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- Integrated landscape management underlines the need to preserve ecosystems if we would sustainably meet human needs There is no universal formula – Specific to a geographic context – topography, soil, rainfall, etc. Impact is monitored and lessons learned. Some other important features include: - long-term collaboration among different groups of land managers and stakeholders to achieve their multiple objectives and expectations within the landscape for local livelihoods, health and well-being (LPFN draft October 2013)
Integrated Land management: Allows to produce more with less input. Enhances the environment (soil life, food web, soil structure etc) Builds sustainability and biodiversity. (REV. FATHER GODFREY NZAMUJO- Songhai Farm, Benin 2014)
UNEP (2012) Env. Outlook Report sates that world remains on an unsustainable path despite 500 internationally agreed Goals and Objectives on sustainable Management of env. And NR. It also reports that earth systems are being pushed to their limits and in some cases exceeded.
Alina Constantin GRUPA 8218
20 JANUARY 2015
Integrated Management of
Definition of Integrated landscape Management
Context – Why Integrated Landscape Mgmt.
Types of integrated Landscape Management
Key futures of integrated landscape management
Challenges of integrated landscape management
FAOs work in integrated landscape management.
What is integrated Landscape management
The management of production systems and natural resources in an
area large enough to produce vital ecosystem services and small
enough to be managed by the people using the land and producing
those services. (FAO 2013)
A landscape approach is:
A large scale - process
Integrated and Multidisciplinary – natural resources, environment
and livelihood considerations
Considers human activities and their institutions
Recognizes multi-stakeholder intervention (communities and
institutions participate in developing solutions)
Integrated Production System
Context – Why Integrated Landscape Mgmt.
The need to increase agroecological productivity of food systems given:
fixed agricultural space;
increasing pressure on Natural Resources – population growth,
Climate Change, unsustainable consumption patterns etc.;
need for long-term agricultural viability, food security and
increasing demand from international and global processes (i.e.
RIO+20) for sustainable development (social, economic
currently, limited consideration of the complex relationship between
agriculture and the environment in land resource management
Sectorial approaches with limited social, economic and
top-down management and governance models
Types of integrated Landscape
Other Names for integrated landscape approach:
- territorial development,
- watershed management,
- ecosystem approaches
- Coastal zone management
- Sustainable forest management
- Inland water management
- Pastoral/range management
- Drylands mamangement/rehabilitation/restoration
Key futures of integrated landscape
Ecosystem approach – biophysical, social, economic
Advisory (extension, technical assistance) services;
Varying scales of Initiatives e.g. watersheds, lake
basins or community territories (26-100km2), and
interventions at large scale e.g river basins
addresses natural resources / environmental
management and production quality and quantity.
addresses multi-stakeholder participation, equity;
gender and food security.
Rwanda’s Forest landscape Restoration Initiative
Challenges of integrated landscape management population pressure; climate change; market
Conflict over access to resources;
Ensuring wider adoption of ILM at landscape
Buy-in by policy and decision makers;
Adequate and sustained communication
Compliance with the norms by the various
Examples of FAO’s work in integrated landscape
Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel
The global Conservation and Sustainable use
of Globally Important Agriculture Heritage
Systems (GIAHS) initiative;
Watershed and river basin management – e.g.
the integrated management of the Fouta
Climate Smart Agriculture Initiative;