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Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
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Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respect...
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The Human Component of Autonomous Systems

Bohemia Interactive Simulations Academic Liaison Andy Fawkes gave a presentation on the "The Human Components of Autonomous Systems" at the Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems conference in Prague on April 29, 2015.

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The Human Component of Autonomous Systems

  1. 1. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. The Human Component of Autonomous Systems Andy Fawkes – Academic Liaison Modelling and Simulation for Autonomous Systems 2015 (MESAS 15) Prague – 29 April 2015
  2. 2. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. My Background
  3. 3. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Human Factors can be the “Poor Relation” in Research & Acquisition • and yet • Training can be 20% of a Defence Budget • Warfare is (still) essentially a Human Centric Activity Wikipedia
  4. 4. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Recent Journey The Future of Humans and Machines? The Human Component of Autonomous Systems Outline
  5. 5. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Recent Journey
  6. 6. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. SCI-274
  7. 7. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Finding… A Valid and Verified Autonomous System must Include Human(s), and Simulation has a Key Role in Developing, Testing and Training both the Autonomous System and Human(s), Separately and Together
  8. 8. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Human(s) Simulation Autonomous Systems/ Robotics Mutually Supportive
  9. 9. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Pixabay • Assistive systems, including robotic agents, to support indoor journeys and living for the Visually Impaired • Uses a gaming environment for extensive “scenario”-training of assistive technologies BISim Assistive Technologies Project
  10. 10. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Wikipedia • UK MoD/Dstl Autonomous Systems Underpinning Research (ASUR) Programme • 'What elements of Unmanned System operations can be delegated to autonomous systems?‘ • Demonstrate how simulation can be used to explore those elements of UAS operations that can be delegated to the AS • The novel aspect is the exploration of a clearly defined pipeline to gather and process the data required to build a visual representation of the operational environment that can be used for simulation, mission planning, rehearsal and execution. BISim Autonomous System Research
  11. 11. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. The Future of Humans and Machines?
  12. 12. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. US Navy X-47B Drone US Navy Media Content Services August 2014 April 2015
  13. 13. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Who is Driving Technology? Source:- Aeryon Labs & Amazon
  14. 14. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Google Car Google Dec 14
  15. 15. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. April 2015
  16. 16. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. New Procurement Models
  17. 17. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Rift Drone AR.Drone 2.0 + Oculus Rift + Unity + Xbox 360 Controller Rift Drone is open source: https://github.com/scopus777/RiftDrone
  18. 18. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Mind Control
  19. 19. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Source - Wired - May 13 and http://youtu.be/baEYCberLUA
  20. 20. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Raytheon's Second-Generation Exoskeleton (XOS 2) Machine Enhanced Humans
  21. 21. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. “Pibot” Robot Pilot (Oct 14) Source: South Korea’s Advanced Institute of Science and Technology – Oct 14
  22. 22. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Google DeepMind AI (Feb 15)
  23. 23. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Technological Singularity?
  24. 24. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Two Views of Technology Wikipedia
  25. 25. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Some Basic Hurdles Remain!
  26. 26. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Communication and Trust
  27. 27. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. The Human Component of Autonomous Systems
  28. 28. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. What is the Future Role of the Human? Corbis
  29. 29. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Military of the Future? • What will they do? • Who will they be? • Where will they be? • How will they train? • Will we need them? Credit - Joshua Livingston
  30. 30. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved.
  31. 31. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. How Does a UAS Pilot Feel at the End of the Day?
  32. 32. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Ethical Dimension
  33. 33. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. International Campaigns
  34. 34. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Nothing New in the World Wikipedia
  35. 35. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Our Challenge • “How society uses new technologies is not a foregone conclusion. • It depends on political decisions, cultural norms and economic choices as much as on the technologies themselves.” ”Our Work Here is Done. Visions of a Robot Economy” NESTA June 14 http://www.nesta.org.uk/publications/our-work-here-done-visions-robot-economy
  36. 36. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. So What?
  37. 37. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Technology is Advancing Fast Pixabay
  38. 38. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. but…Humans are Special Wikipedia • Millions of Years of Evolution • Highly Developed Body, Senses & Mind
  39. 39. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. We Have Highly Effective Brains Robert Minor 1916
  40. 40. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. The Optimum Human/Machine Blend • Humans & Machines should Work in Harmony Maximising the Strengths of Both
  41. 41. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Autonomous Systems - More than Engineering Wikipedia • Psychology • study of mind and behaviour • Physiological • study of normal function in living systems • Psychiatry • study, diagnosis, treatment, & prevention of mental disorders • Philosophy • study of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language • Political • practice and theory of influencing other people
  42. 42. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Conclusion… The Human Component should be at the Heart of Autonomous System Capabilities, through-life, & Simulation has a Key Role in Developing, Testing & Training both the Autonomous System & Human(s), Separately & Together
  43. 43. Copyright © 2014 Bohemia Interactive Simulations k.s. All other trademarks or copyrights are the property of their respective owners. All Rights Reserved. Questions? Wikipedia

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