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FROM TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK
TO E-TEXTBOOKE-TEXTBOOK
REGULATORY CHALLENGES
Yoni Har Carmel
The Center for Research and
Developmen...
FROM TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOKTO E-E-
TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK:
REGULATORY CHALLENGES
Textbook RegulationTextbook Regulation
BACKGROUNDBACKGROUND
The State Education Regulations
(supervisory arrangements), 1956 §
21:
“ No textbook shall be used fo...
THE PURPOSE OF REGULATING THE USE OFTHE PURPOSE OF REGULATING THE USE OF
TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK
Objective
To achieve conformity ...
THE TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESSTHE TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESS
Development
Proposal
Approval
Academic
and Pedagogic
Evaluation...
THE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICYTHE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICY
THE POLICY MEASURESTHE POLICY MEASURES
The Intended Curriculu...
Development
Proposal
Approval
Academic
and Pedagogic
Evaluation
Price
Approval
Post-
Approval
Conditions
Publisher
Appeal
...
Development
Proposal
Approval
Academic
and Pedagogic
Evaluation
Price
Approval
Post-
Approval
Conditions
Publisher
Appeal
...
The National Program for Adapting the Israeli
Education System to the 21st
Century
“ […] to lead to the existence of innov...
Development
Proposal
Approval
Academic
and Pedagogic
Evaluation
Price Approval
Post-Approval
Conditions
Publisher
Appeal L...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
Effective?
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
STAGE I – CHALLENGING THESTAGE I – CHA...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING...
The Textbook’s
Sources
of
Authority
The separation between author and
reader
(Olson, 1989)
The norms of the educational in...
Object
)fixed, static,
(linear
Nature of the
Learning Material
Process
)modular,
evolving,
non- linear(
hyperlinks, learni...
Close, Physical,
Schematic
Learning
Environment
Open, On-line,
Virtual
)distance learning,
MOOCs, LMS, mobile
learning, BY...
Traditional
pedagogy
Pedagogic
Practices
Constructive
pedagogy
)collaborative / active
learning, High Order
Thinking(
E-
T...
Assumption In the Digital Age
Textbook acts as
authority within the
classroom
A tool for enhancing
the teachers’ and the
s...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING...
Assumption In the Digital Age
The textbook is a fixed
object
The e-textbook is an
evolving process
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-...
‫שנייה‬ ‫יד‬ ‫שוק‬ ,‫צילומים‬ ,‫ספרייה‬ ,‫נוספת‬ ‫מכירה‬
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
RE...
Assumption In the Digital Age
The price is the only
factor on the private
expense
The publisher has
control over possible
...
E-Textbook
Regulation
Relatively less likely to achieve
consistency and conformity to the state
determined curriculum.
Lim...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
STAGE II - LOOKING FOR THESTAGE II - L...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FO...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FO...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FO...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK
REGULATIONREGULATION
CONCLUSIONSCONCLUSIONS
1. As technolog...
THANK YOU
YONIHARCARMEL@GMAIL.COM
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From textbook to e textbook - yoni har carmel

Slides from the presentation I gave at the Open Textbooks: Challenges for Policyat Haifa University on June 11.

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From textbook to e textbook - yoni har carmel

  1. 1. FROM TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK TO E-TEXTBOOKE-TEXTBOOK REGULATORY CHALLENGES Yoni Har Carmel The Center for Research and Development of Alternatives in Education
  2. 2. FROM TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOKTO E-E- TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK: REGULATORY CHALLENGES Textbook RegulationTextbook Regulation
  3. 3. BACKGROUNDBACKGROUND The State Education Regulations (supervisory arrangements), 1956 § 21: “ No textbook shall be used for the purpose of teaching students within any educational institute, unless it has been approved in accordance with article 4(b)(4) [ …]” The State Education Law, 1953 Article 4(d): “ “Textbook”: a designated book for the use of students or teachers within an educational institute in accordance with a curriculum and published in any form or technology”
  4. 4. THE PURPOSE OF REGULATING THE USE OFTHE PURPOSE OF REGULATING THE USE OF TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK Objective To achieve conformity and consistency of state wide curriculum To assure the selection of textbook of highest quality To reduce the private expense on textbooks Textbook Regulation Regulator School Publisher Tulley Michael M., A Descriptive Study of the Intents of State-Level Textbook Adoption Processes, Educ. Evaluation & Pol'y Analysis 7 289 (1985)
  5. 5. THE TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESSTHE TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESS Development Proposal Approval Academic and Pedagogic Evaluation Price Approval Post- Approval Conditions Publisher Appeal
  6. 6. THE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICYTHE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICY THE POLICY MEASURESTHE POLICY MEASURES The Intended Curriculum: what and how students should learn. The Enacted Curriculum: what and how students are taught in schools. The Learned Curriculum: what do students actually learn. “Potentially Enacted Curriculum".
  7. 7. Development Proposal Approval Academic and Pedagogic Evaluation Price Approval Post- Approval Conditions Publisher Appeal THE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICYTHE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICY THE POLICY MEASURESTHE POLICY MEASURES
  8. 8. Development Proposal Approval Academic and Pedagogic Evaluation Price Approval Post- Approval Conditions Publisher Appeal THE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICYTHE TEXTBOOK REGULATION POLICY THE POLICY MEASURESTHE POLICY MEASURES
  9. 9. The National Program for Adapting the Israeli Education System to the 21st Century “ […] to lead to the existence of innovative pedagogy in the schools, while integrating information and communication technologies (ICT).” FROM TEXTBOOK TO E-TEXTBOOKFROM TEXTBOOK TO E-TEXTBOOK DIGITAL LEARNINGDIGITAL LEARNING Digital Learning T echnology P edagogy Content eTextbook
  10. 10. Development Proposal Approval Academic and Pedagogic Evaluation Price Approval Post-Approval Conditions Publisher Appeal Legal Clearance Technological Standards Compliance Check FROM TEXTBOOK TO E-TEXTBOOKFROM TEXTBOOK TO E-TEXTBOOK THE E- TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESSTHE E- TEXTBOOK APPROVAL PROCESS
  11. 11. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION Effective?
  12. 12. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION STAGE I – CHALLENGING THESTAGE I – CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSASSUMPTIONS
  13. 13. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  14. 14. The Textbook’s Sources of Authority The separation between author and reader (Olson, 1989) The norms of the educational institute (Luke et al., 1989) The teaching practices of the traditional pedagogy (Baker & Freebody, 1989) CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  15. 15. Object )fixed, static, (linear Nature of the Learning Material Process )modular, evolving, non- linear( hyperlinks, learning object, media layers E- TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  16. 16. Close, Physical, Schematic Learning Environment Open, On-line, Virtual )distance learning, MOOCs, LMS, mobile learning, BYOD( E- TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  17. 17. Traditional pedagogy Pedagogic Practices Constructive pedagogy )collaborative / active learning, High Order Thinking( E- TEXTBOOKTEXTBOOK CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  18. 18. Assumption In the Digital Age Textbook acts as authority within the classroom A tool for enhancing the teachers’ and the students’ autonomy CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS E-Textbook Regulation Relatively less likely to achieve consistency and conformity to the state determined curriculum.
  19. 19. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  20. 20. Assumption In the Digital Age The textbook is a fixed object The e-textbook is an evolving process CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS E-Textbook Regulation Limited in its capacity to assure the quality of e-textbook.
  21. 21. ‫שנייה‬ ‫יד‬ ‫שוק‬ ,‫צילומים‬ ,‫ספרייה‬ ,‫נוספת‬ ‫מכירה‬ CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS
  22. 22. Assumption In the Digital Age The price is the only factor on the private expense The publisher has control over possible uses in the e-textbook CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONSCHALLENGING THE ASSUMPTIONS E-Textbook Regulation Fails to limit additional charges imposed by publishers.
  23. 23. E-Textbook Regulation Relatively less likely to achieve consistency and conformity to the state determined curriculum. Limited in its capacity to assure the quality of e-textbook. Fails to limit additional charges imposed by publishers. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION
  24. 24. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION STAGE II - LOOKING FOR THESTAGE II - LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESALTERNATIVES
  25. 25. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVES
  26. 26. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVES
  27. 27. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION LOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVESLOOKING FOR THE ALTERNATIVES
  28. 28. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOKCRITICAL ANALYSIS OF E-TEXTBOOK REGULATIONREGULATION CONCLUSIONSCONCLUSIONS 1. As technology advances a centralized governmental control over textbooks becomes less effective. 2. Technology affords substantial alternative or supplementary tools that can be utilized in order to achieve the same purposes.
  29. 29. THANK YOU YONIHARCARMEL@GMAIL.COM

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