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The region of Alsace-Lorraine has been fought over for centuries by France and Germany.Today, the region is controlled by France, however the majority of the people have German roots.The people of this region want to preserve their identity.
History of the ConflictAfter being tossed back and forth, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France after WW2.The fact that many young men from the area had served in the German Army created tension between Alsace-Lorraine and parts of France.
The main objectives of the French are to suppress the use of German. Both the German language and local dialects were for a time banned from public life.The main objective of the people in the Alsace-Lorraine region are to preserve the area’s unique Franco-German cultural heritage.
Cultural Arguments for French Nationalism in Alsace-Lorraine• Historically, French was the language of Lorraine.• While Alsatians spoke German, they considered themselves French and different from the Scwobe (Swabians) of Southwestern Germany despite similar customs and dialects shared by the two groups.• On August 4, 1789, during the French Revolution, the people of Alsace-Lorraine enthusiastically swore their allegiance to France at the National Assembly.• Men from Alsace and Lorraine fought for France in both the French Revolution and in the Napoleonic Wars.• In the 1870s, La Ligued'Alsace was created to maintain cultural ties with France after annexation.
Largely due to the history of this region, Alsace-Lorraine today is very French in language and culture. The Alsatian dialect of French is heavily influenced by German, in phonology and vocabulary.The area has a strong identity of its own, taking pride in local costumes, traditions and dialects.
Main Issue<br />The region of Alsace-Lorraine has been fought over for centuries by France and Germany.<br />Today, the region is controlled by France, however the majority of the people have German roots.<br />The people of this region want to preserve their identity.<br />
Timeline<br />Year(s) Event-region of Alsace-Lorraine<br />1618-1648 Thirty Years’ War end of rule by Holy Roman Empire<br />1648-1871 ruled by France<br />1871 Treaty of Frankfurt ceded to Germany<br />1871-1918 ruled by German Empire<br />1919 Treaty of Versailles, restored to France<br />1919-1940 ruled by France<br />1940-1945 ruled by Third Reich<br />1945-present ruled by France<br />
Conflict and Objective<br />The main objectives of the French are to suppress the use of German. Both the German language and local dialects were for a time banned from public life.<br />The main objective of the people in the Alsace-Lorraine region are to preserve the area’s unique Franco-German cultural heritage.<br />
Actions/Consequences<br />During WW2 the strict policy of Germanization was put into affect. The names of towns and streets were changed and the use of the French language was severely restricted.<br />These actions led to the banning of German language. <br />
Culture<br />Largely due to the history of this region, Alsace-Lorraine today is very French in language and culture. <br />The Alsatian dialect of French is heavily influenced by German, in phonology and vocabulary.<br />The area has a strong identity of its own, taking pride in local costumes, traditions and dialects.<br />
Some talk about the subject today<br />Hi,I am an ethnically germanfrench living in Alsace, and i can try to answer your question ;Alsatians are not claiming to be french or german anymore. We have been so many times part of those two countries that we can not say to whom we belong. We consider ourselves as Alsatians, with Alsatian language (almost german though). A lot of Alsatians prefer the political sytem in Germany. They like the federalism, the way the country is divided in Länders. Indeed, the Federalism is for Alsatians the best solution. France is centralized on Paris, and we are willing to be independant from Parisian ministers. We are in fact pretty much regionalists and identitarians.<br />Thank you for bringing some informations about Elsass-Lothringen in this forum.I personnaly come from Elsass and feel realy near to the germanic culture, estheticity, spirit.The French state has made a lot of things to destruct the identity of our region (expecially with school) but also it's economy and ethnical integrity. Nowadays, there are some actions to make Elsass traditions and folklore more popular, but it's quite allways very superficial, considering our culture just as a funny folklore, heritage from a long long time ago, and not a full part of our spiritual and genetic identity! Most of the population don't care about Elsass:- because they are not elsässer : they are immigrants, they are french people- they don't know our history and still nowadays think that everything related to our germanic heritage is bad, and naziIt's hard for me to write in english, i prefer deutsch, but i'll try to bring some more informations about my country. For exemple about it's flag (which is red and white) or about it's linguage (elsässisch).This germanic spirit is the reason why i've come to this forum. Maybe later could there be an Elsässisches Division in the forum where people from here could meet and share points of view.<br />
WORKS CITED<br />"Alsace-Lorrain-- an enclave of Ethnic Germans in France." Skadi Forum. 05 mar 2009. Skadi Forum, Web. 17 Nov 2009. <http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?p=959483>. <br />“Alsace-Lorraine: Encyclopedia-Alsace-Lorraine.” Global Oneness Community, 25 Feb. 2005. Web. 17 Nov. 2009 http://www.experiencefestival.com/a/Alsace-Lorraine/id/1909221<br />“Alsace-Lorraine.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encylopedia Britannica Online. 14 Nov. 2009 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/17404/Alsace-Lorraine.<br />"Alsace-Lorraine." Alsace-Lorraine. Franceway, Web. 17 Nov 2009. <http://www.franceway.com/regions/alsace/intro.htm>. <br />"Language, Culture, and People of Alsace-Lorraine." People of Alsace-Lorraine. Mtholyoke, Web. 17 Nov 2009. <http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~jihazel/pol116/language.html>. <br />