2. The Indian iron and steel industry is nearly a century old, with Tata Iron &
Steel Co. as the first integrated steel plant to be set up in 1907.
According to the data released by Department of Industrial Policy and
Promotion (DIPP), the Indian metallurgical industries attracted Foreign
Direct Investments (FDI) to the tune of US $10.33 billion in the period
April 2000–March 2017.
Indian was the world’s third-largest steel producer in 2016.
Real consumption of steel during FY16 was estimated at 81.25 million
Consumption of real steel has grew at CAGR of 5.76% during FY08-FY16.
The total finished steel production in FY17 stood at 83.10 MT while 6.10
million tonnes of finished steel was imported into India.
As of March 2017, the capacity utilization of steel producers is set to
increase with strong export demand and signs of revival in domestic sales.
Companies like JSW and Essar Steel have experienced a sharp increase in
steel manufacturing in the last 2 months
3. PRODUCT OF THE SECTOR
Alloy Stainless Silicon
electrical High speed
Steel Rail Steel
5. The steel sector contributes over 2 per cent to the GDP. With high GDP
growth rate in India and government focusing more on infrastructure
the requirement of steel is expected to rise to 104MT. The National
Steel Policy 2017 has also aim to increase demand for steel in the future.
GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY
30.1 43 36.5 46.8 57.8
81 87.9 95.3
FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY14 FY15 FY16
Market value of the Indian steel sector
6. PEST ANALYSIS-
The government investments in infrastructure such as rail, highways, dams,
power plants and ports are critical prime movers for steel demand.
Environmental norms imposed by the government from time to time have a
significant impact, estimated to be around 15% of the project cost.
Government of India has approved the National Steel Policy (NSP) 2017,
NSP 2017 targets 300 million tonnes (MT) steel-making capacity and 160 kg
per capita steel consumption by 2030.
The Ministry of Steel is facilitating setting up of an industry driven Steel
Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI) in association with the
public and private sector at an initial corpus of Rs 200 crore (US$ 30
7. ECONOMIC FACTOR
The steel sector contributes over 2 per cent to the GDP of the nation and
provides 20 lakh jobs in the country.
During April-January 2017, crude steel production in India grew by 7 per cent
YoY and stood at 39.98 MT.
The Government of India has allowed 100 per cent foreign direct investment
(FDI) in the steel sector.
Steel Industry (company) shall constantly strive to improve the quality of life of
the communities it serves through excellence in all facets of its activities.
In the company like Tata Steel, Importance will be given to continuous training
for promoting safety consciousness among all employees
Companies like SAIL & Tata Steel believe that the loyalty and commitment of its
employees depends upon the quality of life they are offered at work and at
8. TECHNOLOGY FACTOR-
Steel companies will be encouraged to have strategic joint ventures for
production and development of technologically more advanced products.
Ministry will encourage the research institutes within the country to develop
less resource intensive and less energy intensive steelmaking technologies as
well as new products.
Set sound environmental objectives and targets, and integrate a process of
review, as essential elements of corporate management.
Install, maintain and operate facilities to comply with applicable
Environmental Laws, statutes and other regulations.
Conserve natural resources and energy by constantly seeking to reduce
consumption and wastage.
Minimize process waste, and promote the recovery and recycling of materials
in order to control pollution.
9. LEGAL FACTOR-
Government is introducing the various rules and regulations of this
The government is about to pay more attention in the health policies of the
employees working in the steel industry.
Special health incentives and rules are introduced in the steel industry.
10. PORTER’S FIVE FORCES
-High exit barrier
THREAT OF NEW
-HIGH ECONOMIES OF
COST AND HIGH
-HIGH COST OF RAW
• The automotives
industry is forecasted
to grow in size by US$
74 billion in 2015 to
US$ 260-300 billion by
• In 2017, Indian
automotives sector is
estimated to be 3rd
market, by volume
• The capital goods
sector accounts for 11%
of steel consumption
and expected to
increase 14/15 per cent
by 2025-26 and market
• Corporate India’s capex
is expected to grow and
demand for steel
• The infrastructure
sector accounts for 9
per cent of steel
expected to increase
11 per cent by 2025-26.
• Due to such a huge
demand for long steel
increase in the years
FUTURE TREND OF THE INDUSTRY
• In 2016, passenger
traffic at Indian airport
stood at 223.61 million
and number of
stood at 95 in FY 16.
• Estimated steel
consumption in airport
building is likely to
grow more than 20 per
cent over next few years
• Gauge conversion,
setting up of new lines
would drive steel
• In January 2017, Crisil
estimated that the
railways sector could
US$ 99.65 billion
• Rural India is expected
to reach per capita
consumption of 12.11 kg
to 14 kg for finished
steel by 2020.
• Policies like Food for
(FWP) and Indira Awaas
Yojana, Pradhan Mantri
Gram Sadak Yojana are
construction steel in
13. NATIONAL STEEL POLICY 2017
a) Vision: To create a technologically advanced and globally
competitive steel industry that promotes economic growth.
b) Mission: Provide environment for attaining –
Self-sufficiency in steel production by providing policy
support & guidance to private manufacturers, MSME steel
producers, CPSEs & encourage adequate capacity additions.
Development of globally competitive steel manufacturing
Cost-efficient production and domestic availability of iron
ore, coking coal and natural gas.
Facilitate investment in overseas asset acquisitions of raw
Enhance domestic steel demand.
14. c) Objectives: The National Steel Policy aims at achieving the
following objectives –
Build a globally competitive industry
Increase per Capita Steel Consumption to 160 kgs by 2030-31
To domestically meet entire demand of high grade automotive
steel, electrical steel, special steels and alloys for strategic
applications by 2030-31
Increase domestic availability of washed coking coal so as to reduce
import dependence on coking coal from ~85% to ~65% by 2030-31
To have a wider presence globally in value added/ high grade steel
Encourage industry to be a world leader in energy efficient steel
production in an environmentally sustainable manner.
Establish domestic industry as a cost-effective and quality steel
Attain global standards in Industrial Safety and Health
To substantially reduce the carbon foot-print of the steel industry