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bsp-sts pt3

Chapter III
Science and Technology and Nation Building

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bsp-sts pt3

  1. 1. III Science and Technology and Nation Building By: Anna Maria Gracia T. Ingcog-Estardo, RN, LPT, MAEd
  2. 2. Objectives: • Discuss the role of science and technology in Philippine nation building; • Evaluate government policies pertaining to S&T in terms of their contributions to nation-building; and • Identify actual S&T policies of the government and appraise their impact on the development of the Filipino nation.
  3. 3. • Brief Historical Background of Science and Technology in the Philippines
  4. 4. • Philippines Then and Now Video Presentation
  5. 5. • The early inhabitants of the archipelago had their own culture and traditions. – Own belief system and indigenous knowledge – Keeps them organized and sustained their lives and communities for many years.
  6. 6. • Pre-Spanish Philippines -Embedded in the way of life
  7. 7. SCIENCE – Planting crops that provide them food – Taking care of animals – Food production – Interpret the movements of heavenly bodies to predict seasons and climates – Medicinal uses of plants
  8. 8. TECHNOLOGY – Building houses – Irrigations – Developing tools – Musical instruments
  9. 9. • Metal Age influence – Gold and silver jewelry • Trading with other countries Indigenous or Folk Science
  10. 10. • Spanish Rule – Brought their own culture and practices
  11. 11. – Established schools and introduced the concepts of subjects and disciplines – Learning of science in school focuses on understanding different concepts related to the human body, plants, animals and bodies. – Technology focuses on using and developing house tools
  12. 12. • Life during the Spanish era – Became modernized • Filipinos replicated technology brought by the Spaniards using indigenous materials. • Medicine and advanced science were introduced in formal colleges and universities
  13. 13. • Galleon Trade
  14. 14. • The galleon trade was supplied by merchants largely from port areas of Fujian who traveled to Manila to sell the Spaniards spices, porcelain, ivory, processed silk cloth and other valuable commodities. • From 1565 to 1815, the galleon trade contributed to the change of culture, language and environment for both Philippines and Mexico.
  15. 15. • The Galleon Trade was a government monopoly. Only two galleons were used: One sailed from Acapulco to Manila with some 500,000 pesos worth of goods, spending 120 days at sea; the other sailed from Manila to Acapulco with some 250,000 pesos worth of goods spending 90 days at sea.
  16. 16. • The country became one of the centers of global trade in SEA – One of the most developed places in the region. • Superstitious beliefs and Catholic doctrines and practices halted the growth of science in the country.
  17. 17. • American Period – More influence in the Development of S&T
  18. 18. • Pubic education system • Improved engineering works and health of the people • Mineral resources were explored and exploited
  19. 19. • “Americanize” the Filipinos – Reorganized the learning of science – In basic education, science education focuses on nature studies and science and sanitation.
  20. 20. • The country had a difficult time to rebuild itself from the ruins of the war. • The human spirit to survive and to rebuild the country may be strong but the capacity of the country to bring back what was destroyed was limited.
  21. 21. •New Republic – Focusing on using its limited resources in improving S&T capability. – Use of Overseas Development Allocation to improve scientific productivity and technological capability. – Human resource development
  22. 22. Influences in the Development of S & T in the Philippines Internal Influences • Survival • Culture • Economic Activities External Influences • Foreign Colonizers • Traders with Foreign Countries • International Economic demands Development of S & T in the Philippines
  23. 23. • How does school science shape Science and Technology in our country?
  24. 24. GOVERNMENT POLICIES ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  25. 25. • introduced and implemented programs, projects and policies to boost science and technology. • GOAL: prepare the whole country and its people to meet the demands of a technologically driven world and capacitate the people to live in a world driven by science.
  26. 26. • In response to the ASEAN 2015 Agenda, the government, particularly the DOST, has sought the expertise of the NRCP to consult various sectors in the society to study how the Philippines can prepare itself in meeting the ASEAN 2015 Goals.
  27. 27. • The NRCP clustered these policies into four: 1. Social Sciences, Humanities, Education, International Policies and Governance 2. Physics, Engineering, and Industrial Research, Earth and Space Sciences, and Mathematics 3. Medical, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 4. Biological Sciences, Agriculture, and Forestry
  28. 28. 1. Social Sciences, Humanities, Education, International Policies and Governance • Integrating ASEAN awareness in basic education without adding to the curriculum • Emphasizing teaching in the mother tongue • Developing school infrastructure and providing for ICT broadband • Local food security
  29. 29. 2. Physics, Engineering, and Industrial Research, Earth and Space Sciences, and Mathematics • Emphasizing degrees, licenses, and employment opportunities • Outright grants for peer monitoring • Review of RA 9184 • Harnessing science and technology as an independent mover of development
  30. 30. 3. Medical, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences • Ensuring compliance of drug-manufacturing firms with ASEAN-harmonized standards by full implementation of the FDA • Creating an education council dedicated to standardization of pharmaceutical services and care • Empowering food and drug agencies to conduct evidence-based research as pool of information • Allocating 2% of the GDP to research • Legislating a law supporting human genome projects
  31. 31. 4. Biological Sciences, Agriculture, and Forestry • Protecting and conserving biodiversity by full implementation of existing laws • Use of biosafety and standard model by ASEAN countries • Promoting indigenous knowledge systems and indigenous people’s conservation • Formulation of common food and safety standards

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