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Lessons on Morality.pptx

  1. Etymology of Morality Morality  “moral qualities,” “moral instruction; morals, manner, character,”  directly from Latin moralis “proper behavior of a person in society,” literally “pertaining to manners,” coined by Cicero (“De Fato,” II.i) to translate Greek ethikos. Latin mos (genitive moris) “one’s disposition,”
  2. Etymology of Morality Disposition  “arrangement, order; mood, state of mind,”  “arrange, order, control, regulate” from dis- “apart” + ponere “to put, place“  from Latin positionem “act or fact of placing, situation, position, affirmation,”  ponere “put, place,” from po-s(i)nere, from apo- “off, away” + sinere “to leave, let”
  3.  Morals are qualities of behavior. It can broadly refer to our way of living, the manner, character, and disposition of our lives.  Morals are an arrangement and order that we create through a state of being from our will to control and regulate ourselves.
  4. Through understanding and living more morally, we are placed apart from the unregulated and uncontrolled automatic and reactive subconscious, unconscious, passions, desires, whims and wants of the “carnal”, “beastly”, lower basic animalistic consciousness that focuses on it’s own gains and enjoyment above all.
  5.  Morality is to affirm ourselves into a position and situation of higher order living in alignment with the “higher will” of recognizing moral law and choosing to live in accordance with that understanding of a better way to live. Our will is then to be more moral and live more morally.
  6.  Beings who can discern morals are of a higher order consciousness, like humans. This sets us from others who are not as capable of harnessing this moral force of good to such a degree of potential manifestation. This applies not only to the general genus of human animals compared to non human animals, but also within our own species between each other.
  7.  With this higher order consciousness potential, comes higher order creative capacities as well. Not only for art and construction of materials, but also for creating good instead of evil.
  8.  This is the ultimate personal responsibility we have, to truth, and moral truth as the force of good/”god”.  Failure to understand reality, others within it, and navigate it with humility under truth and an understanding of a “natural moral law“, will result in the creation of evil/”devil” (the opposer/adversary against what is good that we become) and devolution of our way of life towards chaos is what results.
  9. • Five Approaches to Morality o Morality as Law o Morality as Inner Conviction o Morality as Personal Growth o Morality as Love o Morality as Social Transformation
  10. Reflection Question  What formed my morality?
  11. • Five Approaches to Morality o Morality as Law  This view of emphasizes the external  It’s not something that originates from us  It’s something that is imposed on us  People, such as our parents, our teachers, and priests are sources of this view.  We see our moral role in terms of duty or obedience.  The words “reward” and “punishment” are very much a part of this way of looking at morality.
  12. o Morality as Inner Conviction  It emphasizes the value of conscience  The Church in the Modern World(Vat.II) teaches that deep within our conscience, we discover a law that we have not laid upon ourselves, but which we must obey.  This is the inner law that has become part of our inner convictions.  Inner Peace versus Inner Disquiet  The Inner Peace of a Good Conscience accompanies the knowledge that we have been true to our principles.  The Inner Disquiet of a Bad Conscience accompanies the realization that we have failed ourselves by going against what we know to be right.  I feel guilty, my conscience is pained (nakukunsensya ako)
  13. o Morality as Personal Growth  This view is quite different from the first two approaches that focuses on our behavior – what we do and what we shun.  This view shifts from the actions that we do, to us, who are doing the action. We question what happens to us, as a result of the action.  The person can either grow or regress  We the start to use the language of moral conversion that gives access to the dynamics of challenge and change, or of what it is like for us to try to change for the better.
  14. o Morality as Love  The other is as important as the I.
  15. • Five Approaches to Morality o Morality as Law o Morality as Inner Conviction o Morality as Personal Growth o Morality as Love o Morality as Social Transformation
  16. The Five Approaches to Morality Morality as Law Duty, Obedience Reward versus Punishment Morality as Inner Conviction Conscience, Integrity Inner Peace versus Disquiet Morality as Personal Growth Value, Conversion Wholeness versus Fragmentation Morality as Love Faithfulness, Response Communion versus Isolation Morality as Social Transformation Justice, Solidarity Social Peace versus Division
  17. You are a very skilled doctor with five dying patients, each of whom needs a different organ in order to live. Unfortunately, there are no organs available to perform any of the transplants. It just so happens that you have a sixth dying patient, suffering from a fatal illness, who will die sooner than the other five if not treated. If this sixth patient dies, you will be able to use his organs to save the five other patients. However, you have a medicine you can give to this sixth patient that will cure his illness and he won’t die. Would you: a: Wait for the patient to die and then harvest his organs or b: Save the patient even though the other patients won’t get organs. If you chose to administer the medicine, would you still do so even if the medicine will not cure the patient, but, instead, delay his death to some short term future date or time after the five patients will have died? Why?
  18. Robin Hood Robber Robin Hood You have witnessed a man rob a bank, but then, he did something completely unusual and unexpected with the money. He donated it to an orphanage that was poor, run-down and lacking in proper food, care, water and amenities. The sum of money would be a great benefit to the orphanage, and the children’s lives would turn from poor to prosperous. Would you: a: Call the police and report the robber, even though they would likely take the money away from the orphanage, or b: Do nothing and leave the robber and the orphans alone? Friend’s Wedding Your best friend is about to get married. The ceremony will be performed in one hour, but you have seen, just before coming to the wedding, that your friend’s fiancée has been having an affair. If your friend marries this woman, she is unlikely to be faithful, but on the other hand, if you tell your friend about the affair, you will ruin his wedding. Would you, or would you not, tell your friend of the affair?7
  19. Plagiarized Report Plagiarism999You are head of a student council at a high school, and are faced with a difficult decision regarding a grade-twelve girl’s risky, last-resort choice. This girl is an honor student. All through her academic years, she has obtained straight A’s, has many friends and has never been disciplined by the principal. However, near the end of her grade twelve year, she fell ill with the flu and fell way behind in her school work. She missed three weeks of class, which resulted in her having to rush a report that would be worth 40% of English, a required graduation subject in her curriculum. She was so desperate about the report that she went online and passed off a report she found on that subject as her own. Her English teacher caught her and has referred her to you. If you enter on her academic record that she plagiarized, she will likely not be eligible to be accepted into St. Steven’s University, a school she has dreamed of attending all through high school and needs in order to fulfill her academic and future dreams. What would you do?
  20. Photo Shop Darkroom Lawrence 38808S You are a developer at a photo outlet. There have been six instances over the past several weeks in which the same parents have taken film to you for developing. In those pictures you have processed, you have seen those parents with a little boy, obviously their young son. In three of those six cases, the child appeared to be injured in some way. One time, he had a bruise, one time he had a burn, one time he had multiple bruises and a cast. The first time you saw him with some degree of injury, you just thought to yourself, “Well, kids will be kids,” but, now that you have seen him this way three out of six times, you are starting to grow concerned that these parents could be abusing their child. You know the policy at your outlet is to “Report questionable photos”, but you fear that if you do so, the police will take outrageous measures to try to “protect” this child. The parents could be totally innocent after all, but a child protective agency may take the child without any thought. This would leave the parents facing criminal charges, an expensive court case and possibly have to keep fighting to win their child back, even if found not guilty. On the other hand, maybe the parents are harming their son and to not intervene would mean he will have to endure more of this cruel treatment, maybe indefinitely. You consider asking his parents what the relationship is between them and their child, but for all you know, they might just lie to protect themselves. What would you do?
  21. 5 Fountain of Youth A man/woman (whichever is opposite your gender), is immortal, because (s)he and his/her family have drank from a fountain of youth, not knowing what it was. You are now in love with this person and have felt this way long enough that you know (s)he to be your destiny. However, the only way you can stay together forever is if you drink from the fountain of youth and become immortal, too. If you do this, however, your family and everyone else you know will grow old and eventually die, and you will never be reunited in heaven with them, or your loved ones that you have known, who have already died. On the other hand, if you don’t drink from the fountain, you will grow old and eventually die, and the person with whom you are in love will never see you again, and be condemned to an eternity of loneliness and only memories of you. What would you do? (From Tuck Everlasting, by Natalie Babbitt)
  22. Concentration Camp, Revised Concentration Camp. You are an inmate in a concentration camp. A sadistic guard is about to hang your son who tried to escape, and is telling you to pull the chair out from under him. He says that if you don’t do so, the guard will kill not only your son who tried to escape, but also your other son, who is another innocent inmate. You have no doubt that he means what he says. What would you do? Son and Granddaughter There is a train that, much to your horror, is about to run over your grown up son, who has been tied to its track. It just so happens that you have just enough time to flip a switch that will send the train down a different track, saving your son. However, tied to the other track, is your granddaughter, the daughter of the very son in danger of being run over. Your son is begging and pleading with you not to flip the switch, not to kill his daughter. What would you do?
  23. Son’s Sacrifice A very evil, uncontrollably murderous man tried to kill your son as a baby, but only succeeded in killing your son’s aunt and uncle, who were babysitting him. Since the murders, you fled into hiding, but now, you have discovered, in a prophecy, that when he tried to kill your son, a piece of the murderer’s soul left him and went into your son. For your son to defeat him, he must go forth and let the murderer kill him, destroying the piece of the murderer’s soul within your son. Otherwise, his piece of soul, within your son, will make the villain able to return if his body were destroyed. Your son has courageously accepted his fate and decides that he must die in order for his friends and allies to bring about the death of the villain and bring peace to the world, because it’s the only way. As his mother or father, would you: a: Hold him back, because you love him too much to let him go, and feel you need to protect him as a parent, or b: Accept his fate and choice just like he did and let him die. (Modified from Harry Potter by Joanne Rowling)
  24. Friendship Two-Guys-Talking-In-Coffee shop. Jim has the responsibility of filling a position in his firm. His friend Paul has applied and is qualified, but someone else seems even more qualified. Jim wants to give the job to Paul, but he feels guilty, believing that he ought to be impartial. That’s the essence of morality, he initially tells himself. This belief is, however, rejected, as Jim resolves that friendship has a moral importance that permits, and perhaps even requires, partiality in some circumstances. So he gives the job to Paul. Was he right?
  25. One of the questions I had to answer was what formed my morality. I really had to ponder this question. I decided that my upbringing by two parents who lived a very loving, and Christ like life, along with raising me in the Catholic Church, which means I went to church weekly, went to a Catholic School, and prayed daily with my family, and alone, all influenced my morality. The sacrament of Reconciliation also influenced my choices to do right or wrong. As a child it probably influenced me out of fear of punishment to do the right thing. But when I think back to moral dilemmas they were based more on the example that was set by my parents. My parents were loving to one another, they were kind, not sarcastic or negative. They gave to charities, they talked about God, prayer, and lived a life that was authentically Christ like. I wanted to be like my parents. Another huge influence on my morality was and still is my personal relationship with God. I have known God since I was a little girl. I have talked, and walked with him daily my entire life. I always knew if I choose wrong he would take me back. But I did not like to tempt that idea by doing wrong. As a child I wanted to please him. As an adult I not only want to please him I want to give others the love he has given me. To make morally bad choices means that I will hurt people and I have no desire to hurt others. I am so thankful that God chose my parents for me. I will be eternally grateful for being raised in the Catholic Church and having the opportunity to know, serve, and love God from a young age. I believe these are the elements that have formed my morality. What do you think formed your morality?