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Rancangan Pengajaran Harian informal

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Rancangan Pengajaran Harian informal

  1. 1. RPH Informal Matapelajaran : Pidato Tarikh : 30 Januari 2012 ( Rabu) Kelas : Persatuan Bahasa Melayu Bilangan pelajar : 15 orang Masa : 2.30 petang – 4.30 petang ( 2 jam ) Tajuk : Ciri – ciri pemidato yang baik Pengetahuan sedia ada : Pelajar mempunyai pengalaman seperti berpidato, syarahan dan ucapan semasa di dalam kelas Bahasa Melayu Hasil pembelajaran : Sebelum tamat pengajaran dan pembelajaran, dalam masa 5 minit (C), pelajar Persatuan Bahasa Melayu (A) dapat menyampaikan ( B-aras) pidato dengan teknik dan cara yang betul (D) Nilai : Keyakinan KBKK : Menjana idea Kemahiran Sosial : Kemahiran komunikasi Fasa-fasa Pembelajaran Hunter Pelajar1 Set induksi - sometimes called a "hook" to grab the students attention: actions and statements by the teacher to relate the experiences of the students to the objectives of the lesson. To put students into a receptive frame of mind. • to focus student attention on the lesson. • to create an organizing framework for the ideas, principles, or information that is to follow (c.f., the teaching strategy called "advance organizers"). • to extend the understanding and the application of abstract ideas through the use of example or analogy...used any time a different activity or new concept is to be introduced.2 Maklumkan hasil pembelajaran - Before the lesson is prepared, the teacher should have a clear idea of what the lesson outcomes are. What, specifically, should the student be able to do, understand, care about as a result of the teaching. Blooms Taxonomy ofMager’s Educational Objectives.3 Input pengajaran - The teacher provides the information needed for students to gain the knowledge or skill through lecture, film, tape, video, pictures, etc.4 Permodelan - Once the material has been presented, the teacher uses it
  2. 2. to show students examples of what is expected as an end product of their work. The critical aspects are explained through labeling, categorizing, comparing, etc. As much as possible, students are taken to the application level (problem-solving, comparison, summarizing, etc.)5 Semak kefahaman murid - Determination of whether students have "got it" before proceeding. It is essential that students practice doing it right so the teacher must know that students understand before proceeding to practice. If there is any doubt that the class has not understood, the concept/skill should be retaught before practice begins. Usually through questioning6 Pantau dan ubah suai – if required, reteach7 Praktis terbimbing - An opportunity for each student to demonstrate grasp of new learning by working through an activity or exercise under the teachers direct supervision. The teacher moves around the room to determine the level of mastery and to provide individual remediation as needed. Guided practice [in class "seat work." With the teacher circulating [e.g., "praise, prompt, and leave"]. Monitor students work, providing corrective feedback as necessary, and assess performance of the group in determining whether the class is ready for the next instruction. Additional time for those whose aptitude calls for a longer learning period can be provided by giving "extra credit" assignments, supplementary activities, etc.8 Praktis bertempoh - Once pupils have mastered the content or skill, it is time to provide for reinforcement practice. It is provided on a repeating schedule so that the learning is not forgotten. It may be in class formative testing, home work or individual work in class. It can be utilized as an element in a subsequent project. It should provide for decontextualization: enough different contexts so that the skill/concept may be applied to any relevant situation...not only the context in which it was originally learned. The failure to do this is responsible for most student failure to be able to apply something learned. Independent practice [additional class time or homework] begins when students have achieved an 85 to 90% accuracy level. To insure retention and develop fluency, students practice on their own without assistance and with delayed feedback [e.g., comments on graded papers]. Five or more brief practice activities distributed over a month or more may be required to "fix" the new concept/skill9 Penutup - Those actions or statements by a teacher that are designed to bring a lesson presentation to an appropriate conclusion. Used to help students bring things together in their own minds, to make sense out of what has just been taught. "Any questions? No. OK, lets move on" is not closure. Closure is used: • to cue students to the fact that they have arrived at an important
  3. 3. point in the lesson or the end of a lesson, • to help organize student learning, • to help form a coherent picture, to consolidate, eliminate confusion and frustration, etc., • to reinforce the major points to be learned...to help establish the network of thought relationships that provide a number of possibilities for cues for retrieval. Closure is the act of reviewing and clarifying the key points of a lesson, tying them together into a coherent whole, and ensuring their utility in application by securing them in the students conceptual networkMatapelajaran : Pidato
  4. 4. Tarikh : 30 Januari 2012 ( Rabu) Kelas : Persatuan Bahasa Melayu Bilangan pelajar : 15 orang Masa : 2.30 petang – 4.30 petang ( 2 jam ) Tajuk : Ciri – ciri pemidato yang baik Pengetahuan sedia ada : Pelajar mempunyai pengalaman seperti berpidato, syarahan dan ucapan semasa di dalam kelas Bahasa Melayu Hasil pembelajaran : Sebelum tamat pengajaran dan pembelajaran, dalam masa 5 minit (C), pelajar Persatuan Bahasa Melayu (A) dapat menyampaikan ( B-aras) pidato dengan cara dan teknik yang betul (D) Nilai : Keyakinan KBKK : Menjana idea Kemahiran Sosial : Kemahiran komunikasi Fasa-fasa Pembelajaran Pelajar HunterSet Induksi 1. Guru merangsangkan minda pelajar tentang pelajaran hari ini( 5 minit ) dengan video rakaman berkaitan dengan pidato (BBM 1- Video Rakaman Pidato)Maklumkan Hasil 2. Guru memaklumkan hasil pembelajaran dan kepentinganPembelajaran menguasai hasil pembelajaran berkenaan.(5 minit)Input Pengajaran 3. Guru membuat penerangan secara menyeluruh tentang ciri-(20 minit) ciri dan adab pemidato yang baik. (BBM 2-Lembaran Nota)Permodelan 4. Guru membahagikan pelajar kepada 5 kumpulan yang terdiri(10 minit) daripada 3 orang . 5. Guru meminta pelajar berbincang dalam kumpulan untuk tajuk pidato yang ingin mereka sampaikan serta membincangkan isi-isi kandungan pidato mereka.Semak Kefahaman Murid 6. Guru menerangkan keperluan melakukan tugasan secara(15 minit) berkumpulan dengan memberi peluang kepada setiap rakan dalam kumpulan untuk menyumbang ideaPantau dan Ubahsuai 7. Guru memantau pergerakan pelajar dan memberi panduan(5 minit) agar perbincangan mereka tidak tersasar.
  5. 5. Praktis Terbimbing 8. Guru meminta pelajar mempersembahkan pidato mengikut( 40 minit) kumpulan. 9. Guru memberi komen terhadap persembahan pelajarPraktis Bertempoh 10. Guru meminta pelajar merumuskan apa yang telah dipelajari.(15 minit) 11. Guru mengedarkan soalan taksiran dan memberi pelajar 10 minit untuk menjawab diikuti dengan semakan jawapan yang ditulis di papan putih.Penutup 12. Guru merumuskan isi pembelajaran dan menyarankan pelajar(5 minit) mengamalkan segala teknik yang harus dimiliki oleh seorang pemidato.

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