Contenu connexe


Hockey- The National game of INDIA

  1. Hockey India’s National Game!
  2. THE GAME Hockey is one of the world's most popular sports. It's a ball and stick game dating back thousands of years. Hockey is similar to football in some ways and is sometimes called soccer with sticks! The sport is popular with men and women and the rules are exactly the same for both sexes. Two teams of 11 players compete against each other using a hooked stick to hit, push, pass and dribble the ball. It's a fast and open game, and great fun to play. But there are certain rules you must follow too. So to avoid being shown a green, yellow or red card, click around the Sport Academy's guide to the rules of hockey.
  3. PITCH or PLAYING AREA These days, most matches are played on synthetic or artificial pitches. The pitch is only slightly smaller than a football pitch measuring 91.4m (100 yards) long and 58m (60 yards) wide. The long sides are called the sidelines and the short sides are the backline. The shooting circle is marked 14.63m (16 yards) from each goalpost. Goals are 2.14m (7ft) high, 3.66m (12 ft) wide and 0.91m (4 ft) deep. The backboard is 18 ins high.
  4. PLAYERS There are 11 players in a hockey team. Every team must have a goalkeeper. The other 10 are field players. The field players can be attackers, defenders or midfielders. The exact line up will depend on the team strategy and so the exact number of forwards, midfielders and backs will vary. Goalkeepers have special privileges. Unlike their team-mates they are allowed to use their feet and other parts of their body to control the ball. That's why they have to get padded up. They have to wear special protective clothes such as leg guards, kickers, hand protectors and headgear. Teams are allowed to make up to five substitutions.
  5. OFFICIALS An official is a person who has some responsibility in enforcing the rules and maintaining the order of the game. There are two categories of officials, officials, who are the referees and linesmen that enforce the rules during game play, and , who have an administrative role rather than an enforcement role. A referee is responsible for the general supervision of the game and (s)he can be identified by his/her red or orange armbands. Under most officiating systems, (s)he is the only official with the authority to assess penalties for violations of the rules. However, the linesmen can report a variety of penalties, such as "too many players" and major penalties, to the referee, who may then assess the penalty. The referee also conducts the opening faceoff in each period and faceoffs that follow after a goal is scored, which are done at the center ice faceoff dot.
  6. PENALTIES • Butt ending: When a player jabs an opponent with the top end of his stick. • Checking from behind: Whistled when a player hits an opponent who is not aware of the impending contact from behind and therefore cannot defend himself. • Cross checking: When a player makes a check with both hands on the stick. • Elbowing: When a player uses his elbow to foul an opponent. • Fighting: Called fisticuffs in the National Hockey League rule book, it is assessed when players drop their gloves and throw punches at each other. • Hooking: When a player impedes the progress of an opponent by “hooking” him with his stick. • Interference: When a player interferes with or impedes the progress of an opponent who does not have the puck. Also assessed to a player who deliberately knocks the stick out of an opponent’s hand or who prevents a player who has dropped his stick (or any other piece of equipment) from picking it back up. • Kneeing: When a player fouls an opponent with his knee (of course!). • Roughing: Called when a player strikes another opponent in a minor altercation that the referee determines is not worthy of a major penalty. • Slashing: When a player hits an opponent with his stick, or “slashes” him, either to impede his progress or cause injury. • Spearing: When a player stabs at an opponent with the blade of his stick, whether he makes contact or not. • Tripping: When a stick or any portion of a player’s body is used to cause an opposing player to fall.
  7. PENALTY BOX The penalty box (sometimes called the sin bin, bad box, or simply bin) is the area in ice hockey, rugby league, rugby union and some other sports where a player sits to serve the time of a given penalty, for an offense not severe enough to merit outright expulsion from the contest. Teams are generally not allowed to replace players who have been sent to the penalty box. Ice hockey has popularized the term "penalty box". In most cases it is a small isolated bench surrounded by walls on all four sides, with the side facing the ice having the access door. There are typically two penalty boxes: one for each team. In ice hockey a period in the box occurs for all penalties unless circumstances call for an ejection or a penalty shot. If three or more players are serving penalties at once, the team will continue playing with three on the ice but will not be allowed to use the players in the box until their penalties expire.
  8. THE HOCKEY STICK The size of the stick that is most effective for a specific player is judged by that players height. A 28" stick would be used by a player under 4' most commonly, whereas a 38" stick would be used mainly by players over 5'10". However 'defenders' often like to have a longer stick than 'attackers' as this can be used for a greater reach when stopping a moving ball. The 'attackers' prefer a shorter stick as it allows greater control of the ball. Sticks are approximately 150–200 cm long, composed of a long, slender shaft and a flat extension at one end called the blade. The curved part where the blade and the shaft meet is called a taper. The blade is the part of the stick used to contact the puck, and is typically 10 to 15 inches long. Stick dimensions can vary widely, as they are usually built to suit a particular player's size. Taller players usually use longer sticks.
  9. THE HOCKEY BALL For Field Hockey, the ball must follow these guidelines: a is spherical b has a circumference of between 224 mm and 235 mm c weighs between 156 grams and 163 grams d is made of any material and coloured white (or an agreed colour which contrasts with the playing surface) e is hard with a smooth surface but indentations are permitted. For Ball Ice Hockey, Road Hockey or Inline Ball Hockey, there is no official weight of a hockey ball... but in organized leagues, the universal ball is made of an approved plastic with a diameter of 6.6 cm to 7 cm, usually orange in colour.
  10. SCORING Each goal is worth one point. A goal can only be scored from inside the shooting circle - a semi-circular area in front of the opponents' goal. Goals scored from outside this area are disallowed. To get into a goal-scoring position, the ball must be passed or dribbled down the field with the flat side of the stick. The entire ball must cross over the line. The familiar thud you hear when a goal is scored is the ball hitting the backboard. But the ball doesn't have to hit the board for the goal to count!