Born : 28 November 1628
Elstow, Bedfordshire, England
Occupation : Writer, preacher
Major Works : The Pilgrim’s
Progress, The Holy War
Died : 31 August
1688 (aged 59)
• The Pilgrim’s Progress tells of Christian's
pilgrimage from his home to the Celestial
City, and of his experiences and
adventures on his journey.
• The author defends the story he is about
to tell, which is framed as a dream. He
explains that he fell asleep in the
wilderness and dreamed of a man named
Christian, who was tormented by spiritual
Christian had a
book, the Bible, in
hand and a great
burden, the weight
of worldly cares and
concerns, on back.
By the guidance of
the Bible, Christian
wants to leave his
hometown, the City
• A spiritual guide named Evangelist visits
Christian and urges him to leave the City of
Destruction. Evangelist claims that salvation
can only be found in the Celestial City, known
as Mount Zion.
His wife, children and neighbors all refuse to
go with him except his friend Pliable.
On their way, they falls into a bog called the Slough of Despond,
but they saved. But Pliable retreats after they meet the difficulties
in Slough Despond. Christian alone goes on.
He meets Worldly Wiseman, who urges him to lead a practical,
happy existence without religion. Refusing, Christian is sheltered
in Goodwill’s house. Then he continue the journey together
through many adventures.
Christian meets the monster Apollyon, who tries to kill him.
Christian is armed, and he strikes Apollyon with a sword.
Appolyon is the symbol of devil.
Christian meets Faithful, a traveler from his hometown. Faithful
and Christian are joined by a third pilgrim, Talkative, whom
Evangelist arrives and warns Faithful and Christian about the
wicked town of Vanity, which they will soon enter. Evangelist
foretells that either Christian or Faithful will die in Vanity.
• The two enter Vanity and
visit its famous fair. They
resist temptation and are
mocked by the
the citizens of Vanity
imprison Christian and
Faithful for mocking their
local religion. Faithful
defends himself at his trial
and is executed, rising to
heaven after death.
Christian is remanded to
prison but later escapes
and continues his journey.
Another fellow pilgrim named Hopeful
befriends Christian on his way.
They crossed so many places like Lucre,
By-Path Meadow, Doubting Castle, The
Delectable Mountains and faced so many
At last Christian and Hopeful gleefully
approach the land of Beulah.
The Land of Beulah
The Celestial City Is located in the country of beulah. This country was on
the border of heaven and so the shining ones could be seen walking
there. The landscape teems with flowers and fruit, and the travelers are
refreshed. To reach the gate into the city, they must first cross a river
without a bridge.
Christian was very
much afraid. But
Hopeful was not so
much afraid as
nearly drowns, but
Hopeful reminds him
of Christ’s love, and
safely from the water.
Thus they reached
the other end of river
they lose the body
and are transfigured.
The residents of the Celestial City joyously welcome the two
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