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Anabel carrillo

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Universidad Yacambú Idioma básico intensivo 1

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Anabel carrillo

  1. 1. Simple and Continuous Tenses Participante: Anabel Carrillo HPS-151-00475V República Bolivariana de Venezuela Ministerio del Poder Popular Para la Educación Universidad Yacambú Barquisimeto Estado Lara
  2. 2. Simple Present The simple present is a present tense used to talk about facts or general truths which constitute habits, schedules or programs habits and routines of everyday life. Present Simple prayers are formed using the base of the verb in its infinitive form. Recall that an infinitive is made up of 2 parts: the particle "to" and the base which is the present tense; for example, "to play" will use only the present tense ("play") to form sentences. We call this "Word on your Form Simple".
  3. 3. Sentence Structure: AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative Pronoun/subject + verb infinitive (third person + s) + predicate + Expression of time. (Don´t, doesn´t)  Pronoun / subject + don't / doesn't (third person) + verb infinitive . + Complement + Expression of time (Do / does)  Do / does (third person) + pronoun / Subject + Verb + Complement + simple expression of time +? Simple Present
  4. 4. Fernando plays soccer at the pitch on Tuesdays and Thursdays Fernando doesn't play football in the pitch every day. Do you play football on the pitch Fernando Tuesdays and Thursdays? Simple Present AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative
  5. 5. Simple Past Simple Past tense is a Past that is used for: To describe the actions that took place at a particular time in the past Acts that have completed past but whose moment is not mentioned. To describe routines performed above.
  6. 6. Sentence Structure: Simple Past Pronoun/Subject + Verb Past Form + Complement + Time Expression Pronoun/Subject + Aux. Didn´t (did not) + Verb Present Form + Complement + Time Expression Aux. Did + Subject + Verb Present Form + Complement + Time Expression +? AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative
  7. 7. Simple Past Sebastian and Salvador visited his cousin in Caracas last week. Sebastian and Salvador did not visit his cousin last week. Did Sebastian and Salvador visits his cousins who live in Caracas last week? AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative
  8. 8. Simple future or "simple future" is used to describe actions that will be developed in the future, without specifying when. English is usually expressed this tense with modal "shall / will" or building "be going to" Simple Future Future shall and will : The future is formed with the auxiliary verb 'will' followed by the infinitive without 'to'. For the first person singular and plural can also use "shall" + ... The contracted form of will and Shall is'll
  9. 9. 2.-To express decisions made by the speaker at the time of speaking, without having it previously expected. • Andrea will call this afternoon 3.-To express predictions, assumptions or deductions speaker on a future event. •It will rain at night. (prediction). •He would like the gift. (supposition). •He will one day Dr. (deduction). 4.- When express orders, requests and promises. •She will do your homework. (order). •You will close the closet? (petition) •I will do everything possible to help. (promise). Applications and examples: 1.-To discuss certain events occur in the future, with or without intervention of the subject in action. •I´ll be 32 tomorrow
  10. 10. Simple Future Futuro con ‘’be goint to’’ 1.-To express plans, decision or intention to do something in the near future. This construction is used in the informal sector. •We are going to go to the movie tomorrow. •I'm going to visit my mom. 2.- When you are confident that something will happen. •It is going to snow. •Sofia going to have a girl
  11. 11. Continuous Present The progressive or continuous present is a present tense which is used in two cases: •To Describe facts or actions that the subject is performing when talking. •To Talk about an action or plans that we will do in the near future.   To form sentences in Present Progressive, use the verb "to be" of each of the personal pronoun followed by the verb or action gerund. Recall that in the English language, that a verb is in Gerundia form should be added at the end of each verb ending in "-ing" which in Spanish translates as the terminations "-ing", "- iendo "or" -going "
  12. 12. Continuous Present Pronoun / subject + Aux. "To be" + Verb- ing + Complement + Expression of time Pronoun / subject + Aux. "To be" - not + Verb Complement Expression ing time Aux. "To be" + pronoun / Subject + Verb-ing + Complement + + Expression of Time? AffirmativeAffirmative (Am, is are)(Am, is are) NegativeNegative (Am not, isn(Am not, isn ´t, aren´t)´t, aren´t) InterrogativeInterrogative Sentence Structure:
  13. 13. Continuous Present Luis is sleeping in his home at the moment. Luis is not sleeping in his home at the moment. Is Luis sleeping in his home at the moment? AffirmativeAffirmative (Am, is are)(Am, is are) NegativeNegative (Am not, isn(Am not, isn ´t, aren´t)´t, aren´t) InterrogativeInterrogative
  14. 14. Continuous Past Continuous Past is past tense, which is used to discuss the development of an action that was set in a specific time, or do not know which end is irrelevant, as well as to express that an action took place when another he finally stopped and refer to actions occurring simultaneously. To express in a sentence that takes an action in the past, or actions that are performed simultaneously to use the auxiliary "was / were," which is the last of the verb "to be", which we have seen in the Past Simple . In addition, we use the base of the infinitive and adding the ending "-ing". That is, we use the verb in gerund, with rules already studied in the present continuous. You can use the same expressions time of the Past Simple
  15. 15. Continuous Past Estructura de las oraciones: Pronoun / Subject + was / were + Verb - ing + Complement + Time expression Pronoun / subject + wasn't / weren't + Verb- ing + Complement + Time Expression Was / were + Subject + verb-ing + Complement + Time expression +? AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative
  16. 16. Continuous Past Alejandro was playing soccer last week Alejandro was not playing football last week Alexander was playing soccer last week? AffirmativeAffirmative NegativeNegative InterrogativeInterrogative
  17. 17. Continuous Future According to the different manuals of English grammar, this tense called the Future Continuous (Future Continuous) or Future Progressive (Progressive Future) and is expressed by WILL BE + ING VERB structure. In this structure, the auxiliary will be used for all people (Shall not used) and is followed by the infinitive of the verb be plus the -ing form of the corresponding verb EXAMPLES: • I will be at work tomorrow • They will be arriving at 8:45 • Erika will be meeting with him In everyday casual speech, the contraction of the auxiliary verb will it 'll: EXAMPLES: • I´ll be at work tomorrow • They ´ll be arriving at 8:45 • Erika ´ll be meeting with him
  18. 18. Continuous Future The The negative effect is obtained by placing the particle not after the auxiliary will, ie will not and will not shrink from it will not. • José will not be playing the piano tomorrow. EXAMPLES: The interrogative form is obtained by reversing the order of the subject and the auxiliary will: EXAMPLES: • Will you be coming tonight? • How long will you be staying?
  19. 19. 1.- To refer to an individual act that will take place in the future. •We will be flying in a few moments. •We will be leaving at about 8 •We will meet at the school in the afternoon. 2.- To refer to events that take place repeatedly in the future. •I'll be sleeping early every day next week. 3.- To refer to activities taking place over a period of time in the future. •We will be staying for four weeks. •This time next week, I'll be arriving in Caracas . Usos y ejemplos: This structure is used to refer to future events or activities that have already been decided or previously agreed. It carries no emphasis or particular intention, but simply refers to events or activities that will take place in all probability cases where this structure is used: