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The 7 Minute
Accessibility Assessment
& App Rating System 
AIDAN TIERNEY
@AIDANA11Y
ɱ
‘Is it accessible?’   
No budget
No time
WCAG
What?
No budget
No time
7 minute
assessment
WCAG
What?
5 star rating
system
An accessibility rating
system non-specialists
will understand
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
How long does it
take your users to
rate your apps?
Rapid vs. comprehensive
full assessment 7 minute assessment
output
rating

list of every issue
rating
few word summary
no issue list
skill needed ...
7 minute assessment output is only a rating,
with a few sentence summary.


No list of issues.
Things you'll need
Advanced skills in WCAG conformance testing:
• screen reader testing experience
• colour contrast testing
• assessing seve...
The 7 minute
assessment procedure
Launch app 
Explore - push, trigger, grab
Media
Identify up to 4 test screens and
a core task
Run Android Accessibility Scanner
(if applicable - it's not for Health)
Screen reader: read from top
Listen for:
name, role, state
Note any issues
Repeat for all
test screens
Screen reader: complete a core task,
trigger errors
Send to workstation:
Screenshots & Scanner results 
On workstation: colour contrast
Can be skipped on Android (Scanner finds these)
Review issues: severity & impact
Issue  Severity
Profile button missing accessible name
Colour contrast issues
 
Severity & User Impact
Blocks: total? task? with workaround?
Annoyances
Trivial and technical non-conformance
User context influences impact
Severity User impact of issue  Examples
1 Crash or total block
Cannot log in
Inaccessible CAPTCHA
No screens reads in scre...
Review issues: severity & impact
Issue  Severity
Profile button missing accessible name 3
Colour contrast issues 3
 
Assign rating,
Write very brief summary
(no defect list)
You'll also send a 'key' to rating and severity scales
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
5 Star
Accessibility Rating System
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
⋆ ⋆ ⋆
⋆ ⋆
⋆
Rating
Level of
accessibility
Tolerance for issues
5 star Very high
No Severity 1 or 2.
Some minor impact issues may exist...
You could modify the degree of
tolerance for your own scale.
The point is to have a rating scale
that a non-specialist wil...
Assign rating, write summary
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
"Five stars. Very accessible.
Unlabelled button on home screen.
Minor colour contra...
Demo: iOS Health App
Lab: let's try it out
Review issues: severity & impact
Issue  Severity
 
Assign rating,
Write very brief summary
(no defect list)
You'll also send a 'key' to rating and severity scales
⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
Lastly
Not a substitute for full testing
Subjective, yes, but imagine other
users
No list of issues
Requires accessibility experi...
“What do you think?
Could you use this?
What would you change?”
ɳ
The 7 Minute
Accessibility Assessment
& App Rating System 
AIDAN TIERNEY
@AIDANA11Y
ɱ
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The 7 minute accessibility assessment and app rating system

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"Is it accessible?" When a formal assessment isn't possible, here's a framework for rapid user-centered testing with a five star rating system non-specialists will understand.

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The 7 minute accessibility assessment and app rating system

  1. 1. The 7 Minute Accessibility Assessment & App Rating System  AIDAN TIERNEY @AIDANA11Y ɱ
  2. 2. ‘Is it accessible?’   
  3. 3. No budget No time WCAG What?
  4. 4. No budget No time 7 minute assessment WCAG What? 5 star rating system
  5. 5. An accessibility rating system non-specialists will understand ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
  6. 6. How long does it take your users to rate your apps?
  7. 7. Rapid vs. comprehensive
  8. 8. full assessment 7 minute assessment output rating
 list of every issue rating few word summary no issue list skill needed intermediate advanced or expert time days minutes cost significant minimal
  9. 9. 7 minute assessment output is only a rating, with a few sentence summary. 
 No list of issues.
  10. 10. Things you'll need
  11. 11. Advanced skills in WCAG conformance testing: • screen reader testing experience • colour contrast testing • assessing severity or user impact of issues Understand rating system and severity/user impact scales  Ability to imagine another user's experience Login details and test data, if necessary  
  12. 12. The 7 minute assessment procedure
  13. 13. Launch app 
  14. 14. Explore - push, trigger, grab
  15. 15. Media
  16. 16. Identify up to 4 test screens and a core task
  17. 17. Run Android Accessibility Scanner (if applicable - it's not for Health)
  18. 18. Screen reader: read from top Listen for: name, role, state Note any issues Repeat for all test screens
  19. 19. Screen reader: complete a core task, trigger errors
  20. 20. Send to workstation: Screenshots & Scanner results 
  21. 21. On workstation: colour contrast Can be skipped on Android (Scanner finds these)
  22. 22. Review issues: severity & impact Issue  Severity Profile button missing accessible name Colour contrast issues  
  23. 23. Severity & User Impact
  24. 24. Blocks: total? task? with workaround? Annoyances Trivial and technical non-conformance User context influences impact
  25. 25. Severity User impact of issue  Examples 1 Crash or total block Cannot log in Inaccessible CAPTCHA No screens reads in screen reader  2 Cannot complete core task Unlabelled items - no context No captions on video Items don't work in screen reader Severe colour contrast/use colour 3 User may experience difficulty, confusion, irritation but issue would not prevent a user from completing a task  Unlabelled control, clear in context  Items read twice Error presentment non-fatal issues Minor colour contrast 4 Minor inconvenience or Technical non-conformance with no user impact  Spelling mistakes in alt text or captions (meaning preserved)
  26. 26. Review issues: severity & impact Issue  Severity Profile button missing accessible name 3 Colour contrast issues 3  
  27. 27. Assign rating, Write very brief summary (no defect list) You'll also send a 'key' to rating and severity scales ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
  28. 28. 5 Star Accessibility Rating System ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
  29. 29. ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
  30. 30. Rating Level of accessibility Tolerance for issues 5 star Very high No Severity 1 or 2. Some minor impact issues may exist. No issues prevent user completing a core task. Low incidence of issues. 4 star High No Severity 1 or 2. Some minor impact issues may exist. No issues prevent user completing core task.  Users could get through tasks, despite annoyances. 3 star Moderate No Severity 1. May contain Severity 2. Issues may prevent users completing non-core tasks. Users experience many annoyances, confusion. Lack of attention to detail across the application.  2 star Low Issues will prevent users completing core tasks. Poor overall accessibility quality.     1 star Very low Severe issues and overall inattention to accessibility.
  31. 31. You could modify the degree of tolerance for your own scale. The point is to have a rating scale that a non-specialist will understand.
  32. 32. Assign rating, write summary ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ "Five stars. Very accessible. Unlabelled button on home screen. Minor colour contrast issues"
  33. 33. Demo: iOS Health App
  34. 34. Lab: let's try it out
  35. 35. Review issues: severity & impact Issue  Severity  
  36. 36. Assign rating, Write very brief summary (no defect list) You'll also send a 'key' to rating and severity scales ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆
  37. 37. Lastly
  38. 38. Not a substitute for full testing Subjective, yes, but imagine other users No list of issues Requires accessibility experience Can use ratings to summarize full assessments too
  39. 39. “What do you think? Could you use this? What would you change?” ɳ
  40. 40. The 7 Minute Accessibility Assessment & App Rating System  AIDAN TIERNEY @AIDANA11Y ɱ

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