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Freytags pyramid

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Freytag's Pyramid
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Freytags pyramid

  1. 1. The Structure of Plot
  2. 2. • Plot – the author’s arrangement of incidents in the story • Freytag’s Pyramid – a diagram of the structure of a five-act tragedy, given by Gustav Freytag – widely accepted (and sometimes adapted) as a means of analyzing the structure of many kinds of fiction in addition to drama.
  3. 3. The pyramid is made up of seven steps – four phases and three moments from beginning to end.
  4. 4. • Exposition – the introductory material, which often creates the tone. Gives the setting, introduces the characters, and supplies other facts necessary for understanding Stage 1
  5. 5. • Inciting Moment – the event or force that sets in motion the rising action of a work of fiction. Also called the precipitating incident, exciting force or narrative hook. Stage 2
  6. 6. • Rising Action – the part of the dramatic action that has to do with the complication of the action. Begins with the inciting moment, gains interest or power as the opposing groups/ideas come into conflict, and proceeds to the climax. It can also be called the complication. Stage 3
  7. 7. • Climax – the turning point in the action, the crisis at which the rising action reverses and becomes the falling action. Sometimes called the reversal. Stage 4
  8. 8. • Falling Action – the second half of the dramatic plot. It follows the climax and often exhibits the winding down of the climax. Stage 5
  9. 9. • Resolution – the end of the falling action and the solution of the conflict. The resolution is not always a happy ending. Stage 6
  10. 10. • Denouement – involves not only the resolution of the conflict but an explanation of all the secrets and misunderstandings connected with the plot; the tying up of loose ends, exposure of a villain, clearing up a mistaken identity, reuniting characters, etc. Stage 7

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