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Abstract expressionism1

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Abstract expressionism1

  2. 2.  Started in New York in the 40’s and 50’s Cultivated through:ExpressionismSocial RealismRegionalistSurrealism Developed in the context of overlapping diverse sources andinspirations
  3. 3. Artists used their paintings to reveal their subconscious without aspecific subject in mindGenuinely free and loosely structuredGave artists liberty to convey attitudes and emotionsAn approach to modernism/post-modernismNon-traditional art
  4. 4. Unifying theme of shapes, lines, and forms meant to createUnifying factor for artists was exploration of the avant garde ofabstractionDeclaration of personal freedom“To understand Abstract Expressionism, one must understand thecrisis of war and its aftermath.” (Warner Hammersting, 1998)
  5. 5. A movement of the mid 20th century comprising diverse styles andtechniques and emphasizing non tradtional means.Two main concepts:Energetic gestures (action painting)Open fields of color
  6. 6. Action Painting Uses impulsive gestures to splatter paint onto the canvas The artist would drip or pour paint directly onto the canvas
  7. 7. Harnessed large canvases to the floor and used abnormal tools likesticks and knives to spread paint throughout the entire canvas.Jackson Pollock was considered to be the creator of the action drippainting
  8. 8. Jackson Pollock Born in Wyoming Had four siblings who all became artists Thomas Hart Benton, a realist, introduced him to non-objective painting David Alfaro Siqueiros introduced him to large scale paintinsas well as the drip and paint technique
  9. 9. Number 8, 1949 (detail)1949 (280 Kb)
  10. 10. Lavender Mist: Number 1, 1950
  11. 11. Full Fathom Five; 1947
  12. 12. Color Fields Focuses on the shape and color. Artists would use the basic elements as a means of expression They have no focal point Emphasizes the flatness of the canvas
  13. 13. This technique is very simplePressures audience to explore the deeper emotions the artist putinto the canvasThe overlapping areas of flat color create tension
  14. 14. Mark Rothko Born in Dvinsk, Russia Moved to New York and enrolled in the Art Student League Was introduced to expressionism in the 1920’s
  15. 15. Violet, Black, Orange, Yellow on White and Red; 1949
  16. 16. Slow Swirl at the Edge of the SeaMark Rothko-1944
  17. 17. Four Darks in Red, 1958.
  18. 18. Willem De Kooning Born in Rotterdam Dutch American abstract expressionist Known for pure abstractions of human figure and landscape “The attitude that nature is chaotic and that the artist putsorder into it is a very absurd point of view, I think. All that wecan hope for is to put some order into ourselves. ” — Willemde Kooning
  19. 19. Woman III, 1953
  20. 20. Woman V, 1953
  21. 21. Gotham News, 1955
  22. 22. Lee Krasner Born in Brooklyn, New York Known for cutting apart drawings to create collages Small surviving body of work Wife of Krasner
  23. 23. Noon, 1947
  24. 24. White Squares
  25. 25. Impact Started abstract canvas phase Painting have people something to relate to Moved away from “contained art” concept Moved focus from Europe to America