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Informative Souvenir of SBV IDY 2019 celebrations organised by CYTER

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As per UGC and AYUSH guidelines CYTER of SBV celebrated the 5th International Day of Yoga (IDY 2019) with a series of events from 13-21 June 2019. Every year SBV has celebrated IDY with a weeklong series of events both at the campus as well as in collaboration with various agencies in Pondicherry.

13.6.2019- Yoga awareness for patients at MRD of MGMCRI, SBV Campus, Pondicherry.

14.6.2019 & 15.6.2019 - National Seminar cum Workshop on Divyanga Yoga: Yogic approach to special needs at SBV in association with Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, ICYER, Samagra Shiksha (Dir.of School Edu.), Satya Special School, Indian Yoga Association & Pondicherry Yogasana Association

17.6.2019- Awareness program for children with special needs in association with Satya Special School, Pondicherry.

18.6.2019- Mental health and wellbeing through Yoga for the children with special needs in association with Global Trust School, Cuddalore.

19.6.2019- Health & wellbeing in Silver Citizens through Silver Yoga in association with Serene Pelican, Pondicherry.

20.6.2019- Regional Level Yogasana Competition for students of Health Professions Educational Institutions of Pondicherry in association with Pondicherry Yogasana Association.

21.6.2019- Mass Yoga Demonstration at the Promenade of Pondicherry beach along with other programs in association with the Tourism Dept , Govt of Puducherry.

Publié dans : Santé & Médecine
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Informative Souvenir of SBV IDY 2019 celebrations organised by CYTER

  1. 1. Patrons Shri MK RAJAGOPALAN Hon’ble Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Dr PRASHANTH RAJAGOPALAN Prof. SUBHASH CHANDRA PARIJA Vice-Chairman, SBECPT Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor, SBV Advisory Panel Prof. N Ananthakrishnan Prof. AR Srinivasan Prof. M Ravishankar Dean, Faculty, SBV Registrar, SBV Dean, MGMC&RI. Prof. V Nirmal Coumare Prof. Saravana Kumar R Prof. K Renuka Medical Superintendent, MGMC&RI Principal, IGIDS Principal, KGNC Prof.Madanmohan Former Director & Hon.Advisor, CYTER Organizing Chairman Organizing Secretary Dr. Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani Dr. Meena Ramanathan Prof & Director, CYTER Associate Prof & Deputy Director, CYTER Treasurer Shri G Dayanidy Lecturer, CYTER Dr. Seetesh Goshe, VP (Curriculum), MGMCRI Dr. Partha Nandi, VP (Students), MGMCRI Dr. AN Uma, VP, Allied Health Sciences, SBV Smt. MB Josephine, Student Welfare Officer, SBV Smt. Priya Philip, Junior Student Counselor, SBV Dr Balaji R, PhD Research Scholar CYTER Sri Artchoudane, PhD Research Scholar CYTER Dr Rajalakshmi, PhD Research Scholar CYTER Shri.Dhanushapnadeesh, CYTER Smt Asha, GM Administration, SBV Sri Joseph Naresh, Deputy Registrar, SBV Sri Kannan Iyer, GM Finance, SBV Prof. BV Adkoli, Director, CHPE, SBV Dr. A Sanguida, IGIDS Mrs Priya Philip, PhD Research Scholar CYTER Ms Garima Setia, PhD Research Scholar CYTER Sri Kiaan Gupta, MPhil Scholar, CYTER Smt. G Sarulatha, CYTER SBV - IDY 2019 Core Team
  2. 2. Sl.no Content Page no. 1. Messages of Greetings 2. From the desk of the Organizing Chairman 18 3. From the desk of the Organizing Secretary 19 4. Invitation and Scientific Programme 20 5. A brief introduction to our esteemed CME faculty 26 6. Garbha-Sanskar – Preventive Approach Towards Disabilities - Dr Nutan W. Pakhare 39 7. Yoga’s Potential: ‘Rewiring’ Brains With Intellectual And Other Mental Disabilities - Dr Praseeda Menon 43 8. Caring For The Caregiver: The Yogic Perspective - Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 50 9. Boundless Bliss For Children With Special Needs Through Yoga - Dr Meena Ramanathan 55 10. Overcome Disability through Yoga - Dayanidy G, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Srikanth S 61
  3. 3. 10. Tools to Measure Health Related Quality of Life of Intellectually Disabled Children: A Review of Available Measures - Dr S Karthikayini , Dr Rajkumar Patil, Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Arun S 64 11. Bringing Yoga into the Lives of Children with Special Needs - Dr Rajasekar Balaji, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Dr Meena Ramanathan 71 12. Yogic Tools for Special Children (Divine Children) - Artchoudane Soccalingam, Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 75 13. Paediatric Care- Siddha Perspective - Dr Rajalakshmi B, Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 81 14. Health and Wellbeing in Caregivers of Children With Special Needs Through Yoga - Priya Felix Philip, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Dr Meena Ramanathan 87 15. Yoga for Gastro Intestinal Problems in Children with Special Needs - Garima Setia, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Dr Meena Ramanathan 91 16. Positive Eugenics: An Ancient Indian Perspective - Mangala Gowri VV, Dr Srinivasan AR, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Dr Meena Ramanathan 93 17. Samadhi as a State of Health - Mr Kiaan Gupta, Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 98 18. Introducing Pranayama to Children with Special Needs - PELLISSIER Auriane , Dr Meena Ramanathan, Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani 105 19. CYTER – Milestones 109
  4. 4. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   5   Shri M.K. Rajagopalan Hon’ble Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) (Deemed to be University – Accredited by NAAC with “A” Grade) Pondicherry. MESSAGE FROM HON’BLE CHANCELLOR, SBV It gives me immense pleasure that Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) is actively organizing various events in commemoration of the 5th International Day of Yoga 2019. Our Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri. Narendra Modi has said during his address to the UN General Assembly that “Yoga is an invaluable gift of India’s ancient tradition. It embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfilment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well-being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help us deal with climate change.” Yoga is regarded as one of the most effective methods of establishing a connection between the body minds by Indian sages since time immemorial. It is a type of exercise that is performed through diet, breathing and physical posture for the relaxation of body and mind. This ancient form of holistic healing got a formal recognition by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 2014. I am sure that The Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research (CYTER) of SBV is playing a vital role in creating awareness of Yoga and its therapeutical uses among the public and patients by its various outreach programmes in coordination with various Government departments and NGOs. Apart from this it imparts Yoga Education and Research on Yoga at various levels by offering courses ranging from Certificate to Doctoral programmes. CYTER is also recognized for its rehabilitative works in patient care and health management. SBV also concentrates in taking Yoga to the society and is actively organizing various events for the benefit of the society. I wish the Team – CYTER all success for various programmes and events to be organized between 13th June and 21st June 2019 as a part of 5th International Day of Yoga celebrations. Shri MK Rajagopalan
  5. 5. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   6   Prof. Subhash Chandra Parija Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) MESSAGE FROM THE HON’BLE VICE-CHANCELLOR, SBV India is an ancient land known for its spiritual value, heritage and code of conduct. In this context, Yoga acquires great relevance, as it epitomizes all of these afore mentioned attributes. The concept of celebrating International Day of Yoga (IDY) was first proposed by our Hon’ble Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi ji at the United Nations General Assembly on 27th September, 2014 - a red letter day in the annals of Indian History. As a result of this great initiative, the International day of Yoga is being celebrated the world over on the 21st of June every year. The Centre For Yoga Therapy Education and Research (CYTER) is a vibrant centre spearheading all out efforts propelled towards fostering yoga therapy in all the three avenues expected of Health Sciences Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), namely Academics, Research and Patient care. CYTER has been celebrating IDY, ever since year 2015, when the latter came into existence. This year also we would be witnessing a busy and packed week long celebrations, commemorating IDY 2019, under the aegis of CYTER, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth. The celebrations include a National seminar on Divyanga Yoga: Yogic approach to Special needs. This all important Seminar is being enabled in association with Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, ICYER, Samagra Shiksha, Satya Special School, Pondicherry and Pondicherry Yogasana Association. Other events are also being lined up. I congratulate Prof. Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Director CYTER for his vision and his able CYTER team for facilitating the grand celebrations. Prof. Subhash Chandra Parija
  6. 6. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   7   Prof. AR SRINIVASAN Registrar Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) MESSAGE OF GREETINGS FROM THE REGISTRAR, SBV CYTER has been contributing a lot in the facets of Academics, Patient care and Research, as related to Yoga therapy. The Government of India through AYUSH has been propagating Yoga in a big way and CYTER is fully aware of this fact. Propelled by the dynamism of the Director of CYTER, Prof. Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, a lot of cardinal events are being continuously held at CYTER—all aimed at holistic development of the individual and fully compliant with the ideals of salutogenesis. The International Day of Yoga 2K19 is witnessing an impressive weeklong celebrations at CYTER, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, beginning 13th June 2019. The National Seminar is the jewel in the crown. Other interesting events are also in store. Let Yoga reveal the path towards holistic wealth and let IDY 2K19 celebrations at CYTER, SBV open up newer vistas in Yoga education, therapy and research. This would go a long way in disseminating knowledge, awareness and practice on the significant aspects of Yoga. Hearty welcome to the resource persons and avid delegates. Prof. AR Srinivasan
  7. 7. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   8   Prof. N Ananthakrishnan Dean of Faculty Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) MESSAGE FROM THE DEAN OF FACULTY Ever since the very first International Day of Yoga in 2015, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth has celebrated this event with a week-long celebration promoting Salutogenesis in the population served by our Institute. CYTER, a unit of SBV has organized a grand celebration of Yoga, our cultural heritage from 13th to 21st June 2019. The focus this year is on "Divyanga Yoga", the application of Yoga in children with special needs. CYTER has been doing yeoman service in propagating Yoga among the public as a measure of promoting good health, in addition to targeting specific interventions in combination with modern medicine for enabling healing or palliation of the sick. Over the years, the efforts of the centre in this direction, has raised its profile at the National level, besides bringing considerable laurels to SBV in publicizing SBV’s unique contribution to holistic health. SBV in this respect stands out among Health Science Universities. I am sure, the team of CYTER would continue to take further giant steps forward and bring greater distinction to themselves and SBV besides taking care of the health and well-being of thousands of people. I wish them all success for this year’s Yoga week and for their future endeavors. Prof. N Ananthakrishnan
  8. 8. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   9     Prof. M Ravishankar Dean Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute     MESSAGE I am happy to note that the International Day of Yoga Celebrations 2019 Organized by Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education & Research (CYTER) at MGMCRI under auspices of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry from 13th till 21st June 2019 is being celebrated very extensively year after year successfully. The enthusiasm is growing and catches up with everybody. I am happy that a national seminar on DIVYANGA YOGA is also organized in connection with the International day of Yoga to appraise people of medical community about the benefits of yoga. Incorporation of yoga in daily life for maintaining wellbeing and prevention of disease must be understood by all people to reduce the health Care burden of the country. I am confident that your centre will strive towards that goal and have useful research conducted to document the outcome. I wish all the success for the program. Prof. M Ravishankar
  9. 9. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   10   AMMAJI, Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani Director ICYER at Ananda Ashram and YoganjaliNatyalayam, Pondicherry. MESSAGE OF BLESSINGS The ancient Sanskrit word “Yoga” has undergone an “Atmik Bomb Explosion” in this 21st century - on earth planet and bits and pieces of its cosmic significance have exploded all over the globe from pole to pole . Now, like the proverbial “Humpty Dumpy” the word must be picked up and put back together again. Perhaps “All the kings horses and all the kings men” cannot put the powerful Sanskrit word back together again – but valiant soldiers of spirit like those at the Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth under whose benevolent auspices soldiers do their duty can do this job! Calling sincere seeking souls together under the banner of International Yoga Day, powerful minds will gather to create a “Force of Will Power” (Iccha Sakthi) which can make that which has been fragmented whole once more! A Cosmic Team will perform the impossible task: TEAM – Together; E – Everyone; A- Accomplishes; M – More! The flag of Yoga and all it symbolizes now flies over the community of nations! May those of us who adore this ancient wisdom keep it flying high! I wish the CYTER team all the very best in their efforts to propagate this ancient art and science of India within a modern framework for the benefit of society worldwide. Ammaji, Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani
  10. 10. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   11   Dr. W Selvamurthy, Ph.D., D.Sc. President Amity Science, Technology and Innovation Foundation (ASTIF), Director General, Amity Directorate of Science & Innovation Chancellor, Amity University Chhattisgarh and Chair Professor for Life Sciences (Former Distinguished Scientist and Chief Controller R&D (LS), DRDO) MESSAGE I am delighted to know that Center for Yoga therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) has taken the initiative to celebrate International Day of Yoga 2019 by organizing National Seminar cum Workshop on DIVYANGA YOGA: Yogic Approach to special needs on 14th and 15th June 2019. Yoga can play a pivotal role in treating various diseases, including various disabilities and life threatening diseases. Divyanga Yoga Therapy can help in empowering the differently-abled persons. The various session planned meticulously by SBV will definitely pave way for brainstorming and exploring the avenues for application of yoga therapy in disability management and thereby suggesting appropriate strategies for achieving the goal of health for all. These sessions will prove beneficial to each and every participant specifically children with special needs and would promote the importance of Yogic practice which is close to my heart as I had conducted experiments in the Defense Research and Development organization (DRDO) to demonstrate the prophylactic, promotive & curative potentials of yoga through well controlled physiological studies with special focus on its application to armed forces personnel. Yoga is a profound science of unfolding the infinite potentials of the human mind and soul which bestows perfect physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health to an individual. It gives me immense pleasure to see that CYTER is carrying on the tradition of promotion the spiritual awakening through Yoga under the leadership of Ammaji and Dr. Ananda. I am sure that you will be able to create more healthy citizens through spreading the art and science of yoga. This would not only ensure the passing on of this ancient tradition to the next generation but also help in promotion of healthy lifestyle. I extend my heartfelt wishes to all the members who were instrumental in propagating the effects of yoga particularly the young minds who are the key for developing future healthy global citizens Dr W Selvamurthy
  11. 11. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   12   Dr Hansaji Yogendra Director The Yoga Institute, Mumbai Greetings from The Yoga Institute, Yoga is in our fundamental nature, a limitless, unbounded consciousness. It empowers a person to spread the light of prana to every part of your body, mind, and soul. It brings me immense joy to know that CYTER is bringing the benefits of this ancient science to the masses by spreading the message of yoga, by celebrating International Day of Yoga 2019 at the SBV Campus in Pondicherry. On this auspicious day, I would like to send a message of ‘duty: dharma’ to all the householders around the world - We must all follow our Dharma by first enriching and empowering ourselves, and then to perform our duty and service (Seva), to our families and the extended society. Turn to yoga to enrich the life of self and others and the whole human world. My gratitude and admiration to Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani for all her devotion to Yoga. I would especially like to thank Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani for being such an admirable contribution in spreading the word of yoga across the globe. My blessings and adorations to all at CYTER in making the dream of the proliferation of the divine message of yoga, come to life. Dr Hasanji Yogendra
  12. 12. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   13   Sri Subodh Tiwari CEO, Kaivalyadhama Yoga institute, Lonavla, Maharashtra. MESSAGE The ancient tradition of India lays a great emphasis on health, harmony and well-being. The seers of the Upanishads exhort: 'Let my limbs wax strong, Let my speech, vital force, eyes, ears, vitality and all the senses increase in power.' The systems of Yoga and Ayurveda consequently devised manifold techniques to strengthen the physical and mental faculties which in turn bestow holistic health on human being.  The message of the Upanishads also reverberates in the voice of Swami Vivekananda in the modern times: 'Physical strength, therefore, is absolutely necessary. It is the strong body alone that can bear the shock of reaction resulting from the attempt to control the organs.'   Inspired by the ancient Indian wisdom, Swami Kuvalayananda, the illustrious founder of Kaivalyadhama, dedicated his whole life to build up a scientific framework and an effective machinery to promote the system of Hatha Yoga coupled with the spirit of Patanjala system in order to consolidate the 'Self Culture' in the world in its true spirit.  In the backdrop of the globally emerging scenario of the proliferation of the science of Yoga, the organization of the workshop on the occasion of International Day of Yoga, 2019, by the Center for Yoga Therapy, Education & Research of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is really commendable.  The National Seminar and Workshop conceived by the CYTER team aims at nourishing both physical and mental aspects of children with special needs through Divyanga Yoga. Kaivalyadhama and CYTER have partnered in many activities to benefit this neglected section of our society and hence we are pleased to be a co-sponsor of this event.  I am sure this will certainly open up novel avenues of education, therapy and research in the field thus contributing to the expansion of knowledge. I extend all my good wishes to the organizers of this conference for their sincere endeavor to impress a substantial momentum to the world-wide Yoga movement. May the event be crowned with a befitting grandeur and stupendous success. 
  13. 13. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   14   Yogacharini Kalavathi Devi Founder Om Yoga Studio, Cardiff, Wales, UK. Namaste CYTER! Thank you for your invitation for the International Yoga Day Celebrations 2019. As much as I would love to attend it is not possible due to the physical distance that lies between us. However I wish you all the best with your Seminars and Workshops and know that they will undoubtedly be such a boon to all those who are fortunate enough to be able to attend. Your events are always well documented so I will look forward to being able to experience in this capacity at a later date. Yogacharini Kalavathi Devi Dr Matthew J. Taylor Director of Smart Safe Yoga, Phoenix, AZ, USA Dear Colleagues, Please accept my sincerest good wishes for successful CYTER International Yoga Day celebrations this June. May the little ones that you are dedicating the celebration toward teach us their wisdom for how we might be in the world. Their ability to demonstrate love without holding back and what seems to be infinite patience is humbling as they teach we harried people with all of the initials. Blessings on all of you in this important event! Matthew J. Taylor
  14. 14. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   15   S Sridharan Trustee Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram Chennai. I am extremely happy to see the wonderful way the International Day of Yoga Celebrations 2019, have been organized by you and your team. Having been associated with ‘CYTER’ for several years, I have been witnessing the valuable contribution of ‘CYTER’ in spreading the message of Yoga by extending yoga education to the public in and around Pondicherry and particularly reaching the under-privileged. I congratulate you and your team and am sure ‘CYTER’ will reach greater heights in the years to come. S Sridharan Amy Wheeler, Ph.D. International Association of Yoga Therapists President of the Board of Directors, USA & Professor of Kinesiology at California State University San Bernardino, USA. Greetings! The CYTER organization is a leader in the world of Yoga. I can see how CYTER is one of the few organizations ready, willing and able to bridge the ancient teachings with modern medicine. It is remarkable to see the language that is used to bridge this divide and allow us to come together for one goal. That goal is to reduce human suffering and help bring each person into a state of salutogenesis, or self- actualization. I am inspired to see so many people working together at CYTER with this pure goal. All eyes, hearts and minds are focused on the light and working to make our world a better place. I am so grateful for all of you. Keep up the great work! Amy Wheeler
  15. 15. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   16   Dr Lori Rubenstein Fazzio, PT, DPT, MAppSc, C-IAYT USA Greetings! The team at CYTER, are world leaders in the integration of Yoga Therapy with modern medicine. There are many ways in which they have successfully implemented Yoga Therapy as an innovative and effective approach towards well-being, or salutogenesis, has inspired many of us around the world to follow suit. Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles organizes a group visit each year in order to learn from the experts at CYTER and the attendees unanimously applaud the experience as top-notch and life-enhancing. We are all extremely grateful for the wisdom, the love and the guidance of CYTER. May you continue to bless us all with your light. Dr. Lori Rubenstein Fazzio Joseph Le Page, M.A. Founder of Integrative Yoga Therapy USA Greetings! International Day of Yoga reminds us of Yoga’s illustrious past and also of its growing role as an essential part of health and wellness within the medical community. In this context, the Center for Yoga Education and Research of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth has played a pioneering role and is also at the forefront of research and methodology in Yoga Therapy. It is therefore my pleasure to extend congratulations on the celebration of International Day of Yoga, 2019. Joseph Le Page
  16. 16. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   17   Prof. Luciano Bernardi, MD Professor of Internal Medicine (Retired University of Helsinki, Finland Greeting! I am honored to welcome the delegates of the upcoming “National Seminar cum Workshop on Divyanga yoga: Yogic approach to Special Needs” organised by Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University and Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), in conjunction with other prestigious Indian Institutions devoted to the development of Yoga practice, culture and research, like Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, ICYER, Samagra Shiksha, Satya Special School, Indian Yoga Association and Pondicherry Yogasana Association. The theme of the Conference, the Divyanga Yoga, is of the greatest civil and social relevance, and takes recourse to application of yoga therapy for empowering the differently-abled. The practical and social prospectives of such an approach could benefit the society enormously, both with respect of people suffering for disabilities, but also for the perspective of acceptance of the society with respect to differently-abled people. I wish the delegates, the speakers and the organisers a great success of this event. Prof. Luciano Bernardi Yogacharini Cathy Davis Former Council Member Hon Treasurer for The Royal College of Midwives UK Senior Mentor of Gitananda Yoga International Namaste all at CYTER Thank you so much for your kind invitation to join you all in June. From this interesting and varied programme, I can see that all participants will gain a great deal of knowledge and understanding of the relevance of Yoga, in supporting those with special needs. I am sorry I will not be able to attend but send my best wishes and prayers for a successful seminar. Yogacharini Cathy Davis
  17. 17. “Divyanga Yoga: Yoga for children of Special needs”   18   FROM THE DESK OF THE ORGANIZING CHAIRMAN International Day of Yoga is being celebrated worldwide on 21 June and I am pleased to welcome you to Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth for this intensive program planned by us at CYTER in association with Kaivalyadhama, ICYER, Pondicherry Yogasana Association, Samagra Shiksha (Directorate of School Education), Satya Special School, Global Trust, Serene Pelican and other likeminded organizations and individuals from 13 to 21 June 2019. Ever since its inception in 2010, CYTER has constantly striven to be in forefront of the innovative integration of traditional, wholesome, experiential healing aspects of Yoga with the empirical, researched based approach of modern medical science and has organized numerous CMEs, seminars and workshops towards this goal. We have contributed more than two dozen research projects with 92 publications, 15 compilations, 32 abstracts and also nine copyrights in the name of Sri BalajiVidyapeeth. Of this our “Divyanga Yoga” model is very close to our heart and hence is the highlight of this year’s celebrations. I wish to express our heart-felt gratitude to our hon’ble Chancellor, Shri MK Rajagoplan for his encouragement and support for CYTER in general and especially in the organization of the IDY every year. The step-by-step guidance and unstinting support of our dynamic and visionary Vice-Chancellor, Prof. Subhash Chandra Parija has made the planning and execution of this grand event a smooth affair. Dean of Faculty, Professor N Ananthakrishnan is a constant source of inspiration and motivation for us while our Registrar Prof AR Srinivasan has given impeccable support in all the logistics of this event. I am grateful for the support of our Dean of Medicine Prof. M Ravishankar and our Medical Superintendent, Prof Nirmal Coumare for their support at all stages. Logistic and financial support by the management of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is gratefully acknowledged. We thank Shri Subodh Tiwari, CEO of Kaivalyadhama for his support towards the conduct the event and for co-sponsoring the seminar and workshop with faculty from his institute, one of the foremost in the field of Yoga. We also express our gratitude to Smt Chitra Shah and Shri SaravananPalai for their involvement. We thank all the esteemed members of the CYTER International Advisory Board for their loving guidance and support for all our activities. I thank my colleagues and students from CYTER for their unconditional support in organizing this event. I am sure that the academic program will be enlightening and enjoyable experience for all and wish you all the best for the celebration. Dr Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani Director & Professor, CYTER, SBV
  18. 18. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry   19   FROM THE DESK OF THE ORGANIZING SECRETARY United Nations declared June 21 as the International Day of Yoga (IDY) in the year 2015 and since then, we at Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) have been celebrating this event in a grand scale with multifaceted activities including Yoga Fest for the students of SBV, Regional Yogasana Competitions and Seminars apart from the public awareness programs for the General Public, School Children, Senior citizens, Special Children, Transgender population as well as the students of Health Professions Education in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. We have geared up to celebrate the 5th IDY as per the guidelines of UGC and AYUSH and plan to celebrate IDY 2019 with a weeklong series of events from 13-21 June 2019.  13.6.2019 - Yoga Awareness for Patients at MRD of MGMCRI  14.6.2019 - National Seminar on Divyanga Yoga: Yogic Approach to Special Needs in association with Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, ICYER, Samagra Siksha (Dir of School Education), Satya Special School, Indian Yoga Association and Pondicherry Yogasana Association at SBV.  15.6.2019 - Intensive Workshop for Teachers of Divyangain association with Samagra Siksha (Dir of School Education) & Satya Special School, Pondicherry.  17.6.2019 - Awareness program for children with special needs in association with Satya Special School, Pondicherry.  18.6.2019 - Mental Health and Wellbeing through Yoga for the children with special needs in association with Global Trust school, Cuddalore  19.6.2019 - Health & Well-being in Silver Citizens through Simplified Yoga Practices: Awareness program in association with Serene Pelican, Pondicherry.  20.6.2019 - Regional Level Yogasana Competition for students of health professions educational institutions of Pondicherry in association with Pondicherry Yogasana Association.  21.6.2019 - Mass Yoga Demonstration at the Promenade of Pondicherry Beach along with other programs in association with the Tourism Dept, Govt of Puducherry. It is with great pleasure that we welcome the world renowned Ammaji Yogacharini Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani of ICYER - Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry and the eminent Sri Subodh Tiwari, CEO, Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, Lonavla, Pune. Their very presence sanctifies this event by virtue of their noble lives and service for humanity. The Souvenir has been prepared as a mark of 5th IDY 2019 and would be released by these eminent guests on this occasion. We welcome all of you to enjoy the events and join us in paying tribute to the art and science of Yoga has sprung for the benefit of humanity. Dr Meena Ramanathan, Deputy Director & Associate Professor, CYTER, SBV.
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  25. 25. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 26 A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO OUR ESTEEMED RESOURCE PERSONS Ammaji, Yogamani, Puduvai Kalaimamani Yogacharini MEENAKSHI DEVI BHAVANANI Yogamani Kalaimamani Yogacharini MEENAKSHI DEVI BHAVANANI is Director and Resident Acharya of the world famous International Centre for Yoga Education and Research (ICYER / Ananda Ashram) at Pondicherry. She is the Dharmapatni and senior most disciple of the internationally acclaimed Yoga master, Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri Guru Maharaj and has devoted her life to his teachings and to institutions founded by him. A trained journalist by profession, her articles, essays and features appear regularly in National and International press. She is Editor / Managing Director of SATYA PRESS, a publishing house based in Pondicherry. Her defining book on THE HISTORY OF YOGA FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN TIMES (Vol I) is a path breaking effort. It was released in 2012 and is hailed as the “Defining publication on then history of Yoga to date.” With the blessings of her Bharatanatyam master Padmashri Adyar K. Lakshman of Kalakshetra, Chennai, and her Paramguru Smt. Rukhmani Devi Arundale she has trained many thousands of students in Yoga and Bharatanatyam in the past 45 years. She was Director of Sri Kambliswamy Yoga and Cultural Arts Youth Programme since 1975 which trained more than 20,000 rural youth in the Carnatic Arts and Yoga free of cost. She is considered a pioneer in bringing the Performing Fine Arts and Yoga to the common people in Pondicherry. She is Editor of the International Yoga journal YOGA LIFE since 1970. She has organised five major International Yoga Conferences in Pondicherry and is adviser to Department of Tourism, Government of Pondicherry for its Annual International Yoga Festival now entering its 20th year. She is a prolific author with 12 books, including two books of poetry to her credit. She is Director of YoganjaliNatyalayam, a popular City Centre for the propagation of Classical Yoga, BharataNatyam and Carnatic Music in Pondicherry and has developed a famous BharataNatyam troupe that appears regularly in prestigious festivals and also stages spectacular BharataNatyam and Yoga programmes yearly all over India. The troupe is well known for its inclusion of the acrobatic NatyaKaranas (poses) into its repertoire. She has also choreographed 20 Major Dance Dramas of three-hours length on various spiritual themes in the past 20 years. Yoganjali Natyalayam is one of the Premier Classical Indian Art Academies in South India, having thousands of graduates to its credit. At any given time, there will be at least 400 children and Young Adults on its rolls. More than 100 Adults will be undergoing Yoga training at any given time. Yoganjali Natyalayam is now developing a Yoga programme for corporates and as well, special courses for professionals,
  26. 26. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 27 She has been recipient of many National and State Awards. She was awarded the title "Yogamani" in 1986 by the President of India ShriZail Singh Ji at Asian Village, New Delhi. In 1997 she was awarded the National Award, Bhaskar Award by Bharat Nirman and Indian Trade Promotion Organisation, New Delhi, one of fifty eminent Indians so honoured during the 50th year of Indian Independence for their contribution to Indian culture and spirituality. In January 1999 she was given the highest award by the Pondicherry Government for an artist, the Puduvai Kalaimamani Award for her work in BharataNatyam. She was the second artist so honoured. In December 1999 she was named as an eminent Yoga expert to the Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy, under the Health Ministry, Government of India, New Delhi and she was named to the Finance Committee of this Council in March 2000. She was named to the Academic Council, Pondicherry University, in March 2000. She has served on several inspection teams and several committees in her capacity as a member of this Academic Council. She was awarded a Gold Medal by Government of Pondicherry for her work in BharataNatyam on February 26, 2001. She is Advisor to the only Central Government Yoga Training Institute in India, theMorarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi. Smt Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani was honoured with the award of OUTSTANDING SENIOR CITIZEN by the Pondicherry Junior Chamber (Jaycees) on the 15th August 2003. The Honorable Chief Secretary, Govt. of Pondicherry presented the award at a glittering function on the 15th August 2003. She was awarded the Outstanding Achiever’s Award 2003 by the Vinayagar Chathurthi Committee in recognition for her services in promoting Yoga and Indian Cultural Arts in Pondicherry. She was awarded the Bangalore Sundaram Gold Medal for her “Noble Contribution, Distinguished Service and Outstanding Merits in Yoga” by Asana Andiappan College of Yoga and Research Centre, Chennai, at Anna University, Chennai, December 7th , 2003. She is recognized as a leading intellectual expert in the deeper aspects of Yoga and in recognition of this aspect of her work, she was elected as Fellow of Indian Academy of Yoga, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi in 2003. She has been awarded the PUDUVAI SHAKTI AWARD from the WOMEN TASK FORCE Y2K in 2006 in recognition of her yeomen service for the cause of Yoga and Indian cultural fine arts in Pondicherry. She was awarded the title PALKALAI POOMPOZHIL by Pulavar I. Pattabhiraman, the Director of ValluvarVillisai Group in 2006. She was awarded the SIGARAM THOTTA MAGALIR award by Sigaram Society at Wiseman School, Pondicherry in 2011. She has also received the PATANJALI AWARD from the Lion’s Club and is member of Expert panel of the Task Force for Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) for Dept of AYUSH, Ministry of Health. Govt of India, New Delhi. She is Advisor, Gitananda Yoga Associations of Italy, Spain, USA, Germany, UK, Czech Republic, South Africa and Australia. Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani is considered one of the major International and National leaders of the modern Yoga movement. She is regularly called to New Delhi and elsewhere to offer her advice in Seminars, Conferences and Official Government meetings. Though born in the USA in 1943, she came to India in 1967 and has lived here ever since. She was awarded Indian Citizenship on November 30th , 1992, in her own words “the proudest day of my life.”
  27. 27. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 28 Shri SUBODH TIWARI Joint Director-Administration, Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute Sri Subodh Tiwari was born in the yogic atmosphere at Kaivalyadhama Lonavla. At a young age he received spiritual initiation from Swami Digambarji, the Director and spiritual head of Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, and began yoga practice under the guidance of his father Shri OP Tiwari. From 1987 to 1997 he pursued higher education in Bombay, where he completed his degree in Law. He pursued a Diploma in Human Resource Management and is presently pursuing a Masters degree in Human Resource Management. In 1992 he completed his Certificate Course in Yoga. In 1997 he decided to devote his life to the Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute and to serve it. He joined as the Administrator of the SADT Gupta Yogic Hospital and Health Care Centre and also shouldered the responsibility of administration of the institute, implementing improved systems. Being a nature lover at heart, he has implemented many environmentally friendly practices. He has also been the editor of the Institute’s Newsletter since 1997. Subodh Tiwari initiated and coordinated programs to train school teachers in yoga for Navoday Schools, Kendriya Vidyalays and for schools in the state of Maharasthra. He was the coordinator on behalf of the institute for the scheme of Promotion of Yoga in School by the Ministry of Human Resources Development. He was also the Coordinator of the scheme Yoga in School Health under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Through his initiative, institutes state-wide came together and formulated the Module of Yoga for Higher Education, for which he served as editor. Sri Subodh Tiwari has been Organizer and Convener of various international conferences organized by Kaivalyadhama Lonavla. He has spoken at various national and international conferences, and has visited the USA, Canada, Macau, Mauritius, Germany, France and Italy to conduct yoga workshops. Sri Subodh Tiwari is also the Secretary of the Lonavla Khandala Citizens forum, a non- governmental organization working for the betterment of the twin towns. Various positive measures have been initiated for enhancing the local infrastructure and making it more environmentally friendly. His goal is to qualitatively enhance the life of an individual through the practice of yoga and enhance the quality of environment through human efforts.
  28. 28. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 29 Smt CHITRA SHAH, Director, Satya Special School She is a Gold Medallist in Master’s degree in Social Work, specialising in Family & Child Welfare and has completed her degree in Nutrition & Dietetics. She has been working with and for the cause of Children with Special Needs, Status of women in India, Women in the workforce, Health & medical aspects of CWSNs, Rights advocacy & Inclusion, Social Entrepreneurship, and HIV / AIDS rehabilitation She has published papers on 'Prevention of Abandonment of Children with Special Needs through Community-based Programs and Intervention' and 'Causes of Female infanticide in Uslampathi, Tamilnadu as part of the Master’s degree'. The Current Professional Activities include her work as the Director of Satya Special School which is the largest rehabilitation programme for CWSNs in Pondicherry providing services to over 600 children and New born high risk clinic in association with JIPMER - the first ever Early Intervention Programme in Puducherry . She is the recipient of Puduvai Sakthi Award, Women of Puducherry, Spandan Social Creative Award, Life time achievement award, Child Friendly School Award, The Early Childhood Education Unique Learner Project Puducherry in Real Heroes. Chitra shah is a representative of National Action and Coordination Group (NACG) Puducherry UT – Regional Board - thematic representative (children with disability) – Child Rights & Abuse , Member of State Advisory Council – RTE act (Right for Education) Implementation Group - District level Committee for all the 4 regions of Puducherry UT and NGO representative for Puducherry UT – PM’S beti bachao beti padao programme. Dr. PRASEEDA MENON Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, Lonavala, Dr. Praseeda Menon is currently working with the Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, Lonavala, as Research Officer in Psychology. She is deeply interested in Indian Psychology, especially Yoga Psychology. Her work at Kaivalyadhama involves unearthing the potency of yogic methods of healing and well-being through interdisciplinary scientific research, as well as, making use of community-oriented approaches in yoga research. Specifically, she has been looking at how indigenous practices like yoga and meditation have been influencing the quality of lives and
  29. 29. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 30 well-being of normal people as well as those with various health issues like cancer and other chronic non-communicable diseases. She has also done some explorative study on how yoga practices can benefit children with special needs. Her research is of a collaborative nature, and involves working with researchers from India and abroad. She has presented papers in various national and international conferences. She teaches at the G. S. College of Yoga & Cultural Synthesis, Kaivalyadhama, and is a member of its Board of Studies & its Board of Examination. She is also an Integral Member of the Kaivalyadhama Ashram. Dr. PANCH. RAMALINGAM Reader, UGC-Human Resource Development Centre, Pondicherry University Puducherry. Presently, Dr. Panch. Ramalingam (03.03.1960) is Reader (Associate Professor) in the UGC - Human Resource Development Centre of the Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India. Which is a higher education teacher development centre established by the University Grants Commission to plan, organize, monitor and evaluate programmes for teachers of Colleges/Universities. He is having rich experience of 22 years in teaching and co-ordinating the Orientation, Refresher Courses and other programmes related to professional development of teachers in higher education. He has delivered lectures at the UGC – Academic Staff Colleges of Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, Punjab University, Chandigarh, Kurukshetra University, Rani Durgadevi University, Jabalpur, University of Mysore, Hyderabad Central University, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupathi, Kerala University, Thiruvananthapuram, Madras University, Chennai, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Bharathidasan University, Trichy, and Goa University, Goa, etc. In addition, he has delivered special lectures at Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research, Chennai, Christ University, Bangalore, Annamalai University, Pondicherry University Community College, and in many educational institutions in Tamil Nadu. His lecture topics include Creative Teaching, Personality Development, Learning Styles, Behavioural Decision Making, Guidance and Counselling, Student Counselling, Effective Teaching Skills, Thinking styles and Emotional intelligence. He had three post graduate degrees (MA in Psychology, MA in Education and MA in Political Science), M. Phil. and Ph.D. research in Educational Counselling Psychology at Annamalai University, He had his undergraduate in Mathematics (B.Sc.). He received
  30. 30. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 31 Diploma in Pharmacy from Madurai Medical College and registered as Pharmacist. His research area includes Educational Psychology, School Psychology, Teacher education, Undergraduate occupational preferences, decision making and mental health in Educational Counselling Psychology, Career Counselling, Integral Education, Yoga and Indian Psychology. He is regularly attending and presenting research papers at the annual conferences organised by the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology. He has organized 10 national level conferences and three international seminars. He authored/ edited more than 60 books including 25 books related to psychology and education, which include School Psychology: Enhancing Competencies (2015), Educational Psychology (2013), School Psychology (in Tamil 2012), Life Skills for Quality Life (2012), School Psychology: Counselling Perspectives (2012), Recent Studies in School Psychology (2010), European Educational Resources (2010), Effective Teaching Skills (2007), Teaching Skills and Techniques (2007), Education and Information Technology (2006), Psychological Approaches to Teacher Education(2004), Studies in Applied Psychology (2003), Applied Psychology for the World Peace and Prosperity (2002), Psychological Perspectives in Education (2000), Undergraduate Occupational Preferences (1998), Dictionary of Psychology (English – English: 5th edition 2002), Co-authored/edited five books including Education and Human Rights(1999), Glimpses of Human Rights (1999), Human Rights for the Third Millennium(2000), Dictionary of Education (2000) and published thirty research papers in reputed journals. His works underwent several editions and won the prestigious 'Best Book Award' twice in1991 for his book “Child and Cognitive Development” and 1995 for his book “Role of Venkatasubbah Reddiar in French India Liberation Movement” from the Government of Tamil Nadu. Recipient of FrenchIndia Liberation Writer Award 2005, (Pondicherry State freedom Fighters Association, Puducherry), Best Writer Award 2005 (Gandhi Kamaraj Freedom Fighters Association, Puducherry), Prof. Uma Nag Lecture Award 2005 (Psycho-Linguistic Association of India), and Psychometric Educational Services Award 2007 (GCC Trust, Arcot, Tamil Nadu). Best Paper Award 2010 (International Seminar at Toc H Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kerala, Prof. B. Viswanatham Best Book Award 2010 (Pondicherry Psychology Association), IAAP-PPA Best Psychologist Award 2011, and Prof. B. Viswanatham Best Book Award 2015 (Pondicherry Psychology Association). He is visiting faculty of Klagenfurt University, Klagenfurt, Austria and delivered guest lectures on “cross cultural psychology: School Psychology in India” in November 2014. He has been appointed as degree committee chair for a student of Antioch University, McGregor, Ohio, USA, under Individualised Liberal and Professional Studies to design, teach and evaluate Indian psychology. He taught Psychometrics for M. Phil Tourism in the Centre for Tourism Studies, Pondicherry University (1999–2004), and course coordinator for PG Diploma programme in Guidance and Counselling and NSS Programme officer for six years at the Pondicherry University Community College.
  31. 31. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 32 He received twice Cal Catteral Award from International School Psychology Association, USA. He visited Malta to present a paper in the 31st International Conference of ISPA in July 2009, and 32nd International Conference of ISPA at Trinity University, Dublin in July 2010. He visited London (2009 and 2010), Paris in July 2009, visited Singapore in 2013, 2014 and 2016, and Malaysia in 2016,2018 and 2019. He is presently Editor, InSPA Journal of Applied and School Psychology, Executive Editor and the editor of the Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology (Editor since 2005 - 2015); presently Associate Editor and invited Editor of the Journals “Indian Journal of Applied Psychology” (since 2006) and “Journal of Psychological Researches” (since 2006). He is editor of the newsletter “Indian Psychologist” (2001- 2012) published by the Pondicherry Psychology Association, an editorial advisory member of Gujarat Journal of Psychology, Journal of Disabilities, member of the PRP Journal of Human Rights, New Delhi (1999-2003). He was the Founder President of the Pondicherry Psychology Association (2000-2008), Founder Secretary, Indian School Psychology Association (InSPA) (2009 to till date), Founder President, Asia Pacific School Psychology Association, Patron of the Pondicherry Educational Foundation. Hon’ President, International Movement for Tamil Culture (IMTC), Canada. He was Founder secretary of the Puducherry Co-op. Book Society (1996-2002) and Secretary of Centre for Universal Ethics, Pondicherry (1999–2003). He is a member of International School Psychology Association (ISPA). Executive Committee member of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, Society for Educational Technology Research and Development, Bharathidasan University, and Life Member, Madras Psychology Society. Dr. NUTAN PAKHARE Yoga-Ayurveda Consultant, Practitioner, Counsellor, Teacher Dr.Nutan Pakhare has treated more than 50,000 patients since 2002 using Ayurveda & Yogic Science. She has been associated with many doctors & various hospitals in Mumbai; gained an experience in allopathic treatment as well as Ayurveda. She has observed the limitations of modern medicine and the immense scope of ancient Ayurvedic & Yogic science which can reach the root cause and eliminate the disease and work towards the prevention and treatment. She is working with Kaivalyadhama, which is one of the oldest & well-known institutes of Yoga and Ayurveda in the world. Her educational qualifications:  M.Sc. in Yoga (Master in Yoga)
  32. 32. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 33  B.A.M.S (Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery)  P.G.D.Y.S (Postgraduate Diploma in Yogic Science)  C.C.Y (Certificate Course in Yoga)  Experience in Counselling Her area of specialization is in treating all kinds of illness specifically psychosomatic disorders through counseling and application of principles of Ayurvedic and Yoga. She enables each patient to understand & modify their lifestyle to transcend the physical, mental, psychological and intellectual barriers which can cause disturbances leading to diseases and maladies. As a Guide and Academician  She has worked for academic syllabus setting and coordination for Ayurveda online course of Kaivalyadhama and currently guides for students from 30-35 countries from all over the world.  She has worked as the Ayurveda & Yoga Consultant at Vallabh Sion Yoga Centre.  She is Faculty at ICYHC Kaivalyadhama, Mumbai for subject Anatomy & Physiology.  She is a Member of NIMA (National Integrated Medical Association) & BGA  She is a visiting faculty in K. J. Somaiya Institute for the Certificate & Diploma Courses in Yoga and Counseling, for B.A. and M.A. NET Degree Courses.  She is visiting faculty at various Yoga studios – Yoga Sadhana Mandir, Nerul and Ashtanga Yoga institute Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Arambhayoga, Borivali, Andheri for the subject of Anatomy and Physiology  She has conducted & coordinated a foundational Course in Yoga at KC College Mumbai. Teaching experience at International Yoga studios She has also taught for 200 hrs. and 500 hrs. Teachers training course certified by USA Yoga Alliance Students to Embrace Energy Yoga Thailand 2017. Mentor and Motivational speaker & corporate trainer  She had conducted corporate training sessions for Indian Oil Corporation, ONGC & Insurance Institute of India, and ECGC etc  She had conducted classes for visiting global citizens, business travelers like the recently. conducted session for visitors from New Zealand at St. Regis Hotel Parel, Mumbai.  She had conducted the talk on Work & Life balance through Yoga for TAIT Group of India, a leading IT association.  She had conducted the talk on Ayurveda for women's health for Navy women's Group Karanja, India.
  33. 33. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 34 Awards  Talk on Yoga for Planet 50:50 step up for Gender Equality at Women’s in Public Sector – Received Dynamo award on 27th National Meet, Nagpur Feb11-12, 2017.  Yoga guru award presented to Dr.Nutan by Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan District Sports Ministry, Mumbai, Government of India 21st June 2017.  Panacea Excellence Award 2018 for contribution in Ayurveda & Yoga at the 12th Panacea International Conference on Ayurveda & Holistic healing 2018 Nepal. Writing I write articles on Ayurveda & Yoga for health & wellness for website http://www.esamskriti.com, http://www.cricfit.com Print media Maharashtra Dinman newspaper, Sakal newspaper, Maharashtra Times newspaper Outreach activities  She had coordinated and conducted several workshops on topics like Stress Management, Excellence in Life, Miracles of Yoga Nidra, Yoga for Youth, Yoga for Intellectual challenged children ’s, Ayurveda & Yoga for Women’s Wellness through Ayurveda & Yoga for the Gynaecological issue, Yoga for BMC school students etc.  She had organized & executed Kaivalyadhama National level Yoga events like International Yoga day, Maharashtra Yoga Utsav, Yoga for college students, Workshops of Amrit Yoga and the University of Mumbai, SNDT University etc. She is well equipped & skilled to organize the topic, Programming schedules & arrange resources people & venue set up along with advertising through various media channels for the events & workshops.  Worked with colleges in Mumbai- Mithibai, Vileparle KC & Hinduja at Churchgate, Somaiya college, Birla College Kalyan, Sndt College Churchgate Shri P.SARAVANAN, MA, MPhil, is the State Coordinator for Puducherry in the Inclusion of Children with Special Needs of Samagra Shiksha. He is the liaison to SSA, Education Department, Government of Puducherry and Azim Premji Foundation, Research project on Computer Aided Learning. He belongs to the Union Territory of Puducherry, and completed all his education from schooling, college and University level through Government organizations. His passion is Teaching and Research and he also loves to play outdoor games like Volleyball and Cricket.
  34. 34. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 35 EDUCATION Bachelor degree in Physics Master degree in Physics Master of Philosophy in Physics Master of Arts in English Bachelor degree in Education Diploma in System Analyst and Data processing WORK EXPERIENCE 1. 1995-1997 -Ngo “Volantariat” as part time teacher 2. 1998-2000 – Lecturer in Physics , Gurukul Vidyapeeth – Hyderabad 3. 2000-2007 – Teacher in Government schools 4. 2007-2008 – Teacher Educator in Sarva Shiklsha Abhiyan 5. 2008-2012 – Liaison to SSA, Education Department , Government of Puducherry and – Azimpremji Foundation , Research Project on Computer Aided Learning 6. 2012- till date – State Coordinator – Inclusion of Children with Special Needs, Samagra Shiksha, Puducherry. SKILLS Self-motivation, initiative with a high level of energy. Able to inspire, comfort, build self-esteem. Ability to listen to children and parents. Stress and time management ability ACHIVEMENTS 1. Pondicherry University Medal – M.Phil ., Research on “Quantum well lasers” 2. During 2012 -2019 a. 96 Corrective eye surgeries with the help Aravind Eye Hospitals and Samagra Shiksha, Puducherry. b. 4289 Spectacles supplied to Government and Government aided schools students. c. 246 children with special needs Mainstreamed in Government and Government aided schools. d. 482 children supported with aids and appliances with the help of ALIMCO and Samagra Shiksha, Puducherry. e. Special Teachers working in Government and Government aided schools. CONTACT Phone: 9600916572 9442892109. Email: saranapf@gmail.com
  35. 35. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 36 Yogacharya Dr. ANANDA BALAYOGI BHAVANANI MBBS, ADY, DPC, DSM, PGDFH, PGDY, FIAY, MD (Alt.Med), C-IAYT, DSc (Yoga) Yogacharya Dr. Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani is Director of the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research (CYTER), and Professor of Yoga Therapy at the Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University, Pondicherry (www.sbvu.ac.in). A recipient of the coveted DSc in Yoga from SVYASA Yoga University in January 2019, he is also Chairman of the International Centre for Yoga Education and Research at Ananda Ashram, Pondicherry, India (www.icyer.com) and Yoganjali Natyalayam, the premier institute of Yoga and Carnatic Music and Bharatanatyam in Pondicherry (www.rishiculture.in). He is son and successor of the internationally acclaimed Yoga team of Yogamaharishi Dr. Swami Gitananda Giri Guru Maharaj and Yogacharini Kalaimamani Ammaji, Smt Meenakshi Devi Bhavanani. He is a Gold Medallist in Medical Studies (MBBS) with postgraduate diplomas in both Family Health (PGDFH) as well as Yoga (PGDY) and the Advanced Diploma in Yoga under his illustrious parents in 1991-93. A Fellow of the Indian Academy of Yoga, he has authored 19 DVDs and 23 books on Yoga as well as published more than two hundred and fifty papers, compilations and abstracts on Yoga and Yoga research in National and International Journals. His literary works have more than 1600 Citations, with an h-Index of 19 and an i10-Index of 33. In addition, he is a Classical Indian Vocalist, Percussionist, Music Composer and Choreographer of Indian Classical Dance. In recent years he has travelled abroad 18 times and conducted invited talks, public events, workshops and retreats and been major presenter at Yoga conferences in the UK, USA, Italy, South Africa, Germany, Switzerland, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. He is an Honorary Advisor to International Association of Yoga Therapists (www.iayt.org), Australasian Association of Yoga Therapists (www.yogatherapy.org.au), World Yoga Foundation (www.worldyogafoundation.in) and Gitananda Yoga Associations worldwide (www.rishiculture.in). He is a recognized PhD guide for Yoga Therapy and is the first Indian to be recognized as an IAYT Certified Yoga Therapist (C-IAYT) by the International Association of Yoga Therapists, USA. He is currently member of numerous expert committees of the Ministry of AYUSH including its National Board for Promotion of Yoga and Naturopathy, Scientific Advisory Committee & Standing Finance Committees of CCRYN, Technical Committee of the Yoga Certification Board, Expert Committees for Celebration of International Yoga Day and the Yoga & Diabetes program. He is Consultant Resource Person for the WHO Collaborative Centre in Traditional Medicine (Yoga) at MDNIY, New Delhi. He is also EC member and Director
  36. 36. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 37 Publications of the Indian Yoga Association (www.yogaiya.in) and Board of Directors of the Council for Yoga Accreditation International (www.cyai.org). Yogachemmal Dr. MEENA RAMANATHAN BSc,., M.A., C.Y.T., D.N.Y.S., P.G.D.Y., M.Sc. (Yoga) M.Phil and Ph.D (Yoga). Yogachemmal Dr. Meena Ramanathan is the Associate Professor and Deputy Director of CYTER, the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research at MGMC&RI (Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute), SBV (Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth) University. She has completed numerous undergraduate and post graduate degrees and diplomas in Yoga, Science and English has completed her PhD in Yoga through Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University. She is a recognized IAYT Certified Yoga Therapist by the International Association of Yoga Therapists, USA in February 2017 She has been recognized as PhD Guide (Yoga Therapy and Inter Disciplinary Research) by Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry in March 2016, appointed as Examiner for Quality Council of India (QCI) through Indian Yoga Association, recognised by AYUSH, Central Ministry of Health, and New Delhi in Sep 2016. She has been nominated as “Subject Expert” in the Selection Committee of the Govt of Puducherry, Directorate of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy; under National Health Mission. She recently received the Achiever’s Award for “Best Yoga Therapist 2016”. A student of the Rishiculture Ashtanga Yoga Paramparya, Meena has been an integral part of the Tradition for over a decade. She has admirably trained thousands of students under the auspices of Pondicherry University as Coordinator of the Yoga courses in the Community College as well as faculty of Annamalai University, Manonmaniyam University, MGR University and Yoganjali Natyalayam. She is Coordinator; Outreach Programmes of Yoganjali Natyalayam and was Guest Faculty at ACYTER, JIPMER. She has been giving practical Yoga training to Staff, Students of Pondicherry University for the past 8 years. She has authored and co-authored a dozen books and more than two dozen papers on Yoga in English and Tamil in various journals. She is currently carrying on many Research/Pilot Studies at CYTER, MGMCRI, and has also published 30 scientific papers and abstracts in leading Scientific Journals. Her books on Thirukkural and Yoga, Applied Yoga, Gheranda Samhita and Primer of Yoga Theory are best sellers. She has received many awards such as Yoga Chemmal, Yoga Rathna, Yoga Seva Maamani, Bangalore Sundaram Award, Yoga Jyothi, Chellammal Award and Annai Sivakami Award, Sri Aurobindo Award (Mahan Arvindar Virudu), “Mozhi Peyarppu Tharagai” to name a few. She was honoured with the best Yoga Teacher Award on the International Day of Yoga by Nehru Yuva Kendra and Ministry of Tourism, Puducherry.
  37. 37. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 38 Yogachemmal DAYANIDY G CYT., DRAY., PGDYE., MCA., M.Sc., PGDYT., PhD Shri G Dayanidy is Lecturer of CYTER, the Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University. He has completed his M.Sc in Yoga through Tamil Nadu Physical Education and Sports University and has completed post graduate degrees and diplomas in Yoga Therapy, Yoga and Science. He is currently doing his Ph.D. in Yoga Therapy also. He has been appointed as Examiner for Quality Council of India (QCI) through Indian Yoga Association & APM Group Limited recognised by AYUSH, Central Ministry of Health, New Delhi in Sep 2016 & Nov 2017. He has also cleared the CBSC National Eligibility Test exam in Yoga for the assistant professor grade conducted by UGC on Jan 2017. A student of the Rishiculture Ashtanga Yoga Paramparya, Dayanidy has been an integral part of the Tradition for over a decade. He has trained hundreds of students under the auspices of Pondicherry University as Yoga Instructor cum Lecturer of the Yoga courses in the Community College and Yoganjali Natyalayam. He Worked as a Yoga Instructor at Advanced Center for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (ACYTER), JIPMER, Pondicherry from June 2009 – March 2016. He is the Organising member for Swami Gitananda Best Youth and Child Award competition and Pondicherry State Level Yogasana Competition conducted yearly once by Pondicherry Yogasana Association for the past 12 years. He is currently carrying on many Research/Pilot Studies at CYTER, MGMCRI, and has also published scientific papers and abstracts in leading Scientific Journals. He has received many awards such as Yoga Chemmal, Yoga Sudar, Champion of Champions, Swami Gitananda Best Youth, Dynamic Yoga Award, Best Yoga Asana Demonstration Award and Best Karma Yogi Award.
  38. 38. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 39 GARBHA-SANSKAR – PREVENTIVE APPROACH TOWARDS DISABILITIES Nutan W. Pakhare 1 INTRODUCTION The renowned American Geographer Miss Ellen Semple states that "The humans are solely the product of their environment." We are living in a developed era, but the list of environmental problems has grown up, to a great extent in the past few years like overpopulation, pollution, energy crises. We may not be able to fight all issues; however, we can at least try to cultivate our health services as a solution. Ayurveda our traditional science has guided us in that direction through the knowledge of Garbha Sanskar. The Childhood Programming before conception, during fetus growth & till birth- that is Garbha sanskar. It takes care of cultivation of total health of baby & its environment. The cleansing of personal & environmental toxins is need of an hour to nurture the child in the womb a specific way in to bring in the world in its pristine (Supraja) form. Also, it has a broad scope to eliminate the causes behind the disabilities. The pregnancy can happen in three ways, 1. Unintended pregnancy through coitus. 2. Unplanned pregnancy 3. Fully Planned pregnancy. Garbha Sanskar is the knowledge of a thoroughly planned pregnancy of Ancient India. In the ancient days, mainly kings and nobility had access to this knowledge through their learned Vaidyas. Today this knowledge is available to everyone - however, not widely practiced. Since the world is gradually moving towards planned pregnancy, this thousand- year-old knowledge is now becoming relevant again. From that understanding, it takes into account that, ● We are not the creator, but we are only the carrier. ● The child selects the mother's womb to stay during the gestational time This article is going to describe, in brief, the theory and the best practices for cleansing techniques & keeping the right environment for the carrier & so for giving birth to a healthy baby. The conception is the subtle and divine process when the soul enters into the mother's womb inside the fertilized egg (union of sperm & ovum). It is the tiniest form of new life known as Garbha (Embryo). Over nine months, the embryo gets mature & transform into the fetus. The process of manifestation & development of parts of body & mind is called as “Garbhavakranti” in Ayurveda. 1 B.A.M.S., MSc in Yoga & Counsellor, Ayurveda & Yoga consultant & Y.E.F. Chief Coordinator - Kaivalyadhama, Mumbai, India. nootanp@gmail.com
  39. 39. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 40 “Shukra shonit Jeev sanyoge tu khalu kukshigate Garbha Sangya” (Charak) It means, the Samyoga (Union) of an extract of Shukra (Sperm), Shonita (Ovum) and Jeeva (Atma) happens inside the Kukshi (Womb) is called as “Garbha” (Embryo). “Shukrashonita garbhashayasmatma prakitivikara sammurchitam Garbha Ityuchyate” (Sushrut) According to Sushruta Extract of 'Shukra' (Sperm) and Shonita (Ovum) in the Garbhashaya (Uterus), when accompanied by Atma (Soul), Prakruti (Constitute) and Vikara(24 Principals), is known as' Garbha.' GARBHA PRAKRUTI: CONSTITUTION OF A FETUS & IT IS VITAL IN A CHILD'S LIFE According to Ayurveda, Prakruti (Constitution) is the complete psychosomatic architecture of an original form at the time of conception. It depends on the escalated status of dosha’s in beeja (seeds) & mental status of parents which has a significant impact on the body & mind of the fetus. Once it established in a child remains forever with it as an indicator for understanding physical, mental, emotional, intellectual & spiritual health. Overall it decides an immunity status of an individual. Prevention is always better than Cure. Therefore couple has to follow the certain rituals & conducts of Garbhasanksar, under the expert guidance to produce the desired child by them. GARBHA VIKRITI: ABNORMALITY IN THE FETUS & ITS CAUSES The deformity in embryo termed as Garbha Vikruti. “Beej atmakarm ashyakaaldoshairmatustatha ahar vihar doshai: I Kurvanti dosha vividhani dushta sansthan varnemdriya vaikrutani II” (Ch.Sha 2/29) According to Acharya’s, during the formation of Prakruti, the following factors can cause for vitiation & imbalance of Doshas which can create defects in systematic structure & function in the fetus. Charak Sushruta 1. Beeja dosha (Defects in sperms & ovum) Parent’s sins 2. Atma karma dosha - Past life wrong deeds of soul Vitiated Vata dosha 3. Ashaya dosha- Unhealthy Uterus/Reproductive system Non-belief of parents in deities 4.Kala dosha- Wrong Time (early or late age of couple) Non-fulfilments of the desire of pregnant women 5. Ahara & Vihardosh- Irregular Diet & Lifestyle of the mother.
  40. 40. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 41 Other risk factors are 1. Adolescent & Late Pregnancy - Recently regarding adolescent pregnancy, WHO confirmed, that in developing countries, each year approximately 16 million girls, age group between 15- 19 years & 2.5 million girls under age 16 years gives birth. According to Ayurveda, Girls below age 15 should avoid pregnancy due to following risk factors ● Kukshisth Garbhavyapad- Intrauterine death or growth retardation ● Na chiram jeeved – Less life span ● Durbalendriya – Deformities in sense & motor organs 2. Daurudha avastha avamana - Non-fulfillment of desires of the pregnant woman So the summarized causes for Garbh vikruti are genetic disorders, vitiation in Tridosha or mother’s nutritional imbalance or accidental reasons. 3. Disability – Most of the above causes result in some infections, deformities lead to disabilities or reduction in life span or even death in the child. Disability means the inability to communicate correctly with self or others, due to some defects in structure or function in sensory & motor organs in a child compared to an average population. Few examples of this kind of deformity seen in ancient times are Sage Ashtavakra (Who is considered a God born with deformity), King Dhritarashtra. Importance of Panchmahabhut in fetal development  Vayu – Vibhajan –Division, Multiplication & Systematic arrangement of cells. Charak has used the word Vyuh for the action of Vayu during fetal development which means systematic arrangements of the various components together. Formation of three layers is the basic Vyuha of an embryo. Vayu is apt factor causes for twins or multiple pregnancies, specific sex manifestation & health in them. Vayu also helps in developing nine outlets (nav dvar) along with its entities.  Teja – Pachan- Metabolism & Transformation  Jala – Kledan & Nutrition  Prithvi – Samhanan –Solidification with a compact form  Akasha- Vivardhana – Provide space inside the womb for fetal growth & development The embryo organogenesis (Angapratyanag utpatti) starts from different stages of early life & can continue till nine-month of gestational period. As per the opinion of Lord Dhanwantari & Atrey Punarvasu that development of all body organs starts at times so termed as "Yugpat Vikas Krama." The preventive approach of Ayurveda & Yogic science towards disability & its causes- All the above factors are appropriately taken care through the following methods.  Garbhasanskar –The art of nurturing child in the womb.
  41. 41. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 42  Garbhini & Sutika Paricharya- (Prenatal, Antenatal care & Postnatal Care) Garbh-sanskar -“Samskaro hi gaunantaradhana uchyate “I (Charak Samhita) Sanskar means the process which enhances virtue & removes vices. The couple has to start Garbhsanskar at least six months before the copulation & actual impregnation. In Garbha Sanskar most practices are focused on preparation, cleansing & detoxification. It mainly works on four essential factors of formation & development of Garbha, i.e., Rutu, Kshetra, Ambu, Beeja. It helps in skills & immunity development in the unborn child. The methods are as below • Rutu –Selecting fertile seed on the proper time. • Kshetra & Beej Shuddhi - Cleansing of gametes & purification of an environment mainly Uterus where the child is going to stay during its crucial time of growth in the womb through - Ayurveda Panchkarma- Sanshodhana karma, Yogic Kriya • Ambu –Nourishment through satvik diet & lifestyle. • Rasa - Mother’s diet is essential which has influence over the physical & mental status of the child in the womb. • Lifestyle – Satvik Ahar & Vihar – Green vegetables like spinach Ghee rich in folic acid & nutritious, protein is essential. • Padabhyanga - Mild Foot relaxation massages relax body & mind. • Concentration activities- Knitting, Gardening, Visualization • Chanting & Mantra Sadhana - In this mainly mental, emotional & Intellectual quotient. The importance & benefits of music education in our lives are so broad that even the Genius Einstein promoted it. Einstein's mother, Pauline was herself an accomplished pianist, and she taught him to play piano and violin when he was very young. If a pregnant woman listens to the instrumental music, it adds the positive brain development of a child happens in the womb. It enhanced the synchronization of two hemispheres of the brain & it can be one of the Dharana (Concentration) the couple can quickly do the practice. • Reading positive scriptures & staying close to nature • Avoid consanguineous marriage to prevent genes defects AIMS & OBJECTIVES OF CARE TAKEN BEFORE, DURING & AFTER PREGNANCY Sharira Pushti - Nourishment of body of pregnant woman & unborn child Stanya Vruddhi – Enhancement of milk production for the nourishment of the child after birth. Garbha Vruddhi - Nourishment of unborn child’s proper growth & development of body & mind. Keywords- Garbha, Sanskar, Disability, Deformity, Conception.
  42. 42. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 43 YOGA’S POTENTIAL: ‘REWIRING’ BRAINS WITH INTELLECTUAL AND OTHER MENTAL DISABILITIES Praseeda Menon1 Abstract- There is an increasing need to rehabilitate children with intellectual and other mental disabilities, also called children with special needs, in a sustainable and holistic manner, so as to integrate them into the mainstream of society. Yoga, due to its holistic philosophy and practices mirroring this philosophy, is one of the powerful ways to provide hope and empowerment to these children and their caregivers. The current article aims to present the results of an exploratory research on the efficacy of yoga in intellectual disabilities as well as to present a brief overview of similar research conducted in India. This article also discusses the mechanisms of neuroplasticity in relation to yoga and how this principle could be leveraged while working with yoga in special needs. Exploratory research by the current author showed that regular yoga training over a longer period can help children with intellectual disabilities improve their span of attention, sensory-motor co- ordination, overall stability of posture, and ability to follow instructions correctly. Yoga training, thus, has untapped potential not only to empower children with intellectual disabilities and other special needs through holistic self-development but also to empower their caregivers to create more avenues for their rehabilitation. Keywords: yoga training, intellectual disabilities, special needs children, neuroplasticity, caregivers INTRODUCTION One can only imagine what a tough time caregivers, who have the responsibility of taking care of children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD), previously called mental retardation, go through. As if this were not enough, these caregivers have an even tougher time as community resources for people with IDD, whose population was estimated to more than fifteen lakhs as per the 2011 Indian Census data on disability (Census of India on Disability, 2014), are severely limited. It is not surprising then that caregivers often find themselves at a dead-end when they look for ways to improve their wards' quality of life and rehabilitate them. In such a scenario, yoga, a powerful, teachable, as well as, a cost-effective body-mind practice carries the potential to play an important role in creating and sustaining positivity in the lives of children with IDD, as well as, their helpless caregivers. One important way yoga works is through the principle of neuroplasticity, the brain's inherent capacity to rewire or change itself all throughout the lifetime. Yoga practices, when personalized for children with IDD, or for that matter, even with other mental disabilities or special needs, according to their specific needs and capacities, could become an important means for the self-development and rehabilitation of 1 Research Officer, Psychology, Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, Lonavala, Pune, India. praseeda@kdham.com
  43. 43. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 44 these children, helping them, their family, and their educators live better, fuller and more meaningful lives. EVIDENCE OF YOGA’S ROLE IN IDD An exploratory study was conducted by Kaivalyadhama Yoga Institute, Lonavala, with four children, who had mild to moderate intellectual disability and belonged to a non- profit school for special needs, Samwad Shala, Lonavala, on how yoga training could benefit these children. In this study, it was seen that after five months of regular yoga training conducted five days a week for one hour daily, the four children showed a marked improvement in their span of attention, sensory-motor coordination, gross and fine motor skills, overall stability of posture, and ability to follow instructions correctly, that too, with lesser time-lapse. Video-recordings, psychomotor tests, as well as observations by the teachers served as sources of data for the above results. Yoga training (Figure 1) was conducted for five months from October 2014 to April 2015 in this exploratory research in stepwise sustainably progressive modules as follows: i.) a basic module of yoga in the first two months, wherein easier asanas were taught to the children, ii.) an intermediate module in the third and fourth month, wherein the total time duration of yoga practice was increased slightly, fuller versions of asanas practiced in the first two months were taught, and Surynamaskar (Sun salutations - a sequence of dynamic yoga postures) was incorporated, iii.) a slightly advanced module in the fifth month, wherein all yoga postures were continued with more hold-time in each posture, and Bhramari Pranayama was added. Fig.1 Five months yoga training at Samwad Shala in Lonavala The two psychomotor tests conducted in the above research study on the four children with IDD in the age range of 9 -17 years were reaction time (the time taken to respond to any stimulus) and hand steadiness (the ability to keep the hand steady without any tremors). Lesser reaction time and greater steadiness of hands are considered to be a mark of greater span of attention, sensory-motor coordination, improvement in gross and fine motor abilities, and greater alertness and concentration. Figure 2 illustrates the reaction time apparatus and Figure 3 displays the hand steadiness apparatus. There were two measurements for each of these two psychomotor tests. Thus, there were a total of four measurements related to four parameters of these two psychomotor tests. For each of these
  44. 44. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 45 measurements, an average of three trials was first taken, and then the average score of all the four children was calculated. Fig.2 Audio-visual reaction time apparatus Fig.3 Hand steadiness apparatus In the first psychomotor test, the first measurement of visual reaction time was with a visual stimulus of green light. In this sub-test, the average reaction time of the four children with IDD dropped from 1.342 sec in the pre-reading, which was taken before the start of the study, to 0.589 sec in the post-reading taken after five months of yoga training. The second measurement of auditory reaction time was with an auditory stimulus, in which their average reaction time dropped from 1.166 secs. to 0.553 sec during the pre to post readings, respectively. In the second psychomotor test of hand steadiness, the first measurement was that of mean number of errors committed in accurately entering the stylus into nine different holes without touching the holes’ edges. As displayed in Fig. 3, the nine holes are embedded in the instrument in such a way that the size of the holes reduces progressively, which makes it difficult to enter the stylus in the smaller holes without committing errors. Here too, the mean score of three trials were taken when entering the stylus into each of these holes, and then the average score of all the nine holes was calculated. It was observed that the total average score of the four children with IDD in committing errors came down drastically from 12.94 in the pre-reading to 2.38 in the post-reading. Similarly, for the second measurement related to hand steadiness of the mean time taken in accurately entering the stylus into the nine holes, their average time reduced remarkably from 16.36 secs. in the pre-reading to 4.2 secs. in the post-reading. Thus, results from both the psychomotor tests indicated greater span of attention, sensory-motor coordination, improvement in gross and fine motor abilities, and greater alertness and concentration in the four children with IDD. What is more, the improvements in the above-mentioned study on the four children with IDD were not just in the psychophysical and cognitive dimensions! The yoga teacher, the school in-charge, and the parents reported that there was greater emotional and behavioural self-regulation in the children. Their irritability reduced, and their patience and
  45. 45. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 46 sociability improved. The self-confidence of one child with IDD improved so much that she took the lead in demonstrating yogasanas during the school's daily yoga programme that started after the research study. Despite considerable improvements in the average scores on the psychomotor tests of the four children with IDD from Samwad Shala in the above- mentioned study, the influence of physical maturation cannot be ruled out as a possible confound. There may also be a slight possibility of the practice effect creating a confound, wherein improvements in the scores are caused due to the practice gained in using the psychological instruments. However, the gap of five months in between the pre and post readings is sufficient time with regard to such children to negate the influence of the practice effect on the obtained results. This results of this exploratory research with just four children also need further replication in many more studies with bigger groups in order to provide strong research evidence on the efficacy of yoga in children with IDD. Research evidence from some previous studies on the use of yoga in children with IDD in India have demonstrated benefits similar to the above-mentioned study. Training children with IDD in yoga practices has shown to improve their reaction time (Bhavanani, Ramanathan, & Harichandrakumar, 2012; Uma, Nagendra, Nagarathna, Vaidehi, & Seethalakshmi, 1989), social adaptation (Uma et al., 1989), and flexibility (Srilakshmidevi & Suseela, 2017). The one-year long randomized controlled study (N = 90) by Uma et al. (1989) had also demonstrated improvement in IQ levels in the group that received yoga training. A series of studies conducted on children with mental retardation by Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram, Chennai, had reported that yoga practices help in correcting general posture, reducing obesity, controlling dribbling, bringing down hyperactivity, and improving appetite, sleep, and general health (Teaching Yogasana to the Mentally Retarded Persons, 1988). Research has also shown that it is not just intellectual disabilities that yoga can be useful in but also in other types of mental disabilities or special needs, for example, autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A recent randomized controlled study on Indian ASD children (N = 72) by Ramanathan, Eswari, Bhavanani, Prathima & Sanguida (2019) demonstrated that 60 minutes of yoga training, five days a week, for twelve weeks can have remarkable gains in audio and visual reaction time, which can be taken as a sign of improvement in their learning abilities and of increased coordinated function of their central nervous system. YOGA AND NEUROPLASTICITY IN SPECIAL NEEDS Some of the evidence related to improvements due to yoga mentioned above not only create possibilities for children with IDD and other type of special needs to better manage their daily lives, but also for their caregivers to create avenues for their rehabilitation. Among various mechanisms of the action of yoga, greater possibilities emerge due to the plastic brain and yoga’s role in helping build neuroplasticity. When special needs children follow the instructions of yogasanas and other yoga practices regularly and repeatedly, it stimulates the firing of various types of sensory and motor neurons in their brain, which in turn result in the wiring and re-wiring of neural pathways. It is much like
  46. 46. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 47 creating road-maps in the brain and traversing them often just like we create clear paths on grassy ground after repeated walks! Let us take the example of the kinesthetic sense - the sense of the relative positions of various parts of the body - which is very important for motion, balance and orientation. As many yogasanas are done with the left and right side of the body separately as well as jointly in a slow, rhythmic and sequential manner with hold-time, children with special needs would improve on their range of motion, develop greater awareness of each part of the body, its different movements, understand how those movements can be used to achieve balance in different ways, learn to sustain that sense of balance, and thereby, improve their kinesthetic sense. Here, it is a two-way traffic of neural signals, one, from the brain to the movement-causing muscles, and the other, from those muscles to the brain. This two-way traffic, firstly, helps establish the neural connections related to two-way sensory-motor coordination, and later, with advancing practice in the yogasanas, these neural connections get strengthened. Thus, the specific instructions given during yoga practices channelize the firing of neurons, thereby giving special needs children the opportunity to rewire their neural networks. This is one example of how we can make use of yoga techniques in combination with the principle of neuroplasticity to help special needs children. Another example where yoga and neuroplasticity work together is procedural memory, a type of long-term muscle-memory that happens when complex activities, like riding bikes, are done over and over again, eventually making these activities effortless. When special needs children repeatedly follow instructions when doing complex and dynamic yoga practices such as Suryanamaskar, which is a combination of several yogasanas practiced dynamically in a particular sequence, or even when they follow instructions for a single yogasana and do the corresponding procedure, they improve their procedural memory and learning. Since it is difficult to teach complex and slightly risky activities like riding a bike to special needs children, yoga serves as a safe and effective option to stimulate two- way traffic between the brain and body in terms of procedural memory. When more of this two-way traffic keeps happening in the brain through yoga practices, possibilities for bonus road-maps related to other skills, which need basic development in procedural memory, also start to develop in the brain of special needs children. Needless to say that in both the scenarios above, the brains of these children are being constantly trained through yoga practices to develop greater concentration and awareness levels, the keys to self-development! IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FUTURE The above-mentioned exploratory study conducted on the four children with IDD from Samwad Shala provided three insights to bear in mind when using yoga in IDD in the long-run in a self-sustaining manner. First, children with IDD would benefit much more if yoga could be introduced in a fun-filled manner to them, thereby giving them an opportunity to enjoy the practices, as well as, to make these practices a part of the activities of their daily living. Second, if individual attention is given to children with IDD through
  47. 47. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 48 certain yoga practices tailor-made to their specific needs, developmental gaps, and sensitivities, along with following group yoga practice, their progress would be more meaningful in their lives. Third, if their existing teachers and/or parents would themselves experience joy while practising yoga, and turn into yoga practitioners, they would be well- equipped to inspire their students and/or children to enjoy their practice as well as continue it. These insights from the above-mentioned exploratory research have been documented in the form of two video repositories made in 2016 and 2018 as a part of the ongoing collaboration between the Scientific Research Department, Kaivalyadhama, and Centre for Yoga Therapy and Research (CYTER), Shri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV), Puducherry. These education and research oriented documentaries are available for public access on YouTube: i.) https://youtu.be/wSAQ1X82tUs ii.) https://youtu.be/o9yMJvhzrHM . CONCLUSION The erstwhile tennis champion, Martina Navratilova, once remarked, "Disability is a matter of perception. If you can do just one thing well, you're needed by someone." On the same lines, introducing and integrating yoga in an enjoyable manner into the school curriculum of children with special needs could serve as a worthy milestone in empowerment of these children in various life-skills and in the direction of holistic child education. This would, in turn, ease the caregiving process of their parents and educators and release more quality time, especially for the entire family to spend with each other. There is also tremendous scope for undertaking more research in the area of how yoga works in special needs, for example, how the right balance between personalized and group yoga training could possibly give greater benefits to children with special needs. In summary, yoga turns out to be a cost-effective way to train children with special needs, and develop neuroplasticity by continuously rewiring their brain. Further, yoga, due to its holistic approach to a human being, possesses immense but as yet untapped potential to become an important means of self-development of special needs children, to help improve the quality of their lives, and to facilitate their integration into the mainstream of society in a sustainable and holistic manner in the optimistic times to come. Acknowlegement: In the above article, the author acknowledges extracting some portions from her own article on the same topic, which was published online at Huffington Post, India, in 2015 ( http://www.huffingtonpost.in/dr-praseeda-menon/how-yoga-could-help- rewir_b_8336520.html# ). REFERENCES 1. Bhavanani, A. B., Ramanathan, M., & Harichandrakumar, K. T. (2012). Immediate effect of mukha bhastrika (a bellows type pranayama) on reaction time in mentally challenged adolescents. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 56(2), 174-80. 2. Census of India 2011 Data on Disability. (2014). In Punarbhava. Retrieved from http://punarbhava.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1463&Ite mid=758 .
  48. 48. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 49 3. Malhotra, S., Diwan, D. K., & Kumar, M. (2007). Impact of yogasana on the mentally challenged: An observation. In R. Singh & R. Shyam (Eds.), Psychology of Well-being (pp. 351-359). New Delhi, India: Global Vision Publishing House. 4. Ramanathan, M., Eswari, R., Bhavanani, A. B., Prathima, G. S., & Sanguida, A. (2019). Yoga training enhances auditory and visual reaction time in children with autism spectrum disorder: A case-control study. SBV Journal of Basic Clinical and Applied Health Science, 2(1), 8-13. 5. Srilakshmidevi, B., & Suseela, V. (2017). Effect of yogic practices on flexibility among mentally challenged children. International Journal of Research - Granthaalayah, 5(7), 56- 60. 6. Teaching Yogasana to the Mentally Retarded Persons: A Guide Book for Personnel Serving the Mentally Retarded Persons (1988). Chennai, India: Krishnamacharya Yoga Mandiram Publications. 7. Uma, K., Nagendra, H. R., Nagarathna, R., Vaidehi, S., & Seethalakshmi, R. (1989). The integrated approach of yoga: a therapeutic tool for mentally retarded children: a one‐ year controlled study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 33(5), 415-421. Source: www.wecapable.com designed by Lalith kumar as per India censes 2011.
  49. 49. Divyanga Yoga: “Yoga for children of Special needs” 50 CARING FOR THE CAREGIVER: THE YOGIC PERSPECTIVE Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani1* INTRODUCTION We have patients come to us who are in the end stages of terminal illnesses, people who need constant care, day in and day out, people who need care every moment for the rest of their lives, also we have come across the parents who are taking care of children with special needs and have made physical and mental impairments. When dealing with such patients, while trying to evolve the Yoga therapy protocol for them, I often thought, what about those who are caring for these people? And that is where I realized: who is going to care for the caregiver? This is a significant region where Yoga can contribute a lot, because Yoga can enhance the feeling of helping, the feeling of caring, and it can give a new purpose for the entire life of the care-giver. WHY IS “CARE” BEING GIVEN? The first question we need to address is: Is the person giving the care out of choice or out of compulsion? Mostly, the care is given because there is nobody else. In the moment of crisis, everybody runs away. “It’s not my job” – passing the hot potato sort of! So is it out of compulsion? Or have they made a conscious choice to be a care-giver for the person they are caring for? This is a vital question because it will determine the attitude, with which they are doing what they are doing. The next to be addressed is: Are they paid or is it voluntary? Are they doing it out of love, out of care or because it is another job? We also find that, people are employed to give the care; how much of care can they give when they are being paid? Again, it is a personal response, a personal decision, whether you are going to make a job out of it or make it an opportunity to serve and also being served. DEALING WITH THE SOCIAL AND FAMILY DYNAMICS The family dynamics are a real quagmire and one hesitates to even go into that! Each family has such amazing dynamics – the politics within a family can be quite amazing. I have seen people who go to the trouble of caring for someone because others are not willing or cannot, but then the others keep on giving all this unnecessary advice. “Did you do that? Did you do this?” on the phone. Already the person is struggling to take care of the person in need of the care and also take care of themselves, on top of that, people, instead of caring will start giving all this advice and then feel they have done their duty by telling you that you should make a special wheatgrass juice after keeping the wheat for three days and then growing it and in this situation you grind it for two hours and then give it to the patient, and 1 Director and Professor Yoga Therapy, Centre for Yoga Therapy, Education and Research (CYTER), Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry. www.sbvu.ac.in/cyter * Based on Dr Ananda's talk on this topic transcribed by Yogacharini Jnanasundari( Janita Stenhouse) of France from www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEX8hAn3Y-A
  50. 50. IDY National Seminar cum Workshop at SBV 2019, Pondicherry 51 then they just phone to ask you “did you do it?” It’s very difficult – the family dynamics are something very difficult and one needs to have a lot of strength before even going into it! DEALING WITH CAREGIVER STRESS The stress that is put on the caregiver, the physical stress of taking care of someone 24 hours a day – the mental stress, the emotional stress – dealing with the emotions because it is not just your emotions but the emotions of the person you are taking care of. At times, the person being taken care of starts to treat you in such a bad way, like dirt, and someone who comes in once a month and just holds their hand becomes a saviour, while you spend 24 hours with them, treated like “what do you know, look at that person, how much care they give me, look at that love and look at you!” forgetting the person who is really doing the hard work, the dirty job. So you have the emotional stress, the metal stress, the physical stress, the social stress. The social stress – you give up your social life to take care of someone; and on top of that the financial stress, because if you are getting paid, at least you are being paid for it, but if not, then you are using your financial resources. If you are spending 24 hours a day caring for someone, where do you take care of your financial needs?