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Taylor neon pheno_cam_2014_aceas

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ACEAS Phenocams workshop 2014

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Taylor neon pheno_cam_2014_aceas

  1. 1. NATIONAL ECOLOGICAL OBSERVATORY NETWORK THOUSANDS OF SENSORS ACROSS NORTH AMERICA… INCLUDING PHENOCAMS! Jeffrey Taylor NEON 1jtaylor@neoninc.org
  2. 2. How Do We Design An Observatory Network? jtaylor@neoninc.org 2 Capabilities based (networks) • PI driven – grant structure • Strong scientific creativity • Often lacks strong direction • Deliverable ‘themes’ • Discovery/experiments • Open ended Requirements based (infrastructure) • Staff scientists • Community engagement • Mature baseline science • Well defined deliverables • Enables PI research • Science sustainment • Manage costs/risk/scope
  3. 3. NEON Design jtaylor@neoninc.org 3 1. Biodiversity 2. Biogeochemical cycles 3. Climate change 4. Ecohydrology 5. Infectious disease 6. Invasive species 7. Land use NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences. Washington DC: National Academies Press. NRC (National Research Council). 2003. NEON: Addressing the Nation's Environmental Challenges. Washington DC: National Academies Press. Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences
  4. 4. NEON Goals jtaylor@neoninc.org 4 • Information infrastructure: Consistent, continental, long- term, multi-scaled data-sets and data products that serve as a context for research and education. • Physical Infrastructure: A research platform for investigator- initiated sensors, observations, and experiments providing physical infrastructure, cyberinfrastructure, human resources, and expertise, and program management and coordination. The overarching goal of NEON is to enable understanding and forecasting of climate change, land use change, and invasive species on continental-scale ecology by providing infrastructure to support research in these areas.
  5. 5. NEON Timeline jtaylor@neoninc.org 5 • Late 90’s – concept of standardized ecological observatory • 2000-2005 – community workshops, establish boundary conditions. Shopping list/Christmas tree approach. • 2006 – Integrated Science and Education Plan (ISEP). • 2007 – PDR1: NEON needs further D&D, Mgt. • 2008 – new D&D phase: flowdown & deliverables, site design contract underway, project office ramp-up (6-50 staff). • 2009 – PDR/FDR, (+65 staff), successfully completed FDR • 2010 – Prototyping and business operations (+135 staff) • 2011 – Entered construction (+160 staff) • 2014 – Over 300 staff and hiring all over Research & Related Activities MREFC - Construction Operations 2006 2011 20172012
  6. 6. National Observatory with 20 Domains jtaylor@neoninc.org 6
  7. 7. National Observatory with 20 Domains jtaylor@neoninc.org 7
  8. 8. National Observatory with 20 Domains jtaylor@neoninc.org 8
  9. 9. • Terrestrial • Organismal (TOS) • Instrumental (TIS) • Aquatic • Organismal (AOS) • Instrumental (AIS) • Airborne (AOP) • Research: Stream Ecological Observation Network (STREON) Towers Surface and ground water Satellite Data Airborne Remote Sensing NEON Observing Systems Field Sampling
  10. 10. Fundamental Instrument Unit jtaylor@neoninc.org 10
  11. 11. Soil Measurements jtaylor@neoninc.org 11
  12. 12. Tower Measurements jtaylor@neoninc.org 12 • Physical and chemical climate forcing • Ecosystem responses • Stand/plot level sampling • Automated instrumentation • Micrometeorological scalars and fluxes • Soil array • Over 2000 measurements per core site at frequencies of • Daily, and ~0.1 to 20 Hz
  13. 13. Mobile Deployment Platform jtaylor@neoninc.org 13 • PI requestable • Mobile and rapidly deployable • Campaign based measurements ~ 1 year • NEON support (level TBD) • MDP will include various modules which can be mixed to meet needs of research. Potential modules include: – Micrometeorology – Atmospheric chemistry – Ecohydrology – Soil Ecology – Education and outreach
  14. 14. Aquatics Unit jtaylor@neoninc.org 14 • 29 Streams – 19 Core – 10 Relocatable • 10 STREON • 7 Ponds – 5 Core – 2 Relocatable
  15. 15. Organismal Ecology Unit (FSU) jtaylor@neoninc.org 15
  16. 16. Airborne Observing Platform jtaylor@neoninc.org 16 • Three airborne remote sensing payloads. • Leased Twin Otter aircraft.
  17. 17. Airborne Survey jtaylor@neoninc.org 17  7-months, 1,000 flight hours for NEON sites  2 aircraft with identical payloads to cover sites  3rd Payload for backup & directed flights
  18. 18. NEON Data Portal jtaylor@neoninc.org 18 data.neoninc.org
  19. 19. Phenology Measurements jtaylor@neoninc.org 19 • Observational phenology measurements as part of standard sampling at every site • Two phenocams on every tower • Pointed at horizon • Pointed at ground (snow-cover) • One phenocam at most aquatics sites • Meant for ice-on/ice-off timing • Aircraft camera images as well as LIDAR and hyperspectral imaging data products • Citizen Science Synthesis…
  20. 20. Citizen Science Opportunities jtaylor@neoninc.org 20
  21. 21. Phenocams jtaylor@neoninc.org 21 • StarDot NetCam SC, 1280 x 960 pixel resolution (1.3 MP), Micron ¼” CMOS sensor • Fixed white balance (outdoor), auto exposure, variable iris • RGB images, with IR filter triggered on schedule • uClinux operating system with built- in web and ftp server • Images stored as minimally compressed jpeg files, with date and time stamp embedded in filename http://images.pennnet.com/articles/vsd/thm/th_0707vsd_prfocus01.gif Spectral response CMOS BLUE GREEN RED IR
  22. 22. Phenocams jtaylor@neoninc.org 22 • StarDot NetCam SC, 1280 x 960 pixel resolution (1.3 MP), Micron ¼” CMOS sensor • Fixed white balance (outdoor), auto exposure, variable iris • RGB images, with IR filter triggered on schedule • uClinux operating system with built- in web and ftp server • Images stored as minimally compressed jpeg files, with date and time stamp embedded in filename http://images.pennnet.com/articles/vsd/thm/th_0707vsd_prfocus01.gif Spectral response CMOS BLUE GREEN RED IR VIS IR = NDVI?
  23. 23. Image jtaylor@neoninc.org 23 • Every 15 mins • RGB • IR • <30 secs
  24. 24. Installation jtaylor@neoninc.org 24
  25. 25. Calibration • Spectralon Panel • 20%-40% Reflectance • Every Quarter • 2 week calibration • Decreasing Exposure • ColorChecker Card • Across Cameras jtaylor@neoninc.org 25
  26. 26. Best Laid Plans… jtaylor@neoninc.org 26
  27. 27. Best Laid Plans… jtaylor@neoninc.org 27
  28. 28. Best Laid Plans… jtaylor@neoninc.org 28 No Phenocams Installed Yet…
  29. 29. The National Ecological Observatory Network is a project sponsored by the National Science Foundation and managed under cooperative agreement by NEON Inc. jtaylor@neoninc.org 29 www.neoninc.org jtaylor@neoninc.org

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