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UNC Cause chris maher ibm High Performance Computing HPC

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UNC Cause 2011 Chris Maher, VP IBM HPC Development and Doug Beary, Datatrend Technologies HPC Archtitect

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UNC Cause chris maher ibm High Performance Computing HPC

  1. 1. Technical Computing /High Performance ComputingUniversity PerspectiveChris Maher, IBM Vice President HPC Developmentmaherc@us.ibm.com
  2. 2. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  3. 3. The world is getting smarter – more instrumented,interconnected, intelligentSmarter Intelligent Smarter Smarter Smarter Smarter retailtraffic oil field food healthcare energy gridssystems technologies systemsSmarter Smarter Smarter Smarter Smarter Smarterwater mgmt supply chains countries weather regions cities ...and this is driving a new economic climate.
  4. 4. Technical computing is being applied to a broader set of industries enabling more areas for collaborative work at universities HPC 1.0 HPC HPC 2.0 Low + 1.5 + “Data Research Engineering/Simulations Analysis/Big Data/Cloud Driven” deployments HPC Problem Domains Addressed “Mainstream”HPC “entry costs” – investment “Applied” Technical Computing Technical Broad adoption across a variety of industries as Computing technology becomes affordable & pervasive Usage driven by modeling, simulation, predictive analysis workloads Large Industrial sectorand skill needed Delivered via Clusters, Grids and Cloud applications Digital Media Financial Services Life Sciences Electronic Automotive Design Aerospace Petroleum Automation Engineering Supercomputers Supercomputers Supercomputers Exascale Science, Research & Science, Research & Science, Research & The Next Grand Government Government Government Challenge High “Physics Driven” 1990’s Timeline 2010’s
  5. 5. Examples of growth for Technical Computing• Computational analysis• Upstream/downstream processing• Next-generation genomics• Satellite ground stations• Video capture and surveillance• 3-D computer modeling• Social media analysis• Data mining/unstructured information analysis (Watson-like)• Financial “tick” data analysis• Large-scale real-time CRM
  6. 6. Industry Trends The Data Deluge • Big data, big data management consuming researchers now • Very large projects have data measured in the 100s of petabytes Expanding the role of HPC and HPC Cloud on Campus • Myriad of campus needs for both high throughput computing and high performance (capability) computing using a shared environment • Best practices show cost reduction with central condominium facility where researchers can contribute their grant money and which serves the larger university community • HPC makes a university more competitive for grants Exascale computing will be a reality in 2018/9 • Petascale has been delivered(2008) • Large scale is being tackled now • In 2018, will large university installations have a multi petaflop computer? What will house it? What will be the power requirements? The Power Utilization Efficiency (PUE) of your datacenter is as important as the “green solution” you put in it.6
  7. 7. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  8. 8. What we are seeing as trends at the University Level • HPC is growing at a robust CAGR (6.9% according to Tabor) • HPC is required for a research university to attract faculty. • VP of Research titles changing to VP of Research and Economic Development acknowledging that joint ventures with companies is a MUST for universities • Greater partnerships with new industries • Power, cooling and space are making universities think about central vs. decentralized computing (total cost of ownership) • Next Generation Sequencing and in silico Biology, High Energy Physics, Search and Surveillance, Nanotechnology, Analytics are key workload areas Use of accelerators (for example nVidia) • HPC in the CLOUD becoming more relevant8
  9. 9. Sample Workload/ISVs• In silico Biology– Amber, NAMD, BLAST, FAST/A, HMMer, NGS.• Computational Chemistry– Gaussian, Jaguar, VASP, MOE, Open Eye, Accelrys Material Studio.• Matlab– used in most medical school settings• Statistics– IBM SPSS or SAS• High Energy Physics– workload from Cern LHC– Monte Carlo techniques• Quantum Physics– Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)• Analytics– COGNOS, Big Insights, InfoSphere Streams (large data being generated by the Square Kilometer Array), CERN, and Smarter Planet initiatives.9
  10. 10. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  11. 11. All these and more are contributing to theGrowing Data Explosion Petabytes Half a Zettabyte of Annual IP Traffic by 2013 (a trillion gigabytes; 1 followed by 21 zeroes) Terabytes MRIs will generate a Petabyte “IDC’s annual Digital “IDC’s annual Digital Gigabytes of data in 2010 Universe… indicates that Universe… indicates that over the next 10 years, over the next 10 years, data generation is data generation is expected to increase a expected to increase a Text messages generate staggering 44x” * staggering 44x” *Megabytes 400TB of data per day (US) Kilobytes 1980 1990 2000 2010 * The Ripple Effect of Seagates 3TB External HDD July 06, 2010 - IDC Link
  12. 12. Data Centric ThinkingToday’s Compute-Focused Model Future Data-Focused Model out put t in pu Data Data becomes Center of Attention Data lives on disk and tape We are never certain exactly where it is Move data to CPU as needed •Although we can ask Deep Storage Hierarchy Abstraction allows for specialization Abstraction allows for Storage Evolution
  13. 13. Top Storage/Data IssuesManaging Storage Growth Forecasting / Reporting Managing Costs Backup Administration Managing Complexity Performance ProblemsArchiving / Archive Mgmt Storage Provisioning 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Source: 2010 InfoPro Survey
  14. 14. At look at Next Generation Sequencing• Growth is 10x YTY
  15. 15. Managing the data explosion from NGS Sequencers can generate 2TB+ of final data per week/sequencer. Processing thedata is compute intensive; the data storage is PBs per medium sized institution. For example, BGI in China currently has 10 PB.
  16. 16. Average Storage Cost Trends Projected Storage Prices $50.00 $10.00$/GB $1.00 $0.01 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Industry Disk HC LC Disk Average Tape Source: Disk - Industry Analysts, Tape - IBM
  17. 17. Use of Tape Technology• Virtual Tape + deduplication growing technology for secondary data – Key value – time to restore – Use compute to reduce hardware costs – Add HA clustering and remote site replication• Tape used as the “Store” in large HPC configurations – Files required for job staged from tape to disk ‘cache’ by a data mover (HPSS) – Results written to disk, then destaged back to Tape• Hybrid disk and tape use for archive applications – large capacity, long term retention – Metadata on Disk, Content on Tape – Lowest cost storage – Lowest power consumption – Most space efficient – Long life media• Specialty Niche – removable media interchange Any statements or images regarding IBMs future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.
  18. 18. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  19. 19. High Performance Computing continues to evolve HPC Cloud HPC HPC Grid Single Cluster System
  20. 20. Why are Universities exploring Clouds?• Cost Efficiency – Consolidation and sharing of infrastructure – Leverage resource pooling for centralized policy administration • System/Configuration Management Policies • Energy-related Policies • Security-related Policies • User-related Policies• Flexibility – End-user self-service cloud portal enablement – Exploit advanced automation to free technical resources for higher value work – Enhanced access to specialized resources (e.g. GPUs) – Dynamic on demand provisioning and scaling20
  21. 21. IBM’s new HPC Cloud addresses the specific intersection ofhigh performance computing and cloud computing CloudBurst Intelligent Cluster Cloud ISDM, TPM, TSAM HPC Management Suite Computing Virtual Machine Bare Metal & VM Provisioning Provisioning System x, BladeCenter iDataPlex System p, System z BlueGene, System p 775 Stand-alone Computing SAN, NAS GPFS, SONAS 1Gigabit Ethernet InfiBand, 10-40 GbE General Purpose High Performance Computing Computing
  22. 22. IBM’s HPC Cloud is being deployedat clients such as the phase 2 pilot at NTU Environment Characteristics Full and direct access to system resources (bare metal pooling) Efficient virtualization, where applicable (KVM and VMWare pooling) Diverse technologies – Windows & Linux – Diverse cluster managers Needs include –Batch job scheduling – several unique schedulers and runtime libraries –Parallel application development and debugging, scaling and tuning –Parallel data access –Low latency, high bandwidth interconnects
  23. 23. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  24. 24. New Era of Technical Computing Systems Hardware + Software + Services = Systems and Solutions HardwarePurpose built, optimized offerings for Full array of standard hardware offerings forSupercomputing Technical Computing- iDataPlex, DCS3700 Storage, TS3500 Tape Library - Intel- based IBM blade servers, IBM Rack Servers, x3850X5 SMPs, Integrated Networking Solutions, Storage Products (DCS3700) + Software - Parallel File Systems - Parallel Application Development Tools - Resource Management - Systems Management IBM + Services Research Innovation - HPC Cloud Quick Start Implementation Services - Technical Computing Services Offering Portfolio: Full range of customizable services to help clients design, develop, integrate, optimize, validate and deploy comprehensive solutions to address their Technical Computing challenges = Systems & SolutionsIntelligent Cluster HPC Cloud Offerings from IBM ISV Solutions- IBM Intelligent Cluster solutions: Integrated, - IBM HPC Management Suite for Cloud - Partnering with leading ISVs to maximizeoptimized w/servers, storage and switches - IBM Engineering Solutions for Cloud: HPC cloud the value of our joint solutions offerings optimized for Electronics, Automotive & Aerospace clients
  25. 25. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems• University Resources and University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  26. 26. • IBM University Relations: Resources for educators, researchers,University Relations (UR) and STG staff and studentsUniversity Alliances –https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/university/• IBM Systems and Technolgy Group University Alliances –Responsible for guiding STG research and collaboration with universities –Enables new opportunities for deploying IBM systems and solutions at universities –RTP Center for Advanced Studies headed by Dr. Andrew Rindos, rindos@us.ibm.com26
  27. 27. University Relations Teaming Examples Proposed Collaboration w/ Imperial College SUR Project : Smarter Infrastructure Lab for London : Digital City Lab (DCL) Smarter Cities IBM, Imperial College, government & industry partners to MOU signed creating SI Lab collaboration taking a system of invest ~ $81M for Digital City Research project to develop & systems view of a university managed like a smart city using implement the next generation infrastructure, systems & sensors, data, and analytics services to modernize cities (i.e. make cities smarter) Goals include development of fixed & mobile infrastructure analytics technologies & solutions for a smarter city (e.g. smart Goals include connecting citizens to real time intelligence, water, waste, buildings, energy, transportation, healthcare, bring value through smart decision making, generating environment, etc.). Also to provide a showcase for client visits & commercial, creative and social opportunities to enhance demonstrations of IBM Smarter Cities technologies quality of life Future proposal to have lab become part of larger Pennsylvania In addition catalyse the next generation of digital services in Smarter Infrastructure Incubator Initiative healthcare, energy, transportation and creative industries. IBM & Swansea University (Wales UK) SUR Project : Smarter City Solutions Partner for Economic Dev’t For China The vision for the collaboration is economic dev’t & job Tongji University signed a Smarter City Initiative collaboration creation ; build state of the art HPC capability across the agreement aimed at building and providing integrated IBM universities in Wales to provide enabling technology that Smarter City solutions for China delivers research innovation, high level skills dev’t and Goal of collaboration is to overcome the current silo decision transformational ICT for economic benefit. making by different government ministries and to provide a city Wales infrastructure is linked to the larger UKQCD mayor and other decision makers an integrated Smarter City consortium (19 UK Particle Physicists and Computing framework, solution package, and a real life city model Scientists from 19 UK universities) that share computing ToJU will partner with IBM on Smart City projects based on resources ToJUs urban planning work in several cities (Shanghai Pudong, Seeded w/ SUR award which drove revenue of $2.4M in Hangzhou & Yiwu ) 2010
  28. 28. University of Victoria Upgrading old hardware while significantly boosting performance and research capabilitiesThe need: Requirement to replace original circa 1999 UNIX machines Principal Investigator’s key requirement was research collaboration Physics Department main requirement was only for FLOPs / $$ for performance was key Solution: A research capability computing facility of 380 iDataplex Nodes (2x Intel x5650’s 1:1 InfiniBand) Industries: Higher Education A performance/capacity cluster of iDataplex nodes (2x Intel x5650’s 2x 1Gig) URL: http://www.uvic.ca/ High Performance Focused on Benchmark results (disk I/O and Jitter performance)The benefits: Research time cut by 50% Power and cooling was 40% less while gaining 30% throughput benefits
  29. 29. St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital Simplifies storage management to meet researchers needsBusiness challenge:St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital , based in Memphis, TN, is a leadingpediatric treatment and research facility focused on childrens catastrophic diseases.The mission of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital is to advance cures, andmeans of prevention, for pediatric catastrophic diseases through research andtreatment. Their current NAS solution was not scalable to meet researchers needsand tiering of data was becoming an arduous process.Solution:St. Jude’s viewed IBM as a thought leader is storage virtualization. IBM SONAS wasdeployed to provide a single, scalable namespace for all researchers. IBM TivoliStorage Management and Hierarchical Storage Management automated tiering andbackup of all data allow IT to focus on the needs of research. St Jude’s was able to Solution components: IBM SONASsimplify their storage management while providing the ability to meet researchers Tivoli TSM & HSMneeds. IBM ProtecTIERBenefits: DS5000 3 years hardware & software maintenance A single, scalable, name space for all users that can be enhanced and upgraded IBM Global Technology Services with no down time Avoided the expense, time and risk of manually moving data to improve reliability and access to the information Able to adjust to dynamic business requirements, reduce maintenance, lower integration costs, and seamlessly bridge to new technologies
  30. 30. East Carolina UniversityAdvancing Life Sciences Research with an IBM Intelligent Clustersolution based on IBM BladeCenter technologies “There are some analyses that make use of allThe need: 96 cores… Previously, aWithout a dedicated supercomputer capable of running massively parallel task of this magnitude mightcomputational tasks, the Biology department at ECU could not run models as have taken a full day ofquickly as it needed. Researchers were frustrated by slow performance, andscientists were forced to spend time resolving IT issues. computation to complete. With the IBM IntelligentThe solution: Cluster, it takes justECU selected an IBM® Intelligent Cluster™ solution based on minutes.”IBM BladeCenter® servers powered by Intel® Xeon® 5650 processors, working —Professor Jason Bond, East Carolina Universitywith Datatrend Technologies Inc. to deploy it. The solution was delivered asa preintegrated, pretested platform for high-performance computing, and includesremote management from Gridcore. Solution components: IBM® Intelligent Cluster™The benefit: IBM BladeCenter® HS22 ECU can now run up to ten typical computational tasks in parallel Using all 100 Intel processor cores, models that might previously have taken a day are completed in a matter of minutes Efficient, easy-to-scale solution opens up new research possibilities for the future. XSP03265-USEN-00
  31. 31. Agenda• Industry Expansion of HPC and Technical Computing• Universities and HPC• Taming the Growing Data Explosion• Why HPC Cloud• Technical Computing Systems and University Resources• University Examples• Putting it all together with Datatrend Technologies
  32. 32. Putting it All Together… Literally withDatatrend Technolgies Doug Beary, Technical Account Executive Datatrend Technologies 919-961-4777, doug.beary@datatrend.com
  33. 33. High Performance Computing PlatformsDatatrend Technologies can help put it All Together – Providing a Solution• HPC Clusters – Compute, Interconnect & Storage• Workload Fit – Distributed Memory (MPI) • Scale Out: iDataplex, Blades, Rack – Shared Memory (SMP) • Large Scale SMP: ScaleMP, NumaScale – Hybrid Systems• Management System – xCAT, MOAB, eGompute 33
  34. 34. HPC ClustersPlatform Optimization Top Components – Optimize Processor Selection • Fastest CPUs • Performance/$ • Flexible Interconnect Choices • Performance/W Fabric, Card, Switch, Cabling – Optimize Form Factor • Unmatched Storage to Meet – Optimize Delivery & Installation Any Capacity Any Performance Typical 84 Node Cluster • 100 to 1000 boxes • Optimize Form Factor • Optimize Delivery & Installation Datatrend Solution • One Item 34
  35. 35. Workload Fit • Distributed Memory – Most Common Cluster – Under Desk to PetaFlops – 100s to 100,000+ Cores – Many OS Images • Shared Memory – Growing Demand – Dozens to 1000’s of Cores – 64+TB Memory – One OS • Hybrid – Do Both on One platform!! 35
  36. 36. Hyper-Scale ClusterUp to: 126 Nodes, 1512 cores, 23.6TB • Simple Scaling • 126 Nodes in 2 Racks • Full Blade Chassis: 9 • Bandwidth: • *Bi-sectional bandwidth: 64% • Largest non-blocking Island: 14 nodes • Low Latency • Max. 200ns Distributed Memory, Shared Memory or BOTH!! 36