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Administration of Curriculum.pptx

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Administration of Curriculum.pptx

  1. 1. - Plan organize and install the facilities for the implementation of curriculum - Master rotation, Clinical rotation Lt Col Nirmala Roberts India ADMINISTRATION OF
  2. 2. Curriculum ■ Latin “Currere” = “A race Course” ■ If the teacher is the guide, then curriculum is the path ■ The formal and informal content and process by which the learners gain knowledge and understanding, develop skills and alter attitudes, appreciations and values under the auspices of a school.
  3. 3. Curriculum ■ The totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process, provided by an educational institution ■ It includes : – Structure - Norms & values of orgn.; materials, resources – Process - The methods employed (strategies for teaching- learning) – Content - The content of courses (the syllabus)
  4. 4. Curriculum planning ■ The process whereby the advance arrangement of learning opportunities for a particular population of learners is created. ■ The Process of Curriculum planning - – Diagnosis of needs – Of Learner, society & stake holders – Formulation of objectives – Need based – Selection of content – By assessing its Self-sufficiency, Significance, Validity, Interest, Utility, Learnability & Feasibility. – Organization of content – By Continuity (vertical organization), sequence(in succession) and integration (horizontal relationship) – Selection of learning experiences – Criteria same as selection of content – Organization of learning experiences – Criteria same as organization of content – Determination of the ‘what’and ‘how’of evaluation
  5. 5. Plan, organize and install the facilities.. ■ The infrastructure – As per laid down norms of apex body ■ Staffing – All categories with specific qualification ■ Transportation – For students and staff ■ Educational programme - Theory & practice ■ Coordination and liaison as needed ■ Records and reports – Administrative, academic and others
  6. 6. Implementation of curriculum ■ Curriculum - Prescribed by the regulatory body ■ Modified by the regional Universities (only additions made) ■ Studied in depth at the College level ■ Curriculum - Broken into smaller units ■ At departmental level - Units are broken into lessons (= Unit plans) ■ Lesson plans - made by teachers ■ Curriculum revision done periodically
  7. 7. Factors that influence curriculum implementation ■ The teacher – – Understand the curriculum – Be involved in planning & devt – Implement and modify as needed ■ The learners – – Role in selection of learning experiences ■ Resource materials & facilities – Text books, teaching aids & stationery – Physical facilities – classrooms, labs, libraries, workshops, sports fields  Interest groups – ◦ Local authorities ◦ Companies ◦ Govts  The educational environment ◦ Culture and ideology – of the institution ◦ Instructional supervision ◦ Assessment strategies
  8. 8. Master rotation plan (MRP) ■ Overall plan of rotation of all students in a particular educational institution, showing the placement of the students belonging to total programme ■ Includes both theory & practice denoting the study block, partial block, placement of students in clinical blocks, team nursing, examination, vacation, co-curricular activities etc.
  9. 9. Master Rotation Plan – III Yr BSc (N)
  10. 10. Master Rotation Plan – IV Yr BSc (N)
  11. 11. Purpose of Master Rotation Plan… ■ Advance plan available - before implementation of curricular activities during an academic year for the entire programme. ■ Awareness by all concerned – about placement of students in clinical fields. ■ Effective coordination possible – Correlation of theory & practice & maintain integrity. ■ Preparation in advance – By teachers and students for working in the specified areas.
  12. 12. ….Purpose of Master Rotation Plan ■ Modifications can be made as required – Acc to situations and collaborations between the faculty & service staff ■ Allows for smooth running of organizational activities & meeting the objectives of educational programme. ■ Better Assessment of the curricular programme.
  13. 13. Principles of making an MRP ■ Plan in accordance with the guidelines in curriculum plan/syllabus for the entire course/ program ■ Plan in advance for all students in all years of program. ■ Follow maxims of teaching while planning the learning experiences ■ Select areas that can provide expected learning experiences ■ Acquaint the clinical supervisor with clinical objectives & rotation plan. ■ Provide each clinical experience of same duration to all the students. ■ Rotate each student through every learning experience or block.
  14. 14. Clinical rotation plan ■ A "regular, successive & recurrent posting of groups of nursing students of different batches in specific nursing fields i.e. OPD's, specialty wards, OT, delivery room, clinics, community health fields, etc
  15. 15. Factors to be considered for Rotation plan ■ State the objectives clearly – Explain to students ■ State the number of students in each batch ■ Number & size of dept./ teaching units/ wards where students will be posted for clinical experience. ■ The duration of clinical experience in each area as per INC & university/Board norms. ■ Clinical assignments to be completed in each rotation ■ The number of teaching faculty available for clinical supervision. ■ Adhere to rotation plan.
  16. 16. Basic principles for making Clinical rotation plan.. ■ Prepare in advance. ■ Plan acc to the MRP and the total curriculum plan. ■ Theory should closely precede the clinical experience. ■ Teacher : student ratio - 1:10 as prescribed by INC. ■ Learning experience should be from simple to complex. ■ Clinical supervisor - be familiar with the rotation plan. ■ Each student should get all the experience on rotation. ■ All students should enter & leave the clinical area at the same time & complete assignments in time.
  17. 17. Role of faculty in Clinical experience ■ Prepare objectives for clinical experience. ■ Plan experience in advance acc to objectives, to provide specific planned learning experiences. ■ Obtain permission from clinical authority ■ Explain objectives , assignments and evaluation to each student ■ Orient the student to the clinical area, ward staff, etc. where they are posted. ■ Place & guide the student to get required clinical experience.
  18. 18. Role of faculty in Clinical experience ■ Be updated on the latest in patient care system ■ Participate in teaching, supervision, & evaluation of students in the ward. ■ Have ‘Planned’ and ‘incidental’ teaching. Repeat for each group ■ Arrange ward teaching, ward discussions & case presentation. ■ Teach to apply learned theory into practice. ■ Help the students for effective charting of records & reports.
  19. 19. Questions…. 1. What is Curriculum? What is curriculum planning? 2. Describe the ‘Structure’, ‘Process’ and ‘Content’ of Curriculum in detail 3. Describe the factors to consider in – a) Selection of content of curriculum b) Organizing content of curriculum 4. Explain the difference between – a) Master rotation plan and clinical rotation plan b) Records and reports

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