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7 Trumpets and 3 Woes

The Seven Trumpets and 3 Woes

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7 Trumpets and 3 Woes

  1. 1. The 7 Trumpets Part I
  2. 2. Isaiah 42:9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.
  3. 3. There is a study of history that is not to be condemned. Sacred history was one of the studies in the schools of the prophets. In the record of His dealings with the nations were traced the footsteps of Jehovah. So today we are to consider the dealings of God with the nations of the earth. We are to see in history the fulfillment of prophecy, to study the workings of Providence in the great reformatory movements, and to understand the progress of events in the marshalling of the nations for the final conflict of the great controversy. {8T 307.2}
  4. 4. The history of nations that one after another have occupied their allotted time and place, unconsciously witnessing to the truth of which they themselves knew not the meaning, speaks to us. To every nation and to every individual of today God has assigned a place in His great plan. Today men and nations are being measured by the plummet in the hand of HIM who makes NO mistake. All are by their own choice deciding their destiny, and God is overruling all for the accomplishment of His purposes. {Ed 178.2}
  5. 5. THE PROPHET SPEAKS TRACING THE FOOTSTEPS OF PROPHECY ON THE PAGES OF HISTORY THERE IS A STUDY OF HISTORY THAT IS NOT TO BE CONDEMNED. SACRED HISTORY WAS ONE OF THE STUDIES IN THE SCHOOLS OF THE PROPHETS. IN THE RECORD OF HIS DEALINGS WITH THE NATIONS WERE TRACED THE FOOTSTEPS OF JEHOVAH. SO TODAY WE ARE TO CONSIDER THE DEALINGS OF GOD WITH THE NATIONS OF THE EARTH. WE ARE TO SEE IN HISTORY THE FULFILLMENT OF PROPHECY, TO STUDY THE WORKINGS OF PROVIDENCE IN THE GREAT REFORMATORY MOVEMENTS, AND TO UNDERSTAND THE PROGRESS OF EVENTS IN THE MARSHALLING OF THE NATIONS FOR THE FINAL CONFLICT OF THE GREAT CONTROVERSY. {8T 307.2}
  6. 6. William Miller comments: "The seven churches of Asia is a history of the church of Christ in her seven forms, in all her windings and turnings, in all her prosperity and adversity, from the days of the apostles down to the end of the world. The seven seals are a history of the transactions of the powers and kings of the earth over the church, and God's protection of his people during the same time. The seven trumpets are a history of seven peculiar and heavy judgments sent ...upon the earth, or Roman kingdom. And the seven vials are the seven last plagues sent upon Papal Rome. Mixed with these are many other events, woven in like tributary streams, and filling up the grand river of prophecy, until the whole ends us in the ocean of eternity. "This, to me, is the plan of John's prophecy in the book of Revelation. And the man who wishes to understand this book, must have a thorough knowledge of other parts of the word of God. The figures and metaphors used in this prophecy, are not all explained in the same, but must be found in other prophets, and explained in other passages of Scripture. Therefore it is evident that God has designed the study of the whole, even to obtain a clear knowledge of any part." Miller's Lectures, vol. 2, lecture 12, p. 178 (emphasis supplied) Uriah Smith comments: "While the seven churches present the internal history of the church, the seven seals bring to view the great events of its external history." The Biblical Institute, p. 253
  7. 7. the prophet con’t MASS DESTRUCTION WEAPON The history of nations that one after another have occupied their allotted time and place, unconsciously witnessing to the truth of which they themselves knew not the meaning, speaks to us. To every nation and to every individual of today God has assigned a place in His great plan. Today men and nations are being measured by the plummet in the hand of HIM who makes NO mistake. All are by their own choice deciding their destiny, and God is overruling all for the accomplishment of His purposes. {Ed 178.2}
  8. 8. Before His crucifixion the Saviour explained to His disciples that He was to be put to death and to rise again from the tomb, and angels were present to impress His words on minds and hearts. But the disciples were looking for temporal deliverance from the Roman yoke, and they could not tolerate the thought that He in whom all their hopes centered should suffer an ignominious death. {Great Controversy, p. 594} The words which they needed to remember were banished from their minds, and when the time of trial came it found them unprepared. The death of Jesus as fully destroyed their hopes as if He had not forewarned them. GC 594 {LDE 13.3} {Great Controversy, p. 594}
  9. 9. So in the prophecies the future is opened before us as plainly as it was opened to the disciples by the words of Christ. The events connected with the close of probation and the work of preparation for the time of trouble, are clearly presented. But multitudes have no more understanding of these important truths than if they had never been revealed. Satan watches to catch away every impression that would make them wise unto salvation, and the time of trouble will find them unready. {Great Controversy, p. 594}
  10. 10. The history which the great I AM has marked out in His word, uniting link after link in the prophetic chain, from eternity in the past to eternity in the future. All that prophecy has foretold as coming, tells us where we are today in the procession of the ages, and what may be expected in the time to come. to pass, until the present time, has been traced on the pages of history, and we may be assured that all which is yet to come will be fulfilled in its order. {Ed 178.3}
  11. 11. “There are those now living who, in studying the prophecies of Daniel and John, received great light from God as they passed over the ground where special prophecies were in process of fulfillment in their order. They bore the message of time to the people. The truth shone out clearly as the sun at noonday. Historical events, showing the direct fulfillment of prophecy, were set before the people, and the prophecy was seen to be a figurative delineation of events leading down to the close of this earth's history.” (Selected Messages, Book 2, p. 102)
  12. 12. 1 –> Babylon 2 –> Medo-Persia 3 –> Greece 4 –> Rome (Pagan) 5—> Papal Rome 6 —> U.S.A. 7 —> 10 Kings 8 —> Babylon/Papacy
  13. 13. “The Roman Church is far-reaching in her plans and modes of operation. She is employing every device to extend her influence and increase her power in preparation for a fierce and determined conflict to regain control of the world, to re-establish persecution, and to undo all that Protestantism has done.” (GC88, p. 565)
  14. 14. “…Rome is aiming to re-establish her power, to recover her lost supremacy. Let history testify of her artful and persistent efforts to insinuate herself into the affairs of nations; and having gained a foothold, to further her own aims, even at the ruin of princes and people …” (GC, p. 580)
  15. 15. “If the reader would understand the agencies to be employed in the soon-coming contest, he has but to trace the record of the means which Rome employed for the same object in ages past…” (GC88, p. 573)
  16. 16. The Bible Echo and Signs of the Times, February 1886, Vol. 1, No. 2, pg. 3 “To give the Bible to the laity, is to cast pearls before swine.”—Cardinal Hosius “There is no other remedy for the evil but to put heretics (Protestants) to death.”—Belarmine “We hate Protestantism; we detest it with our whole heart and soul.”—Catholic Visitor “We will take this country and build our institutions over the grave of Protestantism.”—Priest Ilecker “Religious liberty is only endured until the opposite can be carried into effect.”—Bishop O’Connor “We are not advocates of religious freedom and we repeat we are not.”—Shepard of the Valley
  17. 17. “Let the principle once be established in the United States, that the church may employ or control the power of the State; that religious observances may be enforced by secular laws; in short, that the authority of church and State is to dominate the conscience, and the triumph of Rome in this country is assured.” (GC, p. 580)
  18. 18. Five Important Points in the History of Rome prior to the Trumpets Five Important Points in the History of Rome prior to the Trumpets
  19. 19. 1. Persecution of Christians Ceases 2. Christians Organized Themselves Like the State 3. Constantine Builds a New Capital in the Eastern Empire 4. Constantine’s Three Sons Become Augusti 5. Christianity Made Official Religion of the State & Eastern and Western Rome Make a Permanent Split
  20. 20. #1 - Persecution of Christians ceases under Constantine who converted Christianity in 312 AD. The Church now finds herself in a position of being exalted and there develops an apostasy, union of church and state
  21. 21. “The nominal conversion of Constantine, in the early part of the fourth century, caused great rejoicing; and the world, cloaked with a form of righteousness, walked into the church. Now the work of corruption rapidly progressed. Paganism, while appearing to be vanquished, became the conqueror. Her spirit controlled the church. Her doctrines, ceremonies, and superstitions were incorporated into the faith and worship of the professed followers of Christ.” (GC88, p. 49)
  22. 22. “Constantine the Great let the form or organization of the church remain, substantially, as it had been; yet he attempted in some respects to improve and extend it. While therefore, he suffered the church to continue to be, as before… he assumed to himself the supreme power over this sacred republic, and the right of…controlling it in such a manner as would best subserve the public good. Nor did any bishop call in question this power of the emperor” (Mosheim, 1871, p. 231).
  23. 23. “It was apostasy that led the early church to seek the aid of the civil government, and this prepared the way for the development of the papacy,—the beast.”(GC88, p. 443)
  24. 24. “When the early church became corrupted by departing from the simplicity of the gospel, and accepting heathen rites and customs, she lost the Spirit and power of God; and in order to control the consciences of the people she sought the support of the secular power. The result was the papacy, a church that controlled the power of the State…” (GC88, p. 443)
  25. 25. “Thus again was demonstrated the evil results, so often witnessed in the history of the church from the days of Constantine to the present, of attempting to build up the church by the aid of the State, of appealing to the secular power in support of the gospel of Him who declared, ‘My kingdom is not of this world.’ [John 18:36.] The union of the church with the State, be the degree never so slight, while it may appear to bring the world nearer to the church, does in reality but bring the church nearer to the world.” (GC88, p. 296)
  26. 26. #2 - Constantine allows for religious freedom for Christians and all other religious with the Edict of Milan, 313 AD. The corrupted church begins to organize itself like the Empire.
  27. 27. The Edict of Milan was “a proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire… The proclamation… granted all persons freedom to worship whatever deity they pleased, assured Christians of legal rights (including the right to organize churches), and directed the prompt return to Christians of confiscated property. Previous edicts of toleration had been as short-lived as the regimes that sanctioned them, but this time the edict effectively established religious toleration.” (Edict of Milan, 2009, ¶1)
  28. 28. “After the Edict of Milan granted Christianity legal status, the church adopted the same governmental structure as the Empire: geographical provinces ruled by bishops. … Bishops of important cities therefore rose in power.” (History and Development of the Papacy, 2009, ¶13)
  29. 29. #3 - Constantine builds a new capital in the Eastern part of the Empire in 330 AD
  30. 30. “After his defeat of Licinius in 324 Constantine decided to found a new capital for the emperor. This was not unusual, since many emperors had founded or re-founded cities, and the Empire had several capitals in the third and fourth centuries. Thus, Constantine did not ‘move the capital from Rome to Constantinople,’ but the new city soon became the primary capital of the empire and the real heart of Byzantine civilization. It soon outstripped every other city in beauty and prosperity and by the fifth century its fortune had become identified with that of the empire as a whole… In general, the city was patterned after Rome and its official title was ‘New Rome;’ there were seven churches, and a great palace, which later became the central part of the Great Palace.” (The Founding of Constantinople, n.d., ¶1 & 11)
  31. 31. “[330 CE:] Emperor Constantine decided to build a ‘New Rome’ on the site of the Greek city of Byzantium (now at Istanbul, Turkey). It was called Constantinople. It became the center of the largely Christian empire. By this time, the church had evolved from a small, scattering of congregations to a geographically widespread church under the authority of many bishops.” (Robinson, 2007, ¶12)
  32. 32. #4- Constantine’s three sons declared Augusti after his death in 337 AD
  33. 33. According to Uriah Smith (1872) in the book Daniel & the Revelation, after Constantine died, Rome was divided into three parts, among his sons Constantinus (Possessed the East and resided in Constantinople), Constantine II (Britain, Gaul, & Spain-Western Division), & Constans (Illyricum, Africa, and Italy-Western Division).
  34. 34. The Trumpets affect a “third part” of the Empire Constantine II Constans Constantinus
  35. 35. #5 - Theodosius makes Catholic Christianity the official Religion of the state, and, upon his death in 395 AD, his will officially splits the Empire into separate East & West States ruled by his incapable sons
  36. 36. “The Emperor Theodosian issued a series of decrees or rescripts in the years 341, 345, 356, 381, 383, 386 and 391CE. The effect of these orders was to ‘suppress all rival religions, order the closing of the temples, and impose fines, confiscation, imprisonment or death upon any who cling to the older [Pagan] religions.’ The period of relative religious tolerance in the Roman Empire ended as Pagan temples were seized and converted to Christian use or destroyed.” (Robinson, 2007, ¶ 13)
  37. 37. “At Theodosius' death in AD 395, Honorius assumed the role of emperor of the west, with his brother Arcadius becoming emperor of the east. This division of the empire into eastern and western parts was the decisive one, which sent the two on separate ways… the accession of Arcadius and Honorius is widely seen as the division of the Roman Empire into two completely separate parts.” (Flavius Honorius, n.d., ¶3)
  38. 38. Important Principles of Prophetic Interpretation to Keep in Mind Hosea 12:10 “I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets” Ecclesiastes 3:15 “That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath already been; and God requireth that which is past.”
  39. 39. God has revealed to us in prophetic symbols the fall of the Roman Empire
  40. 40. “The great leading features of Daniel’s visions were the four great governments of antiquity, beginning with the Babylonian, and ending with the Roman, in its papal form. Not so, however, with John; he lived when three of those governments had passed away, and the fourth and last was in being, and in the height of its glory, as an universal monarchy. Under that government John was in banishment on the isle of Patmos, ‘for the word of God, and the testimony of Jesus Christ.’ Accordingly, instead of predicting the rise and triumph of either of those four great governments, it was his part to give the prophetic history of the fall of the last of the four, and give us the various means by which that great persecuting system should come to ruin.” (White, 1875, p. 2) “The great leading features of Daniel’s visions were the four great governments of antiquity, beginning with the Babylonian, and ending with the Roman, in its papal form. Not so, however, with John; he lived when three of those governments had passed away, and the fourth and last was in being, and in the height of its glory, as an universal monarchy. Under that government John was in banishment on the isle of Patmos, ‘for the word of God, and the testimony of Jesus Christ.’ Accordingly, instead of predicting the rise and triumph of either of those four great governments, it was his part to give the prophetic history of the fall of the last of the four, and give us the various means by which that great persecuting system should come to ruin.” (White, 1875, p. 2)
  41. 41. “Although it was not the end of the world…the fall of Rome is full of lessons that indicate exactly the things that will be at the end of the world. For that, with all its terrors, was the consequence of the evils heaped upon society by the making and working of the Papacy. And when the world shall really end, that, with the terrors that accompany it, will be but the consequence of the evil that is heaped upon the society of the world at this time by the making and the working of the Image of the Papacy.” (Jones, 1901, p. 14-15)
  42. 42. The Seven Trumpets being sounded are parallel with the Seven Last Plagues poured out onto the world by the seven angels pouring out the wrath of God in Revelation 16:1-8 (earth, sea, fountains of waters, sun, darkness, the river Euphrates, Christ finishing His work in the sanctuary)
  43. 43. “…The number 7 indicates completeness, and is symbolic of the fact that the messages extend to the end of time…” (Acts of the Apostles, p. 585
  44. 44. The First 4 Trumpets are bound together & cover the entire territories of creation: The earth, sea, fountains of waters & the heavens …signifying that the judgments are upon a world power-at the time of John this world power was Pagan Rome Revelation 14:7 “Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.”
  45. 45. These 4 Trumpets tell us about the Fall of Western Rome and the fall of the imperial city of Rome, Italy According to James White (1875), the first four trumpets refer to the fall of the Western Divisions of Rome (that of Constantine II & Constans) Constantine II Constans Constantinus
  46. 46. It is out of the Western Roman Empire that we have the division of Rome into 10 parts “…when the last vestige of the Western Empire of Rome had vanished, the territory was found partitioned into exactly ten parts, occupied by exactly ten independent nations; no more no less.” (Jones, 1901, p. 56) It is out of the Western Roman Empire that we have the division of Rome into 10 parts “…when the last vestige of the Western Empire of Rome had vanished, the territory was found partitioned into exactly ten parts, occupied by exactly ten independent nations; no more no less.” (Jones, 1901, p. 56)
  47. 47. The Last Three Trumpets Deal with… Rise of Islam Demise of Eastern Roman Empire & Papal Rule & The Fall of Islam Anger of the Nations & the Battle Between Two Mysteries: God vs. Babylon
  48. 48. In prophetical scripture, the sounding of trumpets is always used to denote the downfall of some empire, nation, or place, or some dreadful battle, which may decide the fate of empires, nations, or places… The last three trumpets will claim our attention in this discourse; the first four having their accomplishment under Rome Pagan; to the last three under Rome Papal. These three trumpets and three woes are a description of the judgments that God has sent and will send on this Papal beast, the abomination of the whole earth. {Miller’s Works, vol. 2, pp. 115, 116}
  49. 49. “And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.” (Revelation 8:6) Trumpets = Alarms, War/Battle, Judgment
  50. 50. Trumpets = Signify the Fall of a great city Joshua 6: 13-20
  51. 51. Trumpets = Alarms, War/Battle, Judgment “The prophet on Patmos was given a threefold view of events which would take place between the time in which he lived, and the time when the redeemed gather about the throne… Another phase of history, not wholly national, but having to do with nations, is revealed in the sounding of the trumpets…The trumpet, or bugle sound, is the call to war; and the history of the trumpets is one long story of war and bloodshed, but in order that men might learn that the hand of God is overruling in every army, and that He guides in every war, the story of the trumpets is left on record.” (Haskell, 1906, p. 65)
  52. 52. “The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.” (Revelation 8:7)
  53. 53. The Campaign of Alaric & the Visigoths, 395-419 AD First invaded the East and then sacked imperial city of Rome (~410 AD) “In one city the whole world perished.” (Jerome, Comm. In Ezech. 1.praef.)
  54. 54. Hail, Fire, Burnt Up = an act of judgment coming from God Psalm 21:9; Psalm 148:8, Isaiah 4:4; Isaiah 28:2, 17; Isaiah 30:30 Psalm 21:9; Psalm 148:8, Isaiah 4:4; Isaiah 28:2, 17; Isaiah 30:30
  55. 55. Mingled with Blood = Mingled with Mercy (Blood signifies mercy, See Leviticus 16:14, 15) Signifies that the judgment did not happen world- wide or across all of imperial Rome “...All the judgments upon men, prior to the close of probation, have been mingled with mercy. The pleading blood of Christ has shielded the sinner from receiving the full measure of his guilt; but in the final judgment, wrath is poured out unmixed with mercy.” (GC, p. 628)
  56. 56. UPON THE EARTH = BATTLES ON LAND Revelation 14:7 “Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.” Revelation 14:7 “Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.”
  57. 57. Constantine II Constans Constantinus Third Part = The Western Part of the Empire, Centering around Rome, Italy
  58. 58. GRASS & TREES = BOTH PEOPLE & FOOD SUPPLY 1 Peter 1:24; Isaiah 40:7; Mark 8:24; Genesis 1:29; Deuteronomy 20:19
  59. 59. Alaric’s campaign also signified by fires, slaughter of life, and the burning & cutting off of food supplies in Rome, Italy
  60. 60. “We do know that for three days the Goths ransacked the city, everything of value from temples, palaces, and private houses, then burned, the villas on the Aventine Hill, a fashionable part of [where] many families lived. They broke into the Mausoleum, dumped the ashes of the caesars on the floor, and ran off with burial urns and other tomb ornaments. The magnificent house and Sallust near the Sallarian gate, as well as the Basilica Aemelia in the Forum, were consumed in a great fire…” (Craughwell, 2008, p. 20) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  61. 61. “The Visigoths, under Alaric’s command, entered Rome through the Salarian Gate on the night of 24 August 410. They remained for three days. The massacres, fires, and looting especially affected the wealthier quarters—the Caelian and the Aventine Hills...The marks of the fire that raged in the hall of the Senate are perhaps still visible.” (Arnaldi/Shugaar, 2005, p. 4) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  62. 62. “…Alaric’s army had advanced, plundering, through Italy, camped outside Rome, and cut off its supplies from the port of Ostia. Famine quickly sapped resistance…” (Friell & Williams, 1999, p. 21) “…Alaric marched on Rome. When the Visigoths blockaded the food supplies at Portus, the senate, having briefly rejected a request from Alaric that it join him against Honorius, capitulated and agreed to form a government (late 409).” (Cameron & Garnsey, 1998, p. 126) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  63. 63. Saint Jerome wrote: “I hear from the West the terrible news that Rome is besieged, that her citizens have been obliged to purchase their salvation in heavy gold, and, already plundered of all their possessions, they have been besieged anew because, having lost their goods, they must now lose their lives. My words strangle in my throat. Behold, the city that conquered the world has been conquered in its turn. Rome is dying of hunger before it can die by the sword. There are but few survivors, who will be led away in chains. The ravenous hunger of the besieged is nourished with an unclean food. The Romans are eating one another.” (Arnaldi/Shugaar, 2005, p. 3-4) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  64. 64. “My voice sticks in my throat; and, as I dictate, sobs choke my utterance. The City which had taken the whole world was itself taken.” Jerome, Letter CXXVII (To Principia) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  65. 65. “Alaric's capture of Rome was less significant for the city, which soon recovered physically, than for the Mediterranean civilization as a whole. Roman prestige declined among the barbarian tribes of the north, who became more confident of their strength. The fall of Rome indicated to many the end of law and order and symbolized the decline of the western Roman Empire. Thereafter Rome's prestige was to be based on the papacy rather than on the empire.” (Retrieved June 5, 2012 at http://wizzley.com/alaric/) Alaric’s Campaign Against Rome
  66. 66. Alaric had alliance with the Pope, and the papacy begins to arise as political broker & seizes opportunities to increase its influence “Alaric found the Pope's alliance valuable — or at least the daily assistance given to his generals by the Christian priests…” (Bigelow, 1918, p. 48) “In 407 Alaric entered Italy, surrounded Rome and prepared to attack. Rome's Bishop entered negotiations with Alaric and, after paying substantial tribute, bought him off for the time being.” (Hines, 2007, ¶20)
  67. 67. Alaric had alliance with the Pope, and the papacy begins to arise as political broker & seizes opportunities to increase its influence “The government at Ravenna began to prepare for war…Alaric, however, moderated his demands and through the bishops of the Italian cities made a new offer for a formal alliance…When Honorarius , now committed to confrontation, rejected this offer, Alaric marched on Rome.” (Cameron & Garnsey, 1998, p. 126)
  68. 68. Alaric had alliance with the Pope, and the papacy begins to arise as political broker & seizes opportunities to increase its influence “…Alaric was a Christian and although his forces caused widespread destruction throughout the city, he spared Christian buildings and made an extra effort to attack pagan structures. When [Pope] Innocent returned to Rome, he embarked upon extensive charity efforts - thus, although this seemed like the end of the world to the people of Rome, it became a great opportunity for the Church to expand its power and influence.” (Cline, 2009, ¶2)
  69. 69. The 7 Trumpets Part II The 7 Trumpets Part 2
  70. 70. “And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood” (Revelation 8:7)
  71. 71. The Campaign of Genseric & the Vandals, 419-456 A.D “Master of the Seas,” Sacked Rome 455 A.D.
  72. 72. Great Burning Mountain Cast into the Sea = Judgment of God Jeremiah 51:24-27; Zechariah 9:4; Revelation 18:21
  73. 73. Jeremiah 51:25 “Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.” Zechariah 9:4 “Behold, the Lord will cast her out, and he will smite her power in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.”
  74. 74. “These mountains to me are significant. Subterranean fires, although concealed in them, are burning. When the wicked shall have filled their cup of iniquity then the Lord will rise out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth…There is a furnace of fire in these old rocky mountains. The mountain belching forth its fires tells us the mighty furnace is kindled, waiting for God's word to wrap the earth in flames…” (Ms 29, 1885, pp. 15-17)
  75. 75. UPON THE SEA = BATTLES ON THE SEA UPON THE SEA = BATTLES ON THE SEA Revelation 14:7 “Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.”
  76. 76. Sea Becomes Blood Because They Were Persecutors of the People of God Revelation 16:3-6: “And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead [man]; and every living soul died in the sea. And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.”
  77. 77. “Genseric … was…king of the Vandal settlers in Spain, and left, in conjunction with his brother Gontharis or Gonderic, in possession of the throne. His life divides itself into two parts: 1st, the conquest of Africa (A. D. 429—439); 2nd, the naval attacks on the empire itself (A. D. 439—477).” (Smith, 1870, p. 244)
  78. 78. “Genseric occupied sixteen years in preparations to sack Rome, … He devoted all the energy of his nature to construct a navy — not merely one capable of making raids upon the rebellious towns to the west of him, but one so great as to ensure for him the mastery…” (Bigelow, 1918, p. 71)
  79. 79. “SACK OF ROME BY GENSERIC (A.D. 455). — The Vandal chief failed not to seize such a golden opportunity. With a large fleet he crossed the Mediterranean sailed up the Tiber and entered Rome. Unable to do more, St. Leo obtained from him that the lives and buildings should be spared. But the work of pillage went on for 14 days. The Vandals loaded their ships with ornaments of gold and silver…” (Vuibert, 1886, p. 615)
  80. 80. “Twice the empire endeavoured to revenge itself, and twice it failed. The first was the attempt of the Western emperor Majorian (A. D. 457), whose fleet was destroyed in the bay of Carthagena. The second was the expedition sent by the Eastern emperor Leo, under the command of Heraclius, Marcellinus, and Bantiscus (A. D. 468), which was also baffled by the burning of the fleet off Bona.” (Smith, 1870, p. 244)
  81. 81. “But Genseric did not wait for the Roman fleet to come to attack him in his capital. When he got word that it was in the Bay of Carthagena, he sailed there with a fleet of his own and in a single day burned or sank nearly all the Roman ships…” (Haaren, n.d., ¶3)
  82. 82. “The heads of the Catholic community met him in state and in return for this and other services, the Vandals promised to spare all Christian sanctuaries....” (Bigelow, 1918, p. 79) Papacy Continues to Gain More Influence During the Siege of Genseric In the campaigns of Genseric we see the papacy being involved in national affairs. Pope Leo entreated with Genseric to spare the lives of the people in the city, to which Genseric agreed. However, when the city was sacked, Genseric did not abide by the agreement. (Ridpath, 1885)
  83. 83. “There is stronger evidence to the fact that three years later, Leo saved Rome from destruction by his intercession with an enemy. Genseric, king of the Vandals, in Africa … advanced to the neighborhood of Rome with a fleet and army, and compelled an immediate surrender. Leo could not save the city from plunder; but he successfully pleaded with the barbarian king to secure it from the horrors of massacre and fire…”(Riddle, 1856, p. 182) Papacy Continues to Gain More Influence During the Siege of Genseric
  84. 84. “On the third day after the tumult Genseric boldly advanced from the port of Ostia to the gates of the defenceless city. Instead of a sally of the Roman youth there issued from the gates an unarmed and venerable procession of the bishop at the head of his clergy. The fearless spirit of Leo, his authority and eloquence, again mitigated the fierceness of a barbarian conqueror: the king of the Vandals promised to spare the unresisting multitude, to protect the buildings from fire, and to exempt the captives from torture; and…the mediation of Leo was glorious to himself and in some degree beneficial to his country.” (Gibbon & Smith, 1857, p. 266 & 267) Papacy Continues to Gain More Influence During the Siege of Genseric
  85. 85. “Three years later, Rome was again attacked, this time by the Vandal Genseric, who indeed plundered Rome, but at Leo's persuasion, agreed not to violate the inhabitants. Leo ministered to the stricken populace and worked to rebuild the city and its churches…Leo died in Rome on November 10, 461. His legacy advanced the influence of the papacy to unprecedented heights. In a time of great disorder, he forged an energetic central authority which affected the papacy for centuries to come.” (Saint Leo the Great, n.d., ¶13). Papacy Continues to Gain More Influence During the Siege of Genseric
  86. 86. “…[Pope] Leo had …really effected some alleviation of the distresses which had fallen upon the city. The fact that he, and he alone, at such a crisis, had availed to effect anything, that he had stood forth a second time as the shield of Rome could not but greatly enhance the prestige which he had gained three years before. At this fateful moment the Pope could hardly be regarded as otherwise than by far the most important personage in Rome and in Italy... Comparatively speaking, at all events, the Church had once more abode in strength when every other social institution had been shaken to its base. The shadowy forms of several puppet emperors flit quickly by; but the Supreme Pontiff sits firm in St. Peter's chair, unfaltering and unappalled, unquestionably the foremost man in Rome.” (Beet, 1910, p. 273) Papacy Continues to Gain More Influence During the Siege of Genseric
  87. 87. “And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.” (Revelation 8:10, 11)
  88. 88. Campaign of Attila & the Huns, 432-453 A.D. Invasion of Italy (452 A.D.) “The Scourge of God” (Unlike Alaric and Genseric who were Arians, Attila was non- Christian)
  89. 89. Great Star = Notable Ruler/King Daniel 8:21; Numbers 24:17; Psalm 136:9
  90. 90. Great Star = Notable Ruler/King Numbers 24:17 “I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth” See also Judges 5:20, 21
  91. 91. Luke 10:18 “And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.” Isaiah 14:12 “How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!” Revelation 12:12 Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.”
  92. 92. UPON RIVERS & FOUNTAINS OF WATERS = LOCATIONS WHERE THERE WAS A CLEAN WATER SOURCE, AND IN THE HIGH PLACES AND IN THE VALLEYS (MOUNTAINOUS REGION) Leviticus 11:36; Isaiah 41:18; Deuteronomy 8:7
  93. 93. Leviticus 11:36 “Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water, shall be clean: but that which toucheth their carcase shall be unclean.” Isaiah 41:18 “I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.” Deuteronomy 8:7 “For the LORD thy God bringeth thee into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills.”
  94. 94. “Attila ruled over a territory bordered by the Danube, the Volga and the Baltic…In 450 A.D. he ravaged the upper Danube, and followed the Rhine from Basle to Belgium and made its valley desolate. Attila became known as ‘the scourge of God’ …Attila and his Huns made the Alpine lake and river country and the valleys of the Po all desolate…” (Hemenway, 2007, p. 51)
  95. 95. "It is said particularly that the effect would be on 'the rivers' and on 'the fountains of waters.' If this has a literal application… then we may suppose that this refers to those portions of the empire that abounded in rivers and streams, and more particularly those in which the rivers and streams had their origin for the effect was permanently in the 'fountains of waters.' As a matter of fact, the principal operations of Attila were in the regions of the Alps, and on the portions of the empire whence the rivers flow down into Italy…” (Barnes, 1859, p. 235)
  96. 96. Wormwood = Curse, Bitterness, Accursed, Hemlock ; Denotes Judgment Come Down from God & Destruction, Affliction, and the End Jeremiah 9:13-16; Jeremiah 23:15; Hosea 10:4; Lamentations 3:19; Proverbs 5:3, 4
  97. 97. Jeremiah 9:13-16 “And the LORD saith, Because they have forsaken my law which I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice, neither walked therein; But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them: Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink. I will scatter them also among the heathen, whom neither they nor their fathers have known: and I will send a sword after them, till I have consumed them.”
  98. 98. “The absinthe plant –Wormwood—grows freely in the Alps and is bitter and is associated with gall in scripture (c.p. Deut. 29:18). Wormwood (Aspinthos) is the name of a river in the Illyrian region ruled by Attila.” (Hemenway, 2007, p. 51)
  99. 99. “Attila burnt cities, massacred and enslaved inhabitants and generally caused despair, famine, and bitterness. The Huns devastated the inhabitants of the Italian Alps—the source of rivers, causing pollution and disease for those who drank.” (Hemenway, 2007, p. 51)
  100. 100. “The Latin traditions of Gaul gave him the name of the Scourge of God and supposed that he gloried in it... But in the desolations of Attila the empire had learned a new experience of its helplessness.” (Church, 1907, p. 22)
  101. 101. “The Illyrian frontier was covered by a line of castles and fortresses…But these slight obstacles were instantly swept away by the inundation of the Huns. They, destroyed, with fire and sword …. The whole breadth of Europe, as it extends above five hundred miles from the Euxine to the Hadriatic, was at once invaded, and occupied, and desolated, by the myriads of barbarians whom Attila led into the field.” (Gibbon, 1782, Chapter 34)
  102. 102. “In 451, having suffered a setback on the Plains of Chalons, by the allied Romans and Visigoths, Attila turned his attention to Italy. After having laid waste to Aquileia and many Lombard cities in 452, the Scourge of God met Pope Leo I who dissuaded him from sacking Rome.” (Kralic, 2009, ¶3)
  103. 103. “Upon reaching Rome, he was persuaded to turn back by Pope Leo…”(Hemenway, 2007, p. 51) Papacy is Now a Political and Social Figure More Important than the Emperors and Political Figures of Rome
  104. 104. “Attila advanced towards Rome. The conqueror of Chalons, Aetius, hung on his march but was unable to arrest him. But Attila's army was suffering from exhaustion and disease and he yielded at least for the time to the supplications and offers of the Roman ambassadors one of whom was the great Pope Leo.” (Church, 1907, 22) Papacy is Now a Political and Social Figure More Important than the Emperors and Political Figures of Rome
  105. 105. Attila was hesitant to sack Rome because of superstition, but was contemplating it when a Roman embassy was sent to meet him in his camp. Pope Leo was a part of the Roman embassy who were sent on behalf of “The Emperor and the Senate and People of Rome” Leo proved himself a successful ambassador and negotiated peace…. (Hodgkin, 1892) Papacy is Now a Political and Social Figure More Important than the Emperors and Political Figures of Rome
  106. 106. “…it is little open to question that, from the first, Leo was the real hero of the day. To him, more than to any other, at this crisis, the Roman Emperor, if not the people also, looked for aid; and, as they congratulated themselves, had not looked in vain. His personal prestige and that of his Apostolic Chair were, both alike, immeasurably enhanced thereby. In the person of Leo, as in that of none of his predecessors, the Head of the Roman Church became a personage of the first importance in the State, more than the peer of senators and military chiefs—the buttress of a throne and the preserver of the social fabric.” (Beet, 1910, p. 265) Papacy is Now a Political and Social Figure More Important than the Emperors and Political Figures of Rome
  107. 107. “The renown and the gratitude which Leo I earned by this interposition placed the Papal Chair many steps higher in the estimation both of Rome and of the world. In the dark days which were coming the senate and people of Rome were not likely to forget that when the successor of Caesar had been proved useless the successor of Peter had been a very present help. And thus it is no paradox to say that indirectly the king of the Huns contributed more perhaps than any other historical personage towards the creation of that mighty factor in the politics of mediaeval Italy the Pope King of Rome.” (Hodgkin, 1892, p. 161) Papacy is Now a Political and Social Figure More Important than the Emperors and Political Figures of Rome
  108. 108. The 7 Trumpets Part III
  109. 109. And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise. (Revelation 8:12).
  110. 110. Campaigns of Odoacer, 476-493 of Mixed Decent-Heruli/Gothic
  111. 111. Striking of the heavenly bodies with darkness signifies judgment and punishment of God, destruction Isaiah 13:9-11; Ezekiel 32:7-9; Joel 2:10-11; Isaiah 5:30
  112. 112. Sun, moon, and stars = Ruling Bodies Psalm 136:8, 9 “The sun to rule by day: for his mercy endureth for ever: The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth for ever.” Genesis 1:16-18 “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.” Genesis 1:16-18; Psalm 136:7-9
  113. 113. Sun, moon, and stars = Ruling Bodies “The symbols sun, moon, and stars for they are undoubtedly here used as symbols evidently denote the great luminaries of the Roman government, its emperors, senators, and consuls.” (Smith, 1872, p. 192)
  114. 114. Odoacer was “…first barbarian king of Italy. The date on which he assumed power, 476, is traditionally considered the end of the Western Roman Empire.” (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009, ¶1)
  115. 115. Augustulus became emperor of the Western Roman Empire in AD 475, Odoacer led an uprising of the German troops in the Roman army and deposed the new emperor in 476. This event is usually said to have marked the end of the Roman Empire in the west…” (Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia, 2009, ¶1) Odoacer was a “Gothic chieftain who received his military training in the Roman army and became the first Germanic ruler of Italy. When Romulus
  116. 116. “…Western Rome fell in AD 476. Still, however, though the Roman sun was extinguished, its subordinate luminaries shone faintly.” (Smith, 1872, p. 192) “With Odoacer's appointment as King, the system of Roman government, first Republic than Imperial ceases to exist. After over a century of near constant invasions and usurpations, the Roman system finally collapses, permanently” (Roman Timeline, 2009, ¶52)
  117. 117. “But, in their prophetic order, the consulship and the senate of Rome met their fate, though they fell not by the hands of Vandals or of Goths…The succession of the consuls finally ceased in the thirteenth year of Justinian…. ‘The third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars.' In the political firmament of the ancient world, while under the reign of imperial Rome, the emperorship, the consulate, and the senate shone like the sun, the moon, and the stars… and finally, as the fourth trumpet closes, we see the 'extinction of that illustrious assembly,' the Roman senate. The city that had ruled the world, as if in mockery of human greatness, was conquered by the eunuch Narses, the successor of Belisarius. He … achieved 'the conquest of Rome,' and the fate of the senate was sealed.” (Keith, 1832, p. 280-283 & Smith, 1872, p. 193)
  118. 118. “Odoacer in 476 completed the destructions wrought in series by Alaric the Goth (410) Attila the Hun (452) and Genseric the Vandal (455).” (Rogers, 1878, p. 171)
  119. 119. “… imperial influence in Italy weakened the papacy…” (Richards, 1979, p. 30) Foundation Now Laid for Papal Supremacy in the West “…papal supremacy arose out of the struggle between popes and emperors…[T]he Imperial seat, when it fell vacant, would be assumed by the papacy and never thereafter returned to temporal control. Armed with Imperial power, the papacy would proceed to exact….oaths from princes and feudatories, to impose taxes and tribute, and to assert appellate jurisdiction over civil suits, such that no case at law could ever be resolved except by consent of the pope.” (Coby, 2009, p. 29)
  120. 120. Foundation Now Laid for Papal Supremacy in the West “When both bishop and emperor resided as rival powers within her walls these were naturally the two centres round which this intellectual activity was grouped. But the emperor passed away the bishop remained and there was no longer any disturbing cause to prevent its concentration round a single figure.” (Sheppard, 1861, p. 758)
  121. 121. Foundation Now Laid for Papal Supremacy in the West “… the emancipation of Italy and the western provinces from direct imperial control which is signalized by Odoacer's accession has rightly been regarded as marking the opening of a new epoch. It made possible in the West…the growth of new and distinct states and nationalities; finally it gave a new impulse to the influence of the Christian Church and laid the foundations of the power of the bishops of Rome” (Pelham, 1901, p. 576)
  122. 122. Foundation Now Laid for Papal Supremacy in the West The success of the papacy “continued through seven centuries, [and] was audaciously interpreted into a proof of the divinity of the Papacy. Behold, it has been said, that when the throne of Caesar was overturned, how the chair of Peter stood erect!...(Wylie, 18??, p. 17)
  123. 123. "Christianity…developed an institution which in part was a rival of the state. It created a society within the empire which….threatened the very existence of the latter. The conflict was very marked in the century or more before Constantine. . . . When Constantine made his peace with the faith, however, it long looked as though the conflict had been resolved by the control of the church by the state. Yet, even in the days of the seeming subordination of the church to the government, ecclesiastics sought to influence the policies of the latter." (Latourette, 1938, p. 273)
  124. 124. Now that the Imperial Emperor was out of the way…What Next? “The result was the papacy, a church that controlled the power of the State, and employed it to further her own ends, especially for the punishment of ‘heresy.’” (GC88, p. 443)
  125. 125. What Events Mark the Church Gaining Control Over the State? The Race to 476 A.D.
  126. 126. 1. Papacy Arises As a Civil Power Amidst the Ruins of Western Rome, the 10 kings 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy 4. Paganism Gives Its Seat to Papacy 2. Clovis the Frank converts to Catholicism The Race to 476 A.D.
  127. 127. 1. Papacy Arises As a Civil Power Amidst the Ruins of Western Rome, the 10 kings “…And so, when the last vestige of the Western Empire of Rome had vanished, the territory was found partitioned into exactly ten parts, occupied by exactly ten independent nations; no more no less.” (Jones, 1901, p. 56)
  128. 128. “The history of the little horn …is the Papacy—Yet it cannot be the temporal kingdom of the Papacy; but must be that spiritual kingdom of the Bishop of Rome…grew at length into a catholic spiritual empire, …—It was to arise during the period that the Roman empire was divided into ten kingdoms… but after the saints had been given by the secular power into its hand, it was to become an universal ecclesiastical tyrant…” (Faber, 1806, p. xxviii) 1. Papacy Arises As a Civil Power Amidst the Ruins of Western Rome, the 10 kings
  129. 129. “Medieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire were united in a single faith, Christianity. After the fall of Rome, popes gradually emerged as powerful figures in Western Europe. The popes claimed supreme religious authority over all Christians. The emperors and patriarchs of the east resisted such claims.” (The Byzantine Empire, n.d., p. 7) 1. Papacy Arises As a Civil Power Amidst the Ruins of Western Rome, the 10 kings
  130. 130. 2. Clovis the Franc converts to Catholicism “The conversion of the Merovingian chieftain, Clovis, to the Catholic faith is an event of primary importance in the history of the papacy. Starting out with a mere handful of followers, Clovis had by his military prowess attached a number of tribes to himself. As he expected, the Catholics rallied around him as the only Catholic prince in the West, and assisted him in conquering the Arian princes. The Goths had become luxurious and disinclined to the hardships of war and were easily overcome by the Frankish warrior. Victory followed victory until Gaul Burgundy and Bavaria were more or less firmly united under one government. Thus was established a vigorous Catholic power which found its interest in promoting the papacy and which in turn was zealously supported by it.” (Newman, 1906, p. 404)
  131. 131. 2. Clovis the Franc converts to Catholicism “… the see of Rome received its chief temporal support from the connexion [sic] thus formed with the monarchy of France” (Miller, 1832, p. 85) Speaking of Clovis, Westermann (1912) writes, “The Frankish king seemed to the orthodox Christians in Gaul to be their defender and leader against the German tribes of the Arian belief especially the Visigoths…He was able to conquer the Arian rulers of southwestern Gaul, the Visigoths, and add their territory to his Frankish kingdom…” (p. 484)
  132. 132. 2. Clovis the Franc converts to Catholicism “…Up to the time of the conversion of Clovis king of France, A.D. 496, the French and other nations of Western Rome were pagan; but subsequently to that event, the efforts to convert idolaters to Romanism were crowned with great success. The conversion of Clovis is said to have been the occasion of bestowing upon the French monarch the titles of ‘Most Christian Majesty’ and ‘Eldest Son of the Church.’ Between that time and A.D. 508, by alliances, capitulations, and conquests, the Arborici, the Roman garrisons in the West, Brittany, the Burgundians, and the Visigoths were brought into subjection. From the time when these successes were fully accomplished, namely 508, the papacy was triumphant so far as paganism was concerned…” (Smith, 1872, p. 320)
  133. 133. 2. Clovis the Franc converts to Catholicism "In Europe, one of the major events that year [508 A.D.] was the conclusion of the war between Clovis, king of the Franks (later France), and the Visigoths, whom he defeated and pushed into Spain." William H. Shea, Bible Amplifier - Daniel 7-12, p. 220. "It is evident, from the language of Gregory of Tours, that this conflict between the Franks and the Visigoths was regarded by the orthodox party of his own and preceding ages as a religious war, on which, humanly speaking, the prevalence of the Catholic or the Arian creed in western Europe depended." The Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. I, p. 286.
  134. 134. 2. Clovis the Franc converts to Catholicism By this victory, "it was decided that the Franks, and not the Goths, were to direct the future destinies of Gaul and Germany, and that the Catholic faith, and not Arianism, was to be the religion of these great realms." Richard W. Church, The Beginning of the Middle Ages, p. 39. "Thus when Clovis and the Franks defeated the Arian Visigoths and drove them into Spain, it was also a theological victory for the bishop of Rome." William H. Shea, Bible Amplifier - Daniel 7-12, p. 220.
  135. 135. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy “After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.” Daniel 7:7, 8
  136. 136. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy Rome divided into 10 nations 1. Alemani (Germans) 2. Anglo-Saxons (English) 3. Bergundians (Swiss) 4. Lombards (Italians) 5. Suevi (Portuguese) 6. Francs (French) 7. Visigoths (Spanish) 8. Heruli (Extinct) 9. Vandals (Extinct) 10. Ostrogoths (Extinct)
  137. 137. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy Horns = power; kings “And his brightness was as the light; he had horns coming out of his hand: and there was the hiding of his power.” Habakkuk 3:4 “Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.” Daniel 7:23, 24
  138. 138. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy According to Uriah Smith (1907), the Arians were “bitter enemies of the pope and of the Roman Catholic Church. From these facts it is evident that the spread of Arianism would check the influence of the Catholics; and the possession of Rome and Italy by a people of the Arian persuasion, would be fatal to the supremacy of a Catholic bishop. But the prophecy had declared that this horn would rise to supreme power, and that in reaching this position it would subdue three kings.” (p. 165-166).
  139. 139. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy “…Whereas evidently the prophecy of verses 24-25 refers not to his civil power but to his power to domineer over the minds and consciences of men and the pope reached this position as will hereafter appear in A.D. 538 and the plucking up of the three horns took place before this and to make way for this very exaltation to spiritual dominion.” (Smith, 1907, p. 169)
  140. 140. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy Arian Kings in Power in Western Rome “…As early as the beginning of the sixth century the bishops of Rome had become powerful enough to exert considerable of that influence at the imperial court which ere long exalted them to a station where they could command the kings of the earth. There was only one hindrance to their supremacy,-- the opposition of the Arian powers to the doctrines of the Catholics, especially to that of the Trinity. These opposing powers were rooted up, the Heruli in 493, the Vandals in 534, and the Ostrogoths in 538.” (Bible Readings for the Home Circle, 1889, p. 29)
  141. 141. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy The Heruli. "The first kingdom established by the barbarians in Italy was that of the Heruli."--Ridpath. The historian gives the date of the overthrow of the Heruli as 493 A .D . They were overthrown by the Goths under Theodoric by what he called a divine commission from Zeno, the emperor of Eastern Rome. The fact that the Heruli and Ostrogoths were both Arian in belief did not restrain the scheming pontiff from using the one to destroy the other when the outcome resulted in his advancement in power. See History of the World, by Ridpath, Vol. 4, chap. 74, and Gibbon's Roman Empire, chapters 39 and 40. The destruction of this Arian nation was complete. "After the middle of the sixth century, however, their name completely disappears."--Encyclopedia Britannia, Vol. XIII, p. 403, art. "Heruli." "After this their "name disappears from history."--Standard Enyclopedia of World Knowledge Vol. XIII, p. 334. See also the New Standard Encyclopedia, art. "Heruli." The kingdom was so completely uprooted that no trace is left, and no modern nation or province bears the name or can be identified with the Heruli (Bunch, 1950, p. 100)
  142. 142. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy The Vandals. “There are few instances in history of a nation disappearing so rapidly and so completely as the Vandals of Africa."--History of Greece, George Finlay, Vol. I, p. 232. Vandals …accepted the Arian doctrine and were therefore marked for destruction...the Vandals became Christians, but they were Arians, and fiercely persecuted orthodox believers and other heretics. In 533 the Byzantine general, Belisarius, landed in Africa. The Vandals were several times defeated, and Carthage was entered on Sept. 15, 533; …As a nation, the Vandals soon ceased to exist."--Nelson's Encyclopedia, Vol. XII, art. "Vandals."
  143. 143. 3. Three Horns Plucked up to make way for the Papacy The Goth’s. Speaking of the final defeat of the Goths in [538?] Ridpath says that there was “inflicted on the barbarians a defeat so decisive as to refix the status of Italy. The greater part of the Gothic army perished either by the sword or in attempting to cross the river...As for the Goths, they either retired to their native seats beyond the mountains or were absorbed by the Italians.” (Ridpath's History of the World, Vol. IV, pp. 408- 417)
  144. 144. 4. Paganism Gives Its Authority to the Papacy “In 533 A.D. Justinian, emperor of Eastern Rome, issued a decree declaring the bishop of Rome the corrector of heretics and head over all the churches. Immediately the work of putting down Arianism was begun with new vengeance in order that the decree might become effective and the very next year the Vandals were subjugated this work being followed in 538 by the uprooting of the Ostrogoths in 538 A.D.” (Taylor, 1922, p. 109)
  145. 145. 4. Paganism Gives Its Authority to the Papacy “…Justinian, emperor of Rome, with his capital at Constantinople, espoused the cause of the bishop of Rome; and in 533 A.D. issued a decree which constituted that prelate head of all the churches. But the Arian Ostrogoths had possession of Rome, and it was not until they had been rooted up that the city was accessible to the bishop. This was accomplished in 538, by Belisarius, Justinian's celebrated general…” (White, 1895, p. 39)
  146. 146. 4. Paganism Gives Its Authority to the Papacy “While Catholics were thus feeling the restraining power of an Arian king in Italy, they were suffering violent persecution from the Arian Vandals in Africa. Elliot says: ‘The Vandal kings were not only Arians, but persecutors of Catholics; in Sardinia and Corsica under the Roman Episcopate, we may presume, as well as in Africa. “Such was the position of affairs, when, A.D. 533, Justinian entered upon his Vandal and Gothic wars. Wishing to obtain the influence of the pope and the Catholic party, he issued that memorable decree which was to constitute the pope the head of all churches, and from the carrying out of which, A.D. 538, the period of papal supremacy is to be dated…” (Smith, 1944, p. 127)
  147. 147. 4. Paganism Gives Its Authority to the Papacy “No decree of this nature could be carried into effect until the Arian hordes which stood in its way were overthrown. A turn came, however, in the tide of affairs, for in the military campaign in Africa and Italy, the victorious legions of Belisarius dealt a crushing blow to Arianism, so much so that its final supporters were vanquished.” (Smith, 1944, p. 127)
  148. 148. 4. Paganism Gives Its Authority to the Papacy “As a comment on Rev 13: 2, 3, in regard to giving the power of the empire to the beast, we have found that the last step in the full establishing of the Catholic Church was taken by Justinian in subjecting to the pope all the churches of the East, and extending the civil powers of the Roman see. The act of Justinian became effective to accomplish its purpose in A.D. 538…” (Waggoner, 1888, p.162)
  149. 149. “Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.” Daniel 8: 11, 12
  150. 150. “Then I saw in relation to the ‘daily’ (Daniel 8:12) that the word "sacrifice" was supplied by man's wisdom, and does not belong to the text...” (EW, p 74)
  151. 151. James White – Sermons on the coming and Kingdom of our Lord The daily sacrifice and the transgression of desolation represent Rome in its pagan and papal forms. Leaving out the supplied words, the text would read, "The daily, and the transgression of desolation." These are two desolating powers; first, Paganism, then, Papacy. Of these, Paul, in 2Thess.2:38, says: "Let no man deceive you by any means; for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that Man of Sin be revealed, the son of perdition, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped; so that he, as God, sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. Remember ye not that when I was yet with you I told you these things? And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work; only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming." That which withheld the manifestation of the Papacy in Paul's day was Paganism. These are the two powers which have desolated the people of God, of which the angel speaks in the vision of Dan.8.
  152. 152. (Now Letteth) “…the reference would seem to be some agency or state of things under the control of ….some civil power, that then operated as a restraint on the natural tendency of things…The most natural interpretation is that which refers it to civil power, meaning that there was something in the form of the existing administration which would prevent this development until that restraint should be removed…The belief among primitive Christians was, that what hindered the rise of the man of sin was the Roman empire, and therefore ‘they prayed for its peace and welfare, as knowing that when the Roman empire should be dissolved and broken in pieces, the empire of the man of sin would be raised on its ruins.’” Bp. Newton ---Barnes, 1859, p. 97-99
  153. 153. “Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down. And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.” Daniel 8:11, 12
  154. 154. “And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.” Daniel 11: 31, 32
  155. 155. “Then I saw in relation to the ‘daily’ (Daniel 8:12) that the word "sacrifice" was supplied by man's wisdom, and does not belong to the text, and that the Lord gave the correct view of it to those who gave the judgment hour cry. When union existed, before 1844, nearly all were united on the correct view of the "daily"; but in the confusion since 1844, other views have been embraced, and darkness and confusion have followed. Time has not been a test since 1844, and it will never again be a test.” (EW, p 74)
  156. 156. “These two phases are elsewhere spoken of as the "daily" (sacrifice is a supplied word) and the "transgression of desolation;" the daily (desolation) signifying the pagan form, and the transgression of desolation, the papal. (See on verse 13.) In the actions ascribed to this power, sometimes one form is spoken of, sometimes the other. "By him" (the papal form) "the daily" (the pagan form) "was taken away." Pagan Rome was remodeled into papal Rome.” – Uriah Smith, Daniel & The Revelation
  157. 157. William Miller - Views Of Prophecy – pg 28-29 I have come to this conclusion: that this power, called “daily sacrifice,” is Rome pagan abomination; the same as Christ has reference to in Matt. xxiv. 15. Luke xxi. 21. Certainly Christ could not have reference to papal abomination that maketh desolate until Christ's second coming; for that was not set up until nearly five Views Of Prophecy hundred years afterwards. Of course, it must have been the pagan abomination which would be taken away. This agrees with Paul, 2 Thes. ii. 3-10: [quoted]. The question then would be, when was Paganism taken out of the way? I answer, it must have been after the ten horns arose out of what is called the Western empire of Rome…”
  158. 158. “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” Revelation 13:2
  159. 159. “The dragon is said to be Satan; [Revelation 12:9.] he it was that moved upon Herod to put the Saviour to death. But the chief agent of Satan in making war upon Christ and his people during the first centuries of the Christian era, was the Roman Empire, in which paganism was the prevailing religion. Thus while the dragon, primarily, represents Satan, it is, in a secondary sense, a symbol of pagan Rome.” (GC88, p. 438) “In chapter 13 [VERSES 1-10.] is described another beast, ‘like unto a leopard,’ to which the dragon gave ‘his power, and his seat, and great authority.’ This symbol, as most Protestants have believed, represents the papacy, which succeeded to the power and seat and authority once possessed by the ancient Roman Empire.” (GC88, p. 439)
  160. 160. “In the sixth century the papacy had become firmly established. Its seat of power was fixed in the imperial city, and the bishop of Rome was declared to be the head over the entire church. Paganism had given place to the papacy. The dragon had given to the beast ‘his power, and his seat, and great authority.’ [Revelation 13:2; SEE APPENDIX, NOTE 2.] And now began the 1260 years of papal oppression foretold in the prophecies of Daniel and the Revelation.” (GC88, p. 54)
  161. 161. “It was then ‘the belief of Christians in early times’—it is the recorded testimony of the Church Universal assembled in council— that Rome's position as the seat of empire was the cause of her ecclesiastical preeminence.” (Meyrick, 1857, p. 51) “To the Byzantines, Christianity was more than a religion. It was the very foundation of their empire. In Byzantine times, the emperor had supreme authority over the church” …. (The Byzantine Empire, n.d., p. 5) “Paganism represented a system where the State controlled the religion. The Papacy represents a system where the religion controls the State. The visible head of the first was the Emperor of Rome; the visible head of the latter is the Pope…” (F.C. Gilbert in A Scriptural Exposition of H-T-Mid, The Daily, Daniel 8:11-13).
  162. 162. Now that the Imperial Emperor was out of the way…What Next? “…The result was the papacy, a church that controlled the power of the State, and employed it to further her own ends, especially for the punishment of ‘heresy.’” (GC88, p. 443)
  163. 163. What Did the Papacy do with its Power?
  164. 164. “Popes controlled finances across Europe, approved or rejected clerical appointments, and had a greater reach than any secular lords in Europe. And as Christianity dictated a policy of obedience to the pontiff in his capacity of vicarius Christi, he was vested with unparalleled authority…The papacy by its ‘international’ nature, slowly but surely found its way to the forefront of the burgeoning medieval field of international politics. First as a pawn of others, the pope later became a controlling piece on the chessboard. By the beginning of the twelfth century, popes dealt with monarchs not only as a spiritual advisor and authority, but also as international arbitrators, communicators, and diplomats.”(Gilbert, 2001, ¶ 6, 7) What Did the Papacy do with its Power?
  165. 165. What Did the Papacy do with its Power? “And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.” Revelation 13:5-7
  166. 166. What Did the Papacy do with its Power? “And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.” Daniel 11:33
  167. 167. What Did the Papacy do with its Power? “’Power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.’ And, says the prophet, ‘I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death.’ And again: ‘He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword.’ The forty and two months are the same as the ‘time and times and the dividing of time,’ three years and a half, or 1260 days, of Daniel 7 -- the time during which the papal power was to oppress God's people. This period, as stated in preceding chapters, began with the supremacy of the papacy, A.D. 538, and terminated in 1798.” (GC, p. 439) [Note: The supremacy that she gained in 538 A.D. was spiritual authority]
  168. 168. What Did the Papacy do with its Power? Referring to the year A.D. 538, Gunner (1851) writes, “in that year the Ostrogoths were overthrown by Belesarius, the Greek general under Justinian, for the express purpose of establishing the Papal church, and of carrying into effect the ‘Justinian Code of Laws,’ which invested the Pope with supreme authority, and constituted him head of the Eastern churches, with power to punish and pardon at will, whomsoever he might choose.” (p. 108)
  169. 169. What Did the Papacy do with its Power? “And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows. “ Daniel 7:20
  170. 170. The 7 Trumpets Part IV
  171. 171. “And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!” Revelation 8:13
  172. 172. “…Some prophecies God has repeated, thus showing that importance must be given to them. The Lord does not repeat things that are of no great consequence.” (Ms 107, 1897, p. 1, 2)
  173. 173. Woe = Judgments Jeremiah 50: 26, 27 “Come against her from the utmost border, open her storehouses: cast her up as heaps, and destroy her utterly: let nothing of her be left. Slay all her bullocks; let them go down to the slaughter: woe unto them! for their day is come, the time of their visitation.” See also: Isaiah 3:11; Ezekiel 16; 23-27 Hosea 7:12-14
  174. 174. “The ‘woe, woe, woe!’ was pronounced upon a church who walked in the sparks of their own kindling…” (Pamphlets 28, 1890, p. 3)
  175. 175. “…These visitations upon Papal Rome were judgments of God, as also were the four previous trumpets upon Pagan Rome.” (Cunningham, 1892, p. 362)
  176. 176. “And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.” Revelation 9:1
  177. 177. Invasions of Islam/the Saracens (Arabians) 1299-1449 (150 years)
  178. 178. Falling Star denotes an apostate power Luke 10:18; Isaiah 14:12; Revelation 12:9; Jude 1:10-13
  179. 179. The bottomless pit Strongs G12: ἄβυσσος, abussos, ab'-us-sos depthless, that is, (specifically), (infernal) “abyss”: - deep, (bottomless) pit.
  180. 180. Bottomless pit = confusion and darkness, desert, wilderness Genesis 1:2; Jeremiah 4:23-26; Deuteronomy 8:15 Jeremiah 2:6 “Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt? “ Jeremiah 3:2 “Lift up thine eyes unto the high places, and see where thou hast not been lien with. In the ways hast thou sat for them, as the Arabian in the wilderness; and thou hast polluted the land with thy whoredoms and with thy wickedness.”
  181. 181. “Arabia” - the word probably signifies ‘a barren place, desert’ (Heb. Arabah).” Hughes’ Dictionary of Islam Arabia, Arabia = “desert or barren” Kittel’s Theological Dictionary of the New Testament No. 688
  182. 182. Galatians 4:25 ...Agar mount Sinai in Arabia.. A new religion arises out of the same region in which national Judaism began.
  183. 183. Deuteronomy 8:15 [God] Who led thee [the Israelites] through that great and terrible wilderness [of Sinai i.e. the Arabian desert], wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water…
  184. 184. FALL OF CHOSROES OF PERSIA = THE KEY TO THE BOTTOMLESS PIT
  185. 185. “‘The spirit of fraud and enthusiasm, whose abode is not in the heavens,' was let loose on earth. The bottomless pit needed but a key to open it, and that key was the fall of Chosroes.” (Keith, 1833, p.298)
  186. 186. “The fall of Chosroes II the Persian king may well be represented as the opening of the bottomless pit, inasmuch as it prepared the way for the followers of Mohammed to issue from their obscure country and propagate their delusive doctrines with fire and sword until they had spread their darkness over all the Eastern Empire.” (Smith, 1944, p. 496)
  187. 187. “The military force of Persia was wasted by the marches and combats of twenty years and many of the veterans who had survived the perils of the sword and the climate were still detained in the fortresses of Egypt and Syria. But the revenge and ambition of Chosroes exhausted his kingdom.” (Gibbon & Milman, 1899, p. 475)
  188. 188. “During the conflict between the Persian and Roman Emperors, a power was rapidly growing up in the secret deserts of Arabia which was to erect its throne upon the ruins of both. Mohammed had already announced his religious doctrine, -- ‘There is but one God and Mohammed is His prophet’-- and the valleys of Arabia had echoed with the triumphant battle cry of his followers, ‘The Koran or death!’” (Milman, 1871, p. 94)
  189. 189. “…Chosroes…had subjugated a large part of the empire of Rome, and levied an annual tribute upon it of a fourfold thousand, in talents of gold and silver, silk robes, and horses, besides a thousand virgins. ‘To prevent the immediate dissolution of his empire, Heraclius subscribed to these terms of ransom.’ But the time which he obtained from Chosroes to collect treasures from the poverty of the East he used in preparing for a bold and desperate attack upon Chosroes. In the interval Chosroes received an epistle from Mecca inviting him to acknowledge Mahomet as
  190. 190. the apostle of God. This he rejected with disdain. And Mahomet retorted, ‘God will tear the kingdom, and reject the supplication of Chosroes.’ With secret joy Mahomet beheld the raging conflict between Chosroes and Heraclius” “…Heraclius having completed his preparations, transported his forces over the Black Sea into central Asia. Thus having intercepted Chosroes, he caused his immediate recall to defend his bleeding country that was being rapidly overrun by the army of Heraclius. The battle of Nineveh, of eleven hours, fiercely fought, resulted in the complete route of the Persians, and the star rapidly fell to the earth. A period of anarchy succeeded among the Persians for about eight years, then factions were silenced and Persia fell under the yoke of the Arabian caliphs. Thus the fall of Chosroes opened an inroad for the Saracens in their mighty work of devastation and conquest.” (Cunningham, 1892, p. 363, 364)
  191. 191. “In 629 Heraclius returned in triumph to Jerusalem and almost at the same moment the Roman territories were first attacked by the followers of Mahomet. The Prophet had no doubt been diligently watching the course of the war which is once at least directly alluded to in the Koran. He could not but see the immense advantage which he gained by finding the two greatest powers of the world utterly exhausted by this tremendous struggle. In such circumstances it seemed hardly possible that either could resist a new enemy full of such vigor and enthusiasm as the early Saracens.” (Freeman, 1876, p. 20)
  192. 192. “Although a victorious army had been formed under the standard of Heraclius, the unnatural effort appears to have exhausted rather than exercised their strength. While the emperor triumphed at Constantinople or Jerusalem, an obscure town on the confines of Syria was pillaged by the Saracens,…These robbers were the apostles of Mahomet; their fanatic valor had emerged from the desert; and in the last eight years of his reign, Heraclius lost to the Arabs the same provinces which he had rescued from the Persians.” (Gibbon, 1837, p. 777)
  193. 193. And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. Revelation 9:2
  194. 194. Revelation 9:2 And he [the fallen star] opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.
  195. 195. the bottomless pit 1. Desolate area located somewhere on earth. 2. Following the downfall of western Rome. 3. These forces are released by a personified fallen star bearing a key. 4. One of the three bottomless pit powers 5. Satan bound into the 4th bottomless pit after earth destroyed by fire at the 2nd coming of Christ. This illustrates the Satanic 3 & 1 6. Star = Notable religious leader. Num 24:17 7. Key = Metaphor for power to open or close.
  196. 196. “…a smoke should come forth that darkened the earth. It is a fact that at this period [after the total demise of western Rome] a false religion arose, led by Mahomet, an impostor; a vile system which taught men inhumanity and lust, to live bloody and sensual lives, and to look for a sensual heaven. This false and hellish system "darkened" a large portion of the world, and there are still vast regions where the light of Christianity once prevailed which have exchanged the Bible for the Koran.” - B.W. Johnson, Vision of the Ages, Chap. IX, p.164 (1881) “The smoke of the pit”
  197. 197. The God of the Bible Allah of Islam God wants to be in relationship with us. As John 17:3 says, "And this is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent." Allah is impossible to know. Humans may only know about him: "The end result of the knowledge of the [wise ones] is their inability to know Him, and their knowledge is, in truth, that they do not know Him and that it is absolutely impossible for them to know Him."vi God, as revealed in the Bible, is a person. Genesis 1:27 teaches also that humans are made in the image of God. It is taught that Allah is transcendent—that it is blasphemous to consider him as a person. "Fellowship with God, which is the religious experience of the Christian, is unimaginable to Muslims. They consider the Christian assertion that man was created in God's own image to be blasphemous."vii In order to provide us a way to have a relationshipwith Him, God became a human—Jesus Christ—who lived on this earth, died to take the penalty for our sins, and was resurrected. Allah would never become a human being, and would never yield himself to die. "Accordingto Muslims, divinityand humanity are totally exclusive entities. They believe God really could not have entered into human life."viii God loves us, despite our sin. "But God commendethhis love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" (Romans 5:8). Allah's love is conditional, based on behavior: "Allah loveth not those that do wrong" (Surah 3:140). "In Islam, God and man are wary of each other, in contrast to Christianity, in which God and man are in love with each other."ix
  198. 198. In order to provide us a way to have a relationship with Him, God became a human—Jesus Christ— who lived on this earth, died to take the penalty for our sins, and was resurrected. Allah would never become a human being, and would never yield himself to die. "According to Muslims, divinity and humanity are totally exclusive entities. They believe God really could not have entered into human life."viii God loves us, despite our sin. "But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" (Romans 5:8). Allah's love is conditional, based on behavior: "Allah loveth not those that do wrong" (Surah 3:140). "In Islam, God and man are wary of each other, in contrast to Christianity, in which God and man are in love with each other."ix The God of the Bible is perfectlyholy, hence His need to remove our sin in order to have a restored relationship.1 Samuel 2:2 reminds us that "there is none as holy as the LORD." According to apologist Timothy Dunkin, "Allah is unholy because...Allahis not separated from sin, and will allow unwashed sinners into his presence for all eternity, indicating that Allah really has no separation from sin."x God is absolutely just, but desires for all people to be reconciled to Himself. "He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he" (Deuteronomy 32:4). "To wit, that God was in Christ, reconcilingthe world unto himself, not imputingtheir trespasses unto them; and hath committedunto us the word of reconciliation"(2 Corinthians 5:19). Allah is not fully just. He chooses when to forgive and when not to forgive. "Those who reject Faith and do wrong,—Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to any way—Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein for ever. And this to Allah is easy" (Surah 4:168-169).
  199. 199. The God of the Bible is perfectly holy, hence His need to remove our sin in order to have a restored relationship. 1 Samuel 2:2 reminds us that "there is none as holy as the LORD." According to apologist Timothy Dunkin, "Allah is unholy because...Allah is not separated from sin, and will allow unwashed sinners into his presence for all eternity, indicating that Allah really has no separation from sin."x God is absolutely just, but desires for all people to be reconciled to Himself. "He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he" (Deuteronomy 32:4). "To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation" (2 Corinthians 5:19). Allah is not fully just. He chooses when to forgive and when not to forgive. "Those who reject Faith and do wrong,—Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to any way— Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein for ever. And this to Allah is easy" (Surah 4:168-169).
  200. 200. vi. F. Shehadi, Ghazali's Unique Unknowable God: 37. vii. M. Youssef, America, Oil, and the Islamic Mind: 74- 75. viii. Ibid. ix. Ibid: 82. x. Timothy W. Dunkin, Ten Myths About Islam 5th edition (2010).
  201. 201. Married the wealthy owner of a caravan
  202. 202. “Because of its religious history and its strategic location, the Holy City was considered a priceless treasure. A scheme had to be developed to make Jerusalem a Roman Catholic city…. “The Vatican wanted to create a messiah for the Arabs, someone they could raise up as a great leader, a man with charisma whom they could train, and eventually unite all the non-Catholic Arabs behind him, creating a mighty army that would ultimately capture Jerusalem for the pope.” “A wealthy Arabian lady who was a faithful follower of the pope played a tremendous part in this drama. She was a widow named Khadijah. She gave her wealth to the church and retired to a convent, but was given an assignment. She was to find a brilliant young man who could be used by the Vatican to create a new religion and become the messiah for the children of Ishmael. Jesuit Cardinal Augustine Bea (1881-1965) relates the origin and goal of Islam The role of the Islamic religion
  203. 203. 'Khadijah had a cousin named Waraquah, who was also a very faithful Roman Catholic and the Vatican placed him in a critical role as Muhammad’s advisor. He had tremendous influence on Muhammad. “Teachers were sent to young Muhammad and he had intensive training. Muhammad studied the works of St. Augustine which prepared him for his "great calling." The Vatican had Catholic Arabs across North Africa spread the story of a great one who was about to rise up among the people and be the chosen one of their God…. “Muhammad began receiving "divine revelations" and his wife’s Catholic cousin Waraquah helped interpret them. From this came the Koran…. “Some of Muhammad’s writings were placed in the Koran, others were never published. They are now in the hands of high ranking holy men (Ayatollahs) in the Islamic faith.’ ” When Cardinal Bea shared with us in the Vatican, he said, These writings are guarded because they contain information that links the Vatican to the creation of Islam. Dr. Alberto Rivera (1935-1997)
  204. 204. "In their "holy" book, the Koran, Christ is regarded as only a prophet. If the pope was His representative on earth, then he also must be a prophet of God. This caused the followers of Muhammad to fear and respect the pope as another "holy man." "The pope moved quickly and issued bulls granting the Arab generals permission to invade and conquer the nations of North Africa. The Vatican helped to finance the building of these massive Islamic armies in exchange for three favors: 1. Eliminate the Jews and Christians (true believers, which they called infidels). 2. Protect the Augustinian Monks and Roman Catholics. 3. Conquer Jerusalem for "His Holiness" in the Vatican.” - Vatican briefing as related to Dr. Alberto Rivera (ex-Jesuit priest) by Cardinal Bea
  205. 205. “The pope [Gregory the Seventh] assures the sultan [the Islamic king] that they both worship the same God, and may hope to meet in the bosom of Abraham….” - Edward Gibbons, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, chap. 51, part 8
  206. 206. What about the Women: The dress of the women of catholicism a re identical to the dress of Islamic women. In both religions men are the higher authority.
  207. 207. This is a definition in the Koran. Christ - Uzair - Polytheism:- God is indignant if Christ is believed to be God him self. Vide 19:5, 75 to 78:5. To say nothing of Godship, Christ is not even the son of God, But only an Apostle like several others. The same is the case with Uzair a prophet of the Jews. The priest have often been the source of trouble in religion, to lead people astray, and to grow rich at other's expense. It is to be accepted that Islam is the Religion of truth, and Muhammed is the Apostle of God, says the Qur'- aan. Vide 171:4, 30 to 34:9, 27, 28:57 , 113:5.
  208. 208. Protestant preachers for Islam On May 30, 1997, on the David Frost program, Billy Gram said: "...I think Islam is misunderstood, too, because Mohammed has a great respect for Jesus, and he called Jesus the greatest of the prophets except himself. And I think that we're closerto Islam than we really think we are." Evangelicals and Catholics: Coming Together," The Day Drawing Near (March 1999, Vol. 1, No. 6), p. 2.
  209. 209. ....Schuller did an interview with Larry King.... Referring to meeting with the Grand Mufti, Schuller bragged: "I have seldom met with a man [with - D.H.] whom I felt an immediate kinship of spirit and an agreement of faith and philosophy quite like I have with the Grand Mufti of the [Muslim] faith." Dave Hunt, "A New Christianity," The Berean Call (Feb 2000), p.1.
  210. 210. Another Larry King interview on Christmas Eve 1999 King: [asking why he met the Grand Mufti] " And why are you here?" The idea of bring the religions together, right?" Schuller: "Absolutely.... We're in a totally new era.. the age of being able to indoctrinate people is finished..." King: "Does [this visit], Robert Schuller, give you encouragement...?" Schuller: Oh, absolutely...the Grand Mufti said...'religion is like rain that falls....the extremists...pollute the pure water'...I predict we're going to focus in the next millennium as religious leaders to clean up the pollution in religion.... NOTE: Clean up the pollution. I wonder who the problem children are, perhaps the ones that keep the commandments?
  211. 211. The Pope for Islam Here is a photo at the end of an audience with Patriarch Raphael I of Iraq, where the pope "bowed" to the Muslim holy book, The Koran, presented to him by the delegation.
  212. 212. To all Muslims throughout the world, I wish to express the readiness of the Catholic Church to work together with you and all people of good will to aid the victims of the war and to build structures of a lasting peace, not only in the Middle East, but everywher... I close my greeting to you with the words of one of my predecessors Pope Gregory VII, who in 1076 wrote to Al-Nasir, the Muslim ruler of Bijaya, present day Algeria: “Almighty God, who wishes that all should be saved and none lost, approves of nothing in us so much as that after loving him one should love his fellow, and that what one does not want done to oneself one should not do to others. You and we owe this charity to ourselves especially because we believe in and confess one God, admittedly in a different way and daily praise and venerate him, the Creator of the world and Ruler of this world.” i. Pope John Paul II, "Message of Pope John Paul II to Muslims on Occasion of Id Al-Fitr," (April 3, 1991).
  213. 213. Pope John Paul II wrote this in 1999: MUSLIMS AND CHRISTIANS ADORE THE ONE GOD Like Christians and Jews, Muslims look upon Abraham as a model of submission to God's will and know that in God we find our origin and end... Along the path marked out by Abraham in his submission to the divine will, we find his descendant, the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Jesus, who is also devoutly invoked by Muslims, especially in popular piety... We Christians joyfully recognize the religious values we have in common with Islam. Today I would like to repeat what I said to young Muslims some years ago in Casablanca: "We believe in the same God, the one God, the living God, the God who created the world and brings his creatures to their perfection" (Insegnamenti, VIII/2, [1985], p. 497). The patrimony of revealed texts in the Bible speaks unanimously of the oneness of God ( ii. L'Osservatore Romano (May, 12 1999): 11.
  214. 214. he became the first pope to visit an officially Islamic country at the invitation of its religious leader. There, at a historic meeting with thousands of Muslim youths in Casablanca Stadium, he emphasized that "we believe in the same God, the one God, the living God." In May 2001, the pope became the first pontiff in history to enter a Muslim place of worship when he visited the Umayyad mosque in Damascus, Syria. He paused to pray at a memorial to St. John the Baptist inside the mosque in an event that was televised around much of the Muslim world. Pope John Paul was convinced that prayer could bring believers together, an idea that inspired the 1986 World Day of Prayer for Peace in Assisi, Italy. That unprecedented gathering at the pope's invitation drew leaders of Jews, Buddhists, Shintoists, Muslims, Zoroastrians, Hindus, Unitarians, traditional African and Native American religions and many others. Together, under the roof of the Basilica of St. Francis, they all prayed, side by side, with Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant leaders for world peace (emphasis added).iv iv. Pope made important overtures to non- Christian religions By Jerry Filteau
  215. 215. Vatican - Islamic scheme backfires “As time went by, the power of Islam became tremendous…Jews and true Christians were slaughtered, and Jerusalem fell into their hands. Roman Catholics were never attacked, nor were their shrines, during this time. But when the pope asked for Jerusalem, he was surprised at their denial! The Arab generals had such military success that they could not be intimidated by the pope - nothing could stand in the way of their own plan…. The pope raised up his armies and called them crusades to hold back the children of Ishmael from grabbing Catholic Europe. The crusades lasted centuries and Jerusalem slipped out of the pope’s hands.” – Ibid.

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