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  1. B E G I N N E R E N G L I S H L E V E L 2 P R E S E N T A T I O N 1
  2. P R O N U N C I AT I O N T E C H N I Q U E S Pronunciation is an essential thing in good communication because the wrong pronunciation will lead to misunderstanding and misspelling. Learners with good English pronunciation are likely to be understood. If you know how to pronounce the words and phrases correctly, with proper intonation, your level of speech understanding is also increased. As we mentioned in the first level, a long vowel is a vowel that is pronounced the same as the letter of the English Alphabet. In this level we will look at vowel digraphs and diphthongs.
  3. P H O N I C S – V O W E L D I G R A P H S ai – long ‘A’ sound paint train snail braid claim contain attain brain main gain grain sailboat domain pain bail fail nail tail plain complain Rule: The ‘ai’ sound is usually found at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word but never at the end of a
  4. P H O N I C S – V O W E L D I G R A P H S ay – long ‘A’ sound clay day gray way pray stay say sway spray hay lay ray pay delay replay x-ray decay hurray okay holiday birthday away nay today Rule: The ‘ay’ sound is always found at the end of a word, unless it is followed by a vowel.
  5. C O N V E R S AT I O N S - L I B R A R Y Good day sir! Good day! I am ten days overdue from returning these books. What will happen now? You will have to pay a 50 cent per day fine on each book. Oh, dear! I hope I have the cash! 1 2 3 4
  6. C O N V E R S AT I O N S - L I B R A R Y Good day! You would need to look on the non- fiction shelves of the library. Good morning madam, I am looking for a book on volcanoes. Look in aisle 5; you will find Natural Disasters between 569 and 573. Thank you very much; I will look in the non- fiction section. 1 2 3 4
  7. V O C A B U L A R Y - L I B R A R Y bookshelf librarian computer research reading ladder library catalog book main desk shelf
  8. S E N T E N C E S - L I B R A R Y The man is taking books out. The man is returning his library books. The man is looking in the library catalog to find a book. The librarian is packing the books back into the shelves.
  9. D I C T I O N A R Y - L I B R A R Y Library Meaning: A place where you can borrow books to read. Example: We go to the library every Wednesday. Librarian Meaning: A person who works in the library. Example: I asked the librarian to help me find a book. Bookshelves Meaning: A place where books are kept. Example: I looked in the bookshelves to find the book.
  10. D I C T I O N A R Y - L I B R A R Y Non-Fiction Meaning: A book that gives true facts. Example: I looked in the non-fiction side of the library to find a book about volcanoes. Fiction Meaning: A book that is a fantasy or an imaginary story. Example: I like to read fiction books about spaceships. Fine Meaning: An amount of money you will pay for returning the library book late. Example: I got a $5 fine for returning my books late.
  11. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - N O U N S What does a noun do in a sentence? It acts as the subject of a sentence that performs the action of the verb. The subject of a sentence must be a noun. It cannot be a verb, an adverb, an adjective, or any other part of speech. Nouns are basic to sentence structure because they, along with pronouns, provide the subject of the sentence. In addition, a noun functions as a direct object of a verb, an indirect object of a verb, object of a preposition, or a complement.
  12. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - N O U N S Noun as subject of verb The subject can be a person, place, thing or idea. It performs an act or shows a state of being as expressed by the verb. The subject is easily recognized as it usually at the beginning of a sentence and is followed by a verb. Examples: The man stepped on my toes. The car smashed into a wall. The girl fell down the stairs. I accidentally hit my head on the bookshelf.
  13. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - N O U N S Noun as direct object The direct object is a noun in a sentence. The object is acted upon by the subject, and It typically comes after the verb. Examples: Tom bit his nail. I am painting the doghouse. Her dog followed her to the park. Strong wind blew their tent down. Practical Exercise 1(a) & 1(b) : Complete the exercise in the worksheets.
  14. PA R T S O F S P E E C H – P R O N O U N S Personal pronouns refer to people with one exception: it. The third person pronoun it although included in personal pronouns does not refer to a person; it usually refers to an animal or a thing. Personal pronouns are best explained by the table that follows. Singular Plural Subject Object Subject Object First Person I me we us Second Person You You You You Third Person He She It Him Her It They They They Them Them Them
  15. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - P R O N O U N S What is shown in the table on slide 14 is that personal pronouns have person, number, gender and case. The personal pronoun must be of the same number, gender, person, and in the same case as the noun for which it represents. Number Each personal pronoun is singular or plural in number: singular (I, me, you, he, him, she, her, it) or plural (we, us, you, they, them). The pronoun must agree in number with the noun that it replaces. If the noun is in the singular number, the pronoun must also be in the singular number, or if it is of the plural number, the pronoun must be of the plural number.
  16. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - P R O N O U N S Examples: Singular: The boy is playing with his puppet. He has a glove puppet. Plural: The boys are playing with their puppets. They have glove puppets. Singular: The lady dances well. She won a prize for dancing. Plural: The ladies dance well. They won a prize for dancing. Singular: The child has a balloon. He/she has a blue balloon. Plural: The children have balloons. They have blue balloons. Practical Exercise 2: Complete the exercise in the Worksheets.
  17. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - V E R B S A verb or verbal phrase (more than one word); is an action or a state of being of the subject. We need a verb as it is an essential element in constructing a sentence. Most sentences have a verb. A verb completes the sentence. In most sentences, there will be a noun as the subject and a predicate. The predicate usually includes one verb or a verbal phrase. A verb follows the subject and must match in number (singular or plural), even if other words are found in between them. An object or a compliment follows the verb.
  18. PA R T S O F S P E E C H - V E R B S A verb can take the infinitive form, for example (to paint, to walk) or a conjugated regular form, for example (paint/paints, walk/walked) and is used according to a grammatical classification such as a person, voice, or tense. The conjugated irregular verb form introduces a change in its spelling (go/went/gone) or a change in its ending (hide/hid/hidden). This modification of a verb, which expresses a different grammatical category, is called inflection. A verb that is used in a sentence is usually a linking verb or an action verb. An action verb describes the subject. A linking verb links the subject to the rest of the sentence, which provides information about the subject. Practical Exercise 3: Complete the exercise in the Worksheets.
  19. R E A D T H E S T O R Y Libraries A library is a place set apart to contain books, periodicals, and other materials for reading, viewing, and listening. Most towns and cities have a public library, whereby people can borrow books. Public libraries are usually free and surfing on the internet as well. It does not cost any money to explore and learn at a library. Libraries have different types of books—for example, educational books, mystery, science fiction, non-fiction. Libraries have books about animals and world history. Libraries have cookbooks. You can find a book about almost anything at the library. (Go to the next slide).
  20. R E A D A S T O R Y Libraries also have plenty of activities. Some libraries have story time. This is when someone does a read-aloud for children. Nowadays, most libraries have computers for research or e-mail related activities. Libraries let you check out their books. This means that you can take it home for a little while if you find something that interests you. You must sign up for a library card first. This is how libraries keep records of books. Remember to bring the books back on time! There are different types of libraries, for instance: academic libraries that serve colleges and universities. Public libraries that serve the community of all sizes and types, school libraries that are usually part of a school system, and online Libraries, ordinarily called virtual libraries, can access all the books online. Practical Exercise 4: Read and listen to the story and answer the questions in the worksheets.
  21. P H O N I C S T E S T Learn the spelling words on Slides 3 and 4, the long ‘A’ sounds. Complete the test in Practical Exercise 5 in your worksheets for Presentation 1. Click on the icon below. Listen carefully and pause the audio and write the word.