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Adopting and Adapting Materials

Adopting and Adapting Materials

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Adopting and Adapting Materials

  1. 1. ADOPTING AND ADAPTING MATERIALS
  2. 2. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MATERIALS Published materials - course books - skills books Authentic materials According to Gower (1995) there two types of materials:
  3. 3. ESSENTIAL FEATURES FOR SELECTING A COURSE BOOK The book should be at the right vocabulary and grammar level for the learners. The book should focus on the language and skills that are the goal of the course. The book should be below a certain price. The book should be readily available. The size and number of lessons in the book should suit the length of the course. The book should not include behavior and topics that would off end the religious or cultural sensitivities of the learners and their parents.
  4. 4. EVALUATING A COURSE BOOK Does the course book suit the environment in which it will be used? Does the course book meet the needs of the learners? Does the course book apply sensible principles of teaching and learning? Do the goals of the course book match the goals of the course? Does the content of the course book suit the proficiency level of the learners and reflect sensible selection and sequencing principles? Is the course book interesting and does it use effective techniques? Does the course book include tests and ways of monitoring progress?
  5. 5. FOR “CHECKLIST FOR ADOPTING TEXTBOOKS” SEE BROWN (1995) P. 161 “Steps for adapting materials” see Brown (1995) p. 166
  6. 6. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MATERIALS ADAPTATION: Adding Deleting or omitting Modifying Simplifying Reordering According to McDonough & Shaw (2004) there are five types of adaptations:
  7. 7. WHAT MATERIALS CAN YOU SELECT? 1. How flexible is your teaching situation in terms of your ability to select materials? 2. Are you restricted to the school textbook completely or can you supplement with other materials? 3. What criteria do you look for in classroom materials? Think about the 4Cs – Culture, Cognition, Communication and Content.
  8. 8. Culture -Is the content appropriate to the group? -Does it promote global or intercultural understanding and awareness? Cognition -Is the material engaging? -Does it stimulate higher or lower order thinking skills? -Does it meet the abilities and needs of the group?
  9. 9. Communicati on -Does it include opportunity for sharing or interacting? -Is the content language matched to the level of the group? Content -Is the content suitable to the level and age of the group? -Is it relevant to the syllabus/topic? -Is the amount appropriate to the time allocated? Is it up to date and
  10. 10. How do course books focus on content? Variety of font styles and sizes Activating prior knowledge Classification task Personalisation Repetition of key vocabulary Encouraging production of target language Using visuals Underlying key words Including word banks
  11. 11. HOW DO YOU SELECT AND ADAPT AUTHENTIC MATERIALS?
  12. 12. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF AUTHENTIC MATERIALS Advantages Disadvantages
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF AUTHENTIC MATERIALS Advantages Disadvantages Interesting & motivating for learners Language not graded so challenging Exposure to real life Time-consuming as have to develop graded tasks for the materials More up to date than text books Copyright Bring another medium into the classroom (e.g. DVD, video, internet) Equipment may not be available Engcourages confidence if handled properly Expensive if you have to make your own copies
  14. 14. CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF MATERIALS Criteria Criteria The material syllabus content the of matches the Matches my the material learners interests the of The adapt to will long material too take not Breaking I law not copyright am Accurate the is material unbiased and Here are some criteria for selection of authentic materials. The sentences are mixed up. Write them in the correct order.
  15. 15. ADAPTATION METHOD
  16. 16. REFERENCES Brown, JD.1996. The Elements of Language Curriculum; A Systematic Approach to Program Development. Boston, Mass.: Heinle & Heinle Publishers Nation, I.S.P. & Macalister, J. 2010. Language Curriculum Design. Oxon: Routledge.

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