2. Climate is the most important element of
environment on the earth after formation of
land or solid outer surface of the earth.
1. Elements of climate and weather
a) Temperature( root element)
b) Air pressure
f) Precipitation/rainfall(fruit element)
3. 2. CLIMATE
It refers to the sum total of weather
conditions over a large area for a longer
period of time.(more than 30 years)
It refers to the state of atmosphere over an
area /place at any point of time. It is
temporary picture of atmosphere in terms of
elements of weather.
4. Chain of elements
make the climate
8. Air always moves from
high pressure to low
Horizontal movement of
air is known as winds.
Air also moves vertically.
Vertical movement of air
is known as air current.
9. Dry air
No water vapour or
very low water
Poor air humidity in
11. Cooling of humid air results into
condensation and formation of clouds.
Greater the amount of humidity, higher will
be the clouds formation.
Thickness and intensity of cloud formation
shall lead to precipitation(rainfall).
Forms of precipitation- rainfall(most common
and important), drizzle, snowfall, sleet, hail
12. For rainfall only moisture or humidity is not
enough, the moist air is needed to rise up
and cooling and to condense.
There are mainly 3 ways to make the moist
air to rise up and hence the three types of
a) Relief/orographic/mountainous precipitation
b) Convectional precipitation
c) Cyclonic/frontal precipitation
13. Monsoon type of climate
Monsoon refers to the reversal change in the
wind direction during a year.
India’s climate is refered as monsoon type of
Two main factors to control the climate of
a) Location in relation to equator
b) Location in related to water bodies
c) Relief/ mountain/ himalyas