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Types of Data Processing

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Manual
Electronic
Real Time
Mechanical
Batch

Publié dans : Technologie
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Types of Data Processing

  1. 1. TYPES OFTYPES OF DATADATA PROCESSINGPROCESSING
  2. 2. By:By: John BenedickJohn Benedick Dinio ChingDinio Ching
  3. 3. Data Processing Any operation or set ofAny operation or set of operations performed upon data,operations performed upon data, whether or not by automatic means,whether or not by automatic means, such as collection, recording,such as collection, recording, organization, storage, adaptation ororganization, storage, adaptation or alteration to convert it into usefulalteration to convert it into useful information.information.
  4. 4. Types of Data ProcessingTypes of Data Processing 1. Manual Data Processing1. Manual Data Processing This method ofThis method of data processingdata processing involvesinvolves human intervention. The manual process of datahuman intervention. The manual process of data entry implies many opportunities for errors, such asentry implies many opportunities for errors, such as delays in data capture, as every single data field hasdelays in data capture, as every single data field has to be keyed in manually, a high amount of operatorto be keyed in manually, a high amount of operator misprints or typos, high labor costs from the amountmisprints or typos, high labor costs from the amount of manual labor required. Manual processing alsoof manual labor required. Manual processing also implies higher labor expenses in regards to spendingimplies higher labor expenses in regards to spending for equipment and supplies, rent, etc.for equipment and supplies, rent, etc.
  5. 5. Types Of Data ProcessingTypes Of Data Processing 2. Mechanical Data Processing Different calculations and processing are performed using mechanical machines like calculators etc. The use of mechanical machines makes data processing easier and less time- consuming. The chances of errors also become far less than manual data processing.
  6. 6. Types of Data ProcessingTypes of Data Processing 3. Electronic Data Processing EDP an infrequently used term forEDP an infrequently used term for what is today usually called "IS" (information serviceswhat is today usually called "IS" (information services or systems) or "MIS" (management informationor systems) or "MIS" (management information services or systems), is the processing ofservices or systems), is the processing of datadata by aby a computer and its programs in an environmentcomputer and its programs in an environment involving electronic communication. EDP evolved frominvolving electronic communication. EDP evolved from "DP" (data processing), a term that was created when"DP" (data processing), a term that was created when most computing input was physically put into themost computing input was physically put into the computer in punched card form or in ATM cardscomputer in punched card form or in ATM cards form and output as punched cards or paper reports.form and output as punched cards or paper reports.
  7. 7. Types of Data ProcessingTypes of Data Processing 4. Real Time Processing There is a continual input, processThere is a continual input, process and output of data. Data has to be processed in aand output of data. Data has to be processed in a small stipulated time period (real time), otherwise itsmall stipulated time period (real time), otherwise it will create problems for the system.will create problems for the system. For exampleFor example, when a bank customer withdraws a sum, when a bank customer withdraws a sum of money from his or her account it is vital that theof money from his or her account it is vital that the transaction be processed and the account balancetransaction be processed and the account balance updated as soon as possible, allowing both the bankupdated as soon as possible, allowing both the bank and customer to keep track of funds.and customer to keep track of funds.
  8. 8. Types of Data ProcessingTypes of Data Processing 5. Batch Processing In a batch processing group of transactionsIn a batch processing group of transactions collected over a period of time is collected, entered,collected over a period of time is collected, entered, processed and then the batch results are produced.processed and then the batch results are produced. Batch processing requires seperate programs forBatch processing requires seperate programs for input, process and output. It is an efficient way ofinput, process and output. It is an efficient way of processing high volume of data.processing high volume of data. For exampleFor example: Payroll system, Examination system and: Payroll system, Examination system and billing system.billing system.

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