Purpose of speech making
1. To persuade, to convert or to compel
2. First and foremost aim of all communication
is to persuade that means to convince
someone to do something which the person
was unwilling to do at first.
Every speech has a certain plan or a pattern
3. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING SPEECH
6 Cardinal questions
Cardinal Questions Implied Questions
What? What I want to communicate? What is the content of my
message have or should have?
Why? Why should audience listen to me? Why I have chosen to
speak to them?
When? What would be the right timing of my speech? When it will be
more convincing for the people?
How? How can I make my message the most persuasive one? Have I
loaded it enough with convincing words?
Do I need audio-visual with it?
Where? Where have I to speak? What should be the venue?
who? Who will be my listener? Speaking to individual or group or
audience? What will be expectations of the audience?
4. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING SPEECH
Be clear and organized
Clarity of thought should be there
No listener will like jumble of confused
Mentally training and logical thinking helps to
be clear and organised
5. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Simple the language greater the appeal
No audience likes to listen Jargon
Audience is patient only with simplest
Otherwise, will bore and distract them
6. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Furnish Concrete Details
Make your speech vivid by furnishing details
and actual experiences which will capture
attention of the audience
Use eye catching details, humorous
anecdotes, relevant examples and
enthusiastic eye contact should be used.
7. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Cultivate effortless grace and naturalness
Cultured persons move and speaks with grace
and sounds natural
Facing large audience can make you over-conscious.
Devise your own ways to move ,walk and talk
smoothly and gracefully.
Practice – in front of mirror, friends or social
Emulate your fav. Anchor may also prove
8. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Enrich Your Mental Equipment
Having the right kind of information for the
right moment is an essential condition of
Read! Read! Read!
9. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Take care of quantity of information and
quality of speech
Time is money… be brief and stick to time
Every word is valuable
10. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Give a personal touch to your speech
Build a rapport with the audience
Informality creates nearness
11. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Enthusiasm is contagious
Be in the spirit of the occasion with
Being enthusiastic gets immediate response
It will help speaker and audience to
empathize with each other.
12. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Mind your non-verbal language
Take care of your gestures
Make eye contact
Practice voice modulation, stressing in right
13. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Remember that facts and figures are not
Facts and figures are dry bones
They are just skeleton
Imaginative and effective use of language
add flesh and bones
14. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Control your emotions, but make an
Cannot afford getting carried away by his
Be convincing and influencing towards his
15. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A SPEECH
Share your significant experiences/expertise
with your listeners
Give a personal touch
Give confidence to the speaker and comfort
to the listeners
Audience feel important
16. VARIOUS PARTS OF A SPEECH
3 Parts –
Any listener will identify the three parts easily
if you will stick to the principle ‘Be Clear!’
17. PARTS OF SPEECH
Welcome invitees/guest to whom the speech
is to be delivered.
Do not take much time nor use more words
• But- Choose your own style
Keep it warm / nearer to the listener and
conversational in nature.
18. PARTS OF SPEECH
Middle – Main Body
An overview about the theme of the topic of
A brief history
Problems or challenges faced
Change in the scenario
Look to towards the future
19. PARTS OF SPEECH
End – Conclusion
Provide a conclusion
Give a good hope
Primary function is to thank all the guest and
20. MAKING IMPROMPTU SPEECH
Impromptu – unprepared / unrehearsed
Key points for making impromptu speech
1. Practice it
2. Structure it properly in your mind … it depends on
the amount of practice you have done earlier
3. Be mentally prepared to speak impromptu…. keep
visualizing what would you say on something (if
asked to)…keep gathering information about
different areas and keep on developing new interest
4. Give examples from your own experiences.
21. MAKING IMPROMPTU SPEECH
5. Genuine interest in the audience ….find out what the
audience ants to hear… think about their interest and
inclinations and then speak
6. Use quotations/proverbs/maxims
7. Remember jokes /humorous anecdotes etc.
8. Use incidents of the lives of great men in your speech….
But don’t use much repetitive stories
9. Size up the patience level of the audience… keep an
eye on their mood
10. Get involved….don’t ‘tell’ audience …. Communicate
11. Keep it BRIEF