainy season water may be collected through terrace and make a water harvesting tank an connected. 6) Always tapper the parapet wall. 7) Use only vertical drainage mouth. 8) Cavity wall should be thick. 9) In the south side terracotta bricks used for face work. It is a bad conductor of heat it should not be use for cavity wall. 10) Corrugated aesbestor is also a bad conductor we can use on the face wall (long life) 11) Use low e emissivity glass at southern side . 12) Water absorption flooring should not be use outside. Paths of energy exchange - paths of energy exchange at the building micro climate
  29. 29. Radiation :- from hotter object to cooler object within the direct view of each other regardless of the temperature of air between . Evaporation :- the change of phase from liquid to gaseous state. Conduction :- transfer to one’ s temperature on another temperature . Cavity wall :- cavity wall insulation is used to reduce heat loss through a cavity wall by filling the air space with material that inhibits transfer . Cavity wall construction is done as outside temperature can’t affect the inside ( internal ) temperature . External temperature is hot become of cavity wall. Internal temperature remain same that is cool. Use of cavity wall- 1) Sound insulation 2) Not to affect internal temperature 3) Protect the house from rain water which can damage our wall.
  30. 30. Green building • Green building design as per leed certification The term “green building and sustainable design” are often used interchangeably to describe any building designed in an environmentally sensitive manner. Green building provides healthy environments . Green building is governed by standards. Such as leadership in energy and environmental design . (Leed) this provide a set of measurable criteria that promotes environmentally sustainable construction E design . This system is developed by united state green building council. (U. S. G. B. C.) U. S. G. B. C. – United state green building council. Minor points of leed certification - 1) Sustainable site :- we should always deals with absorb pollution related with construction area of land and restore damaged habitats. 2) Water efficiency :- collection of rainwater and gray water for carrying sewage and treating waste. 3) Energy and atmosphere :- increasing efficiency of using energy , increasing non3) Energy and atmosphere :- increasing efficiency of using energy , increasing non renewable sources , non polluting energy sources to reduce the environmental effect less use of fossil. 4) Material and resource :- we should use maximize locally available materials , recycled materials and waste. 5) Indoor environment quality :- the design should encourages and promoted relax, productivity and well being of building occupants by improving indoor air quality. (cavity wall) Maximize day lighting and ventilation space. 6) Innovations and design process :- when any design set by leadership in energy any environmental design and certification of innovate performance if any designer comes up with the design which exceeds the requirement of leed.
  31. 31. UNIVERSAL DESIGN • The goal of universal design could be said is create building places and details that provide a supportive environment to the largest no. Of individual throughout life`s variety of changing circumstances. All people experience changes in mobility , agility & perceptual acuity through out their life span , from childhood to adulthood. Design should be for easier access , reduced accident easier way finding and transit of people & goods and design details for people of all age group , sizes and capacity & increases the working efficiency of the people in the environment they live. Design should be accessible here accessible means that design meets the standard that allow people with disabilities to enjoy a minimum level of access to environment and product. Design should be made according to the people who have: • Sensory impairment : This include vision , hearing & speech impairment including total & partial loss of function . • Dexterity impairment : This include people with limitation in the use of their hands and fingers and suggest the "closed fist rule” • Mobility impairment : This include people who use walker , crutches , canes & wheelchair. Designer must listen to & hear from perceptive spokes people who can articulate the need and response of : • People of all stages of life from youngster to elder who have difficulty with mobility , lightning distraction and disorientation at transition points in a building . • Wheel chair user and people with other physical disabilities or differences. • People with visual or aural impairment . • People who maintain and service our building , carrying heavy loads or other potential impediments to safe travel. • All people under condition of emergency. This require that the process of universal design be broadly representative , User responsive and Participatory.
  32. 32. PLANNING CONSIDERATION To design any residential area proper planning and brain storming need to be done. The planning phase of residential is the most important face this leed to be developed of structure of the house based on the shape and form . While doing planning we should consider some points like landscaping, climatology, orientation, ventilation before planning residential design we should study about elements and principle of design. During planning process we have many factor that are to be kept in mind such as aspect, prospect and space planning . The design has to be functional so that the person can feel the space express his self at the same time enjoy the space . In planning process we should follow these –  Principal of planning  Orientation  Building bye lows  Louis Kahn principle  Anthropometric  Topography  Day lighting  Ventilation  Landscaping  Opening – door and windows  Wall planes  Boundary wall Entrance and Approach  Stairs 1) principle of planning- A) Aspect – Aspect means the peculiarity of the arrangement of doors and windows in the external wall of a building which permit the occupants to enjoy the gifts of nature vise sun, breeze, outside sensory etc. aspect gains special significance in case of residential building. It helps in providing hygienic conditions in the room as the sun rays destroy the insects and also impart cheerful living condition in the room.
  33. 33. B) Prospect – Prospect is the term used to highlight the architectural treatment given to the building so as to make it aesthetically pleasing from occupants are able to enjoy the desired outside views from certain rooms. Both aspect as well as prospect demand proper disposition of doors and windows in the external wall at particular space and in particular manner Lighthouse. C) Circulation – Circulation means internal through fares or access provided in a room or on the same floor. There are two types of circulation I. Horizontal circulation II. Vertical circulation passage, halls and lobbies perform the function of circulation on the same floor, such provision are termed as horizontal circulation . On the other hand , stairs, lifts, ramps, etc. which serve the purpose of providing means of access between different floors get covered under the category of the term vertical circulation. 2) Orientation – Orientation of a building is the term used to define the setting or fixing the direction of the layout plan of a building . Before start any planning we should consider the orientation point . Orientation means the study of direction east, west, north andorientation point . Orientation means the study of direction east, west, north and south . By orientation before starting any planning process with the help of compass we get the diversion E, W, N, S. During planning with the help of orientation following point can fix the direction . I. Entrance II. Living room, bed room, kitchen III. Water body IV. Door and window placement according to sun light Thus whenever do space planning , firstly looking the site direction.
  34. 34. PLANNING CONSIDERATION 3) Building bye lows – Building bye lows consists of certain rules and regulation framed by a municipal or town planning or urban development board to control the development of area under its jurisdiction. Building bye lows prevents construction of buildings in a haphazard manner. The building which are planned based on bye lows are comfortable to live in, have proper light and ventilation and are safe. The various aspect of building activities covered by the bye lows is summarized as under : 1) Distance from electric lines 2) Lines of building frontages 3) Open space within a plot 4) built up area limitations 5) Lighting and ventilation of rooms 6) Fire protection requirements 7) Parking spaces 8) Fire protection requirements 4) Louis Kahn principle – According to principle of Louis Kahn every human being has a different personalityAccording to principle of Louis Kahn every human being has a different personality that includes one or more characteristics consists a space as a person . Every space has its own personality with several spatial character’s that differ by projects. These characters causes the space to interact to other space in a certain manner planning process includes seven main elements. We should use these elements in planning because it can help to connect one space to each other. Elements are 1) Leading - The space with the “leading” character gather space that that related to (following ) it and form a group. The “following” space only follows the space with leading character. 2) Grouping – People gather foe a certain purpose , same objective interest or goal by limitating this characteristic the space that carry the same ‘’GROUPING” character gather as a group . These space are related to each other .
  35. 35. 3) Servant - A place that serves other space in some way that needs to be adjacent to them but prefers not to appeal visually which is in reality servant needs to be near the master room while stay out of the sight. 4) Watcher – this type of character causes a space to locate the boundary of the project for attraction in the environment . If is based on the human nature that people like to watch or get close the certain incidence. The attraction can be different types of environment conditions like views park, rakes or parking . 5) Loner – This characteristic can be preferred by some people in their master bed room . Loner space needs to distanced from living , kitchen and dining zone or even other bedroom. 6) Worker – A space that offers supplies to other space. It is not necessary for the space with this character to be adjacent to other space, but it needs to a second entrance or service entrance.
  36. 36. 7) Outreaching – The space with this character is located near the entrance or corridor for meeting or activities that related to outreaching . 5) Anthropometrics – While doing planning we should consider anthropometrics . It can help in space planning . Anthropometry is related to human body dimension . Interior design is about space and people. To make a building architecturally successful, the link between space and inhabitants of that space is very important for better comfort level of each activity, a look at the science of human dimension gives many clues in deriving comfortable physical spaces. Anthropometric means the dimensional study of individuals and groups during various activities . Thus no space can be designedof individuals and groups during various activities . Thus no space can be designed without the information of human dimension. Ergonomics :- Ergonomic is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among human and other elements of a system and profession that applies theory , principle , data and methods to design in order to optimize human well being and overall system performance.
  37. 37. 6) Topography – When we do planning of a residential building we should study about the surface of the earth. Topography refers to the configuration of surface features of a plot of land, which influences where and how to built and develop a site . To study the response of building design to the topography of site, we can use a series of site sections or a site plan with contour line. Contour lines are imaginary lines joining points of equal elevation about a datum and a benchmark. Contour lines includes shape line formation. Contour lines are always continuous and never cross one another. For aesthetic and economic , as well as ecological reasons the general intent in developing site should be minimize the disturbance of exciting landforms and also the microclimate of site. Contour lines are always continuous and never cross one another. For aesthetic and economic , as well as ecological reasons the general intent in developing site should be minimize the disturbance of exciting landforms and also the microclimate of site. • Site development and construction should minimize disrupting the natural drainage patterns of site. • When modifying, include provision for the drainage of surface water rand ground• When modifying, include provision for the drainage of surface water rand ground water. 7) Day lighting - Being a interior designer we should try to use less amount of electricity and more use of day lighting . From this people feels energetic and active. People likes day lighting and to live all the day cheerfully . Day lighting keeps us away from various types of disease . The sun’s radiation provides not only but also light for a building’s interior space . The day lighting has psychological benefit as well as practical utility. It comes inside from windows, doors, fanlight and skylight etc. so we should use more of daylight. Window plays moat important role in day lighting . Window may be vertical or horizontal but vertical windows are used for day lighting.
  38. 38. 8) ventilation – We should use ventilation mostly in planning residential design. Because it exchange the air. Ventilation may be defined as supply of fresh outside air into an enclosed space or the removal of inside air from the enclosed space. Ventilation removes the smoke, smell and foul smell and body heat generated by the occupants ventilation prevent the unnecessary collection of carbon dioxide and aggregation of dust and bacteria carrying particles. Ventilation controls moisture humidity , earth temperature daily and seasonal wind and breeze direction . In many locations and building types, these climatic design elements can provide the principal source of cooling comfort in building. Function requirement of ventilationprincipal source of cooling comfort in building. Function requirement of ventilation system – I. Air changes or air movement II. Humidity III. Quality of air IV. Temperature
  39. 39. 9) Landscape - Landscape design is the are of arranging or modifying the features of a landscape, an urban area, etc., for aesthetic or practical purpose . Landscape architecture design is the profession that practices the art of modifying the feature of a landscape, an urban, etc., for aesthetic or practical purpose. Landscape is a natural and beautiful way to shade your home and block the sun . A well placed tree, bush, or vine can deliver effective shade and add to the aesthetic value of our property. When designing landscaping , use plants native area that survive with minimal care. Landscape design is a process, rather than just plucking down plants. • Landscape design creates practical and pleasing outdoor living space. • Landscape design develops a series of outdoor room. • Landscape design brings the family’s wants, needs, and values into the design. • These will vary from family and evolve with time for any family. Landscape design is about how the space will be used . It is about the connection and “feelings” created with the space .
  40. 40. 9) Opening – Doors and windows Door – A opening in a wall from which a person can ingress and egress. A door may be defined as a framework of wood, steel, aluminum, glass or a combination of these materials secured in an opening left in a wall for the purpose for the providing access to the users of the structures. A door is a movable structure used for opening and closing an entrance or for giving access to something . If basically consists for two parts- • A frame • Shutter (leaf) The frame and shutter is normally made up of timber. Door frame is made up of two vertical members known as posts or jambs and flat member connecting the jambs at top called head. There are many types of door but we use some most of doors. Types of doors 1. Framed and paneled door 2. Battened and ledged door 3. Battened, ledged and braced door3. Battened, ledged and braced door 4. Battened, ledged, braced and framed door 5. Glazed and sash door 6. Flush door 7. Fly proof door 8. Revolving door 9. Sliding door 10. Swing door
  41. 41. Window – A window may be defined as a opening made in a wall for the purpose for providing day lighting, vision and ventilation. The construction of window is identical to that of door. The selection of size , shape, location and the number of window to be provided in a room depends upon the following considerations –  Size of room to be lighted  Location of the room and its utility  Architectural treatment is to be given to the building.  Direction of the wind and its speed  Climate consideration of the site such as humidity temperature variation etc. Type of window 1. Fixed window 2. Pivoted window 3. Sliding window 4. Casement window 5. Gable window 6. Sky light 7. fan light 8. ventilator8. ventilator 9. Bay window 10. clear story window
  42. 42. 10) Wall plane – wall plan defines about the space organization where space organization includes. • Base plane – A horizontal plane laying as a figure on a contrasting background defines a simple field of space. This can be visually reinforced in the following ways. • Elevated base plane – A horizontal plan elevated above the ground plane establishes vertical surfaces along its edges that reinforce the visual separation between its field and the surrounding ground.ground. • Depressed base plane – A horizontal plane depressed into the ground plane utilizes the vertical surface of the lowered area to define a volume of space. • Overhead plane – A horizontal plane located overhead defines a volume of space between itself and the ground plane.
  43. 43. Overhead wall planes – Further wall plane are classified into three- 1) Parallel and vertical planes – They defines the volume of space between them towards both open ends. This space extrovert in nature. 2) L – shape planes – It generates a field of space from its corner outward along a diagonal axis.
  44. 44. 3. U shaped planes : A U shaped configuration of a vertical planes defines a field of space that has an inward as well as outward Boundary wall , Entrance and Approach - Boundary wall – It is a very important elements for a building . It provides safety and privacy for a residential building . It should be a height of 5’ which is standard and thickness of 1’ . It should have pillars which support the complete wall with a minimum distance of. It should have pillars which support the complete wall with a minimum distance of 6’-7’ between them . The main entrance door pillars should be more thicker than the other pillars like 2’ * 2’ with a minimum distance of 13’ – 15’ between them for the access of vehicles easily . There should be a gap of minimum distance 5’ between the boundary wall and main wall. So that proper sunlight and natural air could enter into the house . If boundary wall made up of stone than bricks , than it should have a minimum thickness of 1’ . Various material as face work can be used on boundary wall like – stone, brick, metal, wood and tiles etc.
  45. 45. Entrance - Entrance is the main gate of a house from this we can enter inside of a boundary wall. It is a opening part in whole boundary wall . Over here focus all the points , taught like place of bell, light camera, name of the house , house number , landscape if any fix the placement of pillar and boundary wall here in plan • Car parking • Section views • Entrance house entrance steps , verandah.
  46. 46. Approach - : A pathway or way create in such an interesting manner starts from the main entrance to the door of the house . the person who is entering in the house makes the image and personality of the house while entering. There are many approaches how we can enter the person in an interesting manner. o Straight approach o Spiral approach o Perpendicular approach o Circular approach Spiral and circular approach are used in those house having big space area
  47. 47. Stairs: a stairs may be defined as series of steps suitably arranged for the purpose connecting different floor of building. Stairs should be designed in such a way that it provide easy access, rendering comfort, and safety. Stair should be accident prone , well lighted up. Surface should not be highly polished, avoid glossy material , granite and glass on stairs. Types of stairs o Straight o Dog legged o Open newel o Circular o Bifurcated • Straight• Straight • Bifurcated stairs
  48. 48. • Dog legged stairs • Open newel • Circular
  49. 49. Planning of building 1. Introductions All building exert direct and indirect influence on the people who use the building as well as the one’s who see the buildings . The direct influence is judged from the feed back as to how far the building help in making its occupants comfortable , healthy and cheerful . The indirect influence is far reaching as it not only affects the occupants of the building who are influenced by what they see of the outside from the inside , but also the people who see the building from outside as it forms a part of the overall development and landscape . 2. Section of site – Following factor should be kept in view while making the selection of site for a building .  The site should preferably be situated on an elevated and levelled ground. It should not be located in a floor prone area.  The water table of ground at the site should not be high.  The site should not be irregular in shape or have sharp corners. The site should preferably be rectangular on square in shape etc. 3. Principal of planning –3. Principal of planning – The main objective of planning a building is to ensure that the difference components of a building are so arrange that the occupants can perform desired function with ease and comfort . Maximum percentage of our buildings comprise of dwelling and such as the various principles of planning which are given below are more relevant to houses. Various principles summarised as under.  Aspact  prospect  Grouping  Privacy  Furniture requirements  Roominess
  50. 50.  Circulation  Sanitation  Elegance  Flexibility  Economy 1) Aspect – Aspect means the peculiarity of the arrangement of doors and windows in the external wall of a building which permit the occupants to enjoy the gifts of nature vise sun, breeze, outside sensory etc. aspect gains special significance in case of residential building. It helps in providing hygienic conditions in the room as the sun rays destroy the insects and also impart cheerful living condition in the room. 2) Prospect – Prospect is the term used to highlight the architectural treatment given to the building so as to make it aesthetically pleasing from occupants are able to enjoy the desired outside views from certain rooms. Both aspect as well as prospect demand proper disposition of doors and windows in the external wall at particular space and in particular manner Lighthouse. 3) Grouping - We know that every apartment in a building ha got a definite functions and there is some inter – relationship of sequence in between them. Grouping consists in arranging various rooms in the layout plan of the building in such a manner that all the rooms are placed in proper co – relation to their functions and in proximity with each other. such a manner that all the rooms are placed in proper co – relation to their functions and in proximity with each other. 4) Privacy – privacy is considered to be one of the most important principle of planning in all building specially in residential buildings . Privacy may be from one part to another part of the same building or it may be the privacy of all part of the building from neighboring building. Public streets or bye ways etc. 5) Furniture requirement – the furniture requirement of a room or an apartment depends upon the functions required to be performed therein . The furniture requirement of the living room in a dwelling will be different from that of a class room in a school or an operation theater in a nursing home/ hospital. 6) Roomies - the effect produced by deriving the maximum benefit from the minimum dimension of a room is termed as roominess. In case of residential design where considerable storage space is needed for various purpose, adequate provision of wall cupboard , loft , wooden /RCC shelves should be made according to space and maximum utilization 7) Circulation – Circulation means internal through fares or access provided in a room or on the same floor. There are two types of circulation I. Horizontal circulation II. Vertical circulation
  51. 51. 8) Sanitation : The term sanitation covers not only sanitary convenience like W.C urinals , bathroom, wash basin etc. But also proper and adequate lighting ventilation and facilities for general cleaning of the building. All parts of the building should be ventilated and lighted. Elegance : elegance is the term used to express the effect produced by the elevation and general layout of the building . Hence for a building to be elegant , it is necessary that its elevation should be so evolved that it should be so evolved that it should be aesthetically pleasing and its layout should fit in well in relation to the environment and its site. 9) Elegance – Elegance is the term used to express the effect product by the elevation and general layout of the building . Hence for a building to be elegant , it is necessary that its elevation should be so evolved that it should be aesthetically pleasing and its layout should fit in well in relation to the site and its environment. 10) Flexibility : Flexibility means designing certain room required for specific purpose in such a manner that they may be used for overlapping function as and when desired. 11) Economy : Economy is one of the very important factor which is required to be kept in view while evolving any scheme. Every unit of the built up area is a function of cost and such the architect has to make sure that the building planned by them can be completed within the fund available.planned by them can be completed within the fund available. • 4. Orientation - Orientation of a building is the term used to define the setting or fixing the direction of the layout plan of a building . Before start any planning we should consider the orientation point . Orientation means the study of direction east, west, north and south . By orientation before starting any planning process with the help of compass we get the diversion E, W, N, S. During planning with the help of orientation following point can fix the direction . I. Entrance II. Living room, bed room, kitchen III. Water body IV. Door and window placement according to sun light
  52. 52. 5. Building bye lows - Building byelaws consist of certain rules & regulation framed by a municipal & town planning. Aim of framing the bye law is to ensure provision of reasonable minimum requirement & standard & avoid construction in an haphazard manner. It lays down regarding minimum front, side & rear setbacks, minimum height & area of room, width of staircase , parking electric lines etc. 6. Objective of Building bye lows – • Prevent construction in haphazard manner. • Building which are planned based on byelaws are comfortable to live in , have proper light and ventilation and are safe. • Byelaws serve as standard document for the local bodies to lawfully enforce the prescribed norms in the planning of the building by architect • Guidelines to be followed by architect / engineer in evolving the building layout. 7. Submission of drawing to local authorities : every proposal for construction should be submitted to the local authorities with 4 set of drawing diagram . I. Site plan II. Building plan III.Service plan IV.Specification 1) Site plan – • The boundary of the site • Set back kept at the front , side and back as per building bye lows. • Name of the exiting road . • The direction of north line . • The width of street in front , side or rear of the plot.
  53. 53. 2) Building plan – It includes • Including floor planes of all the floor together with the covered area. • Show the use of all parts of the building . • Show all the elevation. • Give indication of the north point relative to the plan. • Detail of the parking space , door and window , ventilator etc. 3) Service plan include - 1.Every floor of the building in which the proposed drains are to be laid. 2.All new drains as proposed with their corresponding ground level. 3.The position of every manhole , gully , soil and water pipe W.C , urinals etc. 4.Sewers are shown in red , waste water pipes and rain water pipes in blue and existing work in black. 4) Specification include: general specification of the proposed construction giving type and grade of materialgeneral specification of the proposed construction giving type and grade of material to be used are also required to be provided. All plans and document of specification along with prescribed form and application are required to be signed by the registered architect / supervisor and submitted to local authority for approval of scheme. 8. Procedure for obtaining sanction of building plan / building permit from local authority : any person intending to constructed a building or to carryout addition / alteration to an existing building has to get the plan sanctioned from the local authority. The type and scale of different drawing and prescribed forms together with the other information which are required to be submitted to the local authority. PRINCIPLE OF INTERIOR DESIGN : - • The principles of interior design are the ways that designers use the elements of interior design to create good composition .( decoration / arrangements) • Design principles are ways of arranging or organizing design elements. • These principles evaluate each element in a design . • The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work.
  54. 54. RENDER PLAN
  55. 55. RENDER PLAN
  56. 56. RENDER PLAN
  57. 57. RENDER PLAN
  58. 58. Mood BoardMood Board
  59. 59. CONCEPT BOARD Contemporary styleThe terms modern interior design and contemporary interior design are often used interchangeably, however there is a difference between the two. Contemporary interior design can only mean trendy looks that are in style at any current moment, while modern interior design refers to the specific geometrical, clean-lined style called modern Contemporary interiors are comfortable and welcoming without being cluttered and dark and is a style that is equally appropriate for offices and stores, lofts and homes. A contemporary style home can be a quiet and comfortable retreat.
  60. 60. 7149 Royal mauve 7152 Mount Olympus 8675 Palm peach Nostalgic Mood Board Analogous Colour Scheme Looking back on past memories and feeling sentimental about it. You feel nostalgic when you miss your childhood, people you know but haven’t seen in a while or the things that bring you comfort , like the nostalgic memories you feel when you listen to the song you loved when you were little. Color combinations using lavender are often through of a nostalgic . They are 7149 Royal mauve L112 White echo 9461 Black currant 9533 Brick brown 8258 Winter moon often through of a nostalgic . They are reminiscent of the Victorian era and can remind us of dreamy moments , poetry and romantic ideals.
  61. 61. Wall board Brand: Marshalls Wall Coverings Colour: Purple Dimensions (In Inches): 394 x 21 Material: Non Woven Fabric Set Content: 1 pc Brand: Safal Quartz Material: MDF Colour: Black & White Two wall of living room 1. Brand: The Light Store Total Dimensions (LxBxH Inches): 5.5 X 4 X 9.5 Fixture Material: Mild Steel and Glass Fixture Color: Chrome Brand: P India Material: Polyester Colour: Purple Brand: Art Street Material: MDF Colour: Black 2. Royal mauve Mount Olympus Palm peach Analogous colors are groups of three colors that are next to each other on the color wheel, with one being the dominant colors which tends to be a primary and secondary color .
  62. 62. Floor Board Brand : kajaria tiles Size: 60x60 cm Finish: Super Glossy Color :Palm peach Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Material almost always classified as floor covering includes carpets, area rugs, linoleum, vinyl flooring, wood flooring, ceramic tile, stone, terrazzo, and various seamless chemical floor coatings. 1.) Vestibule – wooden flooring 2.) Living room – kajaria tiles (1.) (2.) Company – Pergo Size – 350 * 350 Colour – light brown
  63. 63. LightCompany papperfry Brand: Anemos Light can be used for both the interior and exterior of home. There are mostly three types of lighting - Accent Or decorati on General Or Omni 1 3 3 Brand: The Light Store Total Dimensions (LxBxH Inches): 5.5 X 4 X 9.5 Fixture Material: Mild Steel and Glass Fixture Color: Chrome Light Board Brand: Anemos Total Dimensions (LxBxH Inches): 27x27x35 Holder & Plug type: G9 Holder on Task light Omni 2 4 1 2 3 3 4 Chandeliers Wall sconces Buffet lamp Celling light
  64. 64. Accessories 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1) Curtain – papper fry Marshalls brand 2) Wall clock – papper fry Safal quartz brand 3) Carpet – papper fry Ambadi 4) Fountain – papper fry Lacasa 5) Cushions - Local market 6) Book rake – Local market 7) Mirror – papper fry art street 8) Wall sconces - the light store Accessories Board 6. 7. 8.
  65. 65. Furniture board 1. (a) 1) Sofa – a) 2 setter – Divano b) 3 setter – Divano 2) Centre table – Surfer 1. (b) 2.
  66. 66. Contemporary style Contemporary style encompasses a range of styles developed in the latter half of the 20th century. Pieces feature softened and rounded lines as opposed to the stark lines seen in modern design. Interiors contain neutral elements and bold colour, and they focus on the basics of line, shape and form. Here's how the style breaks down:
  67. 67. Le Corbusier • Charles - Edouard Jeanerette-Gris, who was better known as Le Corbusier ; October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India, and the Americas. He is known for designing the city of Chandigarh in India. • Le Corbusier explicitly used the golden ratio in his Modular system for the scale of architectural proportion. He saw this system as a continuation of the long tradition of Vitruvius,Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man", the work of Leon Battista Albert, and others who used the proportions of the human body to improve the appearance and function of architecture. In addition to the golden ratio, Le Corbusier based the system on human measurements, Fibonacci numbers, and the double unit.
  68. 68. Villa Savoy is arguably Le Corbusier’s most renowned work, and a prime example of Modernist architecture. The sleek geometry of the white living space, with its elongated ribbon windows, is supported by a series of narrow columns around a curved glazed entrance – and topped with a solarium
  69. 69. Sullivan • Louis Henry Sullivan was an American architect, and has been called the "father of• Louis Henry Sullivan was an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism". Wikipedia • Born: September 3, 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, United States • Died: April 14, 1924, Chicago, Illinois, United States • Books: Kindergarten Chats and Other Writings, more • Awards: AIA Gold Medal • Business partners: Frank Lloyd Wright, Dankmar Adler, Daniel Burnham, George Grant Elmslie, Renzo Piano
  70. 70. Structure
  71. 71. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 3000 sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. living room top plan . Living room top plan Niharika jain 1 Year residential Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Standard dimensions are followed before doing space planning in the living room.
  72. 72. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 3000 sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Living room flooring plan. Living room flooring layout1 niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Tile flooring has taken in living room and wooden floor in vesibule
  73. 73. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of Living - 18'*14'6" . Area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. fan and light in living room Fan and light in Living room Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Standard distance has been followed while giving points in the room. Led light and fan are taken in the living room
  74. 74. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 18'*14'6". Area - sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Elevation and top plan of living room. Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Top Plan of Living Room Elevation - A Elevation - A Elevation - A Elevation - A
  75. 75. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of living - 18'*14'6" Area - sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Orthographic projection of living room Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College living room top plan. living room floor plan. living room ceiling plan. Elevation (a). Elevation (b) lElevation (d) Elevation (c) The elevation are drown as per the actual view of the room by giving proper placement of furniture, door and window.
  76. 76. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By All the doors and windows height level are same. Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Ground floor Doors and Windows layout.All the dimensions are without wall Wall dimensions are 9" outer wall and 6" inner wall. Ground Floor Door Legend S.no Code MaterialS.no Size Ground Floor Window Legend S.no Code Type Size Material S.no Product Sign & SymbolLiving Room 17'6"X16' D1 W1 1 D1 Double door 4'X7' Wood, wash room 5'6"X6'6" powder room 4'*4' Dining Area Guest Bed Room 11'6"'X13' D3 D5 W3W1W1 W2 W3 W1 Glass 2 D2 Panelled 4'X7' Wood, Glass 1 W1 Casement 6'X5' Wood, Glass 2 W2 Corner 5'X5' Wood, Glass 3 W3 Picture 4'X8' Wood, Glass 1 Double door 2 Window 3 4 Wall 5 6 7 Wood batten Garden Concrete Main Entrance Verandah Entrance Water Body Garden 9"+ Niharika jain 1 Year Residential Design Diploma Dezyne E'cole College Ground Floor Symbol Legend Type W2 D4 D2 3 4 5 D3 D4 D5 Sliding Door bifold Door Glass, metal Glass, metal Flush 2'6"X 7' 8'X7' 4'X7' wood kitchen 11'X13' Parking tile 9"+
  77. 77. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By All the doors and windows height level are same.Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Ground floor Doors and Windows layout.All the dimensions are without wall Wall dimensions are 9" outer wall and 6" inner wall. Ground Floor Door Legend S.no Code MaterialS.no Size Ground Floor Window Legend S.no Code Type Size Material S.no Product Sign & Symbol W4 1 D1 Double door 4'X7' Wood, Wash room 5'6"X9' Bed Room 16'X15'6" D3 W3W1 W5 W2 W5 Glass 2 D2 Panelled 4'X7' Wood, Glass 1 W1 Casement 6'X5' Wood, Glass 2 W2 Corner 5'X5' Wood, Glass 3 W3 Picture 4'X8' Wood, Glass 1 Single door 2 Window 3 Double door 4 Wall 5 6 7 Wood batten Garden Concrete Main Entrance open space Water Body Garden Niharika jain 1 Year Residential Design ploma Dezyne E'cole College Ground Floor Symbol Legend Type D1 D2 3 4 5 D3 D4 D5 Sliding Door bifold Door Glass, metal Glass, metal Flush 2'6"X 7' 8'X7' 4'X7' wood Children bed room 13'X13'6" D3 Study room 9'X10'6" Closet 5'6"X7'6" 7'X13'6" 4 5 W4 W5 2'6"X4' 4'X8' Corner Casement Glass, metal Wood, Glass 6 V1 Ventilastion Glass, metal 2'6"X 1'6"
  78. 78. General Note Project Specification Project Report Drawing Title Design By Residential Design Project House Plan Ground Floor Flooring layout Ground Floor Flooring Legend S.no Code CompanyS.no Code Material 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1 Plot Size-50'x60' Plot Area-3,000 sq. ft. Plot Orientation- North facing Niharika Jain 1 Year Diploma Dezyne E' Cole College,Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com F3 F3 F1 F7 F6 F4 F2 Vitrified Tile Nitco Marble R.K.Marble NitcoVitrified Tile JohnsonCeramic Tile Vitrified Tile Nitco Wooden plank Pergo S.no Code 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. F7 F6 F5 F4 F3 F2 F1 Size Symbol 2'x2' 4'x4' 2'x2' 1'x1' 2'x2' All the dimensions are taken as per companies standard dimensions. Paving Tile 9"x9" Local Market Ground Floor Flooring Specification F5 90mmx2000mm
  79. 79. General Note Project Specification Project Report Drawing Title Design By Residential Design Project House Plan First Floor Flooring layout First Floor Flooring Legend S.no Code CompanyS.no Code Material 1. 2. 3. 4. F11 F10 F9 F8 Plot Size-50'x60' Plot Area-3,000 sq. ft. Plot Orientation- North facing Niharika Jain 1 Year residential design Diploma Dezyne E' Cole College,Ajmer www.dezyneecole.com First Floor Flooring Specification S.no Code 1. 2. 3. F10 F8 Size Symbol All the dimensions are taken as per companies standard dimensions. F9 Marble R.K.Marble 4'x4' F8 F11 F9 F11 F9 F10 1'6" x1' Pergo Johnson Ceramic Tile Vitrified Tile Nitco f9 f11 Ceramic Tile F9 1'x1' 4. F11 2'x2' +9 +9
  80. 80. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Ground floor Furniture layout. Ground Floor Flooring ScheduleGround Floor Bath Room 5'6"'X6'6" p. r 4'X4' Verandah Entrance Lvl 9"+ 9"+ Lvl 9"- Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College S.noS.no 1 2 Code Type Guest Sofa 7'X5'6"X1'6" 7'X3'X1'6" 3 4 Side 5 6 Center All the dimensions are according to the custom made. Size B1 ST1 CT1 ST2 S2 S1 D1 DC1 B1 S1 S2 ST1 ST2 CT1 D1 DC1 7 8 Bed Sofa Table Side Table Table Table Dining Table Dining 4'X3'X1'6" 2'X1'6"X1'6" 2'X2'X1'6" 4' Dia 2'X2'X1'6" Living Room 17'6"X16' Dining Area Guest Bed Room 11'6"'X13' Water Body Garden kitchen 11'X13' 3'X2'X1'6" +9 +9
  81. 81. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Niharika jain 1 Year residential diploma Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Closet 9'X4'9" Bathroom 9'X4'9" Closet 7'X4'6" Bathroom 7'X6'6" Master Bed room 11'X17' STAIR CASE Sit out 7'6"X22' Reading zone 13'X18' Living Room All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics First floor Furniture layout. All the dimensions are according to the custom made. Ground Floor Flooring Schedule S.no 1 2 Code Type Children's Sofa 7'X5'6"X1'6" 3 4 Side 5 6 Center Size B2 B3 S3 ST3 ST4 CT3 CT47 8 9 Bed Sofa Table Side Table Table Center Table 4'X3'X1'6" 2'X1'6"X1'6" 2'X2'X1'6" 4'X2'X2' 3'X2'X1'6" B2 S3 ST4 ST3 BK1 CT3 CT4B3 10 BK1 Master Book rack 5'X2'X8' 7'X6'X1'6" ST3 RT RC Readiing table Readiing chair 2'X4' 18''X18'' +9 +9
  82. 82. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Ground floor circulations layout. Bath Room 5'6"'X6'6" p. r 4'X4' Verandah Entrance 9"+ Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College All the dimensions are according to the custom made. B1 ST1 CT1 ST2 S2 S1 D1 DC1 Living Room 17'6"X16' Dining Area Guest Bed Room 11'6"'X13' Water Body Garden kitchen 11'X13' Ground Floor Area Circulation Specification Ground Floor All the arrows denotes the circulation space to different zones of the house. According to orientation, building byelaws and Louis Kahn's principles the rooms are divided and given connectivity to each other.
  83. 83. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Niharika jain 1 Year residential diploma Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Closet 9'X4'9" Bathroom 9'X4'9" Closet 7'X4'6" Bathroom 7'X6'6" Master Bed room 11'X17' STAIR CASE Sit out 7'X13'6" Reading zone 13'X18' Living Room All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics First floor Circulation layout. All the dimensions are according to the custom made. B2 S3 ST4 ST3 BK1 CT3 CT4B3 ST3 First Floor Area Circulation Specification All the arrows denotes the circulation space to different zones of the house. According to orientation, building byelaws and Louis Kahn's principles the rooms are divided and given connectivity to each other. water body +9 +9
  84. 84. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Ground floor Detail layout. Ground Floor Flooring ScheduleGround Floor Bath Room 5'6"'X6'6" p. r 4'X4' Verandah Entrance Lvl 9"+ 9"+ Lvl 9"- Niharika jain 1 Year residential design Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College S.noS.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 All the dimensions are according to the custom made. B1 ST1 CT1 ST2 S2 S1 D1 DC1 7 8 Living Room 17'6"X16' Dining Area Guest Bed Room 11'6"'X13' Water Body Garden kitchen 11'X13' Products Brick wall Water pool Window Concrete pillers Ventilator Ground Cover Double Door Stair case 9 Parking area 10 11 Plants Entrance +9 +9
  85. 85. General Note Project Specification Project Drawing Title Design By Size of plot - 50'X60' sq.ft. Covered area - 1632 sq.ft. Direction of plot - South-east Residential Design Project. Niharika jain 1 Year residential diploma Diploma. Dezyne E'cole College Closet 9'X4'9" Bathroom 9'X4'9" Closet 7'X4'6" Bathroom 7'X6'6" Master Bed room 11'X17' STAIR CASE Sit out 7'6"X22' Reading zone 13'X18' Living Room All the dimensions are taken as per the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics First floor Detail layout. All the dimensions are according to the custom made. Ground Floor Flooring Schedule S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 B2 S3 ST4 ST3 BK1 CT3 CT4B3 10 ST3 Product Brick wall Concrete Water body Parking Ground cover Plants Window Door Open well Stair +9 +9
  86. 86. Elements of design • THE ELEMENTS ARE COMPONENTS OR PARTS WHICH CAN BE ISOLATED AND DEFINED IN ANY VISUAL DESIGN OR WORK OF ART. THEY ARE THE STRUCTURE OF THE WORK ,AND CAN CARRY A WIDE VARIETY OF MESSAGES. • POINT • LINE • SHAPE ,FORM AND SPACE • MOVEMENT • COLOR • PATTERN • TEXTURE  Line: - A line is a mark made by a moving point and having psychological impact according to its direction, weight and the variation in its direction and weight.  Forms and shape are areas or masses which define objects in space. forms and shape imply space; indeed they cannot exist without space.shape imply space; indeed they cannot exist without space.  Color :- Color is one of the most power full element. it has tremendous expressive qualities. understanding the use of color is crucial to effective composition in design and the fine art.
  87. 87.  Movement:- Movement is the design element that operates in fourth dimension- time. movement is the process of relocation of object in space over time  Pattern:- Pattern is an underlying structure that organizes surface or structure in a consistent, regular manner
  88. 88.  Texture:- Texture is the quality of an object which we sense through touch.
  89. 89. Principles of interior design 1. Balance 2. Space 3. Focus / 4. Rhythm 3. Focus / Emphasis 4. Rhythm 5. Unity
  90. 90. 1) Balance –  Balance in interior design refers to the proper distribution of objects in a room to create visual balance.  Balance refers to the distribution of visual weight within a composition .  Lack of balance disturbs the harmony of a composition .  A work is unbalanced visually creates tension .  Balance is create when there is an equilibrium of elements that need each other and together they create unity.
  91. 91. There’s three different kinds of balance –  Symmetrical (formal)  Asymmetrical (informal)  Radial Symmetrical balance : - • He easiest way to achieve balance is by using the symmetrical or formal form , objects are repeated or mirrored along a central axis. • It’s when the space is evenly split into two slides that mirror each other. • Symmetry is created by dividing a space and the elements within it equally. • Symmetry can create order , formally , calmness and stillness . • Symmetry makes design simple .
  92. 92. Asymmetrical balance – • Asymmetrical Design is typically created with an odd number of disparate elements . • Lines, colours, forms and textures are balanced in a space without duplication. • Ear to be in balance. • Asymmetrical helps us stay interested.
  93. 93. Asymmetrical elements can be as big as statement furniture or as small as table decorations.
  94. 94. Radial balance - • When there is a central focal point with other elements radiating from it or around it, this is radial balance . • radial balance is almost circular – distributed arrangement of items around a central point either extending outward or inward . • The chair , sculpture and print all radial out from this central point.
  95. 95. We can use radial symmetry in the landscape not only to create a focal point , but also as a practical approach to design . This swimming pool is offset into a circular retaining wall, the circular stepping stone show people the way to the pool and add balance and stability.
  96. 96. Visual balance – • There are instances when this is the desired effects , but for the majority of spaces one goal is visual balance . • The size , colour , texture , shape of an element can change it’s visual weight. • Very dark or saturated of colour demand attention within a composition .
  97. 97. The rule of Thirds • The rule of Thirds refers to the idea of dividing a composition into thirds based on a grid. • A rectangle has ben divided horizontally and vertically by four lines. • The most important elements of the composition fall on the lines in between to create a strong composition .
  98. 98. The Golden Mean – • Golden Mean : Relationship between sizes that is pleasing to the human eye. • There’s a mathematical ratio commonly found in nature – the ratio of 1 to 1.618 – that has many names. • Most often we call it the Golden Section , Golden Ratio or Golden Mean , but it’s also occasionally referred to as the Golden Number , Divine Proportion , Golden Proportion , Fibonacci Number , and Phi.
  99. 99. Fibonacci sequence - • This principle is based on the Fibonacci sequence , which is series of numbers to denote proportions: • 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, etc. the each number in this series is the sum of the two numbers proceeding it. • Proportion are based on the number Pi, in which measurements are approximately 1.618 times one another in a layout . • The example above , segment A is 1.618 times the size of segment B, and segment B is 1.618times the size of segment C.
  100. 100. 2) Space • Space is the area in an around something . • The distance or area between , around, above, below, or within things. • Three dimensional designs have : 1. form 2. Length 3. Width 4. Height And occupy space .
  101. 101. 3) Focus / Emphasis • Accent , stress , or importance placed on a part of a piece of artwork. • Focus is used to centre attention. • Focus is created by contrasting elements so that they attract attention. • Interior design elements like color, texture and form are used to add emphasis to a focal point . • a fireplace is the most common architectural focal point.
  102. 102. 4) Rhythm • The design principle that suggests connected movement between different part of a design by using colour, lines, form, or texture ; also referred to continuity. • Rhythm is visual flow : the eye should be able to “flow” smoothly across the room . • Regular repetition of lines, shapes, or colours that create a movement . • Patterns have rhythm.
  103. 103. Rhythm can be accomplished through the following means: 1. Repetition 2. Alternation 3. Progression Repetition : - • The repeated use of certain objects or physical attributes of decor elements . • For example – chevron patterns on both your sofa and wall tapestry, a series of similar vases lining a mantle or a stack of book on a shelf . • Similarly – themed homeware and arts will also contribute to the theme of your interior design.
  104. 104. Alternation: - • Alternation is used to create rhythm by alternating two or more elements in a regular patterns. • The pattern may be ABCABC or ABBABB, but always repeating in same order. • A modular sofa with alternating colours of white and green, placing a small round table between two armchair, or even differently shaped wall recesses can achieve this effect, as seen below.
  105. 105. Progression:- • Interior design elements placed according to size from smaller to bigger ones, or perhaps according to the gradient of their colours. • Rhythm can also be archived through progression . Example are a gradation of colour or a space of objects that start small and become in a very regular manner.
  106. 106. 5) Unity • Unity is achieved when all the different elements in a design work together to create a unified whole. • Designers use unity to make elements in a composition appear to belong together. • When each elements has a clear visual relationship to one or more other elements , the composition is unified . • Unity can be compared to harmony , integrity or wholeness. When unity is achieved :  A composition does not become cluttered or confusing .  A concept can be communicated more clearly .  A design evokes a sense of quality and organization . Some of the way to achieve unity include: 1. Alignment 2. Similarly2. Similarly 3. Proximity 4. Repetition 5. Continuation 6. Overlapping
  107. 107. DESIGN PROCESS • The design process is a term that covers a set of operations which, when carefully undertaken by the designer, result in thoroughly considered and well crafted design solutions that meets the needs of the client. The process is not exclusive to interior design and, in one form or another, applies to all fields of design. Design must be seen as a largely linear activity, with a start point (at which the client makes first contact with the designer) , and an end point, when the project has been implemented (that is, constructed or built). However, the reality is that within the process many individual tasks are interrelated and highly dependent upon one another, so changes to one element of a design solution will often require that earlier parts of the process are revisited and revised as appropriate. You should try to see the design process as a malleable one where the different tasks are adaptable to the unique nature of each project. The design process is not a standard ‘one set fits all’ solution, and you will need to develop your understanding of it so that you can see how it might be used to meet the needs of individual projects that you work on. • Further the Design Process is classified into 4 broad categories: 1. ANALYSIS 2. DEVELOPMENT 3. IMPLEMENTATIONS 4. EVALUATION4. EVALUATION
  108. 108. DESIGN PROCESS 1. ANALYSIS: Analysis is relevant at two related but distinct parts of the project cycle: In the very earliest stages, before in depth design work takes place, the designer will need to assess the scale and complexity of the project work to be undertaken. This will allow preliminary estimates to be made of the time and resources needed to complete the project, and these will in turn provide a foundation upon which the designer can base a free proposal. Part of the work at this stage will involve in determining the scope of the project and the likely format and content of the presentation, as this will control, to a large degree, the amount of drawings and visuals that are prepared, all of which take time that will need to be charged to the client. Following this and once the client has agreed to the proposed design work being undertaken to reach the first presentation stage, the designer can take a in-depth brief from the client. Initial examination of the brief , applied to a general understanding of the project, will give the designer a starting point for further research. All of this work will lead to the second tranche of analysis, in which the designer is aiming to edit, distil and ultimately make sense of all the information that has been gathered. Some of the information will relate to the practical aspects of the brief, some to the aesthetic, some of which could be contradictory in nature. Once analysis is complete , conclusions regarding style and content of the project can be summarized by creating a concept. This will then be used tothe project can be summarized by creating a concept. This will then be used to generate ideas and drive the project. 2. DEVELOPMENT: During these stage, many different strands of the finished design will be coming together. Since planning will be a major priority . Taking account of ergonomics needs, the designer will seek to create a balanced and effective furniture layout that meets the functional needs, as the designer will seek to create a balanced and effective furniture layout that meets the functional needs of the users . The designer will be sourcing furniture, finishes and fabrics which will be chosen for their aesthetic and practical fit with the concept, with space planning constraints also informing furniture choices . The development stage of the project is one of the most Interesting for the designer . It is where the natural talents of most designers find their expressive outlet, and where the individual can really make their mark on a project. This is the stage where the needs of the client are taken and transformed into a workable, practical and aesthetic design solution. It is where ideas are generated and given life, where ‘flights of fancy’ are captured and turned into feasible and stunning reality. Development work can sometimes be hard, requiring a great deal of thought and re-working until the result is as perfect as is practicable, but the pleasure and pride that the designer experiences when it goes well are worth the effort. How much development work needs to be undertaken depends very much upon exactly what the client requires from the designer.
  109. 109. Drawing is crucial to the development of design, an extremely powerful tool in the designer’s arsenal .sketching and hand drawing plays a part in the life of almost all designers , even those who use computers on daily basis to turn their ideas into the drawings used for construction purposes. Plans are usually the first technical drawings to be made, but as soon as the first planning options are being explored, the designer should be thinking in three dimensions, so elevations, sections or perspective sketches will follow to show other aspects of the space. 3. IMPLEMENTATION: After all the design work Hs been agreed and signed off by the client, implementation can begin. Once contractors have been engaged to carryout the work, the involvement of the designer could be minimal, with a number of site visits to check that work is being accomplished as intended. The designer could , on the other hand , be involved in a very hands on supervisory role. The term project management is sometimes restricted to those who have undertaken specific training in that subject, so the designer may find legal limitations on what they are able to contribute to this part of the process. Even if this is the case , it is likely that the designer’s input will be required to resolve some of the issues that are bound to arise as the implementation progresses. As part of the development stage, you will have tried to anticipate all the drawings that will be required for various trades involved with the project to accurately interpret your instructions. This may well be a muchwith the project to accurately interpret your instructions. This may well be a much greater number of drawings that was needed to communicate your design proposals to the client. Even at the implementation stage it may be necessary to create new drawings to deal with some of the unexpected and unforeseen situation that arise. Decisions made and changes agreed need to be fully documented and recorded, as disagreements could be costly and cause friction between the parties involved.
  110. 110. Types of chair
  111. 111. Types of colour
  112. 112. Colour assignment
  113. 113. Colour assignment
  114. 114. Colour assignment
  115. 115. Colour assignment
  116. 116. Drafting assignment
  117. 117. Drafting assignment
  118. 118. Drafting assignment
  119. 119. Drafting assignment
  120. 120. Drafting assignment
  121. 121. Top Plan 1,3,5 Top Plan 2,4,6 3d View Isometric View FLEMISH BOND In this arrangement of bonding work each coarse consists of alternate headers and stretchers. pointing stretcherheader Queen closure Queen closure header pointing stretcher pointing 1,3,5 coarse Mortar layer 2,4,6 coarse SINGLE FLEMISH BOND This bond is a combination of English and Flemish bond . In this work the facing of the wall consist of Flemish bond and the backing consists of English Rendered View Note Project Report Drawing Title Date of Project Submitted To Submitted By Date of Given- Date of Sub.- Residential Design Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Niharika jain Ist Year Diploma Top Plan 2,4,6 Elevation Flemish bond DOUBLE FLEMISH BOND In this system of bonding brick work each coarse presents the same appearance both in the front and back elevations. the backing consists of English bond in each coarse CONCAVE POINTING It compresses the mortar and forces it tightly against the mortar . These joints provide maximum protection against water penetration and are recommended in areas subject to high wind or heavy rains.
  122. 122. Top Plan 1,3,5 Top Plan 2,4,6 3d View Isometric View ENGLISH BOND This bond consist of alternate coarse of header and stretches. In this arrangement vertical joints in the header coarse come over each other and the vertical joints in the stretcher coarse are also in the same line. stretcher Queen closure Half bat header pointing stretcher header pointing Queen closure Half bat 1,3,5 coarse Mortar layer 2,4,6 coarse Rendered View Note Project Report Drawing Title Date of Project Submitted To Submitted By Date of Given- Date of Sub.- Residential Design English bond Dezyne E’cole College www.dezyneecole.com Niharika Jain Ist Year Diploma Top Plan 2,4,6 Elevation
  123. 123. Conclusion • This is my year end project in which I have done a small portion of a house i.e. living room in which we have to do design development • I have studied various topics that help me in doing this work. • I have design living room by considered topics like  Building bye laws  Anthropometrics and ergonomics detail  Bio climatic design  Louis Kahn's principles etc. Thank you
  124. 124. Bibliography  Collage notes  Google  Encyclopaedia  Books  Shushi Kumar's book  Building construction  Magazines inside outside  Colour harmony book.

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