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welcome
PRESENTED BY:
Anushri Agrawal
VHM/13-02
INTRODUCTION
 The rose is one of the oldest flowers in cultivation and most
popular of all garden flowers.
 The rose is ...
BOTANICAL DESCRIPTIONOF ROSES
 Rose belongs to family Rosaceae.
 All species of this flower with minor exception belongs...
 Polyantha:-(R. multiflora x R.wichuriana) x R. indica
First cultivar :- La paquerette (1875)
Miniature rose :- popular a...
IARI released varieties:
IIHR Released Variety
Arka Parimala
Export varieties
CULTIVARS SUITABLE FOR PROTECTED
CULTIVATION
FLOWER COLOUR
RED
PINK
Bicolour
Orange
Purple
Salman
White
Copper
VARIETY
Gra...
PROPAGATION
 Commercial method:- T budding
 Dormant eyes on a scion of chosen variety are budded by T
method on a rootst...
CLIMATE
 The temperature should be maintained between 15-18 C.⁰
 High temperature in polyhouse can be managed by simple ...
INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENT PARAMETERS
 Increase in temperature resulted in reduction in juvenile period, length of leafy sh...
SOIL
 An ideal soil should be rich loose and structurally stable with a depth of
around 50 cm ensuring optimum drainage a...
Land Preparation
The soil should be dug to a depth of 60 cm. and incorporated with organic or
inorganic additives to impr...
Manure and Fertilizers
Roses are gross feeder.
The requirement of major nutrient are broadcasted on the beds and mixed
i...
Effect of different Growing Media on plant growth
parameters
Anderson et al.,(2005)
PLANTING
oIdeal method of planting of rose
double row system
oPlant to plant distance -25 cm.
oRow to row distance-30 cm.
...
Plant growth regulators
Gibberellic Acid:-
 Regulate the growth and flowering
Increases the length of shoots
Increases ...
Effect of Growth Regulators on Plant Growth Parameters
Khan et al.,(2007)
Irrigation
Roses do not like water logging condition but need plenty of water for their
growth and development.
Frequenc...
Cultural Operation
Weed Management
Manual weed control is effective if done frequently.
Chemical control is economical, ...
Canopy management
 Important technique for commercial production of rose.
 The aim is to achieve a high performance prod...
Effect of Bending stage on Stem length
Kirubel et al., 2010
Effect of Bending height, Bending length and Flower removal on Stem
thickness
Kirubel et al., 2010
Pruning
For cut flower production:-
First week of October (North Indian condition)
Last week of June and again last week...
Disease Management:
Effects of different preservatives on the vase life of Rose cultivars
(Trika and Whisky Mac)
Butt et al., 2004
Effects of pulsing solutions and varieties on Flower
longevity and Flower head diameter
Tekalign et
Transport from the farm to the customer
Cold store (Farm)
↓
Refrigerated truck to the airport
↓
Cold store (Airport)
↓
Loa...
YIELD
CUT FLOWER
 Under protected cultivation ; 150-300 quality flower stems per
m2
per year.
Under open field condition...
REFERENCES:
 Singh , A.K. (2006) Flower crops Cultivation and management .
 Bose , T.K.,Yadav , L.P., Pal ,P. , Das,P. ,...
THANK U
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
Rose production technology
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Rose production technology

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Rose production technology

  1. 1. welcome
  2. 2. PRESENTED BY: Anushri Agrawal VHM/13-02
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  The rose is one of the oldest flowers in cultivation and most popular of all garden flowers.  The rose is an ornamental shrub with upright or climbing stem.  Roses can be one of the more profitable flower crops to grow, but also one of the most Difficult. IMPORTANCE AND USES  Cut flowers  Garden display  Pot plants Perfume and allied products • Rose water • Rose oil • Gulkand • Pankhuri • Gulroghan
  4. 4. BOTANICAL DESCRIPTIONOF ROSES  Rose belongs to family Rosaceae.  All species of this flower with minor exception belongs to the genus Rosa.  There are about 150 recognized and described species of roses.  The genus Rosa is divided into 4 sub genera namely- Eurosa, Platyrhodon, Hesperhodos, Hulthemia. CLASSIFICATION OF ROSES  Hybrid tea:- (Hybrid perpetual x Tea roses) First variety:- La France created in1867  Floribunda:-(H.T. x Poliantha)  Hybrid perpetual First hybrid:- Princess Helene Tea Roses(Tea scented china roses)  Grandifiora:-(H.T. x Floribunda) First variety:-Buccaneer in 1952
  5. 5.  Polyantha:-(R. multiflora x R.wichuriana) x R. indica First cultivar :- La paquerette (1875) Miniature rose :- popular as baby roses with small flowers. Climbers and ramblers:- clusters of small, single or double flowers China roses:- (R.chinensis) Damask Rose:- (R. damascena) Bourbon rose:- (china rose x damask rose) Cabbage rose:-(R. centifolia) French rose:- It has some medicinal properties Musk rose:- (R.moschata) R. rugosa:-cold resistant
  6. 6. IARI released varieties:
  7. 7. IIHR Released Variety Arka Parimala
  8. 8. Export varieties
  9. 9. CULTIVARS SUITABLE FOR PROTECTED CULTIVATION FLOWER COLOUR RED PINK Bicolour Orange Purple Salman White Copper VARIETY Grand Gala, First Red, Jaguar, Sasha, Happiness, Happy Days Kiss, Europe, Roval, Nobles, Pink, Vanity Fair, Better Time, Prophyta Amour, Rodeo, Confetti, Yellow Gloria Indian Puma, Candid, Mercedes, Jazz, Orange Delight Jakaranka, Souvenier Lambada Eskimo, White Pearl Talisman
  10. 10. PROPAGATION  Commercial method:- T budding  Dormant eyes on a scion of chosen variety are budded by T method on a rootstock.  Scion:- any commercial variety.  Rootstock:- R. multiflora is more suitable for southern parts as indicated by research done at IIHR. Bangalore.  Budded plants take less time to build up and produce economic production in short time.
  11. 11. CLIMATE  The temperature should be maintained between 15-18 C.⁰  High temperature in polyhouse can be managed by simple ventilation, evaporative cooling from pad and fan system, micro sprinklers, foggers and misters.  Low temperature at night is more detrimental for growth and flowering of rose.  Humidity is maintained between 50-60% in poly house specially during hot summer months with the help of mist or sprinklers.  CO₂ level of 1000ppm is ideal for quality bloom production of rose.  In open field condition ideal temperature is 15-28 C⁰ and humidity 75%.
  12. 12. INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENT PARAMETERS  Increase in temperature resulted in reduction in juvenile period, length of leafy shoots and fresh weight of shoot in Hybrid Tea rose.  Low temperature beyond 100 C in polyhouse promote diseases.  At low temperature , growth and flower production become slow but the quality of flowers are better. (Ginzburg et al.,1983)  The stem and flower buds in some roses do not elongate or expand until there has been an exposure to cool temperature.  Winter chilling was found to be necessary for flower bud formation in R. damascena. (Staikov, 1955)  Very high humidity often result in condensation of low temperature encourage the incidence of diseases.
  13. 13. SOIL  An ideal soil should be rich loose and structurally stable with a depth of around 50 cm ensuring optimum drainage and aeration of the roots.  Roses do not tolerate water logging and high water table therefore an ideal soil must have a stable water table at the active root zone.  Roses can also be grown in soil less media like rock wool, peat, coco peat, perlite.  Soil pH should be slightly acidic 6.2-6.8.
  14. 14. Land Preparation The soil should be dug to a depth of 60 cm. and incorporated with organic or inorganic additives to improve the soil structure. Soil sterilizing is an important technique to prevent the soil from soil borne diseases. Soil sterilizing techniques:- Soil solarization Chemical sterilization:To control soil borne phytopthora,fusarium and pythium Fumigation with 2% Formeldehyde (or) Methyl bromide-30g/m2 (or) Recent chemical-Dazomate (Basaline)-30g/m2 Covered with plastic sheet for 3 days
  15. 15. Manure and Fertilizers Roses are gross feeder. The requirement of major nutrient are broadcasted on the beds and mixed into the upper 30 cm of soil. After establishment of plant nutrition is applied through irrigation system. CONCENTRATED REQUIRED FOR FERTIGATION NUTRIENTS SUMMER(PPM/L) WINTER(PPM/L) NITROGEN 100-200 150-160 AMMONIUM 20-25 20-25 NITRATE 80-100 130-140 PHOSPHORUS 20-25 30-35 POTASSIUM 120-140 160-170 CALCIUM 60-80 90-100 MAGNESSIUM 30-35 35-40 SULPHUR 40-50 40-50
  16. 16. Effect of different Growing Media on plant growth parameters Anderson et al.,(2005)
  17. 17. PLANTING oIdeal method of planting of rose double row system oPlant to plant distance -25 cm. oRow to row distance-30 cm. oLong stemmed varieties are planted at 25-26 cm. oShort stemmed varieties are planted at 18-25 cm. o Planting time: October- November
  18. 18. Plant growth regulators Gibberellic Acid:-  Regulate the growth and flowering Increases the length of shoots Increases the number of nodes Prolonged the period of flowering and enhanced the yield.  BA along with Adenine applied with lanolin paste : Induction of bud break and shoot development. CCC(3%) solution caused dwarfing and improve flowering.
  19. 19. Effect of Growth Regulators on Plant Growth Parameters Khan et al.,(2007)
  20. 20. Irrigation Roses do not like water logging condition but need plenty of water for their growth and development. Frequency of irrigation depends on the water requirement of particular varieties. Ideal method-Drip irrigation system Another method of irrigation –Sub surface ,in which water is directly delivered at the root zone without any losses.  Regular soil moisture is very essential for rose. Deficiency of soil moisture can be detected by: Marginal browning of leaves Leaf drop Rolled and curled leaf Bent neck of flowers
  21. 21. Cultural Operation Weed Management Manual weed control is effective if done frequently. Chemical control is economical, convenient and effective. Diuron @ 2 kg ai/hac. Oxyfluorofen @0.5 kg ai/hac. Rice straw mulch is also effective. Major weeds of rose :- Anagallis arvensis, Melilotus albums. Chinopodium alba,Poligonum etc.
  22. 22. Canopy management  Important technique for commercial production of rose.  The aim is to achieve a high performance production frame work. Mulching It conserve soil moisture. Supply humus. Suppress weeds. It is done with paddy straw, dried leaves. Also promotes growth and flowering. It promotes physical properties of the soil.
  23. 23. Effect of Bending stage on Stem length Kirubel et al., 2010
  24. 24. Effect of Bending height, Bending length and Flower removal on Stem thickness Kirubel et al., 2010
  25. 25. Pruning For cut flower production:- First week of October (North Indian condition) Last week of June and again last week of November (Bangalore condition) The height of pruning varies from 30-45 cm. from ground. For hybrid tea roses:- A sharp cut should be given at an angle of about 45º above eye bud.  FLORIBUNDA:- Pruned lightly  POLYANTHAS:-Need thinning of over crowded branches.  CLIMBERS:-Removal of unwanted wood to control size and shape.
  26. 26. Disease Management:
  27. 27. Effects of different preservatives on the vase life of Rose cultivars (Trika and Whisky Mac) Butt et al., 2004
  28. 28. Effects of pulsing solutions and varieties on Flower longevity and Flower head diameter Tekalign et
  29. 29. Transport from the farm to the customer Cold store (Farm) ↓ Refrigerated truck to the airport ↓ Cold store (Airport) ↓ Loading the aircrafts direct from the cold store within 5-10 minutes ↓ Unloading to the cold store in the receiving country ↓ Refrigerated truck to the customer Source: APEDA
  30. 30. YIELD CUT FLOWER  Under protected cultivation ; 150-300 quality flower stems per m2 per year. Under open field condition ; 10- 20 flower stems (Hybrid Tea ) LOOSE FLOWER  10-50 quintals/hactare (R. damascena)
  31. 31. REFERENCES:  Singh , A.K. (2006) Flower crops Cultivation and management .  Bose , T.K.,Yadav , L.P., Pal ,P. , Das,P. , Parthasarathy, V.A. Commercial flowers (Volume 1)  Randhawa , G.S. and Mukhopadhyay, A. Floriculture in India.  Internet sources.
  32. 32. THANK U

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