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Social Media & Citizen Journalism Allan, S., Sonwalkar, P., Carter, C. 2007 „Bearing witness: citizen journalism and human rights issues‟, Globalisation, Societies and Education, Vol. 5, No, 3, pp. 373- 389. Alice Bui
Contents What is citizen journalism? Citizen journalism as a base for „emphatic engagement‟ Social Media & Citizen journalism Traditional journalism vs. Citizen journalism Activity
Citizen journalism Citizen journalists are ordinary people who take on the role of news reporters. Citizen journalism is a site of „emphatic engagement‟ particularly vis-à-vis human rights violations. It has the ability to witness and humanise suffering. It offers a window into the lives of others. Alternative to „helicopter journalism‟. This superficial, „outside-in‟ reporting is not what we need stresses Danny Schechter. Case studies- 1) the 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami; 2) the human rights abuses in India‟s north-east region 3) the Palestinian Crisis in the occupied territories.
Social Media & Citizen journalism Social media has empowered ordinary citizens to take on the role of news reporters. Users are able to express their views and opinions. The use of social media encourages discussion and brings like-minded people together.
Web blogs Blogs provide a virtual space for discussion and debate. Not only do they raise awareness about certain issues, they also humanise events and connect people. The South-East Asia Earthquake and Tsunami (SEA-EAT) was a blog set up soon after the tragedy. It provided the „eyes and ears‟ of the tragedy from a local point of view. http://tsunamihelp.blogspot.com.au/
Summary of main issues Online news reporting of citizen journalists presents alternative viewpoints, context and ideas to news reports. Online reporting empowers people by giving them a voice Citizen journalism encourages human connection Social media facilitates debate and discussion
Mainstream journalism Citizen journalismProfessional journalists- code of ethics, Amateurs, ordinary citizens- valuecross-check sources & leads transparency, do not have set valuesSome see citizen journalism as a threat Redefined „news‟ and who can be a „journalist‟Embraced social media to further their Social media has given the masses ainfluence and get a scoop voice and the means to produce theirhttp://au.news.yahoo.com/contact/ own contentSeek to control news Challenges the news, offering an alternative perspective.Lack of competition in the Australian Adds diversity to the media landscapemedia industryJournalists are the costly expense in Cost effectivejournalism, a sustainable economicmodel still neededThe idealised fourth estate The new fourth estate?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLW_ Makes up for the shortcomings ofVOciufY mainstream media
Activity In pairs, spend about 5 minutes looking at the blogs listed below and discuss what you have learnt about blogs and citizen journalism http://dailycloudt.com/voice http://www.opendiary.com/ http://www.livejournal.com/ http://blogs.com.au/ http://blogsofnote.blogspot.com.au/ Send 2 tweets to #mdia5003 one on what you think makes a good blog and another explaining the importance of citizen journalists (i.e. Each person will send one tweet each)
References Allan, S., Sonwalkar, P., Carter, C. 2007 „Bearing witness: citizen journalism and human rights issues‟, Globalisation, Societies and Education, Vol. 5, No, 3, pp. 373- 389. Bruns, A, 2010, „The Trouble with the Fourth Estate‟. Presented at “Whether Bloggers are the new Fourth Estate”, Australasian Study of Parliament Group (Queensland Chapter) event, Brisbane, 26 August. Greer, C. & McLaughlin E, 2010, „We predict a riot? Public Order Policing, New Media Environments and the Rise of the Citizen Journalist‟, Brit. J Criminol, 50, pp. 1041-1059. Krumsvik, A, H. 2012, „Why old media will be funding journalism in future‟, Journalism Studies, pp. 1-13. Lee-Wright, P, Phillips, A, Witschge, T, 2012, Changing Journalism, Routledge: London, pp. 124-149. Lotan, G, Graeff, E, Ananny, M, Gaffney, D, Pearce, I, & Boyd, D, 2011, „The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Informational Flows During the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions,‟ International Journal of Communication, vol. 5, pp. 1375-1405. Schultz, J, 1998, „Redefining the Fourth Estate‟ in Reviving the Fourth Estate: Democracy, Accountability and the Media, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne, Chapter 1, pp. 15- 22.