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Using API Platform to build ticketing system #symfonycon

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Why is API platform a way to go and the new standard in developing apps? In this talk, I want to show you some real examples that we built using API platform including a ticketing system for the world’s biggest bicycle marathon and a social network that is a mixture of both Tinder and Facebook Messenger.

We had to tackle problems regarding the implementation of tax laws in 18 different countries, dozens of translations (including Arabic), multiple role systems, different timezones, overall struggle with a complicated logic with an infinite number of branches, and more. Are you interested? Sign up for the talk.

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Using API Platform to build ticketing system #symfonycon

  1. 1. Using API platform to build ticketing system Antonio Perić-Mažar, Locastic 22.11.2019. - #SymfonyCon, Amsterdam
  2. 2. Antonio Perić-Mažar CEO @ Locastic Co-founder @ Litto Co-founder @ Tinel Meetup t: @antonioperic m: antonio@locastic.com
  3. 3. Locastic Helping clients create web and mobile apps since 2011 • UX/UI • Mobile apps • Web apps • Training & Consulting www.locastic.com @locastic
  4. 4. • API Platform & Symfony • Ticketing platform: GFNY (franchise business) • ~ year and half in production • ~ 60 000 tickets released & race results stored in DB • ~ 20 000 users/racers, • ~ 60 users with admin roles • 48 events in 26 countries, users from 82 countries • 8 different languages including Hebrew and Indonesian Context & API Platform Experience
  5. 5. • Social network • chat based • matching similar to Tinder :) • few CRM/ERP applications Context & API Platform Experience
  6. 6. What is API platform ?
  7. 7. –Fabien Potencier (creator of Symfony), SymfonyCon 2017 “API Platform is the most advanced API platform, in any framework or language.”
  8. 8. • full stack framework dedicated to API-Driven projects • contains a PHP library to create a fully featured APIs supporting industry standards (JSON-LD, Hydra, GraphQL, OpenAPI…) • provides ambitious Javascript tooling to consume APIs in a snap • Symfony official API stack (instead of FOSRestBundle) • shipped with Docker and Kubernetes integration API Platform
  9. 9. • creating, retrieving, updating and deleting (CRUD) resources • data validation • pagination • filtering • sorting • hypermedia/HATEOAS and content negotiation support (JSON-LD and Hydra, JSON:API, HAL…) API Platform built-in features:
  10. 10. • GraphQL support • Nice UI and machine-readable documentations (Swagger UI/ OpenAPI, GraphiQL…) • authentication (Basic HTP, cookies as well as JWT and OAuth through extensions) • CORS headers • security checks and headers (tested against OWASP recommendations) API Platform built-in features:
  11. 11. • invalidation-based HTTP caching • and basically everything needed to build modern APIs. API Platform built-in features:
  12. 12. Creating Simple CRUD in a minute
  13. 13. Create Entity Step One <?php // src/Entity/Greeting.php namespace AppEntity; class Greeting { private $id; public $name = ''; public function getId(): int { return $this->id; } }
  14. 14. Create Mapping Step Two # config/doctrine/Greeting.orm.yml AppEntityGreeting: type: entity table: greeting id: id: type: integer generator: { strategy: AUTO } fields: name: type: string length: 100
  15. 15. Add Validation Step Three # config/validator/greeting.yaml AppEntityGreeting: properties: name: - NotBlank: ~
  16. 16. Expose Resource Step Four # config/api_platform/resources.yaml resources: AppEntityGreeting: ~
  17. 17. Serialization Groups Read Write
  18. 18. Use YAML Configuration advice
  19. 19. User Management & Security
  20. 20. • Avoid using FOSUserBundle • not well suited with API • to much overhead and not needed complexity • Use Doctrine User Provider • simple and easy to integrate • bin/console maker:user User management
  21. 21. // src/Entity/User.php namespace AppEntity; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreUserUserInterface; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; class User implements UserInterface { /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $id; /** * @Groups({"user-write", "user-read"}) */ private $email; /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $roles = []; /** * @Groups({"user-write"}) */ private $plainPassword; private $password; … getters and setters … }
  22. 22. // src/Entity/User.php namespace AppEntity; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreUserUserInterface; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; class User implements UserInterface { /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $id; /** * @Groups({"user-write", "user-read"}) */ private $email; /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $roles = []; /** * @Groups({"user-write"}) */ private $plainPassword; private $password; … getters and setters … } # config/doctrine/User.orm.yml AppEntityUser: type: entity table: users repositoryClass: AppRepositoryUserRepository id: id: type: integer generator: { strategy: AUTO } fields: email: type: string length: 255 password: type: string length: 255 roles: type: array
  23. 23. // src/Entity/User.php namespace AppEntity; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreUserUserInterface; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; class User implements UserInterface { /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $id; /** * @Groups({"user-write", "user-read"}) */ private $email; /** * @Groups({"user-read"}) */ private $roles = []; /** * @Groups({"user-write"}) */ private $plainPassword; private $password; … getters and setters … } # config/doctrine/User.orm.yml AppEntityUser: type: entity table: users repositoryClass: AppRepositoryUserRepository id: id: type: integer generator: { strategy: AUTO } fields: email: type: string length: 255 password: type: string length: 255 roles: type: array # config/api_platform/resources.yaml resources: AppEntityUser: attributes: normalization_context: groups: ['user-read'] denormalization_context: groups: ['user-write']
  24. 24. use ApiPlatformCoreDataPersisterContextAwareDataPersisterInterface; use AppEntityUser; use DoctrineORMEntityManagerInterface; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreEncoderUserPasswordEncoderInterface; class UserDataPersister implements ContextAwareDataPersisterInterface { private $entityManager; private $userPasswordEncoder; public function __construct(EntityManagerInterface $entityManager, UserPasswordEncoderInterface $userPasswordEncoder) { $this->entityManager = $entityManager; $this->userPasswordEncoder = $userPasswordEncoder; } public function supports($data, array $context = []): bool { return $data instanceof User; } public function persist($data, array $context = []) { /** @var User $data */ if ($data->getPlainPassword()) { $data->setPassword( $this->userPasswordEncoder->encodePassword($data, $data->getPlainPassword()) ); $data->eraseCredentials(); } $this->entityManager->persist($data); $this->entityManager->flush($data); return $data; } public function remove($data, array $context = []) { $this->entityManager->remove($data); $this->entityManager->flush(); }
  25. 25. • Lightweight and simple authentication system • Stateless: token signed and verified server-side then stored client- side and sent with each request in an Authorization header • Store the token in the browser local storage JSON Web Token (JWT)
  26. 26. • API Platform allows to easily add a JWT-based authentication to your API using LexikJWTAuthenticationBundle. • Maybe you want to use a refresh token to renew your JWT. In this case you can check JWTRefreshTokenBundle. User authentication
  27. 27. User security checker Security <?php namespace AppSecurity; use AppExceptionAccountDeletedException; use AppSecurityUser as AppUser; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreExceptionAccountExpiredException; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreExceptionCustomUserMessageAuthenticat use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreUserUserCheckerInterface; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreUserUserInterface; class UserChecker implements UserCheckerInterface { public function checkPreAuth(UserInterface $user) { if (!$user instanceof AppUser) { return; } // user is deleted, show a generic Account Not Found message. if ($user->isDeleted()) { throw new AccountDeletedException(); } } public function checkPostAuth(UserInterface $user) { if (!$user instanceof AppUser) { return; } // user account is expired, the user may be notified if ($user->isExpired()) { throw new AccountExpiredException('...'); } } }
  28. 28. User security checker Security # config/packages/security.yaml # ... security: firewalls: main: pattern: ^/ user_checker: AppSecurityUserChecker # ...
  29. 29. Resource and operation level Security # api/config/api_platform/resources.yaml AppEntityBook: attributes: security: 'is_granted("ROLE_USER")' collectionOperations: get: ~ post: security: 'is_granted("ROLE_ADMIN")' itemOperations: get: ~ put: security_: 'is_granted("ROLE_ADMIN") or object.owner == user'
  30. 30. Resource and operation level using Voters Security # api/config/api_platform/resources.yaml AppEntityBook: itemOperations: get: security_: 'is_granted('READ', object)' put: security_: 'is_granted('UPDATE', object)'
  31. 31. • A JWT is self-contained, meaning that we can trust into its payload for processing the authentication. In a nutshell, there should be no need for loading the user from the database when authenticating a JWT Token, the database should be hit only once for delivering the token. • It means you will have to fetch the User entity from the database yourself as needed (probably through the Doctrine EntityManager or your custom Provider). JWT tip A database-less user provider
  32. 32. JWT tip A database-less user provider # config/packages/security.yaml security: providers: jwt: lexik_jwt: ~ security: firewalls: api: provider: jwt guard: # ...
  33. 33. Creating multi-language APIs
  34. 34. • Locastic Api Translation Bundle • Translation bundle for ApiPlatform based on Sylius translation • It requires two entities: Translatable & Translation entity • Open source • https://github.com/Locastic/ApiPlatformTranslationBundle • https://locastic.com/blog/having-troubles-with-implementing- translations-in-apiplatform/ Creating multi-language APIs
  35. 35. <?php use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... protected function createTranslation() { return new PostTranslation(); } }
  36. 36. <?php use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... protected function createTranslation() { return new PostTranslation(); } } use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... /** * @Groups({"post_write", "translations"}) */ protected $translations; }
  37. 37. <?php use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... protected function createTranslation() { return new PostTranslation(); } } use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... /** * @Groups({"post_write", "translations"}) */ protected $translations; } <?php use LocasticApiPlatformTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslatable; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; class Post extends AbstractTranslatable { // ... /** * @var string * * @Groups({"post_read"}) */ private $title; public function setTitle($title) { $this->getTranslation()->setTitle($title); return $this; } public function getTitle() { return $this->getTranslation()->getTitle(); } }
  38. 38. <?php use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; use LocasticApiTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslation; class PostTranslation extends AbstractTranslation { // ... /** * @var string * * @Groups({"post_read", "post_write", "translations"}) */ private $title; /** * @var string * @Groups({"post_write", "translations"}) */ protected $locale; public function setTitle($title) { $this->title = $title; return $this; } public function getTitle() { return $this->title; } }
  39. 39. <?php use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; use LocasticApiTranslationBundleModelAbstractTranslation; class PostTranslation extends AbstractTranslation { // ... /** * @var string * * @Groups({"post_read", "post_write", "translations"}) */ private $title; /** * @var string * @Groups({"post_write", "translations"}) */ protected $locale; public function setTitle($title) { $this->title = $title; return $this; } public function getTitle() { return $this->title; } } AppBundleEntityPost: itemOperations: get: method: GET put: method: PUT normalization_context: groups: ['translations'] collectionOperations: get: method: GET post: method: POST normalization_context: groups: ['translations'] attributes: filters: ['translation.groups'] normalization_context: groups: ['post_read'] denormalization_context: groups: ['post_write']
  40. 40. POST translation example Multi-language API { "datetime":"2017-10-10", "translations": { "en":{ "title":"test", "content":"test", "locale":"en" }, "de":{ "title":"test de", "content":"test de", "locale":"de" } } }
  41. 41. Get response by locale GET /api/posts/1?locale=en { "@context": "/api/v1/contexts/Post", "@id": "/api/v1/posts/1')", "@type": "Post", "id": 1, "datetime":"2019-10-10", "title":"Hello world", "content":"Hello from Verona!" }
  42. 42. Get response with all translations GET /api/posts/1?groups[]=translations { "@context": "/api/v1/contexts/Post", "@id": "/api/v1/posts/1')", "@type": "Post", "id": 1, "datetime":"2019-10-10", "translations": { "en":{ "title":"Hello world", "content":"Hello from Verona!", "locale":"en" }, "it":{ "title":"Ciao mondo", "content":"Ciao da Verona!", "locale":"it" } } }
  43. 43. • https://github.com/lexik/LexikTranslationBundle • or you can write your own: • https://locastic.com/blog/symfony-translation-process- automation/ Static translation
  44. 44. Manipulating context and avoding to have / api/admin
  45. 45. Manipulating the Context Context namespace AppEntity; use ApiPlatformCoreAnnotationApiResource; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; /** * @ApiResource( * normalizationContext={"groups"={"book:output"}}, * denormalizationContext={"groups"={"book:input"}} * ) */ class Book { // ... /** * This field can be managed only by an admin * * @var bool * * @Groups({"book:output", "admin:input"}) */ public $active = false; /** * This field can be managed by any user * * @var string * * @Groups({"book:output", "book:input"}) */ public $name; // ... }
  46. 46. Manipulating the Context Context # api/config/services.yaml services: # ... 'AppSerializerBookContextBuilder': decorates: 'api_platform.serializer.context_builder' arguments: [ '@AppSerializerBookContextBuilder.inner' ] autoconfigure: false
  47. 47. // api/src/Serializer/BookContextBuilder.php namespace AppSerializer; use ApiPlatformCoreSerializerSerializerContextBuilderInterface; use SymfonyComponentHttpFoundationRequest; use SymfonyComponentSecurityCoreAuthorizationAuthorizationCheckerInterface; use AppEntityBook; final class BookContextBuilder implements SerializerContextBuilderInterface { private $decorated; private $authorizationChecker; public function __construct(SerializerContextBuilderInterface $decorated, AuthorizationCheckerInterface $authorizationChecker) { $this->decorated = $decorated; $this->authorizationChecker = $authorizationChecker; } public function createFromRequest(Request $request, bool $normalization, ?array $extractedAttributes = null): array { $context = $this->decorated->createFromRequest($request, $normalization, $extractedAttributes); $resourceClass = $context['resource_class'] ?? null; if ($resourceClass === Book::class && isset($context['groups']) && $this->authorizationChecker- >isGranted('ROLE_ADMIN') && false === $normalization) { $context['groups'][] = 'admin:input'; } return $context; } }
  48. 48. Symfony Messenger Component
  49. 49. • The Messenger component helps applications send and receive messages to/from other applications or via message queues. • Easy to implement • Making async easy • Many transports are supported to dispatch messages to async consumers, including RabbitMQ, Apache Kafka, Amazon SQS and Google Pub/Sub. Symfony Messenger
  50. 50. • Allows to implement the Command Query Responsibility Segregation (CQRS) pattern in a convenient way. • It also makes it easy to send messages through the web API that will be consumed asynchronously. • Async import, export, image processing… any heavy work Symfony Messenger & API Platform
  51. 51. CQRS Symfony Messenger & API Platform AppEntityPasswordResetRequest: collectionOperations: post: status: 202 itemOperations: [] attributes: messenger: true output: false
  52. 52. CQRS Symfony Messenger & API Platform <?php namespace AppHandler; use AppEntityPasswordResetRequest; use SymfonyComponentMessengerHandlerMessageHandlerInterfac final class PasswordResetRequestHandler implements MessageHand { public function __invoke(PasswordResetRequest $forgotPassw { // do some heavy things } } <?php namespace AppEntity; final class PasswordResetRequest { public $email; }
  53. 53. <?php namespace AppDataPersister; use ApiPlatformCoreDataPersisterContextAwareDataPersisterInterface; use AppEntityImageMedia; use DoctrineORMEntityManagerInterface; use SymfonyComponentMessengerMessageBusInterface; class ImageMediaDataPersister implements ContextAwareDataPersisterInterface { private $entityManager; private $messageBus; public function __construct(EntityManagerInterface $entityManager, MessageBusInterface $messageBus) { $this->entityManager = $entityManager; $this->messageBus = $messageBus; } public function supports($data, array $context = []): bool { return $data instanceof ImageMedia; } public function persist($data, array $context = []) { $this->entityManager->persist($data); $this->entityManager->flush($data); $this->messageBus->dispatch(new ProcessImageMessage($data->getId())); return $data; } public function remove($data, array $context = []) { $this->entityManager->remove($data); $this->entityManager->flush(); $this->messageBus->dispatch(new DeleteImageMessage($data->getId())); } }
  54. 54. namespace AppEventSubscriber; use ApiPlatformCoreEventListenerEventPriorities; use AppEntityBook; use SymfonyComponentEventDispatcherEventSubscriberInterface; use SymfonyComponentHttpFoundationRequest; use SymfonyComponentHttpKernelEventViewEvent; use SymfonyComponentHttpKernelKernelEvents; use SymfonyComponentMessengerMessageBusInterface; final class BookMailSubscriber implements EventSubscriberInterface { private $messageBus; public function __construct(MessageBusInterface $messageBus) { $this->messageBus = $messageBus; } public static function getSubscribedEvents() { return [ KernelEvents::VIEW => ['sendMail', EventPriorities::POST_WRITE], ]; } public function sendMail(ViewEvent $event) { $book = $event->getControllerResult(); $method = $event->getRequest()->getMethod(); if (!$book instanceof Book || Request::METHOD_POST !== $method) { return; } // send to all users 2M that new book has arrived this->messageBus->dispatch(new SendEmailMessage(‘new-book’, $book->getTitle())); } }
  55. 55. • If same Symfony application is dispatching and consuming messages it works very well • If different Symfony applications are consuming messages, there are issues • If Symfony applications consume some 3-rd party non-Symfony messages, there is huge issue Symfony & Messenger
  56. 56. { "body":"{"key":"TESTING","variables":{"UserName":"some test username ", "Greetings":"Some test greeting 4faf188d396e99e023a3f77c04a9c06d","Email": "antonio@locastic.com"},"to":"antonio@locastic.com"}", "properties":[ ], "headers":{ "type":"AppMessageCommunicationMessage", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp BusNameStamp":"[{"busName":"command_bus"}]", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp SentStamp":"[{"senderClass":"EnqueueMessengerAdapterQueueInteropTransport", "senderAlias":"communication_sync_amqp"}]", "Content-Type":"application/json" } }
  57. 57. { "body":"{"key":"TESTING","variables":{"UserName":"some test username ", "Greetings":"Some test greeting 4faf188d396e99e023a3f77c04a9c06d","Email": "antonio@locastic.com"},"to":"antonio@locastic.com"}", "properties":[ ], "headers":{ "type":"AppMessageCommunicationMessage", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp BusNameStamp":"[{"busName":"command_bus"}]", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp SentStamp":"[{"senderClass":"EnqueueMessengerAdapterQueueInteropTransport", "senderAlias":"communication_sync_amqp"}]", "Content-Type":"application/json" } }
  58. 58. { "body":"{"key":"TESTING","variables":{"UserName":"some test username ", "Greetings":"Some test greeting 4faf188d396e99e023a3f77c04a9c06d","Email": "antonio@locastic.com"},"to":"antonio@locastic.com"}", "properties":[ ], "headers":{ "type":"AppMessageCommunicationMessage", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp BusNameStamp":"[{"busName":"command_bus"}]", "X-Message-Stamp-SymfonyComponentMessengerStamp SentStamp":"[{"senderClass":"EnqueueMessengerAdapterQueueInteropTransport", "senderAlias":"communication_sync_amqp"}]", "Content-Type":"application/json" } } String contains escaped JSON
  59. 59. { "key": "TESTING", "variables": { "username": "some test userName", "Grettings": "Some test greeting 4faf188d396e99e023a3f77c04a9c06d", "Email:" "antonio@locastic.com" } }
  60. 60. namespace AppMessenger; … class ExternalJsonMessageSerializer implements SerializerInterface { public function decode(array $encodedEnvelope): Envelope { $body = $encodedEnvelope['variables']; $headers = $encodedEnvelope['key']; $data = json_decode($body, true); if (null === $data) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Invalid JSON'); } if (!isset($headers['type'])) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Missing "type" header'); } if ($headers !== 'TESTING') { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException(sprintf('Invalid type "%s"', $headers)); } // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $this->createMyExternalMessage($data); // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $envelope->with(... $stamps); return $envelope; } … }
  61. 61. namespace AppMessenger; … class ExternalJsonMessageSerializer implements SerializerInterface { public function decode(array $encodedEnvelope): Envelope { $body = $encodedEnvelope['variables']; $headers = $encodedEnvelope['key']; $data = json_decode($body, true); if (null === $data) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Invalid JSON'); } if (!isset($headers['type'])) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Missing "type" header'); } if ($headers !== 'TESTING') { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException(sprintf('Invalid type "%s"', $headers)); } // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $this->createMyExternalMessage($data); // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $envelope->with(... $stamps); return $envelope; } … } private function createMyExternalMessage($data): Envelope { $message = new MyExternalMessage($data); $envelope = new Envelope($message); // needed only if you need this to be sent through the non-default bus $envelope = $envelope->with(new BusNameStamp('command.bus')); return $envelope; }
  62. 62. namespace AppMessenger; … class ExternalJsonMessageSerializer implements SerializerInterface { public function decode(array $encodedEnvelope): Envelope { $body = $encodedEnvelope['variables']; $headers = $encodedEnvelope['key']; $data = json_decode($body, true); if (null === $data) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Invalid JSON'); } if (!isset($headers['type'])) { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException('Missing "type" header'); } if ($headers !== 'TESTING') { throw new MessageDecodingFailedException(sprintf('Invalid type "%s"', $headers)); } // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $this->createMyExternalMessage($data); // in case of redelivery, unserialize any stamps $stamps = []; if (isset($headers['stamps'])) { $stamps = unserialize($headers['stamps']); } $envelope = $envelope->with(... $stamps); return $envelope; } … } private function createMyExternalMessage($data): Envelope { $message = new MyExternalMessage($data); $envelope = new Envelope($message); // needed only if you need this to be sent through the non-default bus $envelope = $envelope->with(new BusNameStamp('command.bus')); return $envelope; } framework: messenger: ... transports: ... # a transport used consuming messages from an external system # messages are not meant to be *sent* to this transport external_messages: dsn: '%env(MESSENGER_TRANSPORT_DSN)%' serializer: AppMessengerExternalJsonMessageSerializer options: # assume some other system will create this auto_setup: false # exchange config not needed because that's only # for *sending* messages queues: messages_from_external: ~ ...
  63. 63. • https://github.com/Happyr/message-serializer (custom serializer) • http://developer.happyr.com/symfony-messenger-on-aws-lambda • have in mind that Messenger component is similar to ORM • will work in most of cases but in same situation you will need to do custom/your own solution More help:
  64. 64. Handling emails
  65. 65. • Symfony Mailer component • load balancer • /w messenger component can do async in easy way • high availability / failover • Amazon SES, Gmail, Mailchim Mandril, Mailgun, Postmark, Sendgrid Handling emails
  66. 66. Creating reports (exports)
  67. 67. • problem: • different objects from source and in our database • multiple sources of data (3rd party) • DataTransformer transforms from source object to our object (DTO) • exporting to CSV files Using DTOs with import and export
  68. 68. resources: AppEntityOrder: collectionOperations: get: ~ exports: method: POST path: '/orders/export' formats: csv: ['text/csv'] pagination_enabled: false output: "OrderExport::class" normalization_context: groups: ['order-export']
  69. 69. <?php namespace AppDTO; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; final class OrderExport { /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderStatus; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderNumber; /** * @var DateTime * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderDate; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $customerFullName; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $customerEmail; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"})
  70. 70. <?php namespace AppDTO; use SymfonyComponentSerializerAnnotationGroups; final class OrderExport { /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderStatus; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderNumber; /** * @var DateTime * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $orderDate; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $customerFullName; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) */ private $customerEmail; /** * @var string * @Groups({"order-export"}) namespace AppDataTransformer; use ApiPlatformCoreDataTransformerDataTransformerInterface; … class OrderExportDataTransformer implements DataTransformerInterface { /** * @param Order $data * @param string $to * @param array $context * * @return object|void */ public function transform($data, string $to, array $context = []) { $export = new OrderExport(); $export->setOrderNumber($data->getOrderNumber()); if ($data->getStatus() instanceof Status) { $export->setOrderStatus($data->getStatus()->getStatus()); } $export->setOrderDate($data->getOrderDate()); … … $export->setTotalNumberOfTicketsInOrder($data->getTickets()->count()); $export->setTicketRevenue($data->getTicketsRevenue()->getFormatted()); $export->setDeliveryStatus($data->getDeliveryStatus()->getStatus()); $export->setDeliveryMethodRevenue($data->getDeliveryCost()->getFormatted()); $export->setFeeRevenue($data->getTotalFees()->getFormatted()); $export->setTicketTypes($data->getTicketTypesFormatted()); return $export; } /** * {@inheritdoc} */ public function supportsTransformation($data, string $to, array $context = []): bool { return OrderExport::class === $to && $data instanceof Order; } }
  71. 71. Real-time applications with API platform
  72. 72. • Redis + NodeJS + socket.io • Pusher • ReactPHP • … • but to be honest PHP is not build for realtime :) Real-time applications with API platform
  73. 73. • Fast, written in Go • native browser support, no lib nor SDK required (built on top of HTTP and server-sent events) • compatible with all existing servers, even those who don't support persistent connections (serverless architecture, PHP, FastCGI…) • Automatic HTTP/2 and HTTPS (using Let's Encrypt) support • CORS support, CSRF protection mechanism • Cloud Native, follows the Twelve-Factor App methodology • Open source (AGPL) • … Mercure.rocks
  74. 74. resources: AppEntityGreeting: attributes: mercure: true const eventSource = new EventSource('http://localhost:3000/hub?topic=' + encodeURIComponent('http://example.com/greeting/1')); eventSource.onmessage = event => { // Will be called every time an update is published by the server console.log(JSON.parse(event.data)); }
  75. 75. Testing
  76. 76. • Ask yourself: “Am I sure the code I tested works as it should?” • 100% coverage doesn’t guarantee your code is fully tested and working • Write test first is just one of the approaches • Legacy code: • Start replicating bugs with tests before fixing them • Test at least most important and critical parts Testing tips and tricks
  77. 77. Handy testing tools
  78. 78. • Created for PHPUnit • Manipulates the Symfony HttpKernel directly to simulate HTTP requests and responses • Huge performance boost compared to triggering real network requests • Also good to consider Sylius/ApiTestCase The test Http Client in API Platform
  79. 79. PHP Matcher Library that enables you to check your response against patterns.
  80. 80. PHP Matcher Library that enables you to check your response against patterns.
  81. 81. Faker (/w Alice) Library for generating random data
  82. 82. Postman tests Newman + Postman
  83. 83. Postman tests + Newman Newman + Postman
  84. 84. • Infection - tool for mutation testing • PHPStan - focuses on finding errors in your code without actually running it • Continuous integration (CI) -  enables you to run your tests on git on each commit Tools for checking test quality
  85. 85. Api Platform (Symfony) is awesome! Conclusion
  86. 86. Thank you!
  87. 87. Questions? Antonio Perić-Mažar t: @antonioperic m: antonio@locastic.com

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