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History of Architecture: Milan Tommy Dodd Wyatt Pearson Sydney Pellegrin Xavier Seymour Ahad Subzwari
A Bit of History <ul><li>Pre- Middle Ages (400’s BC – 400’s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>(400BC) Celtic Insubres  (222 BC) Romans...
So what do we have so far? <ul><li>The Romans brought a lot of new ideas to architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The baked b...
Architecture of the Middle Ages(476-1450) <ul><li>Early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>476-1000 - Stagnation </li></ul><ul>...
Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-Circular Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Often of symmetr...
Gothic Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Light appears to triumph o...
The Renaissance
Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Renaissance began in Milan mid 14 th  century </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture was inspired...
Castello Sforzesco
Brunelleschian Influence  <ul><li>There was increasing Brunelleschian influence in architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Filippo ...
Cappella Portinari
Ospedale Maggiore
Santa Maria delle Grazie
The Counter Reformation
Baroque to Neoclassical <ul><li>During this period in Milan, the baroque style architecture became dominant </li></ul><ul>...
Santa Maria Presso San Celso
Palazzo Brera
Teatro alla Scala
19 th  Century
Napoleon’s Rule and Neo classicism <ul><li>Napoleon takes o ver in  early  19 th  century </li></ul><ul><li>Brings in Neoc...
<ul><li>Palaces considered best example of Neoclassical architecture in Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Easily defined characteris...
Napoleon’s City Planning <ul><li>Sforzesco Castle at city center </li></ul><ul><li>Radiating design </li></ul><ul><li>New ...
Fall of Napoleon <ul><li>Fall of Napoleonic Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Control </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Impact </l...
Industrialization <ul><li>Recent Independence and unification (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Milan Central Train Station built i...
Culture <ul><li>Arena built in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Home to many sporting events </li></u...
Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Galleria Vittorio Emanuele </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects Piazza d...
Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Mixed-use </li></ul><ul><li>Retains Neoclassical design </li></ul><ul><li>High-volume of pedes...
Into the 20 th  Century & Urban Sprawl <ul><ul><ul><li>1857 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1860 </li></ul></ul></...
Post-WWII
Post-WWII <ul><li>Destruction of Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from agriculture economy </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence as...
The Economic Miracle <ul><li>Late 1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point for Milan economy </li></ul><ul><li>Brought about...
Symbol of Success
International Style
Brutalist Modern
Modern Living
Post Modern Architecture
Post modern <ul><li>Styles Clash </li></ul><ul><li>View familiar spaces and styles in a new way </li></ul><ul><li>Importan...
Styles  Collide
Aesthetics in harmony with functionality
 
Fiera Milano <ul><li>Created in 1922 became the Largest trade fair in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>After rebuilding the buildi...
 
 
History of Architecture: Milan End
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  1. 1. History of Architecture: Milan Tommy Dodd Wyatt Pearson Sydney Pellegrin Xavier Seymour Ahad Subzwari
  2. 2. A Bit of History <ul><li>Pre- Middle Ages (400’s BC – 400’s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>(400BC) Celtic Insubres (222 BC) Romans conquered this settlement </li></ul><ul><li>(293 AD)Milan declared capital of the Western Roman Empire(In red below) by Emperor Diocletian </li></ul><ul><li>(313AD)Conversion of empire to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>(452AD) Huns Overran the city (476AD) Roman Empire falls </li></ul><ul><li>(476-1450) Middle Ages </li></ul>
  3. 3. So what do we have so far? <ul><li>The Romans brought a lot of new ideas to architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The baked brick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The arch – Structure that spans a space while supporting weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of cement and concrete (1 st /2 nd century AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Baked brick bath house Arch Cement/Concrete </li></ul>
  4. 4. Architecture of the Middle Ages(476-1450) <ul><li>Early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>476-1000 - Stagnation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depopulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De-urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased barbarian invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High Middle Ages: </li></ul><ul><li>1000-1100’s - Romanesque Architecture implemented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of Feudal System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return of Systematic Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustained Urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1100’s- 1450’s – Gothic Architecture implemented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancement in Architectural methods. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-Circular Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Often of symmetrical plan </li></ul><ul><li>Made from stone (often limestone) </li></ul><ul><li>Often had wooden roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Thick walls </li></ul><ul><li>Very heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Very dark </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gothic Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Light appears to triumph over substance </li></ul><ul><li>Flying buttresses </li></ul><ul><li>Long, narrow windows </li></ul><ul><li>May have Pinnacles </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Renaissance
  8. 8. Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Renaissance began in Milan mid 14 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture was inspired by new classicism in architecture and urbanism </li></ul><ul><li>There was great Roman influence with the use of Roman arches and domes </li></ul><ul><li>There was an emphasis on form, proportion, and restraint </li></ul>
  9. 9. Castello Sforzesco
  10. 10. Brunelleschian Influence <ul><li>There was increasing Brunelleschian influence in architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Filippo Brunelleschi was a renaissance architect inspired by ancient roman style </li></ul><ul><li>In Milan, others followed his harmonious and geometric style </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cappella Portinari
  12. 12. Ospedale Maggiore
  13. 13. Santa Maria delle Grazie
  14. 14. The Counter Reformation
  15. 15. Baroque to Neoclassical <ul><li>During this period in Milan, the baroque style architecture became dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque is characterized by dynamic movement and emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Towards the end of the Counter Reformation, style became more neoclassical </li></ul>
  16. 16. Santa Maria Presso San Celso
  17. 17. Palazzo Brera
  18. 18. Teatro alla Scala
  19. 19. 19 th Century
  20. 20. Napoleon’s Rule and Neo classicism <ul><li>Napoleon takes o ver in early 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Brings in Neoclass ici sm </li></ul><ul><li>Arch of Peace to mirror Pari sian arch </li></ul><ul><li>Centrality of Arch </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Palaces considered best example of Neoclassical architecture in Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Easily defined characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Prestigious </li></ul>
  22. 22. Napoleon’s City Planning <ul><li>Sforzesco Castle at city center </li></ul><ul><li>Radiating design </li></ul><ul><li>New City Center: Church & Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding beyond medieval boundaries </li></ul>
  23. 23. Fall of Napoleon <ul><li>Fall of Napoleonic Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Control </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Impact </li></ul>
  24. 24. Industrialization <ul><li>Recent Independence and unification (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Milan Central Train Station built in 1864 </li></ul><ul><li>Most industrial city of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Economic & Cultural Capital </li></ul>
  25. 25. Culture <ul><li>Arena built in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Home to many sporting events </li></ul><ul><li>Operas, musicals, and plays given room to evolve and grow in new Teatro La Scala </li></ul><ul><li>Religion very important – The Milan Cathedral “The Duomo” </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon ordered completion of The Duomo </li></ul>
  26. 26. Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Galleria Vittorio Emanuele </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects Piazza del Duomo to the Piazza della Scala </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Covered </li></ul><ul><li>Shops, restaurants, apartments </li></ul>
  27. 27. Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Mixed-use </li></ul><ul><li>Retains Neoclassical design </li></ul><ul><li>High-volume of pedestrian activity </li></ul><ul><li>Part of urban renewal </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestor of modern shopping mall </li></ul><ul><li>Civic center of Milan </li></ul>
  28. 28. Into the 20 th Century & Urban Sprawl <ul><ul><ul><li>1857 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1860 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Post-WWII
  30. 30. Post-WWII <ul><li>Destruction of Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from agriculture economy </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence as industrial leader </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance of many new buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings incorporate modernist design </li></ul>
  31. 31. The Economic Miracle <ul><li>Late 1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point for Milan economy </li></ul><ul><li>Brought about the switch to industrial commerce </li></ul><ul><li>New infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Major companies enter and want to emit success </li></ul>
  32. 32. Symbol of Success
  33. 33. International Style
  34. 34. Brutalist Modern
  35. 35. Modern Living
  36. 36. Post Modern Architecture
  37. 37. Post modern <ul><li>Styles Clash </li></ul><ul><li>View familiar spaces and styles in a new way </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Aesthetics along with functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the “Failures” of Modernism </li></ul>
  38. 38. Styles Collide
  39. 39. Aesthetics in harmony with functionality
  40. 41. Fiera Milano <ul><li>Created in 1922 became the Largest trade fair in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>After rebuilding the building destroyed in World War II becomes commercial meeting point of east and west. </li></ul><ul><li>During the economic boom Fiera Milano is major promoter for the Italian industrial boom. </li></ul><ul><li>Fiera Milano creates a new exhibition space with 200,000 net square meters of indoor space and 60,000 outdoor. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the buildings of Fiera Milano are post modern style and is a major reason why people choose to operate in their space. </li></ul>
  41. 44. History of Architecture: Milan End

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