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Presented By
JESNA BABY
1
Definition
It is defined as a mosquito borne
infectious disease of human caused by
parasitic protozon of the genus plasmod...
 By protozoan parasites of the genus protoz
plasmodium.
 4 species
 Plasmodium falciparum
 Plasmodium vivax
 Plasmodi...
 An estimated 300 million cases of malaria
occur each year.
 Annually accounting for 1.5 to 2.7 million
death
 Most of ...
5
6
7
8
9
 Vector transmission – Bite by infective female
anopheles mosquitoes
 Direct transmission
 Blood transfusion
 The use ...
 Fever
 Shaking chills
 Headache
 Tiredness
 Nausea
 Vomiting
 Diarrhea
 It may cause anaemia and jaundice
11
 Environmental factor
 A warm humid climate temperature between
16℃ and 40℃ and abundant rainfall have
anopheles mosquit...
 Human factor
 Poor water supply and sanitation
 People working in the field and in irrigation
system near or on lakes ...
PREVENTION
 Preventing mosquito accessing egg laying habitats by
management& modification
 Coverivg ,emptying&cleaning o...
 Using personal household protection such as window
screen,long sleeved clothes,coils,vaporizers
 Massage exposed body p...
 Prevent patient from being bitten by mosquitoes
 Breed small mosquito eating fishes in artificial pond to
eradicate mos...
 Blood film examination
o Thick blood film
Used for detecting malaria larger volume
of blood is examined allowing detecti...
 Thin blood film
o Gives more information about the parasite
morphology and therefore is used to identify
the particular ...
 Rapid diagnostic tests
 PCR based techniques
 Fluorescent techniques
 Serologic tests
19
 Quinine
 Chloroquine
 Mefloquine
 Antibiotic (eg: doxocycline,
dindamycin,azithramycin)
20
21
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Malaria, its pathology, epidemiology and clinical manifestations

discussed about what is malaria, what are the causetive organisms of malaria, what are the reasons for malaria, what are the symptoms of malaria, how can it be diagnosed, what are the risk factors, how can it be prevented etc. also dicusses about the life cycle of malaria

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Malaria, its pathology, epidemiology and clinical manifestations

  1. 1. Presented By JESNA BABY 1
  2. 2. Definition It is defined as a mosquito borne infectious disease of human caused by parasitic protozon of the genus plasmodium transmitted via a bite form an infected female anopheles mosquito. 2
  3. 3.  By protozoan parasites of the genus protoz plasmodium.  4 species  Plasmodium falciparum  Plasmodium vivax  Plasmodium ovale  Plasmodium malariae People get malaria by bittening of infected female Anopheloes mosquito. 3
  4. 4.  An estimated 300 million cases of malaria occur each year.  Annually accounting for 1.5 to 2.7 million death  Most of the death are due to infection with plasmodium falciparum & occur among children & pregnant women in the developing world , especially sub- Saharan Africa. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10.  Vector transmission – Bite by infective female anopheles mosquitoes  Direct transmission  Blood transfusion  The use of contaminated needle and syringe  Organ transplant  Congential transmission  mother to new born 10
  11. 11.  Fever  Shaking chills  Headache  Tiredness  Nausea  Vomiting  Diarrhea  It may cause anaemia and jaundice 11
  12. 12.  Environmental factor  A warm humid climate temperature between 16℃ and 40℃ and abundant rainfall have anopheles mosquitoes  Vegetation nearby to provide shade for the mosquito to hide the day and digest the blood meal from the night before 12
  13. 13.  Human factor  Poor water supply and sanitation  People working in the field and in irrigation system near or on lakes and reservoris  Migrates moving into malarial areas clearing land looking for work refuges 13
  14. 14. PREVENTION  Preventing mosquito accessing egg laying habitats by management& modification  Coverivg ,emptying&cleaning of domestic water storage containers  apply insecticides to water storage outdoor containers
  15. 15.  Using personal household protection such as window screen,long sleeved clothes,coils,vaporizers  Massage exposed body parts with insect repellent,  Spread awareness about dengue mosquito
  16. 16.  Prevent patient from being bitten by mosquitoes  Breed small mosquito eating fishes in artificial pond to eradicate mosquito larvae
  17. 17.  Blood film examination o Thick blood film Used for detecting malaria larger volume of blood is examined allowing detection of even low levels of parasitaemia. 17
  18. 18.  Thin blood film o Gives more information about the parasite morphology and therefore is used to identify the particular infecting species of plasmodium 18
  19. 19.  Rapid diagnostic tests  PCR based techniques  Fluorescent techniques  Serologic tests 19
  20. 20.  Quinine  Chloroquine  Mefloquine  Antibiotic (eg: doxocycline, dindamycin,azithramycin) 20
  21. 21. 21

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