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MODULORBY ARCHITECTLE-CORBUSIER
LE-MODULORLE-MODULOR
1:1.618
Vitriviusman
Golden ratio
architecture
Fibonacci series
Lectu...
ABOUT
Undoubtedly one of the greatest architectural minds of
the 20th
century, his unique approach using reinforced
concr...
• Modular design, or modularity in design is an
approach that subdivides a system into smaller parts
that can be independe...
THE INITIAL THOUGHT BEHIND THE MODULAR
APPROACH
APPROACH
This system is
based on three
aspects:
human
measurements
theFibonacci
numbers
the golden ratio
LE-MODUL...
•Le Corbusier created the Modulor following
the steps of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's
Vitruvian Man, the work of Leone B...
THE FIBONACCI
NUMBERS
are a sequence of
numbers where the
first number of the
sequence is 0, the
second number is 1,
and e...
THE GOLDEN RATIO
(1.618)
Two quantities are in
the golden ratio if the
ratio between the sum
of those quantities and
the l...
LE MODULOR
LE MODULOR
A six-foot (about 183-
centimeter) man,
somewhat resembling the
familiar logo of the
“Michelin man,”...
 Le Corbusier explicitly used
the  golden ratio in
his Modulor system for
the scale of architectural
proportion.
 The Mo...
According to the quantities of
113 and 226, Le Corbusier
developed two vertical
measurements, the red series
and the blue ...
Basic plot:
113, 70, 43 cm.
When these quantities
are combined, they
provided other
measurements related
with the modulor....
ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION
CHANDIGARGH
ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION
CHANDIGARGH
ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION
OTHEREXAMPLES
Unite the
habitation
Notre Dame du Haute
INTRODUCTION: VILLA SAVOYE,POISSY- FRANCE 1929-31
Introduction
Located in a suburb near Paris
Architect-le corbusier
Const...
INTRODUCTION: VILLA SAVOYE,POISSY- FRANCE 1929-31
Introduction
VILLA SAVOYE ISRELATED TO THE WHOLE RANGE OF LE CORBUSIER’...
Introduction
LeCorbusier used thegolden ratio in hisModulor system for the
scaleof architectural proportion.
Hesaw thiss...
FIVEPOINTS OFARCHITECTURE:
Introduction
LeCorbusier'sFive Pointsof Architecturearebest summed up in hiswork "VillaSavoye"....
Modular proportions in Villa savoye
Villa savoye
LeCorbusier also put the
concept of golden section into
thefacades, using...
Modular proportions in Villa savoye
Villa savoye
PLANS AND VIEWS
Villa savoye
Content…..size : 18/20
Bullets : square
VIEW FROM INSIDE
VIEW FROM OUTSIDE
Villa savoye
ABOUT 1/3RD OF THE
SPACE IS OCCUPIED BY
THE ROOF TERRACE
SECOND LEVEL WITH
ROOF GARDEN
LIVING AREA
Villa savoye
RAMP TOWARDS TERRACE
LIVING ROOM OPENING TOWARDS
TERRACE (INTERIORS)
ELONGATED WINDOWS
MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION
BUILDING
location Ahmedabad
function auditorium, meeting
room, office
location Ahmedabad
function a...
MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION
BUILDING
 Theinterior arrangementstakefull
advantageof prevailing winds.
 theroof isused together...
MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION
BUILDING
MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION
BUILDING
Plan
MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION
BUILDING
Building characteristic
  Theground floor housesthework spacesof
theclerksand aseparate, ...
 On thesecond floor of theMill Owners’
Building, thelobby istreated as“an open
spacedefined by harsh, angular forms.
 An...
MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION
BUILDING
UNITE D’HABITATION
Architect: Le Corbusier
Location: Marseilles, France
Project Year: 1947-1952
Area: 386,130 sq.ft
units:...
UNITE D’HABITATION
After World War II, theneed for housing wasat an
unprecedentedly high. The United’ Habitation in
Marsei...
GOLDEN RATIO IN ELEVATION
The elevation of the building is approximately two descending golden ratio
rectangles resting si...
GOLDEN RATIO IN INDIVIDUAL PLANS
Section of Unité d'Habitation
Floor Plan of Unité d'Habitation
ARRANGEMENT OF BLOCKS
Reinforced concreteframing
with model of relationship of
individual unitsto thelarger
organization.
...
MATERIALS
TheUnité
introduced the
world to raw
concrete- béton
brut - with its
texturedefined by
thewooden planks
shaping ...
STRUCTURE
17 storeys high and sitting on massive pilotis.
houses over 1,600 people.
Its 366 apartments are of 23 types,...
STRUCTURE
Common roof spaces
Another interesting aspect of the dwelling unit is to use the roof as a function, being
one o...
INTERIOR
Interior
passage way
INTERIOR
THANK-YOU
PRESENTEDBY
Asmita
Anuradha
Aniket
Atit
Annirudha
Kajol
Minal
Mrudula
naman
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Le modulor final

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Le modulor final

  1. 1. MODULORBY ARCHITECTLE-CORBUSIER LE-MODULORLE-MODULOR 1:1.618 Vitriviusman Golden ratio architecture Fibonacci series Lectureno:5 Date: 05/03/2014 Day : wednesday
  2. 2. ABOUT Undoubtedly one of the greatest architectural minds of the 20th century, his unique approach using reinforced concrete, separated him from ordinary architects of his time. Le Corbusier was born on October 6, 1887 in the town of La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. Although born Swiss, he lived most of his life in France.  He trained as an engraver and goldsmith but, from 1904, he began his studies in architecture. In 1943 Le Corbusier applied a similar interdisciplinary approach to developing "Modulor", a system of quantity, based on the male figure and the Golden Mean, used to determine the proportions of units in architecture and technology. This was also the foundation of Le Corbusier's work in furniture design.
  3. 3. • Modular design, or modularity in design is an approach that subdivides a system into smaller parts that can be independently created and then used in different systems to drive multiple functionalities. UNDERSTANDING MODULAR DESIGN ABOUTMODULARDESGIN
  4. 4. THE INITIAL THOUGHT BEHIND THE MODULAR
  5. 5. APPROACH APPROACH This system is based on three aspects: human measurements theFibonacci numbers the golden ratio LE-MODULARLE-MODULAR Le Corbusier developed the Modulor between 1943 and 1955 in an era which was already displaying widespread fascination with mathematics as a potential source of universal truths.
  6. 6. •Le Corbusier created the Modulor following the steps of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man, the work of Leone Battista Alberti, and other attempts to discover mathematical proportions in the human body and then to use that knowledge to improve architecture. HUMAN MEASUREMENT VITRUVIAN MAN •"Vetruvio, architect, puts in his work on architecture that the measurements of man are in nature distributed in this manner, that is: •a palm is four fingers •a foot is four palms •a cubit is six palms •four cubits make a man •a pace is four cubits •a man is 24 palms •and these measurements are in his buildings"
  7. 7. THE FIBONACCI NUMBERS are a sequence of numbers where the first number of the sequence is 0, the second number is 1, and each subsequent number is equal to the sum of the previous two numbers of the sequence itself. FIBONACCI NUMBERS FIBONACCI SPIRAL
  8. 8. THE GOLDEN RATIO (1.618) Two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio between the sum of those quantities and the larger one is the same as the ratio between the larger one and the smaller. GOLDEN RATIO GOLDEN RATIO a + b = a a b
  9. 9. LE MODULOR LE MODULOR A six-foot (about 183- centimeter) man, somewhat resembling the familiar logo of the “Michelin man,” with his arm upraised (to a height of 226 cm; 7’5”), was inserted into a square . The ratio of the height of the man (183 cm; 6’) to the height of his navel (at the mid-point of 113 cm; 3’8.5”) was taken precisely in a Golden Ratio.   The total height (from the feet to the raised arm) was also divided in a Golden ratio (into 140cm and 86 cm) at the level of the wrist of a downward-hanging arm. The two ratios (113/70) and (140/86) were further subdivided into smaller dimensions according to the Fibonacci series The purpose of the Modulor was to "maintain the human scale everywhere"
  10. 10.  Le Corbusier explicitly used the  golden ratio in his Modulor system for the scale of architectural proportion.  The Modulor is an anthropometric scale of  proportions devised by him.   It is based on the height of an English man with his arm raised LE MODULOR LE MODULOR ARM UPRAISED VERTICAL MEASUREMENTS •The graphic representation of the Modular is a stylized human figure with one arm upraised standing next to two vertical measurements.
  11. 11. According to the quantities of 113 and 226, Le Corbusier developed two vertical measurements, the red series and the blue series, which are descending scales related to the height of the human figure. RED SERIES BLUE SERIES LE MODULAR LE MODULAR
  12. 12. Basic plot: 113, 70, 43 cm. When these quantities are combined, they provided other measurements related with the modulor. For example: 43+70=113, 113+70=183 and 113+70+43=223, these three results define the space human body occupies. BASIC PLOT 113 70 43 LE MODULOR LE MODULOR
  13. 13. ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION CHANDIGARGH
  14. 14. ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION CHANDIGARGH
  15. 15. ARCHITECTURAL IMPLIMENTATION OTHEREXAMPLES Unite the habitation Notre Dame du Haute
  16. 16. INTRODUCTION: VILLA SAVOYE,POISSY- FRANCE 1929-31 Introduction Located in a suburb near Paris Architect-le corbusier Constructed-1929-1931
  17. 17. INTRODUCTION: VILLA SAVOYE,POISSY- FRANCE 1929-31 Introduction VILLA SAVOYE ISRELATED TO THE WHOLE RANGE OF LE CORBUSIER’S ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING IT ISSITUATED ON SMOOTHLY SLOPING HILL TOPIN MIDST OF FIELDS IT ILLUSTRATESWITH EXTREME CLARITY AND ISPERHAPSTHE MOST FAITHFUL IN ITSOBSERVATION OF HI FIVE POINTSI.E PILOTIS, ROOF GARDEN, FREE FLOOR PLAN , ELONGATED WINDOW, AND FREE FAÇADE PALLADIAN GRID ISFOLLOWED GOLDEN PROPOTIONSARE ANALYSED COLUMNSOF THE BUILDINGSARE DEFINED BY A SYSTEM OF WALLS INDEPENDENT OF STRUCTURE ENTRY TO THE PROPERTY ISTHROUGH A GATE AT ONE END OF HIGH STONE WALL
  18. 18. Introduction LeCorbusier used thegolden ratio in hisModulor system for the scaleof architectural proportion. Hesaw thissystem asacontinuation of thelong tradition of Vitruvius, Leonardo daVinci's"Vitruvian Man", thework of Leon BattistaAlberti, and otherswho used theproportionsof thehuman body to improvetheappearanceand function of architecture. In addition to the golden ratio, LeCorbusier based thesystem on human measurements, Fibonacci numbers, and thedoubleunit. VILLA SAVOYE,POISSY- FRANCE 1929-31 THE PILOTIS ROOF GARDEN FREE FLOOR PLAN ELONGATED WINDOW FREE FACADE IDEOLOGY
  19. 19. FIVEPOINTS OFARCHITECTURE: Introduction LeCorbusier'sFive Pointsof Architecturearebest summed up in hiswork "VillaSavoye". 1) Raised Structure: Thebulk of thestructureiselevated from theground and issupported by "pilotis", or, reinforced concretestilts. Thesestiltsprovidethestructural support for thedwelling. 2) A FreeFacade: thestilts that support thestructureallow for non-supporting wallsthat can assist thearchietct's design asheseesfit. 3) Open Floor Plan: likethefreefacade, theopen floor plan ismadepossibleby thesystem of supporting stilts. This open spacewasfreefor thearchitect to configureinto roomsor to re-purposeto fit acertain design. 4) Ribbon Windows: Thesecond floor of theVillaSavoyeincludeslong stripsof ribbon windowsthat allow unencumbered views of thelargesurrounding yard. Thesestripsof elongated windowsallowed for impressiveviewsof theexterior and let in agreat amount of natural light. 5) Rooftop Garden: Theideaof therooftop garden wasto replacethegreen areathat had been consumed by the building'sfootprint and to transplant it to theroof of thebuilding., and which constitutethefourth point of hissystem. Thefifth point wastheroof garden to compensatefor thegreen areaconsumed by thebuilding and replacing it on the roof.
  20. 20. Modular proportions in Villa savoye Villa savoye LeCorbusier also put the concept of golden section into thefacades, using baselineof 12 degreesto determinethe ruleof dividing themain parts aswell astheslopeof the central ramp, thepositionsof bar windows, thesizesof the window-pane, thewidth  oftheroadway, etc
  21. 21. Modular proportions in Villa savoye Villa savoye
  22. 22. PLANS AND VIEWS Villa savoye Content…..size : 18/20 Bullets : square VIEW FROM INSIDE VIEW FROM OUTSIDE
  23. 23. Villa savoye ABOUT 1/3RD OF THE SPACE IS OCCUPIED BY THE ROOF TERRACE SECOND LEVEL WITH ROOF GARDEN LIVING AREA
  24. 24. Villa savoye RAMP TOWARDS TERRACE LIVING ROOM OPENING TOWARDS TERRACE (INTERIORS) ELONGATED WINDOWS
  25. 25. MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION BUILDING location Ahmedabad function auditorium, meeting room, office location Ahmedabad function auditorium, meeting room, office  A ceremonial ramp makesfor agrand approach into atriple-height entrancehall.   Arrival ison thefirst floor, wheretheexecutives’ officesand boardroom arelocated MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING
  26. 26. MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION BUILDING  Theinterior arrangementstakefull advantageof prevailing winds.  theroof isused together with bar for evening entertainment.  theassembly hall isconstructed of doublethin brick wallspanelled in wood.  either random or concreteseating 2 vertical tapestriesaresuspended from theceiling for acoustical purposes.  thehall isindirectly lighted by reflectionsfrom thecurved ceiling, which in turn iskept cool by 2 gardensand awater basin on the roof. MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING
  27. 27. MILL OWNERSASSOCIATION BUILDING MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING Plan
  28. 28. MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING Building characteristic   Theground floor housesthework spacesof theclerksand aseparate, single-storey canteen at therear.  On thethird floor isauditorium with aroof canopy and acurved, enclosing wall, in addition to agenerouslobby.  Theeast and west façadesarein theform of sun breakers, oneof Corbusier’smany formal inventions.   whileavoiding harsh sun, permit visual connection and air movement.`
  29. 29.  On thesecond floor of theMill Owners’ Building, thelobby istreated as“an open spacedefined by harsh, angular forms.  And theauditorium asan enclosed space delineated by soft, curvilinear forms.  Facadesmade of rough shuttered concrete, the north and south sides, built in rough brickwork, are almost unbroken. MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING
  30. 30. MILLOWNERS ASSOCIATION BUILDING
  31. 31. UNITE D’HABITATION Architect: Le Corbusier Location: Marseilles, France Project Year: 1947-1952 Area: 386,130 sq.ft units: 366
  32. 32. UNITE D’HABITATION After World War II, theneed for housing wasat an unprecedentedly high. The United’ Habitation in Marseille, Francewasthefirst largescaleproject for thefamed architect, LeCorbusier. Completed in 1952, theUnited’ Habitation wasthe first of anew housing project seriesfor Le Corbusier that focused on communal living for all theinhabitantsto shop, play, live, and come together in a“vertical garden city.” LeCorbusier used hissystem of golden ratio in the MarseillesUniteD'Habitation in thegeneral plan and section, thefront elevation, plan and section of theapartment, in thewoodwork, thewall, theroof and someprefabricated furniture.
  33. 33. GOLDEN RATIO IN ELEVATION The elevation of the building is approximately two descending golden ratio rectangles resting side by side. The boundaries of the individual units and the openings to the balconies are also perfectly influenced by the golden ratio rectangle.
  34. 34. GOLDEN RATIO IN INDIVIDUAL PLANS Section of Unité d'Habitation Floor Plan of Unité d'Habitation
  35. 35. ARRANGEMENT OF BLOCKS Reinforced concreteframing with model of relationship of individual unitsto thelarger organization. The apartment block is a large rectangular structure of reinforced concrete, 17 storeys high and sitting on massive pilotis. It houses just over 1,600 people. Its 337 apartments are of 23 types, accommodating from one or two up to about eight. Le Corbusier himself described the structure as like a huge rack into which apartments slot like drawers.
  36. 36. MATERIALS TheUnité introduced the world to raw concrete- béton brut - with its texturedefined by thewooden planks shaping it when it waspour. It isspecially build up to human scaleand also emphasizethebeauty of using bareconcrete. Le Corbusier compare thebareconcreteof theUnitéto human skin, which showsit ageand character it flaws.
  37. 37. STRUCTURE 17 storeys high and sitting on massive pilotis. houses over 1,600 people. Its 366 apartments are of 23 types, accommodating from one or two up to about eight. Room heights within each apartment are (a very low) 2.4 m/ 7'5" and (a very high) 4.8 m/ 15'9". On the roof are sculpted ventilation shafts and facilities for a crèche, paddling pool and gymnasium. Another notably 'sculptural' feature is the staircase at one end of the block. Decoratively, the board-faced concrete finish is relieved by little else than a system of red, blue, yellow and green colored squares
  38. 38. STRUCTURE Common roof spaces Another interesting aspect of the dwelling unit is to use the roof as a function, being one of the areas of greatest vitality. Included:  an athletics track, 300 meters  covered gym  a club  nursing  kindergarten  social space.
  39. 39. INTERIOR Interior passage way
  40. 40. INTERIOR
  41. 41. THANK-YOU PRESENTEDBY Asmita Anuradha Aniket Atit Annirudha Kajol Minal Mrudula naman

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