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Project On

GSM Based Fault Monitoring System


Group members






Aishwary Verma
Suraj Kumar
Prashun Kumar
Mishra
...
Introduction
 OBJECTIVE
The goal of this presentation is to explain
working of our project GSM Based Fault Monitoring
Sys...
Agenda
View of Project
 Components used in the Project
 Circuit Diagram
 Working
 Scope for future enhancement
 Featu...
View of Project
Components Used
Diodes & Resistors
 Capacitors
 LM78XX Regulator
 LM358 OPAmp
 Microcontroller
 Relay Unit
 LED
 GS...
LM78XX REGULATORS






Each type employs internal current limiting, thermal shut
down and safe operating area protecti...
LM358 OPAmp


The LM358/LM358A
consist of two independent,
high gain, internally
frequency compensated
operational amplif...
8051 Microcontroller


The following are some of the
capabilities of 8051
Microcontroller




1. Internal ROM and RAM...
Relay Unit









Relay unit has been designed to
operate in accordance with the
switching signal and controlled
q...
GSM MODEM
In this Project GSM
Modem is used to develop a
Interface between Mobile &
Microcontroller by using
GSM Sim.
 It...
Power Supply for the Circuit
WORKING






We are giving power supply through adapter.
Bridge rectifier is used to convert AC into DC.
Filter circu...
CONTD…
sends sms “ Industrial
fault Monitoring device” when we on
the device.
 When fault occur relay trips & after
some ...
Block Diagram
SCOPE FOR FUTURE ENHANCEMENT


The scope for the future enhancement of the
circuit is also shown in the block diagram. If...
Features
A message will be sent on the number of Supervisor
when the fault occur in the transmission system.
 Long life
...
ADVANTAGES
 No

need to monitor from relay room.
 System can be monitored and controlled from
anywhere.
 Save time.
 S...
Area of Application
The major areas captured by it are :
Power Grid
 Factories
 Industrial Area
 Home Automation.
 And...
Precautions
All the components must be as per the circuit
specification.
 Microcontroller & LM78XX should be mounted on t...
Conclusion & Results


Hence by this project we can Monitor the
fault at power grids using GSM Based Mobile
by means of S...
References











^ The Authoritative Dictionary of IEEE Standards Terms (IEEE 100) (seventh
edition ed.). P...
Thank you!
GSM Based Fault Monitoring System (Project)
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GSM Based Fault Monitoring System (Project)

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This is a modern technique of Monitoring of switchyard which is used in many other countries.
It will be useful for reducing requirement of manpower.
When a fault occurred a SMS will be sent to the registered mobile number detailing about type of fault and location of fault.

Publié dans : Technologie, Business
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GSM Based Fault Monitoring System (Project)

  1. 1. Project On GSM Based Fault Monitoring System  Group members      Aishwary Verma Suraj Kumar Prashun Kumar Mishra Gulshan Kumar Jha Dhruva Jyoti  Supervised by  Asst. Prof. Alok Ranjan
  2. 2. Introduction  OBJECTIVE The goal of this presentation is to explain working of our project GSM Based Fault Monitoring System. It helps to monitor the Power Grid, Industry. We have no need to put a person on relay room to monitor the Fault/ Relay . This project designs an indication system with overvoltage and over-current.
  3. 3. Agenda View of Project  Components used in the Project  Circuit Diagram  Working  Scope for future enhancement  Features & Advantages  Area of Application  Precautions  References 
  4. 4. View of Project
  5. 5. Components Used Diodes & Resistors  Capacitors  LM78XX Regulator  LM358 OPAmp  Microcontroller  Relay Unit  LED  GSM Modem 
  6. 6. LM78XX REGULATORS    Each type employs internal current limiting, thermal shut down and safe operating area protection, making it essentially indestructible. Although designed primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these devices can be used with external components to obtain adjustable voltages and currents. The LM78XX series of three terminal positive regulators.
  7. 7. LM358 OPAmp  The LM358/LM358A consist of two independent, high gain, internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltage.
  8. 8. 8051 Microcontroller  The following are some of the capabilities of 8051 Microcontroller    1. Internal ROM and RAM 2. I/O ports with programmable pins 3. Timers and counters 4. Serial data communication
  9. 9. Relay Unit       Relay unit has been designed to operate in accordance with the switching signal and controlled quantity. Following are the points upon which relay has been selected: Operating voltage- Should lie between 5V – 12V Low loss Instantaneous operation. Compact size Equipped with NO an NC contacts.
  10. 10. GSM MODEM In this Project GSM Modem is used to develop a Interface between Mobile & Microcontroller by using GSM Sim.  It connects Microcontroller to network provider to send the SMS. 
  11. 11. Power Supply for the Circuit
  12. 12. WORKING     We are giving power supply through adapter. Bridge rectifier is used to convert AC into DC. Filter circuit is used to removes the unwanted repulses and its output is fed at the input terminal of LM78XX series regulator. The 12V constant Voltage is fed to Relay & 5V is fed to the Modem & Microcontroller.
  13. 13. CONTD… sends sms “ Industrial fault Monitoring device” when we on the device.  When fault occur relay trips & after some time a SMS will be send to the predefined number about type of fault.  Microcontroller
  14. 14. Block Diagram
  15. 15. SCOPE FOR FUTURE ENHANCEMENT  The scope for the future enhancement of the circuit is also shown in the block diagram. If an amplifier connected to the motor or various other equipment at the power grid is connected to the microcontroller circuit and suitable programming is done then along with the fault detection controlling of power grid can also be done by the use of GSM technology.
  16. 16. Features A message will be sent on the number of Supervisor when the fault occur in the transmission system.  Long life  No need to monitor from the Relay room.  Negligible electricity consumption  Easy to Install  No Maintenance Required  Very affordable price 
  17. 17. ADVANTAGES  No need to monitor from relay room.  System can be monitored and controlled from anywhere.  Save time.  Save men work.  Mobile number can be changed at any time.
  18. 18. Area of Application The major areas captured by it are : Power Grid  Factories  Industrial Area  Home Automation.  And many more………….. 
  19. 19. Precautions All the components must be as per the circuit specification.  Microcontroller & LM78XX should be mounted on the IC base.  Modem tower must be in vertical position for good network.  I. C. should not be heated much while soldering; too much heat can destroy the I.C.  Opposite polarity of Supply can destroy I.C so please check the polarity before switching ON the circuit. 
  20. 20. Conclusion & Results  Hence by this project we can Monitor the fault at power grids using GSM Based Mobile by means of SMS.  Grid status will not be lost in power failure condition.
  21. 21. References           ^ The Authoritative Dictionary of IEEE Standards Terms (IEEE 100) (seventh edition ed.). Piscataway, New Jersey: IEEE Press. 2000. ISBN 0-7381-2601-2. ^ a b Ulaby, p.168 ^ Ulaby, p.157 ^ a b Ulaby, p.169 ^ "Capacitor charging and discharging : DC CIRCUITS". All About Circuits. http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_6/chpt_3/17.html. Retrieved 2009-02-19. ^ a b "Nick Holonyak, Jr. 2004 Lemelson-MIT Prize Winner". Lemenson-MIT Program. Retrieved 2007-08-13. ^ Moreno, Ivan; Sun, Ching-Cherng (2008). "Modeling the radiation pattern of LEDs". Optics Express 16 (3): 1808. doi:10.1364/OE.16.001808. PMID 18542260. www.google.com www.wikipedia.org http://phoenixnavigation.com/ptbc/home.htm
  22. 22. Thank you!

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