History of Architecture: Milan Tommy Dodd Wyatt Pearson Sydney Pellegrin Xavier Seymour Ahad Subzwari
A Bit of History <ul><li>Pre- Middle Ages (400’s BC – 400’s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>(400BC) Celtic Insubres  (222 BC) Romans...
So what do we have so far? <ul><li>The Romans brought a lot of new ideas to architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The baked b...
Architecture of the Middle Ages(476-1450) <ul><li>Early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>476-1000 - Stagnation </li></ul><ul>...
Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-Circular Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Often of symmetr...
Gothic Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Light appears to triumph o...
The Renaissance
Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Renaissance began in Milan mid 14 th  century </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture was inspired...
Castello Sforzesco
Brunelleschian Influence  <ul><li>There was increasing Brunelleschian influence in architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Filippo ...
Cappella Portinari
Ospedale Maggiore
Santa Maria delle Grazie
The Counter Reformation
Baroque to Neoclassical <ul><li>During this period in Milan, the baroque style architecture became dominant </li></ul><ul>...
Santa Maria Presso San Celso
Palazzo Brera
Teatro alla Scala
19 th  Century
Napoleon’s Rule and Neo classicism <ul><li>Napoleon takes o ver in  early  19 th  century </li></ul><ul><li>Brings in Neoc...
<ul><li>Palaces considered best example of Neoclassical architecture in Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Easily defined characteris...
Napoleon’s City Planning <ul><li>Sforzesco Castle at city center </li></ul><ul><li>Radiating design </li></ul><ul><li>New ...
Fall of Napoleon <ul><li>Fall of Napoleonic Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Control </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Impact </l...
Industrialization <ul><li>Recent Independence and unification (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Milan Central Train Station built i...
Culture <ul><li>Arena built in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Home to many sporting events </li></u...
Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Galleria Vittorio Emanuele </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects Piazza d...
Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Mixed-use </li></ul><ul><li>Retains Neoclassical design </li></ul><ul><li>High-volume of pedes...
Into the 20 th  Century & Urban Sprawl <ul><ul><ul><li>1857 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1860 </li></ul></ul></...
Post-WWII
Post-WWII <ul><li>Destruction of Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from agriculture economy </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence as...
The Economic Miracle <ul><li>Late 1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point for Milan economy </li></ul><ul><li>Brought about...
Symbol of Success
International Style
Brutalist Modern
Modern Living
Post Modern Architecture
Post modern <ul><li>Styles Clash </li></ul><ul><li>View familiar spaces and styles in a new way </li></ul><ul><li>Importan...
Styles  Collide
Aesthetics in harmony with functionality
 
Fiera Milano <ul><li>Created in 1922 became the Largest trade fair in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>After rebuilding the buildi...
 
 
History of Architecture: Milan End
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  • Postmodernists felt the buildings failed to meet the human need for comfort both for body and for the eye. Modernism did not account for the desire for beauty. The problem worsened when some already monotonous apartment blocks degenerated into slums . Post Modernism sought to cure this by reintroducing ornament and decoration for its own sake.
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    1. 1. History of Architecture: Milan Tommy Dodd Wyatt Pearson Sydney Pellegrin Xavier Seymour Ahad Subzwari
    2. 2. A Bit of History <ul><li>Pre- Middle Ages (400’s BC – 400’s AD) </li></ul><ul><li>(400BC) Celtic Insubres (222 BC) Romans conquered this settlement </li></ul><ul><li>(293 AD)Milan declared capital of the Western Roman Empire(In red below) by Emperor Diocletian </li></ul><ul><li>(313AD)Conversion of empire to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>(452AD) Huns Overran the city (476AD) Roman Empire falls </li></ul><ul><li>(476-1450) Middle Ages </li></ul>
    3. 3. So what do we have so far? <ul><li>The Romans brought a lot of new ideas to architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The baked brick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The arch – Structure that spans a space while supporting weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of cement and concrete (1 st /2 nd century AD) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Baked brick bath house Arch Cement/Concrete </li></ul>
    4. 4. Architecture of the Middle Ages(476-1450) <ul><li>Early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>476-1000 - Stagnation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depopulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De-urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased barbarian invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High Middle Ages: </li></ul><ul><li>1000-1100’s - Romanesque Architecture implemented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of Feudal System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return of Systematic Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustained Urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1100’s- 1450’s – Gothic Architecture implemented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancement in Architectural methods. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-Circular Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Often of symmetrical plan </li></ul><ul><li>Made from stone (often limestone) </li></ul><ul><li>Often had wooden roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Thick walls </li></ul><ul><li>Very heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Very dark </li></ul>
    6. 6. Gothic Architecture <ul><li>Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed Arches </li></ul><ul><li>Light appears to triumph over substance </li></ul><ul><li>Flying buttresses </li></ul><ul><li>Long, narrow windows </li></ul><ul><li>May have Pinnacles </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Renaissance
    8. 8. Renaissance Architecture <ul><li>Renaissance began in Milan mid 14 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture was inspired by new classicism in architecture and urbanism </li></ul><ul><li>There was great Roman influence with the use of Roman arches and domes </li></ul><ul><li>There was an emphasis on form, proportion, and restraint </li></ul>
    9. 9. Castello Sforzesco
    10. 10. Brunelleschian Influence <ul><li>There was increasing Brunelleschian influence in architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Filippo Brunelleschi was a renaissance architect inspired by ancient roman style </li></ul><ul><li>In Milan, others followed his harmonious and geometric style </li></ul>
    11. 11. Cappella Portinari
    12. 12. Ospedale Maggiore
    13. 13. Santa Maria delle Grazie
    14. 14. The Counter Reformation
    15. 15. Baroque to Neoclassical <ul><li>During this period in Milan, the baroque style architecture became dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque is characterized by dynamic movement and emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Towards the end of the Counter Reformation, style became more neoclassical </li></ul>
    16. 16. Santa Maria Presso San Celso
    17. 17. Palazzo Brera
    18. 18. Teatro alla Scala
    19. 19. 19 th Century
    20. 20. Napoleon’s Rule and Neo classicism <ul><li>Napoleon takes o ver in early 19 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Brings in Neoclass ici sm </li></ul><ul><li>Arch of Peace to mirror Pari sian arch </li></ul><ul><li>Centrality of Arch </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Palaces considered best example of Neoclassical architecture in Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Easily defined characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Prestigious </li></ul>
    22. 22. Napoleon’s City Planning <ul><li>Sforzesco Castle at city center </li></ul><ul><li>Radiating design </li></ul><ul><li>New City Center: Church & Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding beyond medieval boundaries </li></ul>
    23. 23. Fall of Napoleon <ul><li>Fall of Napoleonic Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian Control </li></ul><ul><li>Lasting Impact </li></ul>
    24. 24. Industrialization <ul><li>Recent Independence and unification (1861) </li></ul><ul><li>Milan Central Train Station built in 1864 </li></ul><ul><li>Most industrial city of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Economic & Cultural Capital </li></ul>
    25. 25. Culture <ul><li>Arena built in 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Neoclassical </li></ul><ul><li>Home to many sporting events </li></ul><ul><li>Operas, musicals, and plays given room to evolve and grow in new Teatro La Scala </li></ul><ul><li>Religion very important – The Milan Cathedral “The Duomo” </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon ordered completion of The Duomo </li></ul>
    26. 26. Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Galleria Vittorio Emanuele </li></ul><ul><li>Built in 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects Piazza del Duomo to the Piazza della Scala </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Covered </li></ul><ul><li>Shops, restaurants, apartments </li></ul>
    27. 27. Evolving Urban Form <ul><li>Mixed-use </li></ul><ul><li>Retains Neoclassical design </li></ul><ul><li>High-volume of pedestrian activity </li></ul><ul><li>Part of urban renewal </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestor of modern shopping mall </li></ul><ul><li>Civic center of Milan </li></ul>
    28. 28. Into the 20 th Century & Urban Sprawl <ul><ul><ul><li>1857 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1860 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Post-WWII
    30. 30. Post-WWII <ul><li>Destruction of Milan </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from agriculture economy </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence as industrial leader </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance of many new buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings incorporate modernist design </li></ul>
    31. 31. The Economic Miracle <ul><li>Late 1950’s </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point for Milan economy </li></ul><ul><li>Brought about the switch to industrial commerce </li></ul><ul><li>New infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Major companies enter and want to emit success </li></ul>
    32. 32. Symbol of Success
    33. 33. International Style
    34. 34. Brutalist Modern
    35. 35. Modern Living
    36. 36. Post Modern Architecture
    37. 37. Post modern <ul><li>Styles Clash </li></ul><ul><li>View familiar spaces and styles in a new way </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Aesthetics along with functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the “Failures” of Modernism </li></ul>
    38. 38. Styles Collide
    39. 39. Aesthetics in harmony with functionality
    40. 41. Fiera Milano <ul><li>Created in 1922 became the Largest trade fair in Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>After rebuilding the building destroyed in World War II becomes commercial meeting point of east and west. </li></ul><ul><li>During the economic boom Fiera Milano is major promoter for the Italian industrial boom. </li></ul><ul><li>Fiera Milano creates a new exhibition space with 200,000 net square meters of indoor space and 60,000 outdoor. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the buildings of Fiera Milano are post modern style and is a major reason why people choose to operate in their space. </li></ul>
    41. 44. History of Architecture: Milan End

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