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Alexandaria Egypt

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Alexandrai Egypt
the city's history and nowadays
the modern part

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Alexandaria Egypt

  1. 1. Alexandria Egypt Presented by: Claire Gui
  2. 2. Brief introduction second largest city and a major economic centre in Egypt Alexandria is Egypt's largest seaport serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports an important industrial center its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez an important tourist destination. .
  3. 3. Geography  has a hot desert climate approaching a semi-arid climate
  4. 4. Basic History  founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great.  became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic and Roman and Byzantine Egypt for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641  From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major center of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world  1)it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea  2)the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton
  5. 5. Best known for... 1)the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World 2)its Great Library 3)the Necropolis one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages Alexandria was the second most powerful city of the ancient world after Rome
  6. 6. Ptolemaic era  In a struggle with the other successors of Alexander, his general, Ptolemy succeeded in bringing Alexander's body to Alexandria.  Inheriting the trade of ruined Tyre and becoming the center of the new commerce between Europe and the Arabian and Indian East, the city grew in less than a generation to be larger than Carthage.  In a century, Alexandria had become the largest city in the world and for some centuries more, was second only to Rome.  It became the main Greek city of Egypt, with an extraordinary mix of Greeks from many cities and backgrounds.
  7. 7. Ptolemaic era  Alexandria was not only a center of Hellenism but was also home to the largest Jewish community in the world.  The Septuagint, a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, was produced there.  Alexandrian Greeks placed an emphasis on Greek culture in part to exclude and subjugate non-Greeks. Also the Law in Alexandria was based on Greek.  One of the earliest well-known inhabitants of Alexandria during the Ptolemaic reign was the geometry and number-theorist Euclid.
  8. 8. Roman Era  Roman Anexation  The city passed formally under Roman jurisdiction in 80 BC  Julius Caesar dallied with Cleopatra in Alexandria in 47 BC and was besieged in the city by Cleopatra's brother and rival.  From the time of annexation and onwards, Alexandria seemed to have regained its old prosperity  In 115 AD Alexandria was destroyed  In 215 AD the emperor Caracalla visited the city (over 20,000 people were killed)  In the 3rd century AD, Alexander's tomb was closed to the public.
  9. 9. Roman Era  Late Roman and Byzantine period  Alexandria now acquired new importance as a center of Christian theology and church government.  As native influences began to reassert themselves in the Nile valley, Alexandria gradually became an alien city during the 3rd century  In 365, a tsunami caused by an earthquake in Crete hit Alexandria.  In the late 4th century, persecution of pagans by newly Christian Romans had reached new levels of intensity.  In 391, Emperor Theodosius I ordered the destruction of all pagan temples, and the Patriarch Theophilus complied with his request.  The Brucheum and Jewish quarters were desolate in the 5th century, and the central monuments, the Soma and Museum, fell into ruin.
  10. 10. Arab Rule  In 616, the city was taken by Khosrau II, King of Persia.  In 645 a Byzantine fleet recaptured the city, but it fell for good the following year.  Between the years 811 and 827, Alexandria came under the control of pirates of Andalusia to some form of almogavars history.  In the year 1365, Alexandria was brutally sacked after being taken by the armies of the Crusaders.  The 14th and 15th centuries, Venice has eliminated the jurisdiction and its Alexandrian warehouse became the center of the distribution of spices to the Portuguese Cape route to open in 1498  The Lighthouse was destroyed by earthquakes in the 14th century.
  11. 11. Districts  al-Montaza District  Shark (Eastern Alexandria) District  Wassat (Central Alexandria) District  al-Amriya District: population 845,845  Agamy (Western Alexandria) District  al-Gomrok District  Borg Al-Arab city  New Borg El Arab city
  12. 12. Montaza Palace, in Montaza Ras al-Tiin Palace, in Ras al-Tiin Antoniadis Palace
  13. 13. Recreational  Montaza Royal Gardens  Antoniades Park  Shallalat Gardens  Alexandria Zoo  Green Plaza
  14. 14. Education  Colleges and universities  has a number of higher education institutions.  Alexandria University is a public university that follows the Egyptian system of higher education.  Many of its faculties are internationally renowned, most notably its Faculty of Medicine & Faculty of Engineering.
  15. 15. International relations
  16. 16. Why choose Alexandria
  17. 17. Why choose Alexandria