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Building Enterprise Mobile Backends with Open Source Platforms

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In the last couple of years several Mobile Backend as a Service (MBaaS) providers are hitting the market offering varying level of services and features. While those services are great to have backends for mobile and web apps ready in minutes and often without writing any server side code, those solutions are not always suitable in the enterprise context, where security and data privacy are key requirements. Moreover, most of the MBaaS on the market, while sharing similar features, such as User Management, Photo Collections, Custom Objects, Push Notifications and Social Network integration, often don't offer capabilities of connecting to existing data.

In this workshop, we introduce two open source platforms, DreamFactory and LoopBack, that permit to create custom Backends on your data center or in your own cloud hosting. This allows a company to use the same deployment and management practices that they are already using for other applications. They don?t need to trust external MBaaS providers that could have potentially access to their data.

In particular, we illustrate how those platforms permit to securely expose existing data coming from different source, building CRUD REST APIs to be consumed by mobile clients and HTML5 web apps. Data sources could be relational or non-relational database or in turn other REST APIs, with the ability to create relations and associations between them. Additionally API access can be restricted with user authentication and authorization implementing Access Control Lists.After demoing the two platforms, we will provide a comparison between them.

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Building Enterprise Mobile Backends with Open Source Platforms

  1. 1. Building Enterprise Mobile Backends with Open Source Platforms Antonio Calanducci http://www.etnatraining.it
  2. 2. www.etnatraining.it Agenda ! Overview of mBaaS features Enterprise requirements for mobility DreamFactory, the open source REST API platform Demo Build your own mobile backend with LoopBack Demo
  3. 3. www.etnatraining.it About me Founder of EtnaTraining Appcelerator Training Partner Titanium Certified Instructor / Developer Tecnologyst@National Institute of Nuclear Physics and contract professor@University of Catania, Italy Consultant at World Food Programme, Rome @tcaland antonio@etnatraining.it
  4. 4. www.etnatraining.it BaaS Overview Acronym of “Backend as a Service” APIs that offer a set of predefined services out of the box for application developers Example of services: Users, Files, Collections, Custom Objects, Email, Photos, Social Integrations, Analytics Push Notifications, Locations, Geofencing (m) mBaaS: m stands for “mobile”
  5. 5. www.etnatraining.it Benefits of mBaaS Reduce server side coding (or in some simpler cases, eliminate) developers can focus on front-end development; faster schedules often providers offer SDKs that wrap REST API calls and handle in/out parameters: both HTML/JS and native (iOS, Android, Windows Phone) No server setup hassle, ready to use Deployed on the cloud, with built-in scalability
  6. 6. www.etnatraining.it Popular mBaaS providers Parse (acquired by Facebook) JSON Objects, Social, Local Datastore, Custom server-side login, Push 20Gb storage/2TB transfer/1M recipients/30req/s Kinvey AuthLinks/OAuth/Data encryption 100 active users/2Gb/5M push-emails Appcelerator Cloud Services (ACS) 20built-in services, 5M API calls per month, 20Gb, 250k API calls per day, Custom Server-side with Node.js
  7. 7. www.etnatraining.it Commercial mBaaS for enterprise? Generally data backed on NoSQL db Enterprise requirements: generally uses SQL db integrate with legacy databases access (structured) relational data with ACLs Biggest problems: data privacy where data is stored? who has access to it? is data replicated? disaster recovery plans Data lock-in
  8. 8. Any solution?
  9. 9. Build your OWN mBaaS and deploy it on-premises (or your virtual private cloud)
  10. 10. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory: enter the Service Platform Provides access to backend services through a standard REST APIs to: local and remote SQL Services storage services NoSQL databases No lock-in: backend can be swapped while app is running or switched easily from development, test, production environments no need to recode client apps
  11. 11. www.etnatraining.it Cloud Lock-in The API Jungle! Developer! Different interfaces, security models, and! user permissions! NoSQL! IaaS! SQL! External!Storage! PaaS!
  12. 12. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory Service Platform Client! Developer! Unified interface,! security model, and! user permissions! NoSQL! IaaS! SQL! External!Storage! PaaS!
  13. 13. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory: features Open Source PHP/Symphony/Angular.JS Deployable in the Cloud or on-premises Amazon/VMWare/Azure VMs, BitNami installer Packages for Linux Distros (RedHat, Ubuntu, Debian) User management, user roles and permissions, and secure password hashing Flexible access control over applications, services, files, and database CRUD permissions
  14. 14. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory: features Supported SQL DBs: MySQL, PostgreSQL, MSSql (Oracle soon) Supported NoSQL DBs: MongoDB, CouchDB, DynamoDB, Azure Tables Storage Supported: Amazon S3, LocalStorage, OpenStack, Azure BLOB External WebService (SOAP/REST), OAuth supported with Portal Service Custom server side scripts with JavaScript (V8 engine)
  15. 15. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory architecture
  16. 16. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory: client SDK Native Mobile Clients: iOS, Android, Windows 8 HTML5/JavaScript AngularJS, Sencha, jQuery, PhoneGap/Cordova Titanium SDK since version 1.5 Titanium Classic, wrapper over HTTP with Promises
  17. 17. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory Demo
  18. 18. www.etnatraining.it Getting started with DreamFactory Download the Bitnami installer or VM images at: https://bitnami.com/stack/dreamfactory or sign up for the Free Hosted Edition at: https://www.dreamfactory.com/user/register Open you browser at: http://localhost:8080 and login to the DSP LaunchPad with your admin credentials Create a new App, create a new Table (Schema panel), populate the table (Data panel), browse the table via API/SDK panel !
  19. 19. www.etnatraining.it DSP REST APIs Create an User and a Role, assign the Role to the created App and assign the Database service to the Role Login the user with: curl -X POST -d '{"email": "pippo@email.com", "password": "pippo1234"}' http://localhost:8080/rest/user/session?app_name=Todo Keep note of the returned session_id Fetch all the records with: curl -H "X-DreamFactory-Session-Token: 8rena0119llqjagvfdn08kh6f2" http://localhost:8080/rest/db/todo2?app_name=todo Add some records with: curl -X POST -H "X-DreamFactory-Session-Token: 8rena0119llqjagvfdn08kh6f2" -d '{"title":"new todo", "location": "somewhere", "completed": false}' http://localhost:8080/rest/db/todo2?app_name=todo
  20. 20. www.etnatraining.it Access your existing SQL DB Create a new service of type Remote SQL DB API name is the REST endpoint Set the Username and Password to your DB Set the connection string to the DB: mysql:host=localhost;dbname=etnatraining.it Add the new created services to the previous created Role Access your DB through REST APIs: curl -H "X-DreamFactory-Session-Token: gpapq4itp198g6c38sk3gvr9j3" ‘http://localhost:8080/rest/ etna/wp_posts? app_name=Todo&limit=1&post_type=feedback'
  21. 21. www.etnatraining.it Titanium DreamFactory Simple wrapper over DSP REST APIs available here: https://github.com/dreamfactorysoftware/titanium-dreamfactory Use JS Promises to avoid callback hell Provided as a Common.JS module: include dreamfactory.js and Promises.js A simple GET request looks like this: !
  22. 22. www.etnatraining.it Trainees app Simple Titanium Alloy App that fetches Trainees that attend to EtnaTraining classes on Titanium DSP used to access the www.etnatraining.it
 WordPress backend Source code available at: https://github.com/EtnaTraining/Trainees !
  23. 23. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory features App hosting for HTML5 apps Lookup keys Connect to existing users in SQL or NoSQL Server Side Filters Fine grained table permissions based on user, role, application Server side events events can trigger custom scripts on select, update, insert, delete, describe ! !
  24. 24. www.etnatraining.it LoopBack Open Source API framework powered by Node.js Made by StrongLoop Developers of a commercial version of Node.js with clustering and monitoring support contributors to Node.js and several npm packages Allows to create REST APIs on top of enterprise data Provides built-in services to handle: Push Notifications, Geolocation, Offline replication and synchronization, File Storage
  25. 25. www.etnatraining.it LoopBack Models REST APIs are based on Models defined based on existing schema (both relational and no relational) open model (free form) can be discovered automatically can be synchronized if developer change model definition can be defined in code with JavaScript APIs (both in the client and in the server, isomorphic JS) and/or in JSON file with LDL (LoopBack Definition Language)
  26. 26. www.etnatraining.it LoopBack Connectors Allows models to talk to different data sources. Available connectors: MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, MSSql In-memory REST NoSQL Db (MongoSQL)
  27. 27. www.etnatraining.it LoopBack Architecture
  28. 28. www.etnatraining.it LoopBack features Model relations support define hasMany, belongsTo, hasAndBelongsToMany relationships User authentication and authorization for models: oAuth user and registration models Fine grained Role-based access control list offline support and data replication (new!) custom remote method definition with events
  29. 29. www.etnatraining.it Demo
  30. 30. www.etnatraining.it Getting started with Loopback Install with npm: npm install -g strong-cli Create a LoopBack project slc lb project mybackend Create a model interactively cd mybackend slc lb model todo -i slc lb model anything 
 (free form model) Run your loopback app: node app Browse your REST API at: http://localhost:3000/ explorer
  31. 31. www.etnatraining.it Let’s play with the REST APIs Our todos model is available at: http://localhost:3000/api/todos Create some todo model instances: curl -X POST -H "Content-Type:application/json" -d '{"title": "Buy the milk", "location": "Amsterdam", "completed": false}' http://localhost:3000/api/todos Retrieve all the completed todos: GET to http://localhost:3000/api/todos?filter[where] [completed]=true curl 'http://localhost:3000/api/todos?filter%5Bwhere %5D5Bcompleted%5D=true'
  32. 32. www.etnatraining.it Make the model instances persistent Create a datasource: slc lb datasource mylocaldb --connector mysql Install the loopback-connector-mysql npm install loopback-connector-mysql Edit the datasources.json: ! Change models.json and set: "dataSource": "mylocaldb" PS: You have to had previously created the todo table into the db
  33. 33. www.etnatraining.it Model discovery from SQL db Loopback provides methods to create model from existing data: Create first the datasource in datasources.json: ! Call the method discoverSchema() or discoverAndBuildModels() on the defined datasources: run discovery.js: ! ! node discovery.js >> wp_posts.json add the discovered models to models.json
  34. 34. www.etnatraining.it Some query example with filters Limit the number of entries http://localhost:3000/api/WpPosts?filter[limit]=5 Select only given fields: http://localhost:3000/api/WpPosts?filter[fields] [postContent]=true&filter[fields] [postTitle]=true&filter[limit]=20 Select only fields with a given value: http://localhost:3000/api/WpPosts?filter[where] [postType]=feedback&filter[limit]=3
  35. 35. www.etnatraining.it Model synchronization with SQL db We have seen how to access pre-existing data on SQL DBs But we can also define new models and Loopback can create or update DB schema for us: Define the datasource Define the new schema
 (you can also in code) call the ds.automigrate() method WARNING: if the schema already
 exists in the DB, it will be dropped
 and all data lost
  36. 36. www.etnatraining.it Model synchronization with SQL db We can also alter the model without destroying existing data, if we change our Model: Define the datasource Define the new schema
 (this can also be done in code) call the ds.autoupdate() method Loopback will calculate the
 differences between the new model
 and table schema definition
  37. 37. www.etnatraining.it Loopback SDKs Native Mobile SDKs: iOS (Objective-C), Android (Java) Browser SDKs: Angular.JS (isomorphic LoopBack) REST APIs Titanium SDK? Option 1: Use the REST API Option 2: Alloy Wrapper (in progress) made by Aaron Saunders: https://github.com/aaronksaunders/strongloopAlloy
  38. 38. www.etnatraining.it DreamFactory vs LoopBack DreamFactory LoopBack No code required CLI helps, but definitively required Super easy to use Learning curve can be quite steep customization is limited (server side scripts/events) great customization of your REST API: it’s a platform and you build an app Classical Horizontal scaling if you deploy on the Cloud (OpenShift) easy to scale and monitor with StrongLoop cluster support and StrongOps Currently not supported, but soon available Provide specific mobile services: cross-platfom push notification, geolocation
  39. 39. www.etnatraining.it References DreamFactory homepage https://www.dreamfactory.com/ DreamFactory Documentation http://dreamfactorysoftware.github.io Loopback home page: http://loopback.io/ Loopback documentation http://docs.strongloop.com/display/LB/LoopBack
  40. 40. Thank you!