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Livelihood.pptx

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Livelihood.pptx

  1. 1. Perception of the city through the lens of a hijra Primary data Should build a case towards perception of the city. Main body + annexure + excerpts
  2. 2. Hijras of Mumbai • Mumbai’s hijra community is estimated to be over a lakh strong, but there is no official figure. Around 40,000 had identified themselves as ‘Transgender’ in a survey in 2011. • “Describing hijra as transgender” is simply so that we have an equivalent in English. • The hijra identity is unique because of its ‘third gender’ identity preference, Jamaat subculture, and acceptance of third gender within the India society because of their religious cultural background.
  3. 3. Livelihood- Transgender of Mumbai • Means of securing basic necessities: Food, Shelter, Water • Capacity of acquiring them: Skills, Employability • Opportunity
  4. 4. Shelter • Hijra’s or Transgenders usually live collectively in Ghettos. • In Mumbai and Thane, many such ghettos exist in neighbourhoods like Dharavi, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Byculla, and Malad. • The eviction of the poor from the city of Mumbai takes its toll on the ghettos. They begin to shrink in size. The hijras then disperse toward townships like Navi Mumbai where survival is a bit easier.
  5. 5. Bhandup Mulund Sion Koliwada Kamathipura Thane Hijra Ghettos of Mumbai
  6. 6. • Transgender or gender non-conforming individuals are disowned by families and society (62.7%,Naco – India) leading to loss of residence. Forced migration, Loss of birth ID proof Community Living ( Guru/Chela) Or Individual Living Deprivation of Higher Education, Forced to attain alternative means of earning. Livelihood vulnerability directly increases risk and vulnerability to HIV. National HIV prevalence is 0.31%, whereas HIV prevalence among the transgender community is estimated to be 8.2%.
  7. 7. In order to be a part of the community, the chela’s must manage the household chores. This exchange is supplemented by monetary contributions from their daily earnings too. Picture: KobiWolf Photojournalist
  8. 8. • Begging is the main livelihood option among transgender persons (52%), followed by Sex-work (14%) and giving blessings on occasions(14%). • Children or young adults usually run away from homes once they discover their sexuality and have little option but to join the guru- chela system. The guru looks after the understudy and help him/her mould their lives. • Maharashtra is the second state to constitute a welfare board for transgenders. • They can qualify for Class IV government jobs under reservation.
  9. 9. AVANYA, WHO SPEAKS IMPECCABLE ENGLISH, SHARES AN EXPERIENCE AT A JOB INTERVIEW. “I WAS SELECTED AT A COMPANY IN GOREGAON; WE EVEN DISCUSSED THE SALARY. THEY OFFERED ME RS 24,000.... I AGREED BUT WHILE PROCESSING MY DOCUMENTS, WHICH INDICATED THAT I AM A TG, THEY POLITELY TOLD ME I WOULD NOT BE ACCEPTED. WHAT COULD I SAY?”
  10. 10. Interaction Internal – External Interaction Internal: Community Living • Although most hijras are reticent, it’s known that the community is headed by seven secretive nayaks who live in Byculla. They also have a panchayat. • The community also has a panchayat of its own where disputes are settled and punishments handed out. • A blend of hindu-muslim cultural identity is one of its kinds in gharanas and castration is considered as a gateway to womanhood.
  11. 11. Gharanas – Community Regulated by Jamaats Headed by Nayaks Chelas Daughters ( naathis) Granddaughters ( saadak Naathis ) `
  12. 12. • At the recently held Trans Empowerment Mela organised by Anam Prem some individuals have taken up entrepreneurial roles despite societal restrictions.
  13. 13. Rituals and Traditions • Since death is a somber affair, burial or cremation takes place without any fanfare. Some also believe that they carry out their death rituals at night. • The central ceremony of hijra life is the emasculation operation. It is viewed as a rebirth; the new eunuch created by it is called a Nirvan. • Kinnars are known to crash weddings and appear at birth celebrations demanding lots of money. Everyone is eager to pay for good fortune.
  14. 14. External Interaction: • They do not entertain the media, nor do they encourage talk about internal practices.
  15. 15. Project Bolo Interview Nisha • When did you first meet people like you? • Were there any other places apart from R gate where you met people like you and felt comfortable? - between city bus stop and r gate for social interaction ‘after 9 pm’ • Influence of Bombay – Sex change • What did you find in bombay? – Malwani first ghetto, cant go in the day in pant shirt. Asha guru. Didn’t let her out. Dholak playing with guru in weddings. Monday – ghatkoper Tuesday – Santacruz Wedneday – Malad for shops. • Hotels, Shops become a way of identifying the city – Reference nishas trip to mumbai as a child. • Dahisar east – nemployment inspite of learning ; • House near railway can hear it in the background. Find out relation between ghettos and railway Nisha – dadar to south mombai, dadar to dahisar. Had no knowledge about harbour line. What made her sedentary for 11 years? Mumbai gave her an opportunity to work in a community for it. Community based organiation – CBO
  16. 16. Interview with Laxmi Narayan Tripathi • Ashok Row kavi- First homosexual public, Maheshwari Garden the mecca. • Were there places you could meet others? Maheshwari garden kings circle, meeting. Bandra,Bandstand. • Thane st stand, Talao pali, used to dress up. • Queer Safe spaces? • Drag queen contests, parties • Bhandup, Solapur for Hijras in sex work • vajeshwari hot springs is religious • Guru is like a guardian, 7 families, 7 heads. • lashkar house on 2nd floor, lata naik guru initiated her.
  17. 17. Monday : Victoria Terminus and Churchgate Tuesday : Bandra Wednesday: Mankurd Thursday: Sandoz Road Friday: Masjid Bunder Saturday: Sion Koliwada Sunday: Chembur

Notes de l'éditeur

  • Find places of work, kamathioura dance bars

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