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Jabes 2009 - Conférence inaugurale "Un avenir sans livres pour les bibliothèques ?"

  1. A bookless future for the libraries? ~ A comedy in 3 Acts by ~ Stefano Mazzocchi
  2. ~ Act I ~ where we go looking in the past to understand more about the present
  3. information vs. information technology
  4. what vs. how transfer encode our focus
  5. speech enabled coordination pros required no tools
  6. speech cons transient synchronous localized marginal cost >= 1
  7. [aside: marginal cost] after acting on N items, the cost of acting on one more
  8. Transition [⇒] reduction of marginal costs
  9. speaking ⇒ cave drawing
  10. cave drawings pros persistent asynchronous
  11. cave drawings cons immovable marginal cost ~ 1 require tools
  12. cave drawing ⇒ clay inscribing
  13. inscribed clay pros persistent asynchronous portable
  14. inscribed clay cons marginal cost ~ 1 fragile heavy
  15. clay ⇒ fiber
  16. fiber inscribing pros persistent asynchronous portable light
  17. fiber inscribing cons marginal cost ~ 1
  18. fiber inscribing ⇒ fiber printing
  19. printed fiber pros persistent asynchronous portable light marginal cost < 1
  20. printed fiber cons many marginal costs still > 0 production consumption (access) storage preservation
  21. fiber printing ⇒ electronic publishing
  22. electronic publishing pros asynchronous & synchronous portable high density many marginal costs ~ 0
  23. electronic publishing cons ?
  24. ~ Act II ~ where we look at the present with our knowledge from the past
  25. a transition is in progress
  26. substantial benefits unprecedented information density and access unprecedented retrieval ability unprecedented reduction in distribution costs
  27. yet there are issues
  28. degraded consumption experience very low screen resolution batteries needed poor user interfaces poor network access
  29. disrupted business models
  30. disrupted institutions [the libraries]
  31. ~0 marginal costs are here to stay
  32. which means an “ipod for books” is an ecosystem necessity (the only missing piece), not just a possibility
  33. does that impact the libraries? if the ecosystem of information turns into all-electronic...
  34. libraries vs. museums of books Managing physical non-unique copies of books will often be uneconomical Think of VHS tapes and vinyl LPs
  35. no more shelves What happens to serendipitous discovery? Browse vs. Search?
  36. nearly infinite storage space Is there a justification for filtering anymore?
  37. indices created from full text Is metadata still needed? Does metadata have to be a human production or can it be emerged by computers thru statistical analysis? or a mix of the two?
  38. fragmenting information unit of information goes from book of pages, to journals of articles, to webs of hyperlinked pages, to networks of relational assertions Can library technologies and skill set still be useful across all such granularity spectrum?
  39. networks of relational assertions (a.k.a. a web of data) small pieces of information uniquely identified related to one another can be mixed and queried symbolically
  40. Demos!
  41. first, a few questions
  42. Who is the youngest winner of the 2008 Academy Awards?
  43. What battles of the american civil war were not fought on US territory?
  44. What is the only building in Brasil designed by an architect that designed a building in New York City?
  45. How many male actors that co-starred in a movie with Al Pacino were born in Russia?
  46. how would you find out?
  47. let’s use Freebase!
  48. ~ Act III ~ where we save the day by applying the wisdom of the past to an uncertain future
  49. despite the obvious advantages, and immediate shortcomings, electronic publishing retains many long term uncertainties
  50. Digital Preservation storing bits is not the same as preserving information format/system obsolescence lossy format conversions Librarians have unique skills and affinity for such problems.
  51. Digital Divide Low marginal cost is not the same as low cost Accessibility is not the same as access Libraries, by definition, remain a key institution in bridging these gaps
  52. Data Modeling Library metadata is just another form of low granular relational data. Librarians naturally understand the value of modeling data. Statistical emergence of metadata can only go so far without human common sense, help will be needed.
  53. Data Integration Different data models for similar data will emerge and will evolve. Integration between different schemas requires specific skills and abilities, very close to the current set of librarians skills.
  54. Data Pollution Vandalism, defacing, spamming or general abuse are all negative sides of the low marginal cost ecology of information. Fighting the degradation of signal/noise ratio in such ecology is another area where librarians’ expertise will be highly valued.
  55. Data Quality How do we distinguish between high quality data vs. low quality data? How do we increase quality without reducing diversity of opinion or capacity of adaptation?
  56. Dissent How do we distinguish truth from opinion and from deception? How do we construct the new information ecology so that people are allowed to disagree yet without exploding in another tower of Babel?
  57. ~ The End ~