Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
bipedalism
for people in a hurry
10-15 km/hr
Average speed in European
urban centres at peak periods
12-14 km/hr (Dublin)
15 km/hr (Lyon)
15.5 km/hr (Copen...
for people who
cannot afford to be late
for healthy people
onbalance,themonetisedbenefits
from improvedhealthare upto
greater thanthecombinedhealth
impactsofcrashesandexposureto
air...
Today’s childrens’
cardiovascular fitness
compared to 30 years ago
-15%
G. Tomkinson et al, 2013
for local shops
Who spends what in shops?
15.4
15.3
11.0
6.8
Revenue in Copenhagen shops and supermarkets by mode of transport (DKK billio...
Who spends what in shops?
Expenditure, Portland (shops, restaurants,bars) by mode of transport (USD person/month)
OTREC, E...
Retail revenue per square foot and per
hour of occupied parking
$A 0.69
$A 0.19
Lee, 2008
2011
Salt Lake City, USA
S 3rd & S 300th
40.7628885,-111.8825773
2015
Salt Lake City, USA
S 3rd & S 300th
40.7628885,-111.8825773
City of Salt Lake City, 2015
300 South Street Reconfigura...
41%
6%
42%
22%
10%
55% estimated
actual
Bristol
Shopowner
estimates of
customer access
mode
32%
58%
5%
8%
42%
55% estimated
actual
Graz, AT
Shopowner
estimates of
customer access
mode
for successful cities
Tami Door,
President, Downtown
Denver Partnership, Inc.
“The number one thing [tech companies] want is bike lanes.
Ten yea...
“I believe that cycling is a fundamental part of the future city
and has been a critical factor in Google’s decision to in...
“We look forward to using the protected {cycle } routes to
help us attract and retain the people we need to continue
to th...
“Itismuchmore cost-feasibleformeto[enhance thecore
city]withprotected bikelanes,thanitisformetogowayout
somewhere, putinse...
for cohesive cities
supernormal
Makingcyclistssafe
inthecurrenttrafficsystem?
Makingthesystemsafe
for(newandexisting)cyclists?
A B
A B
A B
Getting from A to B: Today
Getting from A to B: Want
A B
A B
A B
2008
Suwon,
South Korea
Paldal-gu,
37.275380, 127.019707
2014
Suwon,
South Korea
Paldal-gu,
37.275380, 127.019707
2009
Lisbon, Portugal
Av. Duque de Ávila
38.7351324,-9.1490139,17
2014
Lisbon, Portugal
Av. Duque de Ávila
38.7351324,-9.1490139,17
2008
St. Germain-en-
Laye, France
Rue Léon Désoyer
48.899641, 2.081805
2014
St. Germain-en-
Laye, France
Rue Léon Désoyer
48.899641, 2.081805
Continuous cycle network of high standard on
routes and at intersections, improve cyclist safety,
security and accessibili...
Copenhagen, DK Tracks &
Lanes
Bremen, DE Tracks &
Lanes
Sevilla, ES Tracks &
Lanes
SPACE
CAPACITY
COST
2.5M2.5M 20 M
25%of the
38,000/DAY 40,000/DAY
95%of the
1.3$
$142K/KM $11.25M/KM
%of the
BICYCLE TRACK...
18€
per capita per year
City of Copenhagen’s annual cycling
infrastructure and maintenance budget
On balance: benefits and costs
13:1averagebenefittocostratio(UKandnonUK)
8-33%Ratesofreturnforcyclistbridgeand
intersectio...
Protected Bicycle Lanes in NYC
2nd Avenue
cycling +9 to 160%
injuries -20%
speed +0 to 14%
before
after
after
When you prioritise
active mobility, it
makes getting around
easier for everyone,
including drivers.
If you design a city ...
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Philippe Crist
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Philippe Crist

422 vues

Publié le

Act TravelWise Annual Conference, 28 January 2016, Camden Centre, London. Opening presentation by Philippe Crist, International Transport Forum, OECD.

Publié dans : Voyages
  • Soyez le premier à commenter

Philippe Crist

  1. 1. bipedalism
  2. 2. for people in a hurry
  3. 3. 10-15 km/hr Average speed in European urban centres at peak periods 12-14 km/hr (Dublin) 15 km/hr (Lyon) 15.5 km/hr (Copenhagen) Prudhomme and Bocarejo, 2005, City of Paris, 2012, Jensen et al, 2010
  4. 4. for people who cannot afford to be late
  5. 5. for healthy people
  6. 6. onbalance,themonetisedbenefits from improvedhealthare upto greater thanthecombinedhealth impactsofcrashesandexposureto airpollution 20x
  7. 7. Today’s childrens’ cardiovascular fitness compared to 30 years ago -15% G. Tomkinson et al, 2013
  8. 8. for local shops
  9. 9. Who spends what in shops? 15.4 15.3 11.0 6.8 Revenue in Copenhagen shops and supermarkets by mode of transport (DKK billion/yr) City of Copenhagen
  10. 10. Who spends what in shops? Expenditure, Portland (shops, restaurants,bars) by mode of transport (USD person/month) OTREC, Examining Consumer Bevaviour and Travel Choices 76 61 66 58
  11. 11. Retail revenue per square foot and per hour of occupied parking $A 0.69 $A 0.19 Lee, 2008
  12. 12. 2011 Salt Lake City, USA S 3rd & S 300th 40.7628885,-111.8825773
  13. 13. 2015 Salt Lake City, USA S 3rd & S 300th 40.7628885,-111.8825773 City of Salt Lake City, 2015 300 South Street Reconfiguration P -30% +30% $ +9%
  14. 14. 41% 6% 42% 22% 10% 55% estimated actual Bristol Shopowner estimates of customer access mode
  15. 15. 32% 58% 5% 8% 42% 55% estimated actual Graz, AT Shopowner estimates of customer access mode
  16. 16. for successful cities
  17. 17. Tami Door, President, Downtown Denver Partnership, Inc. “The number one thing [tech companies] want is bike lanes. Ten years ago we never would have thought that walkability or bike lanes would be economic development tools”
  18. 18. “I believe that cycling is a fundamental part of the future city and has been a critical factor in Google’s decision to invest in King’s Cross and London itself” Dan Cobley, (ex) Managing Director, Google UK
  19. 19. “We look forward to using the protected {cycle } routes to help us attract and retain the people we need to continue to thrive” Michel Van Der Bel, CEO Microsoft, UK.
  20. 20. “Itismuchmore cost-feasibleformeto[enhance thecore city]withprotected bikelanes,thanitisformetogowayout somewhere, putinsewers,streetlights,andallthisstuff. [Cycling]bodeswell forourcitizensandtheirhealth…butit alsobodeswell forthefinances ofthecity.” A.C.WhartonJr, Mayor, Memphis, TN, USA 655 155 inhabitants,
  21. 21. for cohesive cities
  22. 22. supernormal
  23. 23. Makingcyclistssafe inthecurrenttrafficsystem?
  24. 24. Makingthesystemsafe for(newandexisting)cyclists?
  25. 25. A B A B A B Getting from A to B: Today
  26. 26. Getting from A to B: Want A B A B A B
  27. 27. 2008 Suwon, South Korea Paldal-gu, 37.275380, 127.019707
  28. 28. 2014 Suwon, South Korea Paldal-gu, 37.275380, 127.019707
  29. 29. 2009 Lisbon, Portugal Av. Duque de Ávila 38.7351324,-9.1490139,17
  30. 30. 2014 Lisbon, Portugal Av. Duque de Ávila 38.7351324,-9.1490139,17
  31. 31. 2008 St. Germain-en- Laye, France Rue Léon Désoyer 48.899641, 2.081805
  32. 32. 2014 St. Germain-en- Laye, France Rue Léon Désoyer 48.899641, 2.081805
  33. 33. Continuous cycle network of high standard on routes and at intersections, improve cyclist safety, security and accessibility, and is thus an important basis for increasing bicycle use.
  34. 34. Copenhagen, DK Tracks & Lanes
  35. 35. Bremen, DE Tracks & Lanes
  36. 36. Sevilla, ES Tracks & Lanes
  37. 37. SPACE CAPACITY COST 2.5M2.5M 20 M 25%of the 38,000/DAY 40,000/DAY 95%of the 1.3$ $142K/KM $11.25M/KM %of the BICYCLE TRACKS vs. CITY ROADS Gehl Architects
  38. 38. 18€ per capita per year City of Copenhagen’s annual cycling infrastructure and maintenance budget
  39. 39. On balance: benefits and costs 13:1averagebenefittocostratio(UKandnonUK) 8-33%Ratesofreturnforcyclistbridgeand intersectionre-designinCopenhagen Sensitive to context, assumptions (health, modal transfer) and costs – but….
  40. 40. Protected Bicycle Lanes in NYC 2nd Avenue cycling +9 to 160% injuries -20% speed +0 to 14% before after after
  41. 41. When you prioritise active mobility, it makes getting around easier for everyone, including drivers. If you design a city for cars, it fails for everyone, including drivers… Brent Toderian. TODERIAN UrbanWorks, former Director of City Planning, Vancouver

×