OER in Africa: Use & Re-use for
Library Services
IAU Validation Workshop

OER for Academic Librarians
Accra, Ghana
12 – 13...
OER Africa is:
 An innovative initiative of Saide

 Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya
 Established to play a leading role...
The OER Concept
• Educational resources freely available for use
by educators and learners, without an
accompanying need t...
Setting the Scene
• African universities are dealing with significant
pressure to increase access to HE programmes
• Most ...
Why increase investment in T & L?
• Much existing content available to and within
African universities based on weak and l...
Facilitating Learning v HE
Challenges
1. READ Course
Materials

2. EXPLORE within
the discipline

3. ENGAGE in
learning
co...
1. READ Course
Materials

Read Course Materials

This used to mean:

the textbook and
prescribed readings …

7
1. READ Course
Materials

…today this means…

8
1. READ Course
Materials

Read Course Materials

… now we can also use…

Both commercial and
open education services
are a...
http://www.teachthought.com/technology/51-education-podcasts-for-the-21st-century-teacher/

10
Explore: Discipline Specific Portals

2. EXPLORE within
the discipline

http://www.thelancet.com/global-health

11
12
13
14
15
http://www.tessafrica.net/

16
17
OER & Short Course Repositories
•
•
•
•

Khan Academy
Saylor Foundation
UCT Open Content
Wikiversity

18
Explore: Open Access
There is a wealth of
information available
as Open Access
Research, including
resources from many
of ...
3. ENGAGE in
learning
conversations

http://mooc.org/
3. ENGAGE in
learning
conversations

Learning Conversations

• This used to mean a discussion in a tutorial
or lab session...
4. PRACTICE new
skills

4. Practicing Skills

22
4. PRACTICE new
skills

Afroes – www.afroes.com

23
5. PRODUCE /
PERFORM
APPROPRIATELY

6. Perform

25
Why institutionalize OER?
• Open licensing provides a cost-effective means to
increase investment in creating more effecti...
New roles and ways of working
Role of Librarian
Yesterday’s
Librarian:
Used to be printbased:

Providing Content
Books
acc...
OER has the Potential
Role of Librarian

Providing Content

Today’s Information e-books, journals and
databases,
Professio...
Here at Last!
WHAT ARE YOUR THOUGHTS?

30
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Thank you
Catherine Ngugi
OER Africa Pro...
32
4. PRACTICE new
skills

33
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  • Why is OER relevant in our context?
  • What are some of the greatest needs for improved teaching and elarning?
  • The pervasive availability of digital video allows access to teaching resources by experts across the world and opportunities to share local expertise globally. These services work best with a broadband Internet connection and sometimes terms of use don’t allow educators to download and share files locally. Electronic Text Files: Downloaded to either an electronic reader or computer. E-books, PDFs or MS Word files Audio Files: Downloaded to either a computer, iPod or mobile phone.Podcasts or recorded lectures as MP3 files
  • http://web.knust.edu.gh/oer/pages/Rationale for Health OERAfrican health sector aware of the need to develop socially relevant and culturally appropriate training materials and experiences: Need to find new ways of delivering health education content in a format that will enable students to have increased access to the material, e.g.case based studies using video or print; recorded demonstrations by clinical experts of techniques in history taking, physical examination, and clinical procedures made available to students for review and practice in their own time. (Clinical Skills Demonstration)
  • Welcome to the African Veterinary Information Portal (AfriVIP)The African Veterinary Information Portal (AfriVIP) will be positioned as the authoritative, global online portal of information and credit-bearing, life-long learning opportunities, resources, discussion, and interaction about African veterinary and allied sciences matters. All the resources are Open Education Resources (OER) and therefore carry an open license (Creative Commons), allowing it to be freely copied, distributed, and adapted without asking copyright permission. The Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, and its partners, has recognized the need to provide high quality Continuing Professional Development (CPD) training for veterinarians and allied professions including para-veterinary professionals. This has initiated the development of the African Veterinary Information Portal (AfriVIP), for veterinary training and information and a training platform of the OIE Collaborating Centre for Training in Integrated Livestock and Wildlife Health and Management. 
  • Teacher Education – customised by language, by country, etc.
  • Agriculture Education / OER Africa
  • Health OER – Asthma Conversations4. Practicing Skills: (Student-Content interaction)This used to mean mostly drill and practice of standard techniques , but now resource based learning and electronic tools can provide a richer experience ....Role Play, e.g. Malawi nursing and treating mental health patients – and the Asthma conversations
  • 4. Practicing Skills: (Student-Content interaction)Electronic tools can provide a rich alternative experience .... And there are almost limitless opportunities to design high quality teaching and learning environments…Development and Use are growing in Africa and other similar contexts…
  • 4. Practicing Skills: (Student-Content interaction)Games –Shongwe (Ann Githuku)Haki 2: Chaguo Ni LakoAfter the events in Haki 1 the heroes have foiled the Evil Entities attempts at violating peoples’ environmental rights. But the Evil Entity is not done. The Entity has sent Mboss, a diabolical mastermind, to destabilize the country by causing discontent, disunity, disharmony and civil unrest. Mboss has challenged the Underground (a group of heroes who strive for peace and tranquility) to stop his evil plans. The clues to stopping him are hidden in puzzle images and quizzes that he has sent the Underground.MorabaCreated with the support of UN Women Southern Africa, Moraba is a mobile game developed to address Gender Based Violence issues amongst youth audiences. A quiz based adaptation of Morabaraba, the traditional southern-African board game of strategy and wit, Morabaendeavors to highlight gender inequality, gender rights and establish a sense of advocacy amongst users around gender based violence issues.
  • 5. Produce/ perform in a way that shows the development of graduate and professional skills ((Student-Content, Student-Student and Student-Educator interactions)Resource based learning facilitates improved performance
  • Need to keep up with the new roles and ways of working:Team-based curriculum design and materials development including studentsE-tutoring Saide Supporting distance learners.docxOngoing CPD, LLL: e.g. AfriVip
  • Keeping up means the role of librarians will – and has to – changeToday, possibly more opportunities for staff to display creativity in order to meet the needs of ever-growing student numbers, desiring more and more services (thoughts??)
  • This means the role of librarians will – and has to – changeTo increase availability of high quality, relevant and need-targeted learning materials; To reduce the cost of accessing educational materials;To allow adaptation of materials and possibly contribute to enabling learners to be active participants in educational processes;To achieve collaborative partnership of people working in communities of practice, preferably across/within institutions;To build capacity in African higher education institutions by providing educators with access, at low or no cost, to the tools and content required to produce high quality educational materials.Today, possibly more opportunities for staff to display creativity in order to meet the needs of ever-growing student numbers, desiring more and more services (thoughts??)
  • http://jellyfishcoolman.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/african-submarine-fibre-optic-cables.jpgA Vision for Higher Education in Africa:Vibrant, sustainable African higher education institutions that play a critical role in building and sustaining African societies and economies, by producing the continent’s future intellectual leaders through free and open development and sharing of common intellectual capital.
  • Engage in learning conversations including key debates used to mean primarily face to face interactions whereby students engaged with the content, with each other and with their librarians or professors.(Student-Content, Student-Student and Student-Educator interactions)edX as most of you will know, is a non-profit created by Harvard and MIT, originally as a platform from which to run MOOCS. A relatively recent alliance with Google has set to result in a YouTube of free online courses, open for any institution or business to post courses on MOOC.orghttp://techcrunch.com/2013/09/10/google-expands-role-in-digital-education-teams-up-with-edx-to-build-a-youtube-for-free-online-courses/
  • 4. Practicing Skills: (Student-Content interaction)Games –Shongwe (Ann Githuku)Haki 2: Chaguo Ni LakoAfter the events in Haki 1 the heroes have foiled the Evil Entities attempts at violating peoples’ environmental rights. But the Evil Entity is not done. The Entity has sent Mboss, a diabolical mastermind, to destabilize the country by causing discontent, disunity, disharmony and civil unrest. Mboss has challenged the Underground (a group of heroes who strive for peace and tranquility) to stop his evil plans. The clues to stopping him are hidden in puzzle images and quizzes that he has sent the Underground.MorabaCreated with the support of UN Women Southern Africa, Moraba is a mobile game developed to address Gender Based Violence issues amongst youth audiences. A quiz based adaptation of Morabaraba, the traditional southern-African board game of strategy and wit, Morabaendeavors to highlight gender inequality, gender rights and establish a sense of advocacy amongst users around gender based violence issues.
  • Open textbook - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_textbook‎An open textbook is a textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the ...‎Usage rights - ‎Affordability - ‎Milestones - ‎InstructionCollege Open Textbookswww.collegeopentextbooks.org/‎Funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, College Open Textbooks is a collection of colleges, governmental agencies, education non-profits, and ...‎Open Textbooks by Subject - ‎Chemistry - ‎English & Composition - ‎MathematicsOpen TextbookCatalog - University of Minnesotaopen.umn.edu/‎Open TextbookCatalog. In an effort to reduce costs for students, the College of Education and Human Development has created this catalog of open textbooks ...
  • Catherine Ngugi - OER in Africa use and re-use for Library Services

    1. 1. OER in Africa: Use & Re-use for Library Services IAU Validation Workshop OER for Academic Librarians Accra, Ghana 12 – 13 September 2013 1
    2. 2. OER Africa is:  An innovative initiative of Saide  Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya  Established to play a leading role in driving the development and use of OER in Africa.  Funded by the William & Flora Hewlett Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and a variety of projects and partnerships across Africa. 2
    3. 3. The OER Concept • Educational resources freely available for use by educators and learners, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees. • OER is not synonymous with online learning or e-learning; • Within an African context, anticipated that many resources produced – while shareable in a digital format (both online and via offline formats such as CD-ROM) – will be printable. 3
    4. 4. Setting the Scene • African universities are dealing with significant pressure to increase access to HE programmes • Most institutions are having to increase enrolments despite structural under-funding to discharge this core function effectively • Most programmes (including many at postgraduate level) rely heavily on lecturing as a primary mode of transmission of content 4
    5. 5. Why increase investment in T & L? • Much existing content available to and within African universities based on weak and largely outmoded educational design principles. • Limited ICT infrastructure to gain access to up-todate information or participate in inter-institutional, geographically dispersed collaborative activities. 5
    6. 6. Facilitating Learning v HE Challenges 1. READ Course Materials 2. EXPLORE within the discipline 3. ENGAGE in learning conversations Educators want students to: 5. PRODUCE / PERFORM APPROPRIATELY 4. PRACTICE new skills 6
    7. 7. 1. READ Course Materials Read Course Materials This used to mean: the textbook and prescribed readings … 7
    8. 8. 1. READ Course Materials …today this means… 8
    9. 9. 1. READ Course Materials Read Course Materials … now we can also use… Both commercial and open education services are available to help students access top quality academic materials. 9
    10. 10. http://www.teachthought.com/technology/51-education-podcasts-for-the-21st-century-teacher/ 10
    11. 11. Explore: Discipline Specific Portals 2. EXPLORE within the discipline http://www.thelancet.com/global-health 11
    12. 12. 12
    13. 13. 13
    14. 14. 14
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. http://www.tessafrica.net/ 16
    17. 17. 17
    18. 18. OER & Short Course Repositories • • • • Khan Academy Saylor Foundation UCT Open Content Wikiversity 18
    19. 19. Explore: Open Access There is a wealth of information available as Open Access Research, including resources from many of the world’s top universities. 19
    20. 20. 3. ENGAGE in learning conversations http://mooc.org/
    21. 21. 3. ENGAGE in learning conversations Learning Conversations • This used to mean a discussion in a tutorial or lab session or individual consultations • but now new technologies offer a richer experience.. - Online discussions - Online chats - Blogging - Text messages - e-Mail Social Software Networks 21
    22. 22. 4. PRACTICE new skills 4. Practicing Skills 22
    23. 23. 4. PRACTICE new skills Afroes – www.afroes.com 23
    24. 24. 5. PRODUCE / PERFORM APPROPRIATELY 6. Perform 25
    25. 25. Why institutionalize OER? • Open licensing provides a cost-effective means to increase investment in creating more effective teaching and learning environments using resourcebased learning. • To be effective and sustainable, such strategic decisions will likely need to be accompanied by review of institutional policies. 26
    26. 26. New roles and ways of working Role of Librarian Yesterday’s Librarian: Used to be printbased: Providing Content Books access to secure resources Space library buildings: used for work for collection for storage Services Skills how to find those books Subject, customer and leadership Others? 27
    27. 27. OER has the Potential Role of Librarian Providing Content Today’s Information e-books, journals and databases, Professional electronic format: Overlap between library and IT services Space Services physical digital space: training and teaching access to content people to use and managing and access information preserving content created by institutions preserving the nation's cultural heritage Skills Subject, customer and leadership Higher level IT skills, e.g. digital preservation Presenting relevant digital information & digital materials to users in a customised way hybrid of both print and zoned study digital resources environments: traditionally silent areas open access multi-media equipment network services and digitalised content Teaching: Information Literacy Appraisal skills Digital content, remote content, 24 hour accessibility to content up to date with latest web-based technology Marketing the library 28
    28. 28. Here at Last!
    29. 29. WHAT ARE YOUR THOUGHTS? 30
    30. 30. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Thank you Catherine Ngugi OER Africa Project Director catherine.ngugi@oerafrica.org 31
    31. 31. 32
    32. 32. 4. PRACTICE new skills 33

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