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What is Climate-Smart Agriculture? Background, opportunities and challenges 
Global Landscape Forum 7/12/2014, Lima, COP 2...
Outline 
•Why CSA 
•What do we mean by CSA 
•Some examples
A Triple Challenge 
•Food Security and Nutrition: more food, in quantity, quality and diversity, everywhere for everyone 
...
A growing demand 
-World’s population will increase by one-third by 2050 
-In some countries, population will double, or m...
Main effects of climate change on agricultural production 
•Decrease of production in certain areas 
•Changes in the geogr...
Impact on Food and Nutrition Security 
•Impacts on the most vulnerable countries 
•Impacts on the most vulnerable people, ...
Agriculture can contribute to mitigate 
•Reduce emissions per kg of output (decorrelate production growth and emissions gr...
Concept of CSA first presented by FAO in 2010. 
An approach to address these 3 interlinked challenges by appropriate: 
- p...
CSA Food systems More efficient and more resilient 
1.More food, in quantity, quality and diversity 
2.Adapt to Climate Ch...
Increasing the general resilience of food systems 
•Consider adaptation to CC as part of the broader need to build a more ...
Systems 
at different 
scales 
Gitz & Meybeck 2012
Preserving the Agro-forestry system on Mount Kilimanjaro 
Kihamba landscape, Tanzania
Sustainable grazing for better livelihoods in China 
Yak grazing in Qinghai, China
Woman harvesting in Kenya 
Climate-smart agriculture for smallholder farmers in Kenya and Tanzania
Andean agriculture: the importance of genetic diversity 
Varieties of potato for sale at the local market, Peru
A landscape approach for policy making, planning, and monitoring in the Kagera river basin 
A panoramic view of Lake Burer...
Promoting the development of urea deep placement in Nigeria through South/South cooperation 
Rice farmer examines his crop...
Thank you!
Alexandre Meybeck: What is climate-smart agriculture: background, opportunities and challenges
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Alexandre Meybeck: What is climate-smart agriculture: background, opportunities and challenges

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http://www.landscapes.org/glf-2014/agenda-item/day-2-dec-7/six-parallel-multi-stakeholder-discussion-forums/using-climate-smart-technologies-scale-climate-smart-agriculture-practices-2/

Publié dans : Environnement
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Alexandre Meybeck: What is climate-smart agriculture: background, opportunities and challenges

  1. 1. What is Climate-Smart Agriculture? Background, opportunities and challenges Global Landscape Forum 7/12/2014, Lima, COP 20 Alexandre Meybeck, FAO
  2. 2. Outline •Why CSA •What do we mean by CSA •Some examples
  3. 3. A Triple Challenge •Food Security and Nutrition: more food, in quantity, quality and diversity, everywhere for everyone •Adapt to Climate Change •Contribute to mitigate Climate Change
  4. 4. A growing demand -World’s population will increase by one-third by 2050 -In some countries, population will double, or more. -FAO estimates that global agricultural production will have to increase by 60% to satisfy increased demand, driven by population growth and diet changes
  5. 5. Main effects of climate change on agricultural production •Decrease of production in certain areas •Changes in the geography of productions •Increased variability of production
  6. 6. Impact on Food and Nutrition Security •Impacts on the most vulnerable countries •Impacts on the most vulnerable people, including small holders •Impacts on food security and nutrition
  7. 7. Agriculture can contribute to mitigate •Reduce emissions per kg of output (decorrelate production growth and emissions growth) •Enhance agricultural soil carbons sinks
  8. 8. Concept of CSA first presented by FAO in 2010. An approach to address these 3 interlinked challenges by appropriate: - practices - policies & institutions - finances
  9. 9. CSA Food systems More efficient and more resilient 1.More food, in quantity, quality and diversity 2.Adapt to Climate Change 3.Contribute to mitigate Climate Change More resource efficient systems: use less land, water, inputs to produce more food sustainably More resilient systems to changes and shocks
  10. 10. Increasing the general resilience of food systems •Consider adaptation to CC as part of the broader need to build a more resilient food system •In the perspective of having to produce more food •Consider the needs and rights of farmers •Protect vulnerable groups and communities from major price swings •Lack of sustainability in food production is a key threat to resilience (HLPE, 2012)
  11. 11. Systems at different scales Gitz & Meybeck 2012
  12. 12. Preserving the Agro-forestry system on Mount Kilimanjaro Kihamba landscape, Tanzania
  13. 13. Sustainable grazing for better livelihoods in China Yak grazing in Qinghai, China
  14. 14. Woman harvesting in Kenya Climate-smart agriculture for smallholder farmers in Kenya and Tanzania
  15. 15. Andean agriculture: the importance of genetic diversity Varieties of potato for sale at the local market, Peru
  16. 16. A landscape approach for policy making, planning, and monitoring in the Kagera river basin A panoramic view of Lake Burera, Rwanda
  17. 17. Promoting the development of urea deep placement in Nigeria through South/South cooperation Rice farmer examines his crop in Kiroka, Tanzania
  18. 18. Thank you!

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